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Undetermined Deaths in Leeds 2011-2013

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Suicide Rate per 100,000

Suicide Rate per 100,000 population 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 2008-2010 2009-2011 2010-2012 2011-2013 Time Period Figure 2: Chart showing the three year average rolling suicide rate per 100,000 for the Leeds city population. Comparison with ONS Rates The national rate of suicide for England and for Leeds as calculated by the ONS for the years 2008-10 and 2011-13 are shown in Table 5. These show that Leeds has a similar rate of suicide to the national average. They also demonstrate a slight increase between the years of 2008-10 and 2011-13. This is in line with the rates found in the current audit. Time Period ONS Age-standardised Suicide Rate for England per 100,000 population (confidence interval) ONS Age-standardised Suicide Rate for Leeds per 100,000 population (confidence interval) 2008-2010 9.4 (9.2-9.5) 8.9 (7.5-10.2) 2011-2013 9.8 (9.6-10.0) 10.9 (9.4-12.4) Table 5: Age-standardised suicide rates for England and for Leeds taken from ONS data While the audit derived rates are similar to those produced by the ONS there are some important methodological differences in the way suicide is classified, and also in the calculation of the rate itself. The audit uses a crude rate so as to better estimate the true rate of suicide within the Leeds population. The ONS use an age standardised rate which facilitates comparison between different regions. These differences mean that the audit rates and ONS rates should not be compared. 24

Age Distribution 60 50 51 56 40 30 34 30 20 10 0 19 9 8 5 1 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-100 Number of Cases Figure 3: Age Distribution-Number of deaths by age The age distribution of the audit population is shown in Figure 3. This demonstrates that those aged 40-49 were the most likely to end their life by suicide; 26.3% of the cases included in the audit were within this age bracket. This is similar to the age distribution shown in the previous audit and is similar to the national data. 13 Gender and Sexual Orientation Table 6 shows the gender breakdown of the audit populations for 2008-10 and 2011- 13. There are more males then females and this was the case in both audits. In the current audit the percentage of males has increased and the percentage of females has slightly decreased. Gender 2008-10 Number 2008-10 Percentage 2011-13 Number 2011-13 Percentage Female 38 21% 37 17.% Male 141 79% 176 82.6% Table 6: Gender – Numbers and Percentages for the 2008-10 and the 2011-13 audit Of interest is the ratio of male to female deaths (shown in Table 7). For every female death there were nearly five male deaths; this is higher than for the UK as a whole. In the 2008-10 audit this ratio was already higher than the UK average and since then the difference has increased. 25

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