“Be not afraid of greatness. Some are born great, some achieve greatness,

and some have greatness thrust upon ‘em’.”

-William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night

Life Without Limps: No Fear

What makes someone extraordinary? their ability? their talent? or simply their

smiles? When I saw Nick Vuicic, just the moment he began to share his amazing

story to the world, I knew I’ve just encounter someone extraordinary,

Our motivational hero (Nick Vuicic) was born in December 4th 1982 to an

Australian family.

He was born with a rare disorder called Phocomelia.

He was limbless, missing both arms at shoulder level, as well as legless. His

feet were toeless except two toes on one foot. Nick's father covered the

whole story of the newborn son "his head was next to his mother’s head

when she born him and when she saw Nick's shoulders she was shocked".

My father just hoped that my mom would not look at me because he noticed

that I had no arms. My dad had to leave the room, he couldn’t believe what

he saw when the doctor came. My father told him I saw my son, he has no

right arm. The doctor said to him “No, your son has no arms and legs” then

my father lost consciousness because he couldn’t believe what he heard.

Nick also added my mother at first she didn’t want to hold me, she didn’t

want breastfeed me.

Nick declared that “I’m not afraid, I was born for this.” In the

heart of darkness Nick proved that destiny is not a matter of

chance. It’s a matter of choice. Nick refuses to be a victim for his


Vujicic married Kanae Miyahaea. The couple has two sons and

live in Southern California. Nick encouraged people to

appreciate their life and his message in life was forming walls

into doors. Nick established an organization called Life Without


In 2007, he founded Attitude is Altitude, a secular motivational

speaking company. He acted in the short film The Butterfly

Circus. At 2010 Method fest independent film festival, he was

awarded Best Actor in a short film for his starring


His first book, Life Without Limits, inspiration for a ridiculously good life, was

published by Random House in 2010 and it has been translated into more than

30 languages. Nick said “If God can use a man without arms and legs to be his

hands and feet, then he will certainly use any willing hearth!”

Nick called people to improve themselves and “Don’t give up and know that

there is always someone out there who believes in you and who loves you just

the way you are.”

Written By Third Year Student

Hanan Wa'ad Naif

Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)


Be Brave

Don’t sit on the couch and wait for it.

Go out.

Make a change.

Smile more.

Be excited.

Do new things.

Throw away what you have been cluttering.

Un-follow negative people on social media.

Go to bed early and wake up early.

Be fierce and don’t gossip.

Show more attitude.

Do things that challenge you, and be brave.



Zahraa Mohammad Juad

First Year- Section C

It’s a very complicated word for

some people

to comprehend. Even today,

we are still discovering

what it truly means.


everyone has their own ways of

making it through.

I believe that we should

challenge ourselves mentally,

physically and emotionally.

First of all, life is full of ups and downs, whether or like it or not.

Challenge yourself now, draw your goals and go for it. You’ll get there.


Zaid Sami – First Year B


Our negative thoughts can create anxiety, anger, resentment, jealousy—an array of emotions. Negative

thinking is normal. However, if this way of thinking becomes incessant, it can lead to depression and selfdestructive

behavior like addictions, derailing us from what we want most in life. At minimum, negative

thinking saps our energy, erodes our self-confidence and can put us in a bad mood. Certainly, many would

agree that our thoughts come and go so quickly that it’s seems impossible to notice them, but with

awareness and an attitude of self-compassion, we can redirect our negative thoughts to more positive ones.

Two Wolves is a Cherokee Indian legend and illustrates the most important battle of our lives – the one

between our good and bad thoughts. Here is how the story goes: An old Cherokee is teaching his grandson

about life.

“A fight is going on inside me,” he said to the boy.

It is a terrible fight and it is

between two wolves. One

is evil – he is anger, envy,

sorrow, regret, greed,

arrogance, self-pity, guilt,

resentment, inferiority, lies,

false pride, superiority, and


He continued, The other is

good – he is joy, peace,

love, hope, serenity,

humility, kindness,

benevolence, empathy,

generosity, truth,

compassion, and faith.

