n?u=RePEc:auu:hpaper:052&r=his

repec.nep.his

n?u=RePEc:auu:hpaper:052&r=his

Table 4: Australia’s welfare ratios in comparative perspective, unskilled workers

(using bare-bone basket)

1820s

1830s

New South Wales

urban 2.66 2.88

rural 2.28 3.60

Tasmania

urban 2.67 2.19

rural 3.47

United States 4.47 5.10

Amsterdam 3.57 2.70

Florence 0.90 0.85

Leipzig 2.21 1.92

London 3.85 4.05

Beijing 0.79 0.70

Chile 2.26

Mexico 1.29

Colombia 1.51

Sources: NSW and TAS: see text. European cities and Beijing: Allen, 2011; Latin

America: Arroyo et al. United States: authors’ calculations based on Lindert and

Williamson (2016a, Table 10.1).

Note: NSW and TAS unskilled include: urban common labor and farm labor.

Table 5: Real income per capita: New South Wales, Great Britain and America,

1820s-1830s

Country Year Nominal GDP Bare bone Real GDP

per capita (£) expenditure (£)

Great Britain 1820s 29.13 3.47 8.41

New South 1820s

Wales

28.80 6.73 4.28

America 1820s 9.76

Great Britain 1830s 27.50 3.28 8.38

New South 1830s

Wales

40.93 6.7 6.11

America 1830s 10.54

Sources: see text.

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