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IPOL_STU(2017)583132_EN

IPOL_STU(2017)583132_EN

Policy Department C:

Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.3.2. After the EU-Turkey Statement 48 3.4. Conclusions and Recommendations: Overall contribution of the hotspot approach to relocation 50 CHAPTER 4: THE ROLE OF EU AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONS IN RELOCATION 52 4.1. Hotspots and relocation as multi-actor ventures 52 4.2. The role of EASO in hotspots and relocation 52 4.2.1. The role of EASO in Italy’s hotspots and relocation scheme 52 4.2.2. The role of EASO in Greece’s hotspots and relocation scheme 53 4.3. The role of FRONTEX in hotspots and relocation 55 4.3.1. The role of Frontex in Italy’s hotspots and relocation scheme 55 4.3.2. The role of Frontex in Greece’s hotspots and relocation scheme 56 4.4. The role of other EU agencies 56 4.5. The role of the European Commission and related EU bodies 57 4.6. The role of international organisations and NGOs 58 4.7. Conclusions and Recommendations: The need for coordination and structured cooperation 58 CHAPTER 5: THE PROPOSED CHANGES TO THE DUBLIN REGULATION FOR RELOCATION 60 5.1. The coexistence of relocation with Dublin transfers 60 5.2. Consolidating relocation: the Dublin IV proposal 62 5.3. Advantages of the corrective allocation mechanism 63 5.4. Disadvantages of the corrective allocation mechanism 63 5.5. Conclusions and Recommendations: Alternatives to the envisaged scheme 66 CHAPTER 6: DEFINING THE BASE FOR EFFECTIVE RELOCATION: A RIGHTS- BASED, DIGNITY-ORIENTED APPROACH FOLLOWING THE ‘DUBLIN WITHOUT COERCION’ PARADIGM 68 REFERENCES 70 Treaties 70 EU Legislation 70 EU documents and other official documents 70 Cases 75 Secondary sources/bibliography 75 APPENDIX I: METHODOLOGY 79 APPENDIX II: LIST OF INTERVIEWS/SURVEY/OTHER ORIGINAL DATA 80 ANNEX I: RELOCATING MEMBER STATES 81 4

Implementation of the 2015 Council Decisions establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece ____________________________________________________________________________________________ LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS CEAS Common European Asylum System CIR Consiglio Italiano per i Refugiati (Italian Refugee Council) CJEU Court of Justice of the European Union EASO European Asylum Support Office EBCG European Border and Coast Guards ECHR European Convention on Human Rights ECtHR European Court of Human Rights EU European Union EUROSTAT European Commission Directorate-General in charge of providing statistical information GDP Gross Domestic Product IO International Organisation LIBE Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee MEDU Medici per i diriti umani (Doctors for Human Rights, Italian NGO) NGO Non-Governmental Organisation SOLID Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows (General Programme) TFEU Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union UK United Kingdom UN United Nations UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 5

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