I would just love it,
if you actually knew that I wasn't a guy.
- See pages 8-9
Volume XLIV, Issue 14 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017
Photograph by Barbara Howe
Photograph by Darren Jackinsky / Blue Fish Studios
in politics page 24
Photograph by Euvilla Thomas
Photograph by Frank Katradis
2 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 3
Vimy Ridge 100 years later
Students from across Durham Region
are preparing for a trip of a
lifetime to honour the Canadian
men who died for their country in
France 100 years ago.
Approximately 1,000 high
school students from the across
the region will travel to Vimy
Ridge next month to take part in
a ‘Pilgrimage of Remembrance,’
which will culminate in a ceremony
at the Vimy Ridge Memorial
on April 9.
Dave Robinson, national advisor
and coordinator for EF
Educational Tours, addressed
approximately 200 participating
students from four of the Durham
Catholic District School Board
schools at Father Leo J. Austin
secondary school March 7.
“The things you are going to
experience are going to change
your life on this tour,” said Robinson.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge took
place on April 9, 1917 during the
First World War. It is regarded
as the turning point in Canadian
Four Canadian divisions
fought together as a unified force
for the first time and defeated the
Though the battle claimed the
lives of 3,598 Canadian soldiers,
it is often regarded as a defining
moment for Canada, according to
the Vimy Foundation.
Robinson, who has led tours to
Vimy since the 90th anniversary
said there will be approximately
9,000 students, teachers and
Photograph by Barbara Howe
Taylor Chamberlain, a Grade 10 student from Monsignor John Pereyma Secondary School in
Oshawa, is excited to be making the trip to Vimy Ridge.
chaperones travelling to Arras,
France representing every Canadian
province and territory, but
the Durham contingent is the largest.
Taylor Chamberlain, a Grade
10 student from Monsignor John
Pereyma Catholic Secondary
School in Oshawa said she was
excited to be travelling on a plane
for the first time, and was looking
forward to seeing the battlefields
and finding out more about the
war where her ancestor, Horace
“My great-grandfather was in
the Vimy war and he survived it.
He was a sniper and he was shot in
the back. He was about 22-yearsold.”
Topher Malkin, a history teacher
at All Saints Secondary School
in Whitby, will lead a group of 42
students, adults and chaperones
on a trip which will take in Amsterdam,
Paris and London. He
said the trip will be an emotional
experience for the students.
“The trip ties the experiences
of Canadian history students and
helps create a direct link between
their experience in the 21st century
with the experiences of young
Canadian boys who, 100-years
ago, were living in trenches and
fighting for their lives and making
the ultimate sacrifice to fight for
king and country,” said Malkin in
a telephone interview.
Malkin has led trips to Vimy
on previous anniversaries and said
it is hard to evaluate the life experience
for the students.
“Every student who has gone
has told me after it was an experience
they will never forget,” said
Malkin. “I don’t think anyone
who has been on this trip comes
back without a positive experience.”
Malkin said the students from
All Saints have each researched
a soldier who died at Vimy Ridge
and a member of the armed forces
who died in the Second World
War during the Invasion of Normandy.
They will lay a small poppy
cross and memorial maple leaf at
the headstone of their assigned soldier
at the cemeteries which will
symbolically fulfil their pledge to
remember the fallen Canadians.
The students will travel in different
groups and experience various
parts of Europe from April 3
But, they will all converge
at the Vimy Memorial on April
9 for the memorial celebration
which will be attended by members
of the British Royal Family,
Canadian Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau, Governor General
David Johnston, and the leaders
of France, Belgium, and the U.K.
Security will be tight and all
students have been vetted by Veterans
Affairs Canada to obtain
their ticket to the event.
Also accompanying the Durham
delegation will be Oshawa
City Councilor Bob Chapman
and the Durham Regional Police
Pipes and Drums Band.
Robinson said the town of
Arras has been planning the celebrations
for April 9 for at least 10
years and they have some spectacular
He told the students they will
have the opportunity to experience
virtual life in the trenches
through 3D goggles in an indoor
Additionally, there will be exhibits
from the Hamilton Signal
Corp, and the Invictus Games.
Driving under the influence
is an accelerating issue
It was the night before her high
school prom. Rowen Reid of Ajax
made the final preparations for the
big night. But first, she had to drive
a car home from her grandparents.
What could go wrong?
May 28, 2014. According to
Reid, the skies were clear with
some clouds floating around here
and there. She stopped, waiting to
turn left on Salem and Taunton
Road in Ajax.
As she turned, a large car ran the
light and plowed into Reid’s vehicle
The impact left the 18-year-old
with a fractured sternum and a
fracture to a bone in her arm so
severe it punctured her skin.
The driver of the other vehicle
had been drinking. His girlfriend
owned the car but let her boyfriend
drive it with a suspended license.
After the collision, he tried to
switch seats with her.
While he tried to escape charges,
Reid laid in a hospital bed.
“I was taken to hospital where I
had to have surgery on my arm and
have two plates permanently placed
in my arm,” she says. “Of course I
missed my prom.”
Impaired driving charges have
bounced up and down since 2012
with Durham Region’s highest
totals coming in 2016. According to
Durham Regional Police (DRPS),
809 impaired driving charges were
handed out in 2015 compared to
908 in 2016.
DRPS conducted its annual
Festive Reduce Impaired Driving
Everywhere (R.I.D.E.) campaign
over the holiday season. Over a seven-week
period, 99 motorists were
charged with drinking and driving,
19 less than last year.
Over that span, almost no young
people aged between 18-22 were
charged with the offense according
to the Durham Regional Police.
Dave Selby, director of corporate
communications for DRPS, is
satisfied with the progress of the
“We were quite happy that anyone
in the category between 18-22
weren’t caught,” he says. “Kids in
that generation got the message and
realize it’s not something you do. It
used to be one of our biggest categories
so that’s an improvement.”
Selby says younger millennial
drivers had more exposure to anti-drinking
and driving messages.
He says the biggest problem now
isn’t them. “We found that we were
catching those aged 25, 26 all the
way up to middle aged adults on
a fairly regular basis,” says Selby.
Now more testing for impaired
driving could be on the way. With
the legalization of marijuana looming,
police forces will potentially
have more help on the road.
“The federal government wants
to supply police the tools to properly
scientifically measure drug and
not just alcohol,” says Selby. “We’d
like to have something in place before
the legislation being enacted
in terms of decimalizing smaller
Several new devices are currently
being tested in Europe that agencies
such as DRPS hope to take advantage
Danielle Oliveria, chapter administrative
assistant at MADD
Durham Region, is frustrated. She
has also seen a change in impaired
driving and not for the good.
“You’ll notice over the last year
more people have been driving impaired,”
she says. “I’d like to say
our numbers are decreasing, but
we can’t right now.”
Oliveria says detecting impaired
driving is huge reason why charges
are up from recent years.For some,
such as Rowen Reid, MADD can
be useful for telling stories, especially
for people like her who have been
affected but haven’t seen justice.
“The police were going to charge
Photograph courtesy of Blair Qualey
A highway patrol officer stops a motorist for impaired driving.
him with drinking and driving but
he just made the legal limit and was
only charged for driving with a suspended
license,” says Reid. “I still
deal with effects from the accident
Now, more than two years later,
Reid has accepted what happened
and hopes more people watch
what they consume before driving
“Make sure you’re an advocate
for yourself and those around for
not driving under the influence,”
says Reid. “People need to realize
it’s not OK.”
4 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
PUBLISHER: Greg Murphy
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Brian Legree
AD MANAGER: Dawn Salter
Cartoon by Toby VanWeston
Procedure is path to refuge
Asylum seekers from Turkey,
Syria, and Yemen are trekking
through the cold to cross the Manitoba
and Quebec borders in search
of a better life in Canada because
of the current political climate in
Here in Oshawa, we do not see
any strain on the system. As a result,
people may think Canada
should offer asylum to those who
But the number of asylum seekers
will likely rise as the temperature
This influx will have long-term
effects, which might not be beneficial
to all. Those seeking a better
life need to follow procedures.
Asylum seekers are looking for
international protection. Their
refugee status is undetermined, but
they can claim refugee protection
on Canadian soil.
The government of Canada will
protect those who are fleeing injustice
or cruel and unusual punishment.
Since January, more than 1,000
asylum seekers filed claims of refugee
status at the Quebec and U.S.
borders, and more than 100 have
filed claims at the Manitoba border,
according to Stephanie Levitz
of the Canadian Press.
Although it’s a criminal offence
to cross borders illegally, there are
no charges until refugee claims
are processed, according to Karen
Pauls of CBC News.
Since Jan., RCMP officers have
caught more than 2,000 asylum
seekers crossing illegally into the
Right now, according to Citizen
and Immigration Canada, there
are approximately 60,000 asylum
claimants awaiting a decision on
their claim. The average hearing
will take place in 19 months.
According to Bill Redekop of
Winnipeg Free Press, 65 per cent
of asylum claims are approved in
Canada. This is more than half of
The problem is the length of time
for processing. A backgrounder on
the challenges faced by Canada’s
asylum system, which appears on
the Government of Canada website,
says it takes four and a half
years from the time a claim is
made until a rejected claimant is
This is not factoring in wait times
for the current influx. There are
15,000 claimants in the process
of being deported from Canada.
There are, however, approximately
38,000 asylum seekers who are
unaccounted for and subject to an
Rejected applicants run the risk
of being detained by the government,
or deported. For Canada
Border Services Agency, this can
cost anywhere from approximately
$1,500, or $15,000, if the deportation
is escorted, according to Pauls.
The influx of asylum seekers will
cause a strain on existing social
services. While waiting, they can
live and work in Canada and have
access to a range of social benefits.