“The same fight is going on inside you – and inside every other person, too.”

The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, “Which wolf will win?” The

old Cherokee simply replied, “The one you feed.”

Our thoughts can be our own worst enemy. That is, if we let them. Think about how you may be feeding your

negative thoughts by allowing them to rule your mind. Next time you have a negative thought, catch it and ask yourself,

What is this thought doing for me? You will find that the answer is that all they are doing is disempowering you. You

can immediately feel more empowered by focusing on something good in your life and cultivate the practice of


We can create greater peace, confidence and a more positive outlook by learning how to manage our thoughts. After

all, this battle can be won because we have the power of choice!

Which wolf are you feeding? Remember, you always have a choice…

By: Farah Jamal Kadhim

First Year – Section B

By Rafal Arkan

Third Class - Morning Studies

Say No To The Junk Food

Many people, including teenagers and children, are addicted

to junk food.

They do not seem to realise the crucial connection between

food and health.

I understand why people eat fast food - it suits their busy

lifestyle. But these meals contain so much fat and salt they

can cause a lot of health problems later in life.

I watched a documentary about people who eat chips and

burgers and consume soft drinks every day.

It shows parents giving their children junk food. Some

parents never cook so they and their children rely on


Parents are role models for their children and should lead a

healthy lifestyle.

There's a saying, 'Old habits die hard'.

But, for the sake of our health, we need to kick our bad


And that means cutting out junk food and fizzy drinks, and

eating more fruit and veggies, and drinking more water.

Sadly, however, a lot of 'fast food' is very unhealthy.

Western-style fast food - burgers, fries, fried chicken - is

famously high in calories, fat, sodium and sugar, but low in


But other types of fast food aren't always much healthier,

either. When restaurants have to prepare large amounts of a

dish cheaply, they'll use low-quality ingredients.

They often skimp on healthy additions like vegetables.

Ways to Train Your Brain to Hate Junk Food

If unhealthy, processed food, is sabotaging your weight loss efforts,

outsmart junk food cravings with these clever tricks.

1.Practice the five-ingredient rule.If there are more than five

ingredients on a food label—a red flag for food processing—don’t buy

it. (Or if you do, consider it a treat instead of an everyday purchase).

This is an easy way to avoid impulse buys like flavor-blasted chips or

pre-made cookies when food shopping.

2.Know your trigger foods.Whether you've got a sweet tooth for

chocolate and red velvet anything or love salty treats like pretzels,

know the foods that send you down the spiral of junk food binging.

You've already accomplished half of the battle by identifying them. Keep

them out of the house.

3. Break your routine.It only takes a few weeks to form a habit. So if

you always associate 3 p.m. with a trip to the vending machine, start a

tradition to walk around the block for five minutes instead. This may

kick your craving altogether.

4. Make healthy food your treat.One of the best, easiest desserts?

Stash red grapes in the freezer, and cap off dinner with something

sweet without kick-starting sugar cravings.5. Chew more than you

need.Adam Melonas, renowned chef and founder of UNREAL

candy(along with Nicky Bronner, a 15-year-old determined to "unjunk

candy") shared this smart tip: "If you can make people chew more,

they'll eat less." Next time you sneak in a treat, chew slowly and

consciously. Wait until you finish one bite to take the next.

Zaha Hadid

Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid, DBE, RA (Arabic: حديد ‎زها Zahā Ḥadīd;

31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-born British architect.

She was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in

2004. [1] She received the UK's most prestigious architectural award,

the Stirling Prize, in 2010 and 2011. In 2012, she was made

a Dame by Elizabeth II for services to architecture, and in 2015 she

became the first woman to be awarded the Royal Gold Medal from

the Royal Institute of British Architects. [2]

She was described by the The Guardian of London as the 'Queen of the

curve', [3] who "liberated architectural geometry, giving it a whole new

expressive identity." [4] Her major works include the aquatic centre for

the London 2012 Olympics, Michigan State University's Broad Art

Museum in the US, and the Guangzhou Opera House in China. [5] Some of

her designs have been presented posthumously, including the statuette for

the 2017 Brit Awards, and many of her buildings are still under

construction, including the Al Wakrah Stadium in Doha, a venue for

the 2022 FIFA World Cup. [6][7]


