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Department of Defense INSTRUCTION


DoDI 5000.02, January 7,

DoDI 5000.02, January 7, 2015 d. Acquisition Process Decision Points and Phase Content. The procedures in subparagraphs 5d(1) through 5d(14) are general and are applicable to the acquisition program models previously described and to variations in them. Tailoring is always appropriate when it will produce a more efficient and effective acquisition approach for the specific product. Non- MDAP and non-MAIS programs will use analogous DoD Component processes. Additional or modified procedures applicable to Information Technology and to Defense Business System programs are described in Enclosures 11 and 12 of this instruction, respectively, and procedures applicable to urgent needs are described in Enclosure 13. (1) Materiel Development Decision (a) The Materiel Development Decision is based on a validated initial requirements document (an ICD or equivalent requirements document) and the completion of the Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) Study Guidance and the AoA Study Plan. This decision directs execution of the AoA, and authorizes the DoD Component to conduct the Materiel Solution Analysis Phase. This decision point is the entry point into the acquisition process for all defense acquisition products; however, an “acquisition program” is not formally initiated (with the accompanying statutory requirements) until Milestone B, or at Milestone C for those programs that enter directly at Milestone C. DoD Components may have conducted enough analysis to support preliminary conclusions about the desired product at this point. If so, that analysis may be used by the MDA to narrow the range of alternatives. If not, requirements are likely to be less welldefined or firm, and a wider range of alternatives will need to be considered. (b) At the Materiel Development Decision, the DCAPE, (or DoD Component equivalent) will present the AoA Study Guidance, and the AoA lead organization will present the AoA Study Plan. In addition, the Component will provide the plan to staff and fund the actions that will precede the next decision point (usually Milestone A) including, where appropriate, competitive concept definition studies by industry. (c) If the Materiel Development Decision is approved, the MDA will designate the lead DoD Component; determine the acquisition phase of entry; and identify the initial review milestone, usually, but not always, a specific milestone as described in one of the program models. MDA decisions will be documented in an ADM. The approved AoA Study Guidance and AoA Study Plan will be attached to the ADM. (2) Materiel Solution Analysis Phase (a) Purpose. The purpose of this phase is to conduct the analysis and other activities needed to choose the concept for the product that will be acquired, to begin translating validated capability gaps into system-specific requirements including the Key Performance Parameters (KPPs) and Key System Attributes (KSAs), and to conduct planning to support a decision on the acquisition strategy for the product. AoA solutions, key trades among cost, schedule, and performance, affordability analysis, risk analysis, and planning for risk mitigation are key activities in this phase. (b) Phase Description Change 2, 02/02/2017 18

DoDI 5000.02, January 7, 2015 1. Minimum funding required for this phase is normally that needed to analyze and select an alternative for materiel development, and to complete the activities necessary to support a decision to proceed to the next phase; technology development and concept analysis and design efforts may also be funded in this phase. 2. The validated ICD and the AoA Study Plan will guide the AoA and Materiel Solution Analysis Phase activity. The analysis will be conducted in accordance with the procedures in Enclosure 9 of this instruction, and focus on identification and analysis of alternatives; measures of effectiveness; key trades between cost and capability; total life-cycle cost, including sustainment; schedule; concepts of operations; and overall risk. The AoA will inform and be informed by affordability analysis, cost analysis, sustainment considerations, early systems engineering analyses, threat projections, and market research. 3. Prior to the completion of this phase, the DoD Component combat developer will prepare a Concept of Operations/Operational Mode Summary/Mission Profile (CONOPS/OMS/MP) that will include the operational tasks, events, durations, frequency, operating conditions and environment in which the recommended materiel solution is to perform each mission and each phase of a mission. The CONOPS/OMS/MP will be provided to the Program Manager and will inform development of the plans for the next phase including: acquisition strategy, test planning, and capability requirements trades. It will be provided to industry as an attachment for the next acquisition phase RFP. 4. This phase ends when a DoD Component has completed the necessary analysis and the activities necessary to support a decision to proceed to the next decision point and desired phase in the acquisition process. The next phase can be Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction (TMRR), EMD, or P&D, depending on the actions needed to mature the product being acquired. Each of these phases has associated decision points to authorize entry: Milestone A, Development RFP Release and Milestone B, or Milestone C. Each decision point and phase has information requirements identified in Table 2 in Enclosure 1 of this instruction, and other criteria as defined in paragraphs 5d(3) through 5d(14) in this instruction. (c) Program Office Establishment and Next Phase Preparation. During the Materiel Solution Analysis Phase, the CAE will select a Program Manager and establish a Program Office to complete the necessary actions associated with planning the acquisition program with emphasis on the next phase. Prior to preparation and release of a final RFP for the planned next phase, the Program Manager should complete and submit the Acquisition Strategy and obtain MDA approval. The Program Manager will review the information requirements for the upcoming decision event and may submit a request for waiver to statutory (when authorized by statute) and regulatory requirements to the to the cognizant approval authority (e.g., MDA, DoD CIO, DOT&E, DCAPE, JROC). The MDA will conduct a DAB planning meeting approximately 6 months before a DAB that includes RFP release decisions. The purpose of the meeting will be to ensure timely review of the business approach and other key elements of program planning before completion of the RFPs. An approved Acquisition Strategy will inform development of the final RFPs for the next phase of the program. Change 2, 02/02/2017 19

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