According to lawyer Mark Benton,
asylum seekers are overloading
the refugee system. Manitoba
Premier Brian Pallister has called
on the federal government to act
more on the recent influx. Pallister
has asked the Trudeau government
to help fund health care coverage,
temporary housing, and employment
income assistance, direct
employment and labour market
With political leaders closing
borders in countries such as France,
the Netherlands, and the United
States, Canada needs to lead with
open arms. This requires process
as much as it does empathy. If Canadians
figure this out, the rest of
the world may follow.
with files from:
EDITORS: Jenn Amaro, James Bauman, Logan
Caswell, Rebecca Calzavara, Sharena Clendening,
Dean Daley, Alexander Debets, Travis Fortnum,
Tyler Hodgkinson, Barbara Howe, Noor Ibrahim,
James Jackson, Christopher Jones, Frank
Katradis, Daniel Koehler, Angela Lavallee, Laura
Metcalfe, Tommy Morais, Joshua Nelson, Nicole
O'Brien, Samuel Odrowski, Devarsh Oza, Trusha
Patel, Matthew Pellerin, Asim Pervez, Alex Ross
Emily Saxby, Tyler Searle, Jessica Stoiku, Euvilla
Thomas, Toby VanWeston, Kayano Waite, Brandi
Washington, Michael Welsh, Jared Williams, Erin
The Chronicle is published by the Durham College School of Media, Art
and Design, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7L7, 721-
2000 Ext. 3068, as a training vehicle for students enrolled in Journalism and
Advertising courses and as a campus news medium. Opinions expressed
are not necessarily those of the college administration or the board of governors.
The Chronicle is a member of the Ontario Community Newspapers
PRODUCTION ARTISTS: Brandon Agnew, Justin
Bates, Zach Beauparlant, Kayla Cook, Nathalie Desrochers,
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chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 5
Canadians will stand
together in support
of a diverse country
change, or lose
our trade with
In one of the greatest Canadian moments,
a vigil was held in Quebec
for the mass shooting at a mosque
in Quebec City which left six people
Canadians came together in support
of the grieving families and
showed the victims and the families
they are part of this country.
Now as a people, Canadians
should stand as a united front to
the world, stand behind the Prime
Minister and reach out to the countries
alienated by President Donald
The reality of Trudeau cooperating
with Trump would make a lot
of people grimace.
The Prime Minister represents
Canada and its people on a global
scale and according to a poll from
the Nanos Research group, which
surveyed 1,000 Canadians between
Dec. 16 and Dec. 19 in 2016, 75 per
cent of Canadians want Trudeau to
stand up to Trump.
However, the PM also needs to
look out for the best interests in
The U.S. is Canada’s biggest
trade partner. Statistics Canada
shows the goods exported to the
U.S. were over 34 million dollars
in December last year.
That is 11 million more than
Canada’s exports to the European
Union, the second largest trading
On the other side, Canada is only
the second biggest trade partner of
the U.S. since 2015. Our dependency
on them is higher than their
dependency on us.
Trudeau’s decision to not stand
up to Trump is a necessary evil and
Canadians should grant the Prime
Minister some understanding and
But as a people, Canadians can
do so much more than simply support.
Being Canadian means more
than just enjoying maple syrup,
bacon, or poutine.
It’s more than being a fan of hockey
and more than enjoying a warm
cup of Tim Horton’s coffee in the
morning while munching on some
Canada is a blend of cultures and
languages coming together as one,
while sharing diversity.
Many Canadians can track their
ancestry from somewhere else in
So as Canadians they hold on to
two identities: the Canadian one
right now and the one from wherever
they came from, including
traditions, habits and languages.
Trudeau acknowledges and embraces
In October 2016, Trudeau announced
January would be Tamil
Heritage month, and October
both Islamic and Hindu Heritage
month. And let’s not forget Toronto’s
Caribbean Carnival Parade
The Prime Minister took steps
to accept Canada’s diversity and
unite it. Announcing the heritage
months allows Canada to have
more opportunities to bring diversity
In reaching out to others and
embracing diversity as part of
Canadian culture and identity,
Trudeau is not the only one to
Some educational institutions
Lakehead University and the
University of Winnipeg made the
change for students to require a
three-credit course on Aboriginal
Culture and History to graduate,
to better help graduates communicate
and work with the aboriginal
Canada should continue being
Canadians should support and
unite behind their Prime Minister
and be an example to the world.
Canadians can support the country
by embracing their culture
and unite with other cultures in
Stand behind the Prime Minister.
Trudeau is dealing with
Trump for the sake of Canada’s
trade with the U.S.
Athletes are overpaid
In the last NBA off-season, players
such as Mike Conley have signed
some of the biggest contracts in
There are hundreds of millions
of people who are homeless but
millions of dollars are being given
to these athletes for putting a ball
into a basket.
Basketball players should be
given a large amount of money as
they are the best in the world at
what they do.
But making eight figures in a
single season? Nine figure contracts?
That is outrageous.
Memphis Grizzlies point guard
Mike Conley currently has the biggest
contract in the NBA, which
is actually the biggest contract in
NBA history: $153 million dollars
over 5 years.
Conley is not even a top-five
player at his position.
Overall he is ranked 36th in the
league in points per game at 19.2
a game and 18th in assist at 6.2
It is reminiscent of rapper Jay
Z’s lyrics “Would you rather be
underpaid or overrated?”
Under the NBA’s new Collective
Bargaining Agreement (CBA),
Golden State Warriors star point
guard, Stephen Curry, could reportedly
earn over $200 million
over a span of five years. Just outrageous.
The CBA is an agreement between
the league and the players
with a list of rules about salary
cap, tax arrangement, free agency,
anti-drug agreement, NBA Developmental
League, rookie salary
scales and minimum annual
According to therichest.com,
former President Barack Obama
earned $400,000 annually while
With other bonuses like an expense
account, a travel account and
an entertainment budget, that totals
up to approximately $670,000 annually.
Not bad at all. But compared
to NBA players, that number is
Four hundred forty-four NBA
players are going to make more
than $670,000 this season alone.
The highest earner in 2016-2017
is Cleveland Cavaliers superstar
forward LeBron James. He will
make just under $31 million this
According to the buisnessinsider.
com, doctors make anywhere from
$204,000 to $443,000 annually, depending
what type of doctor they
are. This isn’t a bad amount by any
But these people help change
and save lives. Someone may need
a lifesaving operation, and a whole
family could be depending on that
doctor to help save a life.
That being said, being an NBA
player is not easy either. Not just
anyone can make it. But what is
really more important? Saving a
life? Or putting a ball in hoop?
Health before wealth.
So ask yourself, should athletes
really have nine figure contracts?
Should they really be making eight
figures in a single season? Should
people who impact people’s lives
and help save lives make more
Or are athletes just really overpaid?
Employees taking a backseat to cleavage in restaurants
Ever since the introduction of
Hooters in 1983, skimpy outfits on
female servers have been the norm.
Just last year, a restaurant called
Bombshells, which boasts servers in
military style crop tops and miniskirts,
announced a plan to whip
out 100 new locations across the
But this isn’t just happening
south of the border.
Restaurants in Canada have
been increasingly adopting the ‘sex
sells’ phenomenon since the start
Chains such as Moxies, Hooters,
and the Tilted Kilt, coined
breastaurants, require their female
staff to wear scanty uniforms such
as miniskirts, heels, and cleavage-bearing
tops as part of the
restaurants’ image or brand.
Other chains such as Jack Astor’s
require female staff to wear Lulu
Lemon tennis skirts (priced at $74),
three pieces of jewellery, and make-
up. Some, such as The Keg, even
provide servers with a uniform including
a built in push-up bra.
The objectification of women
through the food industry is a
lazy sales gimmick to cover up the
shortcomings of eateries while still
managing to take a step backwards
in gender-equality and ten steps
forward in the exploitation of income-driven
Some may argue big breasts and
butts are part of advertisements
everywhere. Selling sex is an archaic
concept. What makes breastaurants
Breastaurants use their staff’s
looks and sexual appeal to cover
up for the shortcomings of the restaurant.
According to a 2017 Financial
Post article by Hollie Shaw,
full-service restaurants in Canada
have been taking losses for the past
year, and the drops are expected
For that reason, restaurants
might have turned to marketing
their own staff as a desperate plot
to amp up their customers. However,
the objectification of female
bodies in the work force takes a toll
on their mental health.
According to a 2015 Business
Insider study, all the waitresses
interviewed at an unnamed breastaurant
experienced feelings of
anxiety, depression, anger, and
Fans of breastaurants might
also argue in order for women to
be exploited, they’d have to have
been forced into the job. But these
women applied for the jobs themselves,
so they must be happy and
willing to work, right? Satisfaction
may not always be the case.
In a 2016 interview with CBC,
chief commissioner of Ontario Human
Rights Commissions Renu
Mandhane said people working at
breastaurants, often times students
trying to make rent or pay off university
fees, are “fairly precarious.”
These restaurants are manipulating
the desperation of young
women to survive and get income
knowing well enough that making
top dollar would take a front seat
to being objectified.
That same incentive leads youth
every single year to the silver pole
at strip clubs.
If most of these women are
desperate to pay rent, why would
they quit their job when they’re
presented with an uncomfortable
When working at a breastaurant
can make you up to $700 a night,
many youth battling precarious
employment may think a mini skirt
isn’t worth losing income.
So why isn’t there a flood of complaints
from servers? The process
of filing a human rights complaint
against an employer is so time consuming
that it takes years to present
a resolution. The simplest option
would be to quit your job.
Breastaurants are a breeding
ground for mental health issues
They normalize sexually-objectifying
environments that we have
been combatting for years and
give the impression that workers
are content. Breastaurants have
no place in a country trying to end
both the wage gap and sexism in
If the breastaurant industry continues
to thrive on the objectification
and manipulation of its female
staff, we might as well be teaching
young girls to incorporate their cup
size onto their resume.
