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DRAFT Inventory of U.S Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks

2017_complete_report

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Table 3-30: CH 4 Emissions from Coal Mining (kt)................................................................................................ 3-53 Table 3-31: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CH 4 Emissions from Coal Mining (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ............................................................................................................................................................. 3-56 Table 3-32: CH 4 Emissions from Abandoned Coal Mines (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .......................................................... 3-58 Table 3-33: CH 4 Emissions from Abandoned Coal Mines (kt) .............................................................................. 3-58 Table 3-34: Number of Gassy Abandoned Mines Present in U.S. Basins in 2015, grouped by Class according to Post-Abandonment State ......................................................................................................................................... 3-59 Table 3-35: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CH 4 Emissions from Abandoned Underground Coal Mines (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ........................................................................................................................ 3-60 Table 3-36: CH 4 Emissions from Petroleum Systems (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................................................. 3-62 Table 3-37: CH 4 Emissions from Petroleum Systems (kt) ..................................................................................... 3-62 Table 3-38: CO 2 Emissions from Petroleum Systems (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................................................. 3-62 Table 3-39: CO 2 Emissions from Petroleum Systems (kt) ..................................................................................... 3-63 Table 3-40: Oil Well Count Data ............................................................................................................................. 3-66 Table 3-41: National Tank Activity Data (Number of Tanks) by Category and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-67 Table 3-42: National Equipment Counts for Fugitive Sources and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) .......... 3-67 Table 3-43: Pneumatic Controller and Chemical Injection Pump National Equipment Counts and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) ................................................................................................................................................... 3-68 Table 3-44: Associated Gas Well Venting and Flaring National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) ............................ 3-68 Table 3-45: Gas STAR Reductions (Metric Tons CH 4) .......................................................................................... 3-70 Table 3-46: Potential Emissions from CO 2 Capture and Extraction for EOR Operations (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ........... 3-71 Table 3-47: Potential Emissions from CO 2 Capture and Extraction for EOR Operations (kt) ............................... 3-71 Table 3-48: CH 4 Emissions from Natural Gas Systems (MMT CO 2 Eq.) a ............................................................. 3-73 Table 3-49: CH 4 Emissions from Natural Gas Systems (kt) a .................................................................................. 3-73 Table 3-50: Calculated Potential CH 4 and Captured/Combusted CH 4 from Natural Gas Systems (MMT CO 2 Eq.) . 3- 73 Table 3-51: Non-combustion CO 2 Emissions from Natural Gas Systems (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .................................. 3-74 Table 3-52: Non-combustion CO 2 Emissions from Natural Gas Systems (kt) ....................................................... 3-74 Table 3-53: National Tank Activity Data (Number of Tanks) by Category and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-78 Table 3-54: Gas Well Count Data............................................................................................................................ 3-79 Table 3-55: National Equipment Counts for Fugitive Sources and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) .......... 3-79 Table 3-56: Pneumatic Controller and Chemical Injection Pump National Equipment Counts and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) ................................................................................................................................................... 3-80 Table 3-57: National Liquids Unloading Activity Data by Category and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) 3-80 Table 3-58: National Gathering and Boosting Episodic Emission Activity Data (Number of Stations) and National Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) .................................................................................................................................. 3-81 Table 3-59: CH 4 Emissions from Processing Plants (Metric Tons CH 4) ................................................................. 3-82 ix

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Table 3-60: Previous (last year’s) 1990-2014 Inventory Estimates for Processing Segment Emissions (Metric Tons CH 4) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-83 Table 3-61: Gas STAR Reductions (Metric Tons CH 4) .......................................................................................... 3-84 Table 3-62: NO x, CO, and NMVOC Emissions from Energy-Related Activities (kt)............................................ 3-85 Table 3-63: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from International Bunker Fuels (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................ 3-87 Table 3-64: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from International Bunker Fuels (kt) ................................................. 3-88 Table 3-65: Aviation CO 2 and N 2O Emissions for International Transport (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................ 3-88 Table 3-66: Aviation Jet Fuel Consumption for International Transport (Million Gallons) ................................... 3-89 Table 3-67: Marine Fuel Consumption for International Transport (Million Gallons) .......................................... 3-89 Table 3-68: CO 2 Emissions from Wood Consumption by End-Use Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................ 3-91 Table 3-69: CO 2 Emissions from Wood Consumption by End-Use Sector (kt) ..................................................... 3-91 Table 3-70: CO 2 Emissions from Ethanol Consumption (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................................................. 3-92 Table 3-71: CO 2 Emissions from Ethanol Consumption (kt) ................................................................................. 3-92 Table 3-72: Woody Biomass Consumption by Sector (Trillion Btu) ..................................................................... 3-93 Table 3-73: Ethanol Consumption by Sector (Trillion Btu) ................................................................................... 3-93 Table 4-1: Emissions from Industrial Processes and Product Use (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................................ 4-2 Table 4-2: Emissions from Industrial Processes and Product Use (kt) ..................................................................... 4-4 Table 4-3: CO 2 Emissions from Cement Production (MMT CO 2 Eq. and kt) .......................................................... 4-7 Table 4-4: Clinker Production (kt)............................................................................................................................ 4-8 Table 4-5: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 Emissions from Cement Production (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ......................................................................................................................................................... 4-9 Table 4-6: CO 2 Emissions from Lime Production (MMT CO 2 Eq. and kt) ............................................................ 4-10 Table 4-7: Potential, Recovered, and Net CO 2 Emissions from Lime Production (kt)........................................... 4-11 Table 4-8: High-Calcium- and Dolomitic-Quicklime, High-Calcium- and Dolomitic-Hydrated, and Dead-Burned- Dolomite Lime Production (kt) ............................................................................................................................... 4-12 Table 4-9: Adjusted Lime Production (kt).............................................................................................................. 4-12 Table 4-10: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 Emissions from Lime Production (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ....................................................................................................................................................... 4-14 Table 4-11: CO 2 Emissions from Glass Production (MMT CO 2 Eq. and kt) ......................................................... 4-15 Table 4-12: Limestone, Dolomite, and Soda Ash Consumption Used in Glass Production (kt) ............................ 4-16 Table 4-13: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 Emissions from Glass Production (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ....................................................................................................................................................... 4-17 Table 4-14: CO 2 Emissions from Other Process Uses of Carbonates (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ......................................... 4-19 Table 4-15: CO 2 Emissions from Other Process Uses of Carbonates (kt) .............................................................. 4-19 Table 4-16: Limestone and Dolomite Consumption (kt) ........................................................................................ 4-20 Table 4-17: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 Emissions from Other Process Uses of Carbonates (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ................................................................................................................ 4-21 Table 4-18: CO 2 Emissions from Ammonia Production (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................................................. 4-22 Table 4-19: CO 2 Emissions from Ammonia Production (kt).................................................................................. 4-23 x DRAFT Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2015