Teeba Natiq

Jane Eyre in the Insider

Jane Eyre, a novel about an

English woman’s struggles told

through the writing of Charlotte

Brontë, has filled its audience with

thoughts of hope, love, and

deception for many years. These

thoughts surround people, not just

women, everyday, as if an endless

cycle from birth to death. As men

and women fall further into this

spiral of life they begin to find their

true beings along with the qualities

of others. This spiral then turns

into a web of conflicts as the

passenger of life proceeds and often

these conflicts are caused by those

sought out to be guides through the

journey of life but merely are

spiders building a magnificent web

to catch its prey. In Jane Eyre,

Brontë uses the literary elements of

plot and character to convey the

theme that a person often falls in love with a manipulator because she has

little experiences of other forms of love and as a result she has to establish her

own integrity.

Brontë uses the character element of opinions to show how some people often

form conclusions about others and express them in their thoughts as either

cruel or friendly. Since Brontë bases Jane Eyre as story told through a young

lady the reader is allowed to experience her thoughts and reactions to those

around her who make her very personality. As Jane is in her youth she

develops these notions about her own family yelling at her cousin John saying,

“You are like a murderer--you are like a slave-driver—you are like the

Roman Emperors.” (p. 8) Not only showing that Jane has the intellectual

maturity much greater than that of a normal ten-year-old but also that she

finds John cruel and sees him becoming a bad man when he grows up. Due to

Mrs. Reed’s lack of discipline John did grow as his cousin perceived causing

his own demise and the relief of Jane for her cousin no longer could torment

those lesser than himself. “Mr. Rochester continued blind for the first two

years of our union: perhaps it was that circumstance that drew us so very

near – that knit us so very close: for I was then his vision, as I am still his right

hand. Literally, I was the apple of his eye.” (p.578) Jane expresses her grief

over Rochester’s injuries but emphasizes her constant love as everything that

he has lost.

Life Of Muhammad Mahdi Al-Jawahri

Muhammad Mahdi Al-Jawahiri was born in 1899 in

Najaf in Iraq. His father, 'Abd al-Husayn was a religious scholar among the clergy

in Najaf who wanted his son to be a cleric as well.

So he dressed him in an cleric's 'Abaya and turban at the age of ten.

The origin of “Al-Jawahiri” goes back to his Najafi, Iraqi family. Since the 11th

century Hijri (15th century CE), the most famous people have inhabited Najaf, and

individuals named al-Najafi have earned the title “Bejeweled” (or al-Jawahiri) for

their relationship to the book of fiqh values (religious scholarship) which one of his

family's ancestors Shaykh Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi had written. The books

were referred to as the “the jewel of speech in explaining the laws of Islam” and was

composed of 44 volumes. Afterwards he was known as the “owner of the jewels,”

and his family came to be called “bejeweled” (al-Jawahiri).

Muhammad Mahdi read the holy Qur'an and did not memorize it at an early age.

Then his father sent him to great teachers to teach him reading, writing, grammar,

rhetoric and jurisprudence . His father and others planned for him to learn speech

from Nahj al-Balagha and poetry from the works of Abu Tayyib al-Mutanabi.

Learning was organized at an early age and even in his childhood he displayed an

inclination for literature. He began to read the Book of Eloquence and

Demonstration by Al-Jahiz and the Muqaddimah by Ibn Khaldun, and collections

of poetry. It was early in his life when he first wore the clothing of a religious man

and he participated in the 1920 revolution against the British authorities.


Abdullah Jamal Mahmood – First Year B



Cramming textbook upon textbook of information into your brain can be quite a daunting task, and

while parrot-fashion studying might work for some, most people need a bit more help to ensure that

they're able to successfully recall what they've learnt.