6 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Opinion
Year in Review
Editorial cartoons by Toby VanWeston
September 2016-March 2017
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 7
Scoliosis: Face of hope
When Melissa Carroll was only
twelve years old she was given a
diagnosis that would change her
life. She was told she had scoliosis.
According to mayoclinic.org,
scoliosis is a sidewayas curvature of
the spine. Something that is more
common in women than men.
It has been noted that cerebral
palsy and muscular dystrophy can
cause the disease, but for the majority
of patients suffering from scoliosis
the cause remains unknown.
It happens mainly during growth
spurts. Many cases do not require
However, that wasn’t the case for
Her spine formed in the shape
of the letter “S” with a 56 degree
curve. As time progressed, Carroll
faced many issues.
Photograph by Frank Katradis
Melissa Carroll, who has gone through two surgeries to try and fix her spine, is happy to help
other girls facing scoliosis.
Photograph provided by Melissa Carroll
An X-ray of Melissa Carroll, showing the two metal rods that
were fused to her spine.
“A lot of my problems regarded
around my legs, and my spine obviously,”
she says. “I was just very
uncomfortable a lot of the time. I
couldn’t walk for long distances, I
couldn’t sit for long periods of time,
my right leg would go numb pretty
much the majority of the time. I just
had a lot of problems doing anything
physical, it just impacted me
Dr. Nicholas Antony, a chiropractor
at the Campus Health
Centre, and adjunct professor for
the Faculty of Kinesiology and
Health Sciences for the University
of Ontario Institute of Technology
(UOIT), has had many patients
come to him with similar issues
“Typically, what I see, in terms of
complaints is that as a result of the
curvature, muscles are tight joints
are sore,” says Antony. “And with
prolonged postures which typically
aggravate people in general, it
will make people that have scoliosis
more prone to muscle tightness,
sprains, strains with more repetitive
or prolonged sitting.”
“It impacted how I grew up and
who I became,” says Carroll. “I was
so young when I first found out that
I had it and it was such a quick process
to me learning you have this
disorder and just straight to ‘I need
to have a spine surgery’. It was so
overwhelming for me that I had a
hard time going to school, really
connecting with people, because I
felt like I was different, I felt there
was something severely different
about me versus others.”
Carroll had her first surgery
September 30, 2013. She had a full
spinal fusion, which is the procedure
of permanently joining two or
more vertebrate to form one solid
bone with no space in between,
according to Healthline.com.Carroll
had two titanium rods surgically
placed alongside her spine
with eight bolts and six screws to
help keep it straight. The surgery
didn’t just affect Carroll physically
though. It also impacted her mentally.
“I was always active, I always
played sports, I was a very sociable
person,” she says. “I loved to
be out and about with people, and
after my first surgery I physically
couldn’t go out just because I
couldn’t do anything. I lost everything
that kinda gave me joy in
Not able to do much, and feeling
different from others, Carroll
began to isolate herself.
Melissa Bosomworth, a life coach
for Durham College’s Access and
Support Centre (ASC), says mental
health for everyone is different,
but isolation mainly has negative
effects on people.
“When you isolate yourself,
you’re ultimately reducing the
amount of resources you have to
support you,” says Bosomworth.
“People are very social. When a social
person begins to isolate themselves
they’re taking away, perhaps,
some of their coping tools. Such as
going out, laughing with friends,
or doing something of interest to
them. Skiing, bowling, that kind of
stuff. They could start taking away
the things that bring them pleasure
or peace, or they could be reducing
their coping tools, and once they
start reducing those coping tools,
then you’re not as effectively dealing
with… you’re not giving yourself
the good feelings that you used
For Carroll, things got worse.
Ten months being told her first
surgery was the only one she needed,
a rod broke in her back. A very
rare circumstance. Her doctors at
the time were unsure of their next
move. As a precaution, Carroll had
a second surgery in November of
2015 to remove all hardware in
her back. She also went through
bone grafts, had two of her ribs
removed, and she received bones
donated from donors to help rebuild
This was supposed to be a final
solution. That wasn’t the case.
“In August, I learned that that
surgery unfortunately failed as
well.” she says. “The bone graph
isn’t holding up and my spine is
Currently, Carroll is looking
into a potential third surgery. She
was actually booked to meet with
neurosurgeon Dr. Mohammed
Shamji to help fix her spine. However,
that meeting ended before it
Dr. Shamji was charged with
killing his wife in December of
2016. Carroll is still waiting to see
Carroll has taken her story to social
media outlets. It’s been over a
year. Ever since then young women
from all around the world who also
have scoliosis have gotten into contact
Carroll admits she was nervous at
first, hoping not to give the wrong
advice. But as time progressed she
felt more comfortable talking to the
women who contacted her.
“They started to DM (direct message)
me though Instagram and Facebook
asking me questions, saying
they were going through the same
process,” she says. “They either
had a failed surgery or their first
surgery, and they just had so many
questions for me. It just felt really
good trying to help them out and
explain to them that if you do take
care of your body and do this right
this can be a life changing thing.”
Bosomworth believes that this is
a really positive thing for all these
girls, including Carroll.
“By increasing her network of
people though social media… that’s
reaching out to other people,” says
Bosomworth. “And by sharing her
story, she’s also letting other people
know that ‘hey, you’re not alone in
It was so
for me that I
had a hard time
going to school,
because I felt like
I was different.
this’. So now they have a place to
“I felt happy,” says Carroll. “Because
I was always so ashamed of
the fact that I had scoliosis and that
I had gone through this. I had no
one to talk to. It was very foreign to
me. So when all these girls started
to come to me it was cool to kind
of connect with a community that’s
going through the same thing
you’re going through. I’ve never
had that before, so that was a really
There is more good news. According
to Dr. Antony, scoliosis will
not curve one’s spine forever.
“The one thing to note about
scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis, is
that it stops the progression of the
disease as you reach maturity,”
Carroll, who turns 19 in April,
wants to let others know just because
her surgeries didn’t work out
they shouldn’t be discouraged. She
still regards a full spinal fusion to
be a life-changing surgery and can
be very beneficial for those who
“Just because this happened
doesn’t mean it will happen to you,”
“Bad things happen in life, that’s
a part of life. You just got to live
with it, and move on.”
Photograph provided by Melissa Carroll
An X-ray of Melissa Carroll
once the rods were removed
from her spine.
8 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
Misgendering, a not so silent killer
Photograph by Jessica Stoiku
Sid MacIsaac, a gender non-conforming youth from Oshawa.
Photograph by Michiko Bown-Kai
Michiko Bown-Kai, a genderqueer individual living in Toronto,
is from Whitby.
Photograph provided by Drew Dennis
Drew Dennis identifies as a non-binary individual and lives in
Insects, trees and people congregate
at a PFLAG camp tucked inside the
Durham Regional Forest near Uxbridge.
This camp welcomes people
no matter what race, gender or sexual
orientation they are. You’re supposed
to feel accepted.
However, even with all the support,
Sid MacIsaac still felt uncomfortable.
Diana tries to make MacIsaac
feel more feminine. She says people
MacIsaac is a gender non conforming
Gender non conforming (or
non-binary), refers to people who
do not follow other people’s ideas or
stereotypes about how they should
look or act based on the female
or male sex they were assigned at
Sid prefers “they, them and their”
as opposed to “he, him and his”.
In 2015, the singular ‘they’
became widely accepted as a
gender-neutral pronoun. “They”
was the American Dialect Society’s
(ADS) word of the year. According
to ADS’ website, “They was recognized
by the society for its emerging
use as a pronoun to refer to a known
person, often as a conscious choice
by a person rejecting the traditional
gender binary of he and she.”
In a clearing in the woods, MacIsaac
slumps over, breathing shallowly
while a friend, Diana, rests
her hand on MacIsaac’s back in an
attempt at reassurance.Kevin, the
director of the camp, walks towards
Sid and Diana. He notices Sid is
having an anxiety attack.
“Sid you’re a great guy and any
person would be lucky to know a
dude like you,” says Kevin.
With each word, the anxiety
worsens. Any help Diana is providing
“He was a gay guy hosting this
gender variance, sexuality variant
camp for a whole week and it was
him out of all people who made me
feel like shit,” says MacIsaac.
This experience is called misgendering.
According to the Oxford dictionary,
to misgender someone is
to refer to someone, especially a
transgender person, using a word,
especially a pronoun or form of address,
that does not correctly reflect
the gender with which they identify.
David Moulton, registered therapist
and Canadian certified counsellor,
says misgendering comes in
two forms: intentional and unintentional.
Intentional misgendering is when
a person knowingly refers to another
individual by the wrong gender. For
example, if a person would like to be
called he but another person refuses
and calls the individual a she.
happens mostly by accident. For
example, going to a Wal-Mart and
referring to the cashier by “Sir” but
really, her gender is female.
Almost every individual whose
gender does not match their assigned
sex at birth person has been
misgendered either intentionally or
Although MacIsaac was misgendered
and can look at his past and
grow from it, other misgendered individuals
like Kyler Prescott cannot.
Kyler Prescott was a Southern
California transgender teenager
who was nearly 15-years-old when
he died by suicide in May 2015,
due to intentional misgendering by
Prescott was admitted to the hospital
in San Diego Calif. for suicidal
ideations and self-mutilation. Prescott
was born a female but realized
his assigned gender at birth didn’t
reflect who he truly was.
While at the hospital, his parents
requested the nurses call him Kyler.
They didn’t comply. Six weeks later,
Kyler died by suicide.
According to Moulton, people
can react differently when misgendered.
But they often feel dysphoria
about their bodies.
Gender dysphoria occurs when
there is a conflict between assigned
gender at birth and the gender an
individual identifies with. According
to the American Psychiatric Association,
people who experience
gender dysphoria are very uncomfortable
not only with their gender
assigned at birth but also with their
According to Moulton, misgendering
causes anxiety and it can
cause an individual to be in distress.
Misgendering can slowly chip away,
and in some cases, Moulton says
misgendering can lead to suicide.
