Countermeasures/Mitigation Total Ionizing Dose. �� Additional shielding. Only effective in electron dominated environments. �� Cold redundancy (‘sparing ( sparing’). ). Not effective for all technologies. �� Generous derating. derating �� Robust electronic design. High drive currents, low fan-out fan out or loading. Large gain margins, high noise immunity etc.
Countermeasures/Mitigation. Single Event Effects �� Note that additional shielding is NOT effective. �� Ensure systems are not sensitive to transient effects. �� Use fault tolerant design techniques. �� Use Error Detection and Correction for critical circuits. �� Ensure systems can re-boot re boot autonomously.