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PRACTICE Martin Hagmayr

PRACTICE Martin Hagmayr Teaching About the T4 Program

Introduction 91 HOLOCAUST EDUCATION IN PEDAGOGY, HISTORY, AND PRACTICE During the so-called “T4 euthanasia” program more than 70,000 handicapped, disabled and mentally ill individuals were killed in gas chambers in the years 1940 and 1941 in Nazi Germany. Six killing facilities were set up in the National Socialist state: Bernburg, Brandenburg, Grafeneck, Hadamar, Hartheim and Sonnenstein. Today, these places are memorial sites that explain the history, give relatives and society a place to commemorate, and provide us with the opportunity to learn. Figure 1, (page 98) shows the memorial site, Hartheim castle, as it appeared in the year 2009. Situated near Linz, Austria, it is several hundred years old and is considered to be one of the most beautiful examples of Renaissance architecture. In the year 1898, the castle was converted into a care facility and became home to approximately 200 children and young adults with disabilities. In the period following the Anschluss of Austria into the