As many as “77 per cent of trans
respondents in an Ontario-based
survey had seriously considered
suicide and 45 per cent attempted
suicide,” according to the Canadian
Mental Health Association.
Moulton says intentional misgendering
can be very hurtful and
can have a large impact on an individual.
Michiko Bown-Kai is a genderqueer
individual living in Toronto.
Genderqueer is an umbrella term
for people whose identity does not
conform with either male or female.
Bown-Kai had many unfavourable
experiences when first coming
out as genderqueer.
People who knew Bown-Kai for
a long time would say things like,
“You’re so feminine why can’t I use
she and her pronouns?”
The problem was Bown-Kai, who
prefers to use “they” rather than
“she”, felt others were trying to
give their opinion on Bown-Kai’s
personal identity. “In the moment
that I was coming out to them and
that’s where the hurt was done,”
According to Bown-Kai, it was as
if people were deciding their opinions
were more important than how
Bown-Kai felt inside.
Intentionally misgendering someone
during their transition may be a
sign of transphobia, says Moulton.
A transition can happen in more
than one way.
Clinical transition occurs when
someone surgically starts the procedures
to change their gender. A
social transition happens when an
individual requests people start referring
to them using a preferred
According to Moulton, misgendering
someone going through their
transition has a very negative effect.
Moulton says it’s deliberately
disrespectful and undermines the
new self the individual in transition
is building. It also can be discouraging
and can lead someone to believe
they shouldn’t transition.
Although unintentional misgendering
may not be as hateful as intentional
misgendering, it can be
hurtful all the same.
MacIsaac says unintentional
misgendering is very hurtful and
can be tiring, especially when first
trying to come to terms with identity.
When people assume Sid was
male, it would make Sid feel dysphoric
because feeling male was
Early on, Sid identified as female
and would wear dresses, skirts,
and makeup. Sid says this was an
attempt to escape masculinity and
Although Sid doesn’t feel right as
a female and feels best as a non-conforming/non-binary
unintentionally misgendered, as an
individual who was born as a male,
is still bothersome.
When people see Sid, often they
notice the clothing or hear Sid’s
I would just love it, if you knew that
I wasn’t actually a guy.
deep voice and assume Sid is male.
This leads to the use of masculine
descriptors such as “dude” or “sir”.
“I would just love it,” says Sid,
“if you knew that I wasn’t actually
Bown-Kai, the Torontonian who
moved from Whitby, also faces similar
experiences of being unintentionally
The unintentional misgendering
makes Bown-Kai feel invisible. “It’s
every person you talk to, it’s every
time you go outside, it’s every conversation
happening in the media
about what it means to be a male
or woman, it’s all those things that
piled up very quickly,” says Bown-
Kai. “For me the struggle wasn’t
necessarily that it happened once
in awhile, it’s that it happened consistently.”
Drew Dennis is the co-founder of
TransFocus consulting, a consulting
group that helps companies become
more trans friendly.
Continued on page 9
10 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
The green behind garbage
On a cold winter Sunday afternoon,
a tall, long-haired man sorts
through recycling bins in front of
houses across Whitby, Oshawa, and
William, a retiree from the Oshawa
General Motors plant who
started working there in the 1970s
and retired in 2005, has been collecting
empty bottles and cans since
2007. He got the idea after seeing
others do the same.
“For kicks, I said to the wife, 'I’m
taking the van out just to see what’s
out there',” William says. “I came
back with maybe half a van load,
and then once you start adding it
up you’re thinking ‘holy crap this
is good money’.”
While many see collecting recyclables
or trash for money as a
small-time hobby to help with the
bills, in reality there is a big business
behind the idea.
In the grungy industrial area of
South Whitby, metal clashes and
scrapes as customers drop off scrap
metal and old electronics.
Art Northcott, owner and general
manager of ANJ Recycling in
Whitby, also makes a buck from
other people’s waste, just on a bigger
scale. He started his business
after collecting scrap on the side
while working for a different recycling
“When I was in steel, I used to
watch people come in and make
money and I’m going, ‘I could do
that’,” Northcott says. “I drove
around picking up scrap, saved my
money, and opened it up.”
Northcott opened his business in
2007. He hasn’t looked back since.
While both Northcott and William
help reduce the amount of
waste that ends up in a landfill,
both the federal and provincial
government need to implement
more initiatives to reduce waste
that makes its way to a landfill.
According to the Region of Durham’s
annual Waste Management
Report, in 2014 the region diverted
55 per cent of collected waste from
landfills, an increase of 22 per cent
since 2004. The region also made
$5.3 million in revenue from the
sale of blue box recyclables.
According to the Liquor Control
Board of Ontario, from May 2008
to May 2009, a year after the bottle
return program came back, 259
million wine and spirit containers
were returned for a refund. Of
that number, 145 thousand tonnes
of glass was recycled rather than
being dumped in a landfill.
South of the border, the industry
is even bigger. According to IBISworld.com,
the American scrap
metal industry alone provides over
34 thousand jobs and brings in $36
billion in revenue annually.
In recent years, more and more
governments have put in place
rules to try to increase recycling
numbers and lower waste numbers.
Durham Region has both a roadside
compost and yard waste program.
In 2014 the region collected
27,007 tonnes of organic material
for compost, and 32,123 tonnes of
yard-waste. They are now looking
into a clear bag policy for garbage.
Ontario even had an Environmental
Handling Fee (EHF) introduced
in 2014. This is essentially
a tax when purchasing electronics,
but the money does come back to
the public… sort of. The fee reflects
the cost to responsibly recycle
electronics rather than the e-waste
going to a landfill.
The fee is part of the Ontario
Electronic Stewardship (OES).
The government pays for the electronics
from a processor such as
Greentec, the company the DC
Sustainability office works with
through their program. The processor
breaks down and takes apart
the electronics to extract precious
metals. A processor buys e-waste
from a generator, such as Northcott,
who buys the electronics as
scrap from the public, still in its
original form, completing the cycle.
Tanya Roberts, Sustainability
Coordinator for Durham College,
says since we’ve extracted so much
from the earth through mines and
put it into electronics, now we can
start extracting from e-waste.
“Now we have above-ground
mines which are these processing
plants,” she says.
Northcott says in the past copper
was the scrap metal with the best
return but now electronics have
“It’s definitely changing, people
are going green,” Northcott says.
Roberts receives equipment from
IT and what can’t be re-sold as
used is sold as e-waste to Greentec,
who is paid by the government with
the money from the OES program.
“People probably aren’t even
aware of how much of a lucrative
business (e-waste) that has been and
is becoming,” Roberts says.
“Electronics, we recycle probably
2 million pounds of per year, it’s
kind of our bread and butter,” says
In a perfect world, Roberts
says the government would offer
incentives to everyday people for
recycling, but in reality that won’t
“The government isn’t going to
offer those incentives unless there’s
value,” says Roberts.
Photograph by Dan Koehler
Art Northcott, owner and general manager of ANJ Recycling, standing behind his receiving desk where customers bring in scrap
electronics and metal.
Photograph by Dan Koehler
Employees of ANJ Recycling taking apart scrap before sorting
William on the other hand, gets
his scrap a little differently. He
either uses a van, or a bicycle he
equipped with a low horse-power
motor. He hauls a child’s wagon
that he rigged up behind the bike
to carry the empty bottles and cans.
He says the main reason for doing
what he does is due to the rising
cost of bills.
“The one thing that’s killing
middle class and lower that have a
house is hydro,” William says. “My
wife just smokes when she opens up
the hydro bill each month.”
When William retired from GM,
his income dropped nearly 300 per
cent. Like many in his situation,
his kids, both in their early 20s,
still live at home. With two kids at
home, one looking for work after
finishing post-secondary and another
saving for a house, his GM
pension wasn’t cutting it.
“I just used it to help supplement
my pension,” William says. “I realized
it was a pretty good thing to
Roberts has been watching
people collect bottles the same way
William does for years outside her
home. She thinks collecting bottles
is a great idea, and has seen it come
a long way over the years.
“It (collecting bottles) has definitely
evolved,” she says. “There
are a lot of opportunities from the
government for rebates.”
At age 67, William’s health is
limiting his ability to collect empties.
“This year hasn’t been a good
healthy year for me, this will probably
be my last year doing it,” he
For Northcott, 2017 is looking to
be a big year. He is opening up
a new location in Courtice that is
twice the size of his current location.
Unlike his current location,
the new place will be equipped to
take in steel, something he’s never
been able to buy.
“When we open the new location
we’re gonna have 5 or 6 more
guys,” he says. “We’re hoping summer,
July or August.”
Northcott says he doesn’t want
his business to get too big.
“I don’t want to get too big.
When you get too big you get too
many headaches,” he says.
He is hoping to pass the business
on to his son when he retires, who
is already part owner.
Even with people and businesses
like William and ANJ Recycling,
Canada still has a lot of work to
do to catch up to countries such as
Germany, a powerhouse when it
comes to clean energy and recycling.
According to GB Resources
Group and wefuturecycle.com, 80
per cent of waste is recycled in Germany,
while 80 per cent of waste in
Canada goes to a landfill.
Like Germany, Canada needs to
make it worth the public’s while to
recycle. More incentives need to
be made towards recycling, both
private and commercial, which will
lead to the already lucrative waste
market increasing even more.
If you live in Whitby, Oshawa,
or Courtice North of Highway
2, chances are you have heard
the putter of William’s makeshift
motorcycle cruising down your
Where there is waste there is
opportunity. In a never-ending
world of garbage, one man’s trash
really can be another man’s treasure.
(Since what William does is illegal
under City by-law, only his first name
can be used.)
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 11
Help save our planet
Global warming is one of the greatest
concerns facing our generation
today. It’s not a matter of debate
anymore, it is a fact.
