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CHINESE BLOCKBUSTER PART 1 Part 1 includes 8 different sections of information as discussed below. 1. This is the sequence number, reflecting the order of presentation of the character in this series. If a character has two different pronunciations and each pronunciation means something different, two separate entries are created for the same character. The corresponding entries follow each other. Figure 4 is such an example where the letter ‘A’ after the number indicates that this character has at least another entry following this one, with the same number followed by the next sequential letter. Likewise, if a simplified character represents the simplification of two different traditional characters, both entries follow each other. 2. Chinese character. In Figure 1, there exists only one version of the character. Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4 show characters with both a simplified and a traditional format, the traditional one being written between square brackets. 3. The tone used (first, second, third or fourth tone) when the character is pronounced. An accent is indicated above the number, as an additional reminder of how the tone is written in pinyin. This space is left empty for characters pronounced in the neutral tone and for building blocks having no pronunciation of their own. 4. The real, actual definitions of the character, written in italics and presented as a numbered list. Some of these are also underscored with a solid line; they are the values selected in this series to be associated with the character when it is used as a building block in other characters. All the values written in italics should be learned. If a definition is indicated but is not written in italics, it is a definition that is no longer used in modern Chinese. This section may also list, next to the symbol †, ancient or obsolete meanings worthy of mention. Figure 3 shows such an instance. These ancient meanings may sometimes be used as building block values in this book. For non-characters that only serve as a building block in other characters, they are indicated as such. 5. The pronunciation of the character, in pinyin. For non-characters, “Not applicable” will be indicated since they no longer have a pronunciation. 6. The sound word used that best represents the character pronunciation, written in bold. The part of the sound word which reproduces the Chinese sound is doubly underlined in that section. In the case of a non-English sound word, as shown in Figure 3, its phonetic is indicated between 18 十 八

USER GUIDE /slashes/ using the International Phonetic Alphabet 10 . A definition of the sound word follows, when deemed useful. In some cases, you will also see a reference to Appendix 2: Special Sound Mnemonics in this section, that provides additional details to help you understand the choice of a sound word. For non-characters, “Not applicable” will be indicated. 7. An image used to reinforce the meaning of the sound word. 8. The list of components or building blocks making up the character. Here are a few important points regarding this section: For characters having both a simplified and a traditional format, the building blocks of each are represented under separate headings, with the traditional ones between brackets. When both formats of a character are composed of the same building blocks, each format using either the simplified or the traditional version of the said building blocks, only one heading is provided, as shown in Figure 4. In some other cases, only the simplified or the traditional character is decomposed into its building blocks, its counterpart being too simple to decompose or its shape being better represented by a fictitious meaning. Figure 3 shows an example of just the traditional character being broken up. Another important point concerns the difference between real and fictitious meanings. Building blocks are always written in UNDERLINED SMALL CAPS (hint: blocky letters) where they appear. The building blocks underscored with a SOLID LINE represent real meanings while those underscored with a DOTTED LINE signify fictitious meanings. When a component is slightly different than its manifestation in the character under study, it is preceded by a ~ tilde. In Figure 2, you can also see that the word INCH is appended as a superscript to the building blocks for STAPLE GUN and STAPLE. When a corresponding real value exists for a fictitious building block, it is indicated as such. In this case, inch is written in UNDERLINED SMALL CAPS because ‘inch’ is also a value selected to represent character 寸 when it is used as a building block. Otherwise, one of the real values (that are written in italics and not underlined when presented in the Definition section of the character) is appended as a superscript and written with normal font. When no real meaning superscript is written besides a building block, as is the case for WINERY in Figure 2, it means that there is no longer an actual value associated with it. 10 International Phonetic Alphabet: 十 九 19

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