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The prevalence and dynamics of social care receipt George Stoye

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Transitions in Care

Transitions in Care Receipt (positive) relationship with the receipt of any, and particularly formal, assistance; however, these estimates are very close to zero in magnitude. Table 3.4. Factors associated with offset of assistance, by assistance type Any assistance Informal assistance Formal assistance Difficulties at first interview with: Effect Std error Effect Std error Effect Std error 1 activity category · · · · · · 2 activity categories –0.271*** (0.023) –0.238*** (0.025) –0.177** (0.077) 3 activity categories –0.499*** (0.026) –0.474*** (0.028) –0.287*** (0.086) 4+ activity categories –0.607*** (0.031) –0.608*** (0.034) –0.385*** (0.106) Walking speed (m/s) 0.000** (0.000) 0.000 (0.000) 0.001** (0.000) No longer reports difficulties with: Mobility 0.251*** (0.026) 0.244*** (0.027) 0.261*** (0.080) Washing 0.199*** (0.019) 0.207*** (0.021) 0.115** (0.050) Eating 0.044 (0.031) 0.059 (0.038) 0.046 (0.090) Housework/shopping 0.377*** (0.020) 0.315*** (0.022) 0.352*** (0.045) Medicine 0.056 (0.036) 0.065 (0.041) 0.115 (0.111) Money 0.136*** (0.030) 0.158*** (0.034) 0.023 (0.091) Aged 65–74 · · · · · · Aged 75–84 –0.026* (0.015) 0.006 (0.017) 0.010 (0.045) Aged 85+ –0.032 (0.022) –0.003 (0.027) –0.048 (0.055) Female –0.059*** (0.016) –0.043** (0.018) –0.091** (0.046) Male · · · · · · Couple · · · · · · Always single 0.080* (0.042) 0.225*** (0.064) –0.164** (0.082) Widowed 0.033* (0.018) 0.061*** (0.021) –0.096* (0.054) Separated/divorced 0.108*** (0.031) 0.153*** (0.036) –0.096 (0.074) Lose partner between interviews 0.122*** (0.038) 0.137*** (0.042) –0.123 (0.084) No siblings · · · · · · © Institute for Fiscal Studies 31

The Prevalence and Dynamics of Social Care Receipt Any assistance Informal assistance Formal assistance Effect Std error Effect Std error Effect Std error Has sibling(s) –0.015 (0.014) –0.029* (0.016) –0.018 (0.043) No children –0.015 (0.024) 0.034 (0.029) –0.086* (0.047) Has child(ren) · · · · · · Ever diagnosed with: Dementia –0.097** (0.045) –0.087* (0.049) –0.165 (0.114) Psychiatric problems 0.006 (0.023) –0.007 (0.026) 0.094* (0.054) High blood pressure 0.004 (0.015) 0.002 (0.016) –0.085** (0.040) New diagnoses: Asthma 0.032 (0.066) –0.034 (0.065) 0.298** (0.139) Dementia 0.012 (0.043) 0.008 (0.047) 0.273* (0.148) Cancer 0.074 (0.045) 0.113** (0.052) –0.004 (0.092) Parkinson’s disease 0.014 (0.052) –0.006 (0.058) –0.282*** (0.094) Psychiatric problems –0.069 (0.051) –0.110** (0.055) –0.047 (0.203) Heart attack –0.099** (0.048) –0.155*** (0.053) 0.010 (0.127) Heart murmur –0.065 (0.044) –0.110** (0.047) 0.049 (0.101) Irregular heart rhythm 0.002 (0.032) 0.002 (0.037) –0.183** (0.077) High blood pressure 0.064* (0.033) 0.050 (0.036) –0.061 (0.093) High cholesterol –0.049* (0.029) –0.068** (0.032) –0.063 (0.074) Observations 3,231 2,889 742 R-squared 0.392 0.341 0.322 Note: Results from linear probability models. For example, –0.271 in the first cell indicates that those who report difficulties with two activity categories in their initial interview are 27.1 percentage points less likely to have stopped receiving care in their next interview than an otherwise-identical individual who initially reported difficulty with one activity (the reference category). Results are clustered at the individual level, and standard errors are robust to heteroscedasticity. ***, ** and * indicate significance at the 1%, 5% and 10% levels, respectively. Regressions control for wealth quintile, education level, homeownership status, self-reported health status, whether individuals ever had a diagnosis of lung disease, asthma, arthritis, cancer, psychiatric problems, blood disorders, hypertension, angina, heart attack, heart failure, heart murmur, heart rhythm, diabetes, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, osteoporosis or high cholesterol, whether they experienced a new diagnosis of one of these categories between interviews, whether the individual reported a new partner in the second interview, and dummy variables for the wave in which they were first interviewed. Related coefficients that are not statistically significant are not displayed in this table. Sample is restricted to individuals who appeared in two consecutive surveys and who did receive care at the time of their initial interview. Source: Authors’ calculations using ELSA 2002–03 to 2010–11. 32 © Institute for Fiscal Studies

The dynamics of social assistance benefit receipt in Britain