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DRAFT Inventory of U.S Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks

2017_complete_report

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes Tables Table ES-1: Global Warming Potentials (100-Year Time Horizon) Used in this Report ....................................... ES-3 Table ES-2: Recent Trends in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................ ES-5 Table ES-3: CO 2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion by End-Use Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ........................ ES-11 Table ES-4: Recent Trends in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks by Chapter/IPCC Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................................................................................................................................................................... ES-17 Table ES-5: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals (Net Flux) from Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ...................................................................................................................................... ES-21 Table ES-6: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Allocated to Economic Sectors (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ......................... ES-23 Table ES-7: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Economic Sector with Electricity-Related Emissions Distributed (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ..................................................................................................................................................... ES-24 Table ES-8: Recent Trends in Various U.S. Data (Index 1990 = 100) ................................................................. ES-25 Table 1-1: Global Atmospheric Concentration, Rate of Concentration Change, and Atmospheric Lifetime of Selected Greenhouse Gases ....................................................................................................................................... 1-4 Table 1-2: Global Warming Potentials and Atmospheric Lifetimes (Years) Used in this Report ............................ 1-9 Table 1-3: Comparison of 100-Year GWP values .................................................................................................. 1-10 Table 1-4: Key Categories for the United States (1990-2015) ............................................................................... 1-16 Table 1-5: Estimated Overall Inventory Quantitative Uncertainty (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) – TO BE UPDATED FOR FINAL INVENTORY REPORT .................................................................................................................... 1-21 Table 1-6: IPCC Sector Descriptions...................................................................................................................... 1-23 Table 1-7: List of Annexes ..................................................................................................................................... 1-23 Table 2-1: Recent Trends in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ..................................... 2-4 Table 2-2: Recent Trends in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (kt).......................................................... 2-6 Table 2-3: Recent Trends in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks by Chapter/IPCC Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) 2- 8 Table 2-4: Emissions from Energy (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .............................................................................................. 2-11 Table 2-5: CO 2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion by End-Use Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................. 2-12 Table 2-6: Emissions from Industrial Processes and Product Use (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .............................................. 2-15 Table 2-7: Emissions from Agriculture (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ....................................................................................... 2-18 Table 2-8: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals (Net Flux) from Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ........................................................................................................................................ 2-20 Table 2-9: Emissions from Waste (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................................................................................... 2-22 Table 2-10: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Allocated to Economic Sectors (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent of Total in 2015) ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2-23 Table 2-11: Electricity Generation-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .................................... 2-25 Table 2-12: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Economic Sector and Gas with Electricity-Related Emissions Distributed (MMT CO 2 Eq.) and Percent of Total in 2015...................................................................................... 2-27 vii

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Table 2-13: Transportation-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................................ 2-29 Table 2-14: Recent Trends in Various U.S. Data (Index 1990 = 100) .................................................................... 2-32 Table 2-15: Emissions of NO x, CO, NMVOCs, and SO 2 (kt) ................................................................................ 2-34 Table 3-1: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from Energy (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................................................... 3-2 Table 3-2: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from Energy (kt) .................................................................................... 3-3 Table 3-3: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ..................................... 3-4 Table 3-4: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion (kt).......................................................... 3-5 Table 3-5: CO 2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion by Fuel Type and Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ..................... 3-5 Table 3-6: Annual Change in CO 2 Emissions and Total 2015 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion for Selected Fuels and Sectors (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ........................................................................................................ 3-6 Table 3-7: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion by Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................... 3-10 Table 3-8: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion by End-Use Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .... 3-11 Table 3-9: CO 2 Emissions from Stationary Fossil Fuel Combustion (MMT CO 2 Eq.) .......................................... 3-12 Table 3-10: CH 4 Emissions from Stationary Combustion (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ........................................................... 3-13 Table 3-11: N 2O Emissions from Stationary Combustion (MMT CO 2 Eq.)........................................................... 3-13 Table 3-12: CO 2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion in Transportation End-Use Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ... 3-21 Table 3-13: CH 4 Emissions from Mobile Combustion (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ................................................................ 3-24 Table 3-14: N 2O Emissions from Mobile Combustion (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................................................... 3-24 Table 3-15: Carbon Intensity from Direct Fossil Fuel Combustion by Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq./QBtu) .................. 3-30 Table 3-16: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 Emissions from Energy-Related Fossil Fuel Combustion by Fuel Type and Sector (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ....................................................................... 3-32 Table 3-17: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CH 4 and N 2O Emissions from Energy-Related Stationary Combustion, Including Biomass (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ............................................................. 3-37 Table 3-18: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CH 4 and N 2O Emissions from Mobile Sources (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ................................................................................................................................... 3-40 Table 3-19: CO 2 Emissions from Non-Energy Use Fossil Fuel Consumption (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ........ 3-42 Table 3-20: Adjusted Consumption of Fossil Fuels for Non-Energy Uses (TBtu)................................................. 3-43 Table 3-21: 2015 Adjusted Non-Energy Use Fossil Fuel Consumption, Storage, and Emissions.......................... 3-43 Table 3-22: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 Emissions from Non-Energy Uses of Fossil Fuels (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ......................................................................................................................... 3-45 Table 3-23: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for Storage Factors of Non-Energy Uses of Fossil Fuels (Percent) .................................................................................................................................................................. 3-45 Table 3-24: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from the Incineration of Waste (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ............................... 3-48 Table 3-25: CO 2, CH 4, and N 2O Emissions from the Incineration of Waste (kt) ................................................... 3-49 Table 3-26: Municipal Solid Waste Generation (Metric Tons) and Percent Combusted (BioCycle dataset) ......... 3-50 Table 3-27: Approach 2 Quantitative Uncertainty Estimates for CO 2 and N 2O from the Incineration of Waste (MMT CO 2 Eq. and Percent) ............................................................................................................................................... 3-51 Table 3-28: Coal Production (kt)............................................................................................................................ 3-53 Table 3-29: CH 4 Emissions from Coal Mining (MMT CO 2 Eq.) ........................................................................... 3-53 viii DRAFT Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2015

