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Undetermined Deaths in Leeds 2011-2013

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Rate per 100,000

Rate per 100,000 population method, it has allowed us to obtain an ethnicity for over 95% of cases which allows us to draw firm conclusions. It is of interest that a high percentage of cases were White British (81.2%). Looking at the male and female audit populations separately, 76% of females and 82% of males who ended their life were White British. The different ethnic groups were combined into one, Black and Minority Ethnic (BME), after the exclusion of those with unknown ethnicity and those identified as White British. Rates of suicide were calculated for the different groups and are shown in Figure 6. This shows that the rate for White British males is significantly higher than for the other three groups. Of interest, White British males and White British females are nearly twice as likely to take their own life then BME males and females respectively. This clearly indicates that in comparison to the BME population of Leeds, White British individuals are at a higher risk of suicide, particularly males. 25 23 20 15 10 9.6 White British BME 5 4.1 2.3 0 Male Female Figure 6: Rates of suicide amongst different gender and ethnic groups Geography and Deprivation Table 9 shows place of birth. The majority of the audit population were born in Leeds. Only 5.6% were born outside of the UK. This number has decreased slightly from the previous audit where 9.9% of people were born outside the UK. This is something that can be monitored in the future to see if this is a persistent trend. 28

Place of Birth Number Percentage Leeds 103 57.5% Yorkshire (excluding Leeds) 25 14.0% United Kingdom (excluding Yorkshire) 39 21.8% Ireland 2 1.1% International – Other European Country 3 1.7% Africa 3 1.7% India 2 1.1% Not Stated 2 1.1% Table 9: Place of Birth for the 2011-13 audit population The number of suicides within each postcode district is shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8. Figure 7 shows the suicides for the years 2008-10 and Figure 8 shows those in 2011-13. The postcode of the home address was used regardless of whether the death took place at home or not. This means those who do not have a home address are not included (four cases were not included: three had no fixed abode and the fourth did not have a postcode recorded). These maps show that there is a band of postcode districts with a high number of suicides just to the west and south of the city centre: LS13 LS12 LS11 LS10 LS9 The areas with the highest numbers of suicides do not seem to have changed between the two audits; however, many postcode districts to the north and west of the city centre have seen an increase in the number of suicides: LS21 LS19 LS16 LS17 LS18 LS28 29

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