When it comes to improving your memory, you really just need to get a little creative. Here are

some tricks you can try to step up your memory from OK to excellent:

Get vocal

Yes, you might end up looking like a crazy person, but studies have actually proven that saying

words out loud will improve your ability to recall that information again later.


If you're reading about a certain place or event, put yourself there. If you're learning how something

works, visualise yourself actually performing the task. By creating a picture in your mind, you're

creating an experience of sorts which will make it much easier to remember.

Play with mnemonics

A mnemonic is any small phrase or rhyme used as a memory tool. For example, if you need to

remember a list of things, create a little phrase matching the first letter of each word to the first

letter of each of the items in the list. Add a bit of humor and it becomes even more effective.

Pass it on

The easiest way to test if you really understand what you've learnt is to teach it to someone else. If

you're able to pass on the information successfully, it will have much better staying power.

Play some background music

The right kind of music can elevate your mood which in turn, will have a positive effect on your

study productivity. Just be sure not to select music that might become a distraction.

Practice active reading

Don't simply read it, take the time to really understand it. Question the why and the how, try to

associate new information with facts you already know, and make a habit of summarizing your

understanding after each section.

Use the internet to your advantage

Spending some time online can actually be very beneficial. There are so many additional

information sources out there, including TED Talks and Youtube videos, which can help you to get

a better understanding of a particular topic.

Do regular reviews

Reviewing helps with longer-term memory retention. Therefore, plan to review study material

you've covered at least every few days. With each review, you'll find that it becomes easier to recall,

and you'll also make fewer mistakes / omissions.

Don't be afraid to break your routine

Getting into a good study routine is of course very good, but sometimes you might find yourself in

a bit of a study rut. Give your brain a kick by trying out a new study spot for the day or by taking a

break to do something active.

Use positive affirmations

By telling yourself that you won't be able to remember something, you're already creating a mental

block. Replace any negativity with a big “Yes I can!”

By Student

Farah Jamal Kadhim

First Year - B




Getting into university is a great privilege, so it’s important to make the most

of the few years you’ll spend there!

Here are some things you need to know to get the best out of your time at


1. When in doubt, ask

Remember that although your professors might seem tough (frankly some of

them can be, well.. scary), they want to see you succeed and are there help.

Take the first step to furhter your understanding and learning (who knows,

you might even get a smile out of them). Don’t forget to be respectful and give

your professor plenty of notice for a meeting, you may be able to use them as a

reference in the future. We live in a very small world!

2. Don’t forget to let your hair down

What about your social life? This is a significant part of your time at

university and not one to be forgotten, as there are a number of benefits from

getting involved in student societies.

You get to meet new people and develop friendships and contacts

that may be beneficial in the future.

It can be valuable for your CV - future employers want to know that

you can work well in a team, have leadership skills, and have a life

apart from studying.

Most importantly, it's fun! What makes your time at university

special are the people you meet, the memories you make, and the

experiences you have.

3. But don’t overdo it

It is very important to achieve a good balance between your studies and extracurricular

activities. Try to balance the load by taking on the right number of

courses for you, whilst being aware of the coursework involved and narrowing

down the list of extra-curricular activities to the top few. You are there to get

a good grade at the end of the day, so don’t overdo it.

4. Safety first

Now, your safety is important and every campus has its own safety issues.

Familiarize yourself with them and take extra precaution by saving your

security number on your phone.

5. Get some experience

Last, but not least – get some experience under your belt. You should know by

now that employers love practical experience and adding some to your CV

will increase your chances of finding a job when you graduate. Try to get an

internship during the holidays or even start something yourself, every little

helps! Good luck!

By Student

Zahraa Falah

First Year - B

5 Unusual Strategies to

Improve your Speaking

and Listening Skills

You probably heard multiple times

that in order to improve your listening

ad speaking skills in English, you need

to have lots of practice. This is not

news for any language learner and in

fact, this is something most of them try

to do anyways. But “practice” is a very

general term, and sometimes, learners

may struggle recognizing opportunities

for brushing up on their English.