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    1 2 3 4 5 only days to weeks, their

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    1 Figure 1-1: National Inventory Ar

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    N2O Emissions from Adipic Acid Prod

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    a Emission estimates reported in th

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    1 3.10. Methodology for Estimating

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    1 2 Figure 2-2: Annual Percent Chan

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 gas for electricity

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    a Emissions from Wood Biomass and E

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    Electrical Transmission and Distrib

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    Wetlands (4.0) (5.3) (4.1) (4.2) (4

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    CH4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 Pet

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    1 Table 2-7: Emissions from Agricul

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    1 2 Table 2-8: U.S. Greenhouse Gas

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    1 2 3 4 Overall, in 2015, waste act

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    Cement Production 33.3 45.9 32.0 35

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    Total 1,862.5 2,441.6 2,197.3 2,059

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    Total Emissions 6,366.7 7,315.6 6,7

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    N2O 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 Oth

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 atmospheric sink fo

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    International Bunker Fuels a 0.2 0.

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    1 Table 3-4: CO2, CH4, and N2O Emis

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    1 Figure 3-3: 2015 U.S. Energy Cons

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    1 2 Figure 3-6: Annual Deviations f

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    U.S. Territories a 28.0 50.1 41.7 4

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    Fuel Oil 27.2 45.6 36.7 37.6 37.1 3

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    1 Figure 3-9: Electricity Generatio

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    1 Figure 3-11: Industrial Productio

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    1 Figure 3-13: Sales of New Passeng

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    Medium- and Heavy-Duty 0.5 0.9 0.7

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    1 2 Figure 3-15: U.S. Energy Consum

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    Coal b 1,653.7 1,596.3 1,809.1 -3%

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    1 2 Table 3-17: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 Table 3-20: Adjusted Consumption

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    1 2 3 4 percent above the 2014 emis

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    Gas/Waste Product 1990 2005 2011 20

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 waste

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    1 2 3 4 5 due to the higher CH 4 co

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    Activity 1990 2005 2011 2012 2013 2

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 approach over the t

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    Previous Estimated Emissions from S

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    Emissions (w/o Plunger) (MT) 372,28

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    Reciprocating Compressors 64,413 64

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    1 Table 3-72: Woody Biomass Consump

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    CO2 206.8 189.9 172.9 169.6 171.5 1

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    SF6 1 1 + + + + + Electrical Transm

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    2012 13.8 13,785 2013 14.0 14,028 2

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    1 2 3 MMT CO 2 Eq. (10,828 kt) (see

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 consumed

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    1 Table 4-19: CO2 Emissions from Am

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    1 Table 4-24: Urea Production, Urea

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    2012 10.5 35 2013 10.7 36 2014 10.9

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    2015 4.3 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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    1 2 Table 4-31: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Production data f

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The activity data

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The results of th

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    2013 4.1 0.3 2014 5.0 0.3 1 2 3 4 5

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 discussion of CO 2

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    1 2 Table 4-56: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 (i.e.

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    1 2 Table 4-70: Production and Cons

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    1 Table 4-89: CO2 Emissions from Zi

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 4.23 Substi

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    Graphic Arts + 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non-Indu

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    Note that the relative uncertainty

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    + Does not exceed 0.05 MMT CO2 Eq.

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 subsequently conv

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Agricultural soil

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 low in many parts

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 methodology te

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    1 Table 5-21: Emissions from Liming

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    Land Converted to Forest Land (92.0

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    1 2 Table 6-7: Land Use and Land-Us

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    1 2 Harvested wood products (HWP)

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    1 2 Figure 6-2: Changes in Forest A

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    Note: Forest C stocks do not includ

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    1 2 3 Total Aboveground Biomass Flu

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    Belowground Live Biomass 2.3 2.0 2.

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    1 2 Table 6-34: Net CO2 Flux from S

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    1 2 3 4 5 above the 2015 stock chan

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    CH4 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4 N2O

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    Other Lands Converted Grassland Min

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    On-site 70 71 60 53 50 50 49 N2O (O

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    1 2 Table 6-51: Net CH4 Flux from V

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    1 2 3 4 result in cessation of emis

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    New Mexico 70,608 52,250 12.0 0.263

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    C Storage Factor, Proportion of Ini

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    1 Table 7-2: Emissions from Waste (

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 7-6 pres

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    2013 321 10,536 2014 323 10,613 201

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    1 2 Table 7-16: Approach 2 Quantita

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    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 EF i = emissio

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    a Miscellaneous includes TSDFs (Tre

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    Enteric Fermentation NC NC + NC + (

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Quality manual for the greenhouse gas inventory. Version 1.
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Heavy-Duty Trucks
Building trust in greenhouse gas inventories from the United ... - WWF
Use of Models and Facility-Level Data in Greenhouse Gas Inventories
2009 Corporate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory - the Town of ...
City of Richmond 2008 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory
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Inventory of New York City Greenhouse Gas Emissions - NYC.gov
international maritime transport and greenhouse gas emissions - IMO
Expert Meeting on Uncertainty and Validation of Emission Inventories
County of San Diego 2005/2006 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Agriculture and Forestry: A ...
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Report - Cal Poly Pomona
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS - The Sallan Foundation
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