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27 DEFINITION 1. Big, large, great. 2. Heavy, strong. 3. Loud. 4. Main, major, on a large scale. 大 PRONUNCIATION dà SOUND WORD Canada MNEMONICS • This is the picture of a 人 MAN 23 with his two arms stretched sideways to appear big. • Great Dane. One of the Chinese characters for DOG 29 , 犬 , contains, in large part, this building block (plus an extra DOT 3 ). To create a better mnemonic, the stories where this building block appears sometimes use the additional meaning of a big, great dog: A Great Dane. For some of you, it may help to picture a famous Great Dane like the cartoon character Scooby-Doo. • As another visual aid for the connection with dog, if you look at the map of Canada, the right part (the province of Quebec) looks like the head of a dog seen sideways and facing East. STORY Canada is a big country! EXAMPLES 1. 大 人 (dà rén) Adult. 大 学 (dà xué) University. 2. 大 雨 (dà yǔ) Heavy rain. 大 风 (dà fēng) Strong wind. 3. 大 声 (dà shēng) Loud voice. 4. 大 马 路 (dà mǎ lù) Main street. 大 家 (dà jiā) Everyone. WANT A LITTLE MORE? • This is the 37th of the 214 Kangxi radicals. • Usage frequency: Top 100. 52 五 十 二

28 丈 DEFINITION 1. Elderly, old man; husband. 2. Unit of length of about ten feet (3 1/3 meters); to measure land. PRONUNCIATION zhàng SOUND WORD Kujang A weapon that originated in Western Java. MNEMONICS Limping man. It looks like a 大 BIG 27 old man whose hips have given out, hence a limping man. This fictitious meaning will help you differentiate this character from all the other Chinese characters that mean elderly or old. STORY An elderly, limping man goes see a doctor. “Doctor, my hips make me suffer!” “OK, take off your pants.” “Alright, but I first need to remove the kujang attached to my belt.” He then pulls out a ten-foot-long kujang. The doctor says, “No wonder your hips have given out!” EXAMPLES 1. 丈 人 (zhàng rén) Respectful address for an elderly man. 丈 夫 (zhàng fū) Husband. (The dotted line under fū indicates that while normally in the first tone, it is pronounced in the neutral tone in this word) 2. 丈 量 (zhàng liáng) To measure land. WANT A LITTLE MORE? • A long time ago (around 200 BC), this character used to be written , showing a hand holding a cross (nowadays, a cross symbol still represents number 10). Hence, a measurement of 10 Chinese feet. • Usage frequency: Top third. 五 十 三 53

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