Today, I would like to describe my five untraditional ways of improving speaking and listening skills. They

come from my personal experience as a language learner, and just as they worked for me, I hope these

strategies will also be helpful to you.

Strategy 1:

Watching movies without looking at the screen Wait a minute! Watching movies without the actual

watching? That’s right! As strange as it sounds, this activity tremendously improved my listening

comprehension. This is how it works: I suggest that you select a movie that you are well familiar with, so

you would have an idea what it is about, and you would not have to worry about the plot and the characters.

Instead, you would focus your entire attention on the listening part. The best choice is your favorite movies.

As you watch the movie without looking at the screen, you will concentrate on the conversations happening

in the movie, imagining the scenes and contexts and trying to figure out the details. I also suggest that you

pay attention to the intonation, the pitch, and the volume of characters’ voices. I promise, you will

eventually become a very attentive listener and not only will you be able to better understand what people

say, but you will also have an increased understanding of what kind of intonation people use to pronounce

certain English expressions depending on the context, the topic of conversations, and even the relationships

of interlocutors. Since intonation is a huge part of foreign language pronunciation, this activity will also

indirectly improve your pronunciation.

Strategy 2:

Window shopping—with the goal of speaking English If you like shopping malls, this is a perfect strategy

for boosting your speaking skills, listening comprehension, and learning some useful vocabulary. The

purpose of this activity is to get engaged in conversations with sales managers by asking them questions

about the products they sell. You don’t need to buy anything! In fact, you should probably put off your

actual shopping goals for a different day. For this activity—your focus is on English. This is how it works: I

suggest that you go to a local shopping mall or a department store (if you have one around) because it has

lots of options of different stores—thus a better variety of products that you can discuss. Then you go to

your favorite store, walk around, find an item that you want to know more about and ask the manager to

give you more information about it. Try to ask more questions. Try to listen for the new words and phrases

the managers use. Try to pay attention to how these words and phrases are used in context. I also

recommend that you have a goal before you go to the mall. Certainly you know the areas you need to work

on: to learn particular vocabulary words or to practice the ones that you just learned, to notice how certain

grammatical structures are used or to practice the ones that you recently acquired, and so on. I also suggest

that you carry a small notebook and a pen with you to write down interesting things (e.g., vocabulary, usage

of particular words, grammar) that you notice. You could go to the stores that you like, or you could

challenge yourself by choosing the ones whose products you are not familiar with. However, it would

probably not be the best idea to pick the store where everything looks like from a different planet to you. I

know for myself that I would not be able to have an effective conversation about stuff in a hardware store.

But once again, if you just learned particular words or structures and you want to practice them—go for it!

Grab a friend who is an English learner too, and your “English shopping” will be even more fun!

Strategy 3:

Teach someone what you have learned about the English language Speaking about friends, there is

something else you can do with other people, and this is teaching them about something that you have

learned in English. Research shows that people can better acquire and more effectively internalize things

that they learn if they teach others about them. Why? Simply because when you teach someone, you try to

explain it in a clear and understandable way, which requires your own understanding first. So if you

struggle explaining to someone else what a certain word means and how it is used in a sentence, you should

probably invest a bit more into learning that word. The same holds true for grammar or anything else

about the language. This is how it works: It’s a pretty straightforward technique. Teach a friend, a

colleague, or a classmate your newly acquired piece of knowledge. It doesn’t have to be another English

learner, by the way. You would be surprised to realize how little some native speakers know about the

nature and the structure of their own language. So help them out by helping yourself!

Strategy 4:

Say out loud what you are doing in English as you do your daily activities This strategy comes in handy

when you don’t have anyone around to talk to. This certainly happens quite often when you get busy with

your daily chores. So as you are going through the day, describe out loud the activities that you are doing.

