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4 DEFINITION Left-falling stroke in Chinese calligraphy. ノ PRONUNCIATION piě SOUND WORD Pie de firma /pje ðe fiɾma/ Spanish expression for a signature footer. MNEMONICS • Think of a man wearing a French beret or a marine beret (because of the way a beret is worn) and whose signature, displayed in a pie de firma, has a leftfalling stroke at the end, not unlike his mustache. • This building block is also given two other fictitious meanings due to its visual appearance: o Dog collar, because if you look at a dog wearing a collar from the side and remove the dog, this is what you are left with. o Slide for children, or the verb to slide. WANT A LITTLE MORE? • It can also appear reversed, sliding to the right. In that case, it represents a right-falling stroke in Chinese calligraphy and is pronounced nà. • The slope of the stroke is not always as pronounced, sometimes appearing almost horizontal when used as a building block. • This character and the preceding one for 丶 DROP are often interchangeable in the formation of characters because of their similar shapes. • This is the 4 th of the 214 Kangxi radicals. 28 二 十 八

5 DEFINITION Turning stroke in Chinese calligraphy. 乛 PRONUNCIATION zhé SOUND WORD Jelly MNEMONICS • Flat cap (hat), because of its look when seen from the side. • Imagine a little brat putting jelly in your flat cap while you’re asleep. 二 十 九 29