The Earth is heating up. 2016
was the warmest recorded year on
the planet. Modern recordkeeping
began in 1880. Data collected by
NASA and the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA) show that the Earth’s
surface temperature was warmer
last year than ever before. This is
part of a trend, one that is happening
very quickly. Last year was
the third year in a row to set new
records for global average surface
The changes in environment are
largely due to increased carbon dioxide,
and other man-made emissions
to the planet’s atmosphere.
The key to solving this problem is
to make changes in how our society
interacts with the environment.
Perhaps just as crucial, however,
is the need to instill awareness and
passion in the next generation.
“Do little kids need to know
about global warming and climate
change? No, not a chance. What
they need to do is love the earth,”
says Jacob Rodenburg, instructor
for Environmental Science for
Teacher Education at Trent University
in Peterborough. “So instead
of waiting until they’re adults,
and then hitting them with these
massive problems, teach them to be
advocates and ambassadors while
they’re growing up.”
Rodenburg is also the Executive
Director of Camp Kawartha, a notfor-profit
organization that teaches
environmental education to youth.
The main camp is located on Clear
Lake, and an Environment Centre
is located at Trent University.
The camp’s focus is to foster
stewards, which Rodenburg defines
as “people who care for each other
and care for the land”.
Rodenburg found a lot of the
problems about environmental
education over the years was
“issues-based.” He found children,
the future protectors of the environment,
did not respond to this kind
“There’s a term for it, it’s called
‘Eco-phobia’. If we’re not careful,
and you keep dumping these ideas
into kid’s heads without giving
them tools and a sense of hope, you
do them a disservice,” explains Rodenburg.
“In fact, you scare them
With Camp Kawartha, Rodenburg
sought to find a different
way to get children interested and
passionate about protecting the environment.
“We see environmental education
and stewardship very much
about building hope, and empowering
and inspiring,” says Rodenburg.
The camp sees about 10,000
people come through each year.
Camp Kawartha focuses on
teaching children through experiences,
games, activities, science
projects, and art. It offers traditional
day and overnight summer
camps. The outdoor education centre
provides programs for elementary
and secondary students. The
Environmental Education Centre
located at Trent is “one of Canada’s
most sustainable buildings” and
provides environmental education
training for future teachers.
Rodenburg believes kids should
be fostered to be stewards as early
as possible. This means naturalizing
schoolyards, creating more
nature-rich cities, having access
to green spaces, and the chance to
care and tend to space.
The hope is that creating passionate
children will lead to passionate
Tanya Roberts is the Sustainability
Coordinator for Durham
College. Roberts increases environmental
programs and initiatives on
campus, improving campus operations.
She also works on projects
with students to make the college
Eric Lacina is one such student.
Photograph by Toby VanWeston
Eric Lacina, Environmental Technology student, poses with a
#muglife mug, an initiative he helped start.
Lacina is in the Environmental
Technology program, and a member
of the Student Green Team at
One project the Green Team
has found success with recently
has been the #muglife campaign,
an awareness campaign to reduce
disposable coffee cups by offering
reusable mugs. So far the campaign
has received well over 100 pledges
from Durham College and UOIT.
Lacina says every little bit of
recycling makes a difference, and
reduces the amount of waste that
simply sits in the open.
Research from POLOS ONE, a
peer-reviewed open access scientific
journal published by the Public
Library of Science (PLOS), reveals
startling statistics about land-waste.
According to research conducted
in 2014, there are more than five
trillion plastic pieces floating in
the world’s oceans, weighing over
“E-waste always ends up in
landfill. And it just sits there. It
doesn’t do anything. So if we are
diverting to e-waste programs,
we’re reducing the need for it being
shipped over to China,” says
Lacina. “[There’s documentaries
about it] and it’s actually horrendous
to see three-year olds digging
through piles of copper-wire.”
to nature so
that you realize
This is something Roberts has
personal experience witnessing.
Ten years ago, she volunteered in
Guatemala City, and saw first-hand
the effects of mishandled e-waste.
“There were all these families
built up around the landfill. The
men went and collected materials,
and built tin shacks that didn’t even
have air-holes, and they were cooking
in them,” says Roberts.
This left a strong impression on
her, and Roberts encourages students
to volunteer if possible.
“It opened up my eyes to the environment,”
says Roberts. “Young
people: get out and volunteer overseas.
See the world.”
Students should get out and explore
the world now, because it is
changing at an alarming rate.
NASA data shows globally-average
temperatures were 1.78 degrees
Fahrenheit (0.99 degrees Celsius)
warmer than the mid-20th century
mean. Furthermore, the planet’s
average surface temperature has
risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit
(1.1 degrees Celsius) since the late
Temperature is rising at a fast
rate. Most of the warmest temperatures
have taken place in the
last 35 years. In fact, 16 of the
17 warmest years recorded have
taken place since 2001. Eight of
the twelve months in 2016 were the
warmest recorded in history. January
through September (excluding
June), all set records
Not surprisingly, the warm temperature
patterns have bled into
2017 as well. Records have already
been set this year.
This affects our population in
ways you might not realize.
The warm temperature does not
necessarily translate to tranquil
weather. Weather patterns have
fluctuated drastically. Days have
ranged from record warm to freezing
in the span of a single week.
On February 6, Environment
Canada issued a weather statement
warning snow, rain and freezing
rain for Toronto. On February 7,
thousands were left without power
after the freezing rain hit the city.
By February 18, the city was setting
record high temperatures. The
18th saw temperatures hitting 11.9
Celsius, breaking 2011’s record of
10.8 Celsius. Spring-like weather
continued for the rest of the weekend.
This fluctuation has an adverse
effect on our food as well.
“Crops are losing their entire
production because of weather. It’s
on a cusp. [Depending] if there’s
another couple of good rainfalls,
you can have the best season ever.
But if you don’t get that, you’ll have
to pull your crops altogether,” explains
According to Environment Canada,
Toronto only had 48.8 hours
of sunlight in the month of January.
That’s only slightly more than half
the seasonal average of 85. This is
attributed to the rising temperature,
as warmer weather produces
cloudier days. Environment Canada
recorded this January as the
fourth warmest in over 80 years.
Roberts explains there are a lot
of simple things that everyone can
do in their day-to-day life to help
the environment. These range from
Photograph by Toby VanWeston
Tanya Roberts, Sustainability Coordinator for Durham College,
holds a #muglife mug, one of DC's Living Green projects.
reducing water, turning lights off
in rooms, unplugging your devices
when they are fully charged, and
being mindful of the products you
buy. Recycling and using re-usable
packaging goes a long way to reducing
“Especially in this area, we primarily
run off nuclear. But once
you go past nuclear, everything
is taken up by natural gas,” says
Lacina. “So if we can reduce our
energy use to that baseline of nuclear,
we won’t have to use natural
Roberts says one of the simplest
and most important things people
can do to help the environment is to
stay connected to it. By doing this,
she says you realize how dependant
you are on it.
“Get outside, stay connected
to nature so that you realize that
you’re dependant. Your water
doesn’t just come from a tap. Your
air isn’t just clean because your
house is clean,” says Roberts. “It’s
all inter-connected. Stay connected
to that external life.”
“Also, maintain an understanding
of where things come from.
And what happens to your waste.
No one just comes by with a magic
wand and it just disappears,” adds
Despite all the challenges of facing
the problem and the necessary
work ahead, Jacob Rodenburg,
Executive Director of Camp
Kawartha, remains hopeful that
this is a struggle that can be overcome.
“Nature is extremely resilient,
and it will bounce back. The effects
that we’re causing, eventually
will heal. I have every hope that
somehow, someway, people can
learn to live in more balance,” says
To Rodenburg, this begins with
“Instead of thinking about what
kind of world we want to leave for
our kids, we should think about
what kind of kids we want to leave
to the world,” says Rodenburg.
12 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
Photograph courtesy of Colleen Scala Ferguson
Colleen Scala Ferguson fostered 19 kittens in the summer, and adopted two of them, Harvey (left) and Oreo.
The danger of 'no kill' shelters
Before Colleen Scala Ferguson had
children, she used to foster animals
for the Toronto Humane Society.
She stopped once she got pregnant
with her first child, because handling
kitty litter while carrying a
baby wasn’t a safe option. Her kids
are now ages 17 and 13, and both
are very interested in animals. To
fulfill her daughter’s wish, Ferguson
fostered 19 kittens in the past
summer, and recently adopted two
of them from the Durham Humane
According to People for the Ethical
Treatment of Animals (PETA),
thousands of abandoned, neglected
and abused animals are brought
into animal shelters around the
Based on the 2015 shelter statistics
from the Canadian Federation
of Humane Societies (CFHS), there
was an intake of 139,433 animals
around the country.
In order to reduce or end the
cycle of animal births, homelessness
and deaths, the root cause
must be addressed.
According to PETA, runaway
animal birth rate is the source of
the huge number of animals in
Danielle Johnson, the manager
in the Humane Society of Durham
Region says the birth rate is definitely
contributing to the homelessness
and deaths of animals.
“When unaltered animals are
allowed to roam at large, such as
stray cats and such like that, it definitely
contributes to the increase of
the shelter population, especially
in the spring and summer months
in this area dealing with cats and
kittens,” says Johnson.
The Canadian Federation of
Humane Societies statistics show
2,022 animals were born in shelters
in Canada in 2015.
That is almost six animals per
Caring for animals begins at
home. Most people in Canada
have good access to veterinary
care, and according to the World
Animal Protection organization,
the best way to keep pets healthy is
by consistently meeting their needs.
Johnson, who works with animals
on a daily basis, says, “The
best way to keep an animal healthy
is to keep them in their environment,
take them to the veterinarian
regularly, feed them a good quality
diet, give them a lot of enrichment
and love that they need, proper
A past foster parent to many kittens,
Ferguson currently has five
cats and one dog.
She makes sure her pets’ diet is
healthy and the vet appointments
While adopted animals receive
the care they need, there are many
others who tolerate a lot of negativity.