It may sound strange, but honestly, I did it so many times (and still do) just for the purpose of practicing my

English, and I found it very effective. This is how it works: It’s another self-explanatory strategy. Basically,

whatever you do at the moment, try to articulate your actions in English. At the beginning, it may not be as

easy as it sounds, and you may realize that you substantially lack vocabulary (of course, depending on the

type of the activity that you are trying to describe). But don’t let it discourage you! You may have to start

with phrases or even single words—it’s ok. As your English improves, you will be able to form complete

sentences, perhaps the simple ones first, and then more complex ones. And of course, don’t forget to write

down the words and phrases you want to look up later. In one of my previous blogs, I shared a mistake that

I made as an English learner—not carrying around a notebook with me, so I lost many chances to learn

some nice words I heard in conversations but could never recall later because I did not write them down.

So make a notebook to be your pocket friend! Along with the increase of vocabulary, this strategy will also

improve your pronunciation. As you speak, listen to yourself with a critical ear. If you are not happy with

your accent, this activity can help you work on it. No one is going to hear you, so you can repeat the same

words over and over again. Finally, this strategy will also help you get used to thinking in English, which, in

my opinion, is a big indicator of your language progress. Strategy 5: Cooking with a friend Another great

activity that you can do with other people is cooking. Cooking is always fun, especially if you make your

favorite recipe and if you cook it for someone or with someone. Now, try to do some cooking with an

English twist! This is how it works: Strictly speaking, you are going to be a chef, teaching your friend how

to make cook favorite recipe. This is a combination of Strategy 3 (“Teaching someone else”) and Strategy 4

(“Saying things you do”). The difference between this strategy and the teaching activity described above is

that here, you are not going to tell your friend what you have learned about the English language; instead,

you will use the language to teach your friend how to prepare your favorite recipe. And the difference

between this strategy and the “articulating-your-actions” activity is that in the former, you actually have an

audience, to whom you will be describing what you do (opposed to talking to yourself). As easy and

unchallenging as it sounds, you will realize that there are many words and phrases that you need to explain

how you cook a certain type of food: from the names of the ingredients, to the cooking verbs, to the

cookware you use. If your friend is a native speaker, he/she can also help you with some idiomatic

expressions that you can use while giving your cooking instructions.


Research shows that people can better—and more effectively—memorize foreign language vocabulary if

they apply multiple types of learning at the same time: visual (by seeing what you are learning), auditory

(by listening), and kinesthetic (by doing, moving or by using hands). To this end, in my cooking strategy,

you will be able to apply all of them! First, you will obviously describe what you do and provide

instructions to your friend; and by doing that you will be able to hear yourself, which will activate your

auditory learning. Second, you will be able to see some of the objects whose names you will learn (e.g.,

cookware, ingredients, seasonings). Finally, this activity also involves a kinesthetic element, as you will

physically “perform” what you describe. As you see, these strategies are not difficult to implement. But

more importantly, they are fun, so I hope you will enjoy them and find them helpful. Remember that

learning English does not have to be arduous and boring. With some creativity, you can make it

pleasurable and motivating! Let me know what you think about these strategies and feel free to share with

me your own ways of improving your speaking and listening skills

By Professor Haider Jabr



In some cases, stress can be good for you. Moderate stress can sharpen

memory, motivate you to succeed, and combat procrastination. The downfall

is that too much stress can have a negative impact on your health, weakening

your immune system, ruining your teeth, and adding unwanted body weight.

The key is to understand your triggers and to find ways to reduce the stress in

your life. Here are 5 things to incorporate in your life to relieve some stress:

Meditation. Research has shown meditation can not only relieve stress, but

can also help you quiet the mind and increase your state of happiness.

Meditation helps to clear anxiety, depression, and anger—emotions that are

all known to trigger stress.

Stop over committing. For most people, saying “no” can be really

challenging. Many find themselves over-committing themselves to things they

really do not want to do, or simply don’t have the time for. If you have a hard

time saying no, try setting aside days in your calendar each month that are

just for you. These are days to spend with yourself and your loved ones,

enjoying your favorite relaxing activities. Refuse to book them with any sort

of outside commitment.

Get organized. Procrastination and chaos can bring a lot of stress to your

life. When you live in a state of constant clutter, it drains your energy. Take a

moment to clean out the clutter, revamp your budget, and improve your time

management. Once you remove the junk, you’ll be surprised by how much

better you feel.