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    1 Figure 1-1: National Inventory Ar

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    N2O Emissions from Adipic Acid Prod

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    a Emission estimates reported in th

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    1 3.10. Methodology for Estimating

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    1 2 Figure 2-2: Annual Percent Chan

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 gas for electricity

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    a Emissions from Wood Biomass and E

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    Electrical Transmission and Distrib

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    Wetlands (4.0) (5.3) (4.1) (4.2) (4

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    CH4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 Pet

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    1 Table 2-7: Emissions from Agricul

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    1 2 Table 2-8: U.S. Greenhouse Gas

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    1 2 3 4 Overall, in 2015, waste act

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    Cement Production 33.3 45.9 32.0 35

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    Total 1,862.5 2,441.6 2,197.3 2,059

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    Total Emissions 6,366.7 7,315.6 6,7

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    N2O 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 Oth

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 atmospheric sink fo

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    International Bunker Fuels a 0.2 0.

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    1 Table 3-4: CO2, CH4, and N2O Emis

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    1 Figure 3-3: 2015 U.S. Energy Cons

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    1 2 Figure 3-6: Annual Deviations f

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    U.S. Territories a 28.0 50.1 41.7 4

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    Fuel Oil 27.2 45.6 36.7 37.6 37.1 3

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    1 Figure 3-9: Electricity Generatio

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    1 Figure 3-11: Industrial Productio

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    1 Figure 3-13: Sales of New Passeng

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    Medium- and Heavy-Duty 0.5 0.9 0.7

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    1 2 Figure 3-15: U.S. Energy Consum

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    Coal b 1,653.7 1,596.3 1,809.1 -3%

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    1 2 Table 3-17: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 Table 3-20: Adjusted Consumption

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    1 2 3 4 percent above the 2014 emis

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    Gas/Waste Product 1990 2005 2011 20

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 waste

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    1 2 3 4 5 due to the higher CH 4 co

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    Activity 1990 2005 2011 2012 2013 2

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 approach over the t

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    Previous Estimated Emissions from S

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    Emissions (w/o Plunger) (MT) 372,28

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    Reciprocating Compressors 64,413 64

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    1 Table 3-72: Woody Biomass Consump

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    CO2 206.8 189.9 172.9 169.6 171.5 1

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    SF6 1 1 + + + + + Electrical Transm

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    2012 13.8 13,785 2013 14.0 14,028 2

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    1 2 3 MMT CO 2 Eq. (10,828 kt) (see

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 consumed

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    1 Table 4-19: CO2 Emissions from Am

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    1 Table 4-24: Urea Production, Urea

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    2012 10.5 35 2013 10.7 36 2014 10.9

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    2015 4.3 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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    1 2 Table 4-31: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Production data f

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The activity data

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The results of th

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    2013 4.1 0.3 2014 5.0 0.3 1 2 3 4 5

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    1 2 Table 4-70: Production and Cons

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    1 Table 4-89: CO2 Emissions from Zi

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 4.23 Substi

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    Graphic Arts + 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non-Indu

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    Note that the relative uncertainty

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    + Does not exceed 0.05 MMT CO2 Eq.

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Agricultural soil

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 low in many parts

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 methodology te

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    Land Converted to Forest Land (92.0

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    1 2 Table 6-7: Land Use and Land-Us

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    Note: Forest C stocks do not includ

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    Belowground Live Biomass 2.3 2.0 2.

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    1 2 Table 6-34: Net CO2 Flux from S

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    1 2 3 4 5 above the 2015 stock chan

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    Other Lands Converted Grassland Min

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    New Mexico 70,608 52,250 12.0 0.263

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    C Storage Factor, Proportion of Ini

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    1 Table 7-2: Emissions from Waste (

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 7-6 pres

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    2013 321 10,536 2014 323 10,613 201

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    1 2 Table 7-16: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 EF i = emissio

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    a Miscellaneous includes TSDFs (Tre

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    Enteric Fermentation NC NC + NC + (

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