In Canada and around the
world, many pets suffer from inadequate
care, abuse, neglect, and
According to the CFHS statistics,
there were 5,604 cases of abuse
and 36,698 animals surrendered by
Stacey Dickson, an animal care
attendant at Oshawa Animal Services,
sees animals surrendered
“If people might have to give up
their animal, it might be because of
allergies, if their kids are allergic, or
if they are moving, unfortunately,
and they can’t take the animal with
We wait until they're better before
we adopt them out.
them,” says Dickson.
Johnson, who works with animals
who have been surrendered by
their owners’, says there has been
many situations animals have been
“(They have been) rescued from
neglect cases, so just severe neglect,
not being offered the necessities of
life, without access to food and
water, without access to proper
medical care,” Johnson says.
“We deal with different kind of
animal abandonment, and stray
animals, and we’ve had animals
tied up to our front door abandoned
outside of our shelter.”
According to Johnson, the local
municipal animal services shelters
or animal control typically takes
care of animals found roaming at
The Humane Society of Durham
Region exists to take on animals
surrendered by their owners.
Oshawa Animal Services also
takes care of animals on the loose.
“There was this dog that came
in, and he must’ve been outside for
months, because he came in covered
in maggots and could barely
walk and was in so much pain,”
The animal care attendants got
the dog shaved and it was as if he
was a completely new dog. “He was
happy,” says Dickson.
According to the Ontario SPCA,
there are more than 18,000 cases
of animal cruelty and/or abuse reported
in a year.
For the Humane Society of Durham
Region, the length of stay for
an animal depends on the animal
Continued on page 13
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 13
From page 12
“Some animals come in and go
out on the same day, some animals
require medical procedures or behaviour
modification and are here
for a little bit longer, so it definitely
varies,” says Johnson.
For Oshawa Animal Services,
however, shelter animals have to
stay in the shelter for 72 hours before
they are put up for adoption.
“That’s how much time the
owner has to come forward and
find them,” says Dickson, one of
the many animal care attendants
who care and nurture the animals
in the shelter.
Johnson, who manages the shelter
operations, says, the Humane
Society of Durham Region does
not determine if an animal is unadoptable
“We try to do our best to find
a home for every animal," says
"In cases where there are severe
medical issues, that’s something
(to be) discussed with a veterinarian,
we have one in the staff and a
decision is made about their quality
of life and what’s humane for
Dickson says if a really sick
animal comes in the shelter, the
animal care attendants take it to
the vet and, get the proper medication,
which may or may not include
“We wait until they’re better before
we adopt them out,” she says.
Not all animal shelters are the
While there are open-admission
facilities staffed with professional
caring people, there are also “nokill”
or “turn-away” shelters that
refuse animals deemed unadoptable.
According to PETA, the results
of “no-kill” are often worse than
a peaceful death through euthanasia.
When shelters give in to the
pressure of “no-kill,” there are
Though some shelters refuse to
euthanize animals once they have
Harvey (left) and Oreo are two of the 19 kittens Colleen fostered. They were later adopted by Colleen.
reached their capacity, animals
still die, but in pain.
Euthanizing animals brings a
peaceful death in a caring person’s
According to the CFHS statistics,
euthanasia in shelters was
20,977 with 1,890 animals being
healthy, 10,912 being unhealthy
or untreatable, and 4,042 being
Johnson, who works in a no-kill
shelter, says, “The only time we
euthanize as a last resort when the
animal is suffering or their quality
of life is diminished.”
According to PETA, animals
can begin to deteriorate psychologically
and become withdrawn,
depressed, aggressive or anxious
after as little as two weeks in a traditional
Even if these animals are adopted,
there are chances they may be
returned because of behavioural
“Sometimes animals are adopted
out and returned just because
it doesn’t work out in their home
or it’s not a good fit, it’s more than
they thought it could handle,” says
Dickson says animals being returned
due to behavioural issues
happens at the Oshawa Animal
Services but not often.
Colleen's daughter, Tessa, plays with kittens Marbles (left), Patches (middle), Speckles (right), and Shady (top).
Photograph courtesy of Colleen Scala Ferguson
Photograph courtesy of Colleen Scala Ferguson
“When that happens we try
and find a behaviouralist who will
work with the animal,” says Dickson.
Homeless animals are also
found, tortured and killed by
abusers and hoarders, who aren’t
screened, according to PETA.
To increase the “save” rates,
some shelters promote animal
According to PETA, not only
are these abandoned animals at
risk of infection, disease, starvation,
being hit by cars, attacked
by dogs and wildlife, and abused
by cruel people, but also the ones
who survive can eventually reproduce,
resulting in more homeless
For the Humane Society of
Durham Region, Johnson says it
depends on the capacity of their
“We function as a no-kill shelter,
so we only have a certain capacity
for care, and we do not euthanize
for length of stay or lack of space
in our shelter," says Johnson.
"So we often will provide other
resources for people who are looking
to surrender an animal if it’s
something that could wait."
All in all, the Humane Society
of Durham Region works with everybody
to come up with a solution
for every animal.
PETA says profiteers that breed
and trade animals for money are
succeeding, because the voice of
animal rights is being weakened
and good activists are misled into
attacking each other rather than
the ones who make money off of
pet shops, breeders, and phony
Ferguson, who has adopted
many animals, says all her cats except
her Bengal have been rescues.
“I just believe that there’s absolutely
nothing wrong with shelter
cats or humane society cats at all,
and they just need a home, and if
you love animals why not just get
an animal from a place where they
can get out of the cages,” says Ferguson.
Ferguson has five cats and one
People working together to
strike at the root cause, which is
the high birth rate, can wipe out
According to PETA, laws that
have been proved effective in reducing
unplanned births and shelter
intakes, and developing a free
or low-cost sterilization program
in communities can help stop animal
homelessness before it even
14 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus
Kjerstin Gruys was a recovering
anorexic. She had had body image
issues since she was a teenager. Her
perception of herself was based on
what she saw in the mirror; if she
thought she was fat, then she must
be ugly. Gruys decided to avoid
mirrors for a year. When her colleagues
found out about her experiment
they suggested starting a blog,
which became the book, Mirror,
Mirror Off the Wall.
“I didn’t know anything about
blogging…” writes Gruys. “Other
than that it was something other
people did, specifically other
people who not only had mad
computer skills, but also capable
of writing something almost every
day that was interesting enough or
funny enough that other people
actually wanted to read it.”
Gruys gained thousands of followers
through her blog.
The Internet has created a
global community. With billions
of users, people with common interests
can come together to share
stories, pictures, and videos.
Blogging is a simple concept
but there is a lot of work to create a
simple blog post. Blogging is journaling
online, which can include
text and pictures but there is more
to this simple explanation. There
is also a matter of finding a website
to post blogs that match your
brand and style.
According to activeblogs.com,
a blog marketing company, 81
per cent of U.S. consumers trust
information they find on blogs
Blogging can be done for fun, to
promote a business, or help make
money for a blogger through endorsements.
Where To Go
Blogging can be an amazing
way to connect to people but
first you need to know how you
are going to reach those people.
You need to create the blog itself.
Many sites provide free templates
for blogging. Wordpress, Wix,
Weebly, and Blogger are free and
widely used by people and companies.
These blogging hosts are user-friendly
so even if a blogger
is not fluent in computer coding
they can still write text and post
photos and videos online. When
choosing a blog template, it’s important
to remember updating
your blog is essential to the success
of the blog. Choose a site that is
easy to use. Know how to upload
and post media. Ensure the blog is
easy to navigate and looks inviting
to the intended audience.
“A Beginner’s Guide to starting
a blog”,on bloggingbasics101.com,
is the most viewed content on the
website, with “Choosing a Blogging
Platform” being second.
Doing it as a Hobby
There are millions of people
who just want to get online and
share their interests with a global
community. They blog as a hobby,
not for money.
“Blogging successfully is a lot
of work,” says Mark Mueller, a
chef and blogger for Earth, Food
and Fire, who lives and works in
Prince Edward Island. Mueller’s
blog profiles the food he creates,
the cooking books he recommends,
and cooking and catering
A great way to start blogging
is to do it as a hobby. This means
connecting with people who have
common interests. There is no
pressure to advertise or have endorsements.
Hazel Ejercito, a photography
student at Durham College,
has a blog called Pathway
to my Dreams, which showcases
her photography and journalistic
work. Ejercito says school makes
it difficult for her to update and
maintain her blog on a regular
basis but the goal of any blogger
is to get followers looking at your
blog, so you need to have regularly
updated content that is original
and enticing to the reader.
“You have to constantly be
doing research, writing the posts
in a creative way that will entice
new readers and keep those that
are regular readers,” says Jessica
Duenas-Chan, a web designer
who lives and works in Toronto.
When writing a post, it is important
to know what you are
talking about. Chan has written
for and managed a blog for a tech
agency and says she takes days to
do research on the newest technology
to figure out how to gear her
text and visuals to her audience.
Writing the post is only half the
job. There is also promoting the
post by providing links through
Facebook and Twitter.
Chan says the most important
thing about blogging for fun is to
write about something you are
Mueller has expanded on his
blog Earth, Food, and Fire blog
because he has a passion for growing
his own food. “Adding the
gardening aspect to the blog was
inspired by my own love for gardening,
and being able to grow,”
Although he does make money
from his catering services, he
blogs to keep his name out there
and attract clients to his cooking
services. Mueller has designed his
blog so there is an opportunity to
expand his services in the future.
Blog For Business
While Mueller is blogging
to promote his business, Jessica
Duenas-Chan uses a company
blog to help sell products. Jessica
Duenas-Chan is digital coordinator
for Chive Inc. She works to
make the products on Chive’s
website appealing to customers.
“It wasn’t until I started studying
marketing that I realized how
much it was used as a marketing
tool,” says Chan. Blogging can be
a lucrative business, if you know
how to promote and if businesses
stay up to on top of updating.