Hang out with friends. Taking time to hang out with a group of friends

is not only fun, but can help reduce your stress, provide emotional support,

and improve your mental health. Studies have shown people with a positive

group of friends are more likely to live longer, get fewer colds, have a lower

risk of dementia, and much more.

Give back. Find ways to give back to others and your community. When

you are upset and stressed, doing something for someone else can help you feel

better. The task doesn’t have to be big—you could take in your neighbor's

trash can, volunteer at a shelter, or just send someone a note.

Whatever you do, remember not to stretch yourself too thin because that will

just add to your stress.

Take a moment to check out this quiz to determine how much stress you have

in your life and learn ways to find a better balance:

By Student

Taif Raad

First Year - B

How to Write an Essay in 5 Steps

Learning to write an essay is a skill you will use throughout your life. The simple

organization of ideas you use when writing an essay will help you write business letters,

company memos, and marketing materials for your clubs and organizations. Anything

you write will benefit from the simple parts of an essay:




Body of Information


1. Purpose/Main Idea

Before you can start writing, you need to have an idea to write about. If you haven't been assigned an idea, it's easier than you might

think to come up with one of your own. Your best essays will be about the things that light your fire. What do you feel passionate

about? What topics do you find yourself arguing for or against? Choose the side of the topic you are "for" rather than "against," and

your essay will be stronger.

2. Title

Choose a title for your essay that expresses your main idea. The strongest titles will include a verb. Take a look at any newspaper

and you'll see that every title has a verb. You want your title to make someone want to read what you have to say.

3. Introduction

Your introduction is one short paragraph, just a sentence or two, that states your thesis (your main idea) and introduces your

reader to your topic. After your title, this is your next best chance to hook your reader. Here are some examples:

4. Body of Information

The body of your essay is where you develop your story or argument. You have finished your research and have pages of notes.

Right? Go through your notes with a highlighter and mark the most important ideas, the key points. Choose the top three ideas and

write each one at the top of a clean page. Now go through again and pull out supporting ideas for each key point. You don't need a lot,

just two or three for each one. Write a paragraph about each of these key points, using the information you've pulled from your


5. Conclusion

You are almost finished. The last paragraph of your essay is your conclusion. It, too, can be short, and it must tie back to your

introduction. In your introduction, you stated the reason for your paper. In your conclusion, you want to summarize how your key

points support your thesis.

By Professor

Haider Jabr

Contemporary Writing in Islamic Cultures

Today the Western media tends to produce a one-dimensional view of Muslims and Islamic culture. But what is the

reality of Muslim people themselves and their daily lives in Muslim lands? How do they represent themselves in

literary fiction? In this course, we will be exploring the continuities and diversities of Islamic cultures by reading a

range of novels, with some poetry, written in the latter half of the twentieth century, and the first decade of the

twenty-first, from Morocco, Sudan, Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh

and Indonesia. How do novelists translate their different cultures into literary form? What literary traditions do they

draw on? How far do these reflect the different movements and schools of belief in Islam? What kinds of more worldly

and more personal representations emerge and how have these been changing over recent decades? We will be

investigating these and many other related questions in the course of our literary readings.

Tahar Ben Jelloun, The Blinding Absence of Light (Morocco)

1Assia Djebar, Fantasia: An Algerian Calvacade (Algeria)

8Nawal El Saadawi, Woman at Point Zero (Egypt)

15Ghassan Kanefani, Men in the Sun (Palestine)

22Hanan Al-Shaykhm, Beirut Blues (Lebanon)

1Orhan Pamuk, Snow (Turkey)

8Simin Daneshvar, Savushun: A Novel About Modern Iran (Iran)

11First paper due, 6.00 pm.

22Shakir Mustafa, ed., Contemporary Iraqi Fiction: An Anthology (Iraq)

29Khaled Hosseini, The Kite Runner (Afghanistan)

5Mohsin Hamid, The Reluctant Fundamentalist (Pakistan)

12Ahmed Ali, Twilight in Delhi (India)

19Tahmima Anam, A Golden Age (Bangladesh)

26Pramoedya Anta Toer, This Earth of Mankind (Indonesia)

By Professor Haider Jabr



Online social media have gained astounding worldwide

growth and popularity which has led to attracting attention

from variety of researchers globally. Although with time all

generations have come to embrace the changes social

network has brought about, teenagers and young adults are

the most fanatic users of these sites. According to various

research studies in the field of online social networks, it has

been revealed that these sites are impacting the lives of the

youth greatly. When using these sites such as Twitter,

Facebook or MySpace, there are both positive and negative

effects on the youth.


It is inevitable to ignore the fact that nowadays social network plays an essential role in teenagers’ lives. Most

youths are spending at least an hour in these popular social media sites. Generally, 1 out of 7 minutes which are

spent online by most of those who can access internet is spent on Facebook according to Shea Bennett. One

may ask how spending all that time on the social media sites may have a positive impact on them. Well, social

media helps the youth and any other user updated with what is happening around the world, help the

teenagers stay connected and interact with each other even if they are many miles apart. This strengthens their

relationship even if they finished school and moved to different locations they stay connected and update one


In addition, social media sites have provided a platform whereby the youth can create groups and pages based

on their common discipline and end up building connections and opportunities for their respective careers by

updating various topics to discuss. Youth who have been interviewed they say that social media has become

their lifestyle and it makes their lives easier and efficient.


While on one hand social network sites seems to bring people together and connected on the other hand it

creates social isolation in regard to BBC News report. As the youth tend to spend many hours on these sites,

they rarely have face-to-face interaction. According various studies, scientists’ evaluation determined that social

isolation can lead to a host of emotional, psychological, physical and mental problems which include anxiety,

depression and somatic complaints among many others. Other negative effects of social networking various

people suggested included encouraging poor spelling and grammar, exposing underage to online predators,

allowing spread of misinformation that is perceived as fact, decreasing productivity as those who are supposed

to be working spend time in the sites to chat, provide a perfect platform for cyber bullying and providing details

that increase risks of identity theft.

By Professor Haider Jabr



Identifying talent and team development through practice are obviously both key elements

to a team's success, but success can also be attributed to the following learnings:

There's no “i” in team

Big egos and star players are common place in the game of football, but it very rarely

means that one person is going to win you the game. It comes down to a strong team

dynamic where everyone supports each to achieve the common goal of a team win.

Whether on the football field or in the boardroom, teamwork is essential for achieving


There's a place for both experience and youth

Coaches know that they need a good mix of experienced players and young talent. If you

focus too much on experience, you'll lose out on the energy and fresh perspective that new

talent brings. On the other hand if your focus is only on youth, you'll have no one to steer

the way. In the business world, having a balanced team will ensure both transfer of

knowledge and company revitalization. When experience is used to shape and test new

ideas, great things can happen.

Learn to adapt

Football players can move between teams quite frequently and sometimes it could even be

from one country's team to another. The key to survival is learning how to adapt to each

team's culture. When joining a new company or working with a new client, you also need

to take the time to understand their culture. Adapting is not about completely changing

who you are, but it is about making some adjustments to fall in line with your new


Show respect to your manager

The world of football certainly has some interesting characters when it comes to team

managers. Not everyone might support a particular manager's way of thinking, but in the

end the team has to trust that he has given his strategy a lot of careful thought. You also

may not see eye to eye with your manager at work, but it is still your responsibility to show

professionalism and respect at all times.

Win or lose, do it gracefully

A graceful player is someone who in the event of a loss is able to congratulate the other

team on their win. Equally, a graceful player knows how to celebrate a win without

rubbing it in the faces of those who have just fought equally hard and are already leaving

the field bitterly disappointed. Always congratulate your colleagues on their work

successes, don't be threatened by them, see it as a challenge to yourself to be even better.

Also share credit where credit is due and remember that a big head at the office will only

damage your relationships with those who have been there to support you on your way to

the top.

By Student

Ali Saadi

First Year - B

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