According to activeblog.com, a
blog marketing company, 61 per
cent of U.S. consumers have made
a purchase based on a blog recommendation.
Chris Breikss, a writer for
6smarketing.com, an agency specializing
in digital marketing, 93
per cent of Canadians go online
for product information. This can
come from blog recommendations.
“I am essentially working on
the blog every single day, promoting
it on social media, writing a
new blog post, and taking pictures
and learning how to become a
better photographer,” says Mueller.
Although he is a chef, he has
learned to take pictures to post on
Working on a blog can take a
lot more work than just researching
and writing the blog, it can
mean producing the product as
well. This is what Helen Wilkinson,
creator of the blog Helen’s
“My blog is quite involved because
not only do I have to write
a post, I have to sew the garment
for the post and photograph it and
edit the photos. I consider all the
steps involved in this ‘working on
my blog’,” says Helen Wilkinson
whose blog not only showcases
clothing she has created herself
but also sells her patterns.
Wilkinson has been posting
on her blog twice a week for more
than a year and a half. She is very
active in the sewing community
and appeals to those who like
independent patterns and seller.
Like most successful bloggers, she
also uses social media to boost her
blogging presence, she maintains
a page on Facebook for her blog.
Sophie Bernazzai, a writer for
Hubspot.com, says that 76 per
cent of total Internet usage is spent
on Facebook. This means people
spend almost a quarter of their
time on social media where they
can find a blog recommendation
and then make a purchase. This
can only happen if people and
businesses invest the time to create
new content and promote the
A company or blogger needs to
do their research about their target
audience as well. According
to activeblog.com, 90 per cent of
consumers find custom content
useful, so it is vital to make any
product information relatable and
interesting to the audience your
Chan says content is the most
important thing for a blog. “Without
content, there is no blog,” she
says. Although some people might
look at the design or marketing of
a page the first visit, it is the content
of the blog that brings people
back time after time.
For those people who feel
words aren’t enough to express
themselves, there is also vlogging.
This is blogging but on video.
YouTube is a website full of people
who vlog about interests or teach
people through tutorials.
Jacqueline Mackle, a student at
Durham College, has a vlog called
Jacqueline Sage, which details her
everyday life, her interactions
with her family, and her pets. She
also sings occasionally on her vlog
and hopes to make her channel a
portfolio piece in the future.
Melody McKinnon, a writer
Photograph by Laura Metcalfe
Second-year photography student Hazel Ejercito displaying her blog Pathway to my Dreams.
for canadiansinternet.com, an
online business magazine, says 49
per cent of Canadians visit You-
Tube at least twice a week. This
means it is important for vloggers
to make sure their content is being
updated on a consistent basis.
In addition to this, 71 per cent of
those surveyed visited Facebook
at least twice a week. Vlogging
is a great way to attract followers
but just like blogging, it needs to
be promoted through other social
media to be a successful venture.
With so many blogs on the
Internet, it would be safe to assume
blogging must be easy. This,
however, is not the case. Blogging
takes an incredible amount of effort.
There needs to be a template,
which is easy to use and update.
Decisions need to be made about
who the target audience is so
posts, videos, and pictures can be
catered to the intended audience.
In some cases, like Helen Wilkinson’s
blog Helen’s Closet, the
product needs to be made in order
for a blog post and picture to be
Mark Mueller, the chef who
created his blog Earth, Food and
Fire, learned basics of photography
to be able to take pictures
of the food he created to post on
As Kjerstin Gruys discovered,
blogging can be a source of encouragement.
She often put polls
on her blog to allow her followers
to voice their opinions about style
decisions. Gruys didn’t think she
could be entertaining on a consistent
basis. She thought wrong.
Gruys made it through her year
without mirrors. She still maintains
her blog ayearwithoutmirrors.com,
which has more than a
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 15
language is vital
It’s the night of the weekly language
class at the Suswaaning
Endaajig (Indigenous Centre), a
quaint area for students at Durham
College to go and learn Ojibwa.
Cassie Dillon is raring to go.
The first-year health promotion
student says her native language
is Mohawk. She speaks a bit of her
native language but she’s taking the
online Anishinaabemowin (Native
language) with Isadore Toulouse, a
fluent speaker from Wikwemikong
Unceded First Nation community
located on the Manitoulin Island.
Isadore Toulouse has developed an
online platform to teach Ojibwa to
anyone who wants to learn.
“I’ve learned a lot just in a few
weeks taking Isadore’s class. Mohawk
is a difficult language to
learn, it’s nothing like learning
Ojibwa. He's dedicated to the
langugae. I love his teachings,”
says Dillon, who has been in the
class for the three weeks.
The Mississaugas of Scugog Island
First Nation in the Durham Region
is one of many First Nations dedicated
to bringing the Mississauga
language (Ojibwa) back to the community.
According to the Scugog
Island First Nations’ mandate,
elders are committed to teaching
community members the language
of their ancestors.
Laura Colwell, education advisor
at Scugog, says the First Nation
has limited fluent speakers but still
offers evening classes. “We only
have a few elders who speak the
language. We lost a fluent speaker
not that long ago,” says Colwell.
Many strategies are suggested in
They Came For The Children, a 120-
page document from the final
report put out by Truth and Reconciliation
an outline of what life was like in
The report details Indigenous children
who faced language loss the
minute they arrived at the residential
Upwards of 150,000 Indigenous
children were affected by language
and cultural loss, stripped
of their identity and ripped away
from their families and loved ones,
according to Murray Sinclair, chair
of the TRC.
“You are no longer allowed to
speak your language, if you do, you
will be severely punished. From this
day forward you must speak only
English,” according to the final
report from the TRC.
Over time, children lost their language
due to the lack of use after
being placed with English-speaking
Throughout the five-year inquiry
that took endless hours and hundreds
of personal testimony, the
three-member panel making up
the TRC (Murray Sinclair, Commissioner
Chief Wilton Littlechild,
and Marie Wilson) compiled
the information and determined
Indigenous children of survivors
in Canada and in Ontario did not
want to speak their language or
forgot it all together.
As a result, the survivors did not
teach their children the language.
The Mississauga word for painted turtle.
The TRC determined the residential
school era was the main reason
Indigenous people lost their language.
When children came home, some
after a ten-year absence, they could
no longer communicate with their
parents, grandparents, or other
According to Chief Phyllis Williams
of Curve Lake First Nation,
she and others had safe speaking
areas in non-native schools where
they would speak the Mississauga
Curve Lake First Nation is determined
to revitalize the Mississauga
language and according to Louise
Musgrave, manager of education
for Curve Lake First Nation, the
community is eager to get started.
Her department is involved with
planning and strategies such as social
gatherings where community
members will speak only Ojibwa.
“The elders who are fluent are the
knowledge keepers for the community,
they hold the Mississauga
language and dialect that reflects
the culture of Curve Lake First Nation,”
Anne Taylor, cultural archivist for
Curve Lake First Nation, says the
close proximity to Peterborough
also contributed to language loss.
“Over the last 30-40 years many
have sought employment in the
city,” she wrote in an email. According
to Taylor, there are fewer
than 60 fluent speakers in Curve
But it’s not just classes trying to
bring back Indigenous languages.
Darrick Baxter of Ogoki Learning
developed an App, released in 2013.
The Ojibway App allows users to
listen to the word or phrases.
Another App by the same developer
allows users to point the phone,
take a picture, and have it transcribed
into Indigenous languages.
Dave Mowat of Alderville First Nation
and Consultation of Lands and
Membership supervisor for Scugog
Island First Nation, says it's hard to
find a fluent speaker on his reserve.
“There are a few young people who
speak a bit of the Ojibwa language,
but I wouldn’t say they are fluent,”
According to Mowat, Alderville
First Nation suffered immense loss
Photograph by Angela Lavallee
of value for the Mississauga language,
starting in the mid 1800s.
In some schools in Ontario, there
are Indigenous language classes
for students who want to learn the
The Kawartha Pine Ridge District
School Board (KPRDSB) has put
out a call for speakers at any level
to teach youth the Mississauga language.
Roseneath Public School near
Alderville First Nation has offered
language classes for close to a decade.
According to the Board, there are
currently four elementary schools
in the area, two high schools and
evening classes offered in the City
Back at Durham College, Cassie
attends classes in the Simcoe Building
Although Isadore’s class does not
include her Mohawk language,
Cassie can still learn Ojibwa at
Durham College, and her own
language as well.
She will have two Indigenous languages
to pass onto future generations.
Carion Fenn: Helping those who need it the most
Just over two-years ago, Carion
Fenn was involved in a car accident
that left her her with several rare
conditions such as cigurmilia cure
malformation, cervical dystonia
and tissue damage.
“I experienced a world that I
didn’t know existed,” says Fenn. “I
decided to do something about it.”
So she founded the Carion Fenn
Foundation, a non-profit organization
that helps people with rare
diseases such as Syringomyelia,
Chiari malformation, epilepsy and
The foundation holds a support
group meeting every second
Thursday at Ajax Public Library,
so people can come together and
learn new coping mechanisms for
pain and feel firsthand what other
people are going through on a daily
“We’ve seen over 30 conditions
over the last year,” says Fenn. “We
see people come as far as five-hours
away to be a part of our meetings.”
People also have the option to
Skype into the meeting and several
already do across the world.
“We have people that join us internationally
and all around Canada,”
says Fenn. “It allows us to support
each other no matter where you
Darlene Dawson has attended
these meetings for the past four
months after Fenn commented on
her husband’s walking cane at a
Photograph by Logan Caswell
Carion Fenn is founder of a non-profit organization that helps people with rare diseases.
local Walmart. She battles fibromyalgia
and degenerative arthritis,
and deals with chronic pain from a
Her husband, who attends the
meetings with her, also deals with
daily chronic knee pain from the
“We found out about the foundation
and haven’t missed a meeting
since,” says Dawson. “I find it helps
because I get to see other people
who also live in pain. "It’s nice
knowing you’re not the only one.”
The support doesn’t stop there.
Mental health forums are also
offered through the foundation,
which Fenn says will be registered
as a full-time charity soon.
Although Fenn is happy with the
progress of her group, she hopes
more people realize it’s OK to talk
about what they’re going through.
“There’s so many people in our
community that are suffering in silence,
not going out, not communicating
"We want them to feel accepted
and that you’re not alone,” says
Fenn. “It’s important to know what
works for you.”
Fenn has won numerous community
awards such as the Ajax
Civic Award, the Patti Dawson
Award, Town of Ajax Accessibility
Award, and many more.
16 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
The shock of hydro bills
As the cost to produce hydro reaches
record lows, Ontarians are paying
more than they ever have on
their hydro bills. The Liberal government
has been under fire lately
due to rising hydro bills, especially
in rural communities. The causes
range from an oversupply of power,
global adjustment fees, over paying
for green energy, and privatization
of Hydro One.
Ontario currently has to produce
a certain amount of power each day
to meet the demand of consumers.
According to Gridwatch, an
iPhone app that tracks how much
energy is created in Ontario, how
much is exported, and how much
of each type of energy is used shows
that Ontario produces between
15,000 and 20,000 Megawatts
(MW). To avoid power outages,
more electricity is created than
the amount needed and the excess
energy is sold to Canada’s neighbouring
states south of the border
at rates lower than the cost of production.
“There is a fine balance between
making sure we have enough power
and not too much,” says press secretary
to the minister of energy,
According to Nekolaichuk, Ontario
has contracts with the United
States and has sold around $200 to
$300-million worth of extra energy
The money lost through the existing
contracts with the U.S is paid
for by ratepayers in the “global adjustment”
line of their bill.
Daniel Hoornweg, the associate
professor and research chair
in Faculty of Energy Systems and
Nuclear Science, says the “global
adjustment” fee is where electricity
consumers pay for the costs to run
and keep the system going.
“It’s an attempt to capture the
long-term costs of maintaining
and fixing the energy supply’s
infrastructure. As well as the cost
of building a new plant.” Says Hoornweg.
Bonnie Lysk, the auditor general,
concluded in the 2015 Annual
Report that ratepayers paid an
extra $37-billion more than what
was needed from 2006 to 2014
through the “global adjustment”
part of their bill.
She also found electricity consumers
will pay an additional
$133-billion by 2032, due to the
global adjustment line on the hydro
Lysk has criticized the government
in the past for signing overly
generous contracts, especially when
the big push for green energy came
Although, In 2013 the provincial
government took a small step in the
right direction when they renegotiated
its green energy contract with
Samsung and managed to save Ontario
Even after the renegotiations
Lysk found in 2014, Ontario still
pays twice the market price for
solar energy and three and a half
times the price for wind energy.
Premier Kathleen Wynne visits Durham College and UOIT to speak with students.
The Provincial government has
not since renegotiated any of their
generous contracts with green
energy companies. Nekolaichuk
says the costs will drop over time.
“As the technology matures, the
price of wind and solar will continue
to go down,” Nekolaichuk
says. The hydro bills customers
receive in Ontario look different
than the simple two line ones received
in other provinces, such as
Quebec and Manitoba.
In Ontario our hydro bills consist
of an energy charge, line loss
charge, basic monthly charge,
regulatory charge, delivery charge,
and meter charge.
Even though Quebec and Manitoba
have a different structured bill
than Ontario, there are still three
sections that make it up.
The first section is the cost to
produce the electricity.
The second part of the bill is
the cost of distributing it, getting
it from the plant to the consumer.
Ratepayers in rural areas pay more
in this part of the bill because in
a rural area it may take 50 hydro
poles to get to one residence. However,
in urban areas, 500 people
might all be getting their energy
from the same pole, so the price of
distribution for them will be significantly
The third part of the bill is the
previously mentioned “global adjustment”
A month’s use of electricity in
a rural residential home amounts
to about 1,000 Kilowatts per hour
(kWh) of electricity. Ontarians
pay a whopping $239.23 for every
1,000 kWh which is almost three
times as much as what people pay
There is a fine balance between
making sure we have enough
power and not too much.
in Quebec where it is only costs
$89.62 per 1000 KwH.
Quebec pays so much less on
their electricity bill compared to
Ontario because they get most of
their energy from hydro which is at
record lows, only costing 2 cents a
kWh. Whereas Ontario gets most
of its energy from nuclear plants,
costing almost 7 cents a kWh.
Part of the increasing cost of our
hydro bills comes from smart meters.
Smart meters charge consumers
more money to use electricity
during peak hours to avoid overloading
If all Ontarians did their laundry
at the exact same time, we would
see a power outage. Smart meters
were created to avoid this problem
by charging consumers less when
they use energy during off-peak
“The reason that structure exists
is to incentivise people to use power
at different times of the day. Which
means that were not putting such a
strain on the system and we don’t
have to build more capacity because
of it,” Nekolaichuk says.
A provincial decision that is
costing the government hundreds
of millions in the long run is the
privatization of Hydro One. Hydro
One is already over 40 per cent
sold to the private sector and is set
to reach 60 per cent by the end of
Wynne’s term in 2018.
In 2015, Hydro One reported
$1.22-billion in regulated earnings
before financing charges and income
tax. Since privatization, the
government loses 40 per cent of
the earnings that otherwise would
have gone to them. This amounts
to almost $500-million in earnings
that once went to the government,
now goes to private sector.
Premier Kathleen Wynne stands
by her choice to sell off a total of
60 per cent of Hydro One to the
private sector. “The reality is that
we have to invest in infrastructure,”
she said during a visit to Durham
College in February.
Wynne says they needed money
to fund public transit projects and
build new infrastructure. “The
broadening of the ownership of
Hydro One was to give us access
to 4, 5-billion dollars to pay off
debt in the electricity sector and
that 4-billion dollars we can invest
in transit,” said Wynne.
According to the premier, the
one-time cash payout was more
valuable than the hundreds of
Photograph by Sam Odrowski
millions of dollars that used to be
generated by Hydro One.
Oversupplying power, overpaying
for green energy, and privatizing
hydro are some of the reasons
ratepayer’s bills are consistently
Nekolaichuk says, “It’s not that
we’re really more expensive compared
to anyone else, it’s because
we’re more expensive than we used
to be. But those prices were kept
artificially low by rate freezes and
other policies that previous governments
had engaged in, as well as a
lack of investment in the system.”
Prices will continue to climb
until the summertime when Ontarians
will see a 17 per cent on
average drop in their hydro bill on
top of the 8 per cent rebate that
went into effect in January. There
has also been a 50 per cent increase
in rebate programs for low income
households which was recently
announced by the provincial government.
The rebates should save
low income households about $35
to $60 a month, costing taxpayers
$2.5-billion over the next three
Rebate programs are good for
helping families in the short-term
but to fix Ontario’s skyrocketing
electricity bills long-term, the provincial
government needs to address
the root of the problem.
To lower hydro bills long term,
the Liberals must renegotiate contracts,
freeze the privatization of
Hydro One, and adjust the costs
that are absorbed by ratepayers
through the global adjustment fee.
Until the government begins
to work on these issues, skyrocketing
electricity bills for Ontarians
should come as no shock.
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 17
No more hiding the weed
It started with muscles, then bones,
then chronic back pain. He didn’t
want to get out of bed or do anything
physical at all. Brian Arsenault
had appointments with many
doctors and specialists who referred
him to physio therapy sessions. He
was taking three different types of
painkillers. Eventually, the pills
weren’t working anymore and his
doctor prescribed morphine. Every
day was a painful fog. Arsenault
could no longer work and had to
walk away from his job after 20
Arsenault lives in a Hampton,
north of Durham Region. He was
tired of taking medication after
medication and wanted to try
something more natural to help. He
went to herbal and vitamin shops,
desperate for anything that might
help take away his pain.
Finally, Arsenault went to a place
called Canadian Cannabis Clinic
in Whitby. There, he met with the
customer service representatives
who walked him through the procedure
of applying for a card from
the government that would allow
him to smoke marijuana legally to
help take away his pain.
“I was hooked on pain pills.
Nothing took the pain away. The
more I took, the more I needed to
take,” said Arsenault. “I was ready
to try anything and I couldn’t believe
how fast and how incredible
cannabis took away the pain and
allowed me to function better than
I have in a long long time.”
The representatives at the cannabis
clinic spoke with Arsenault’s
doctor, filling out paperwork, and
discussing the intensity and levels
of his pain. After only a few visits,
phone calls and signatures, Arsenault
received a legal medicinal
According to Dr. Barry Waisglass
from the Canadian Cannabis
Clinic, obtaining a medicinal
card may not work the same as
“For medical cannabis there
are two requirements; a condition
exists for it to be reasonable for a
doctor to prescribe medical cannabis,
and that allopathic treatments
have been exhausted before using
medical cannabis as per Health
Canada’s regulations,” said Dr.
Marjiuana is already being approved
for medical uses in Canada.
So what happens when the government
approves the legislation for
recreational use in Canada?
In 2015, Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau presented the legalization
of marijuana in his campaign and
within the Liberal Party platform.
The Liberal website explains
how the party will remove marijuana
consumption and possession
from the Criminal Code and they
will add new, stronger laws concerning
distribution to minors and
driving under the influence.
According to their website, The
Liberals want to “legalize, regulate,
and restrict access to marijuana.”
According to the Government
of Canada, the expected date isn’t
until late 2018 or early 2019 to open
up the market for recreational marijuana
use, and will allow everyone
in Canada over the age of 18
to purchase pot from a variety of
producers and retails.
Not only does this have some
parents concerned, but also Detective
Constable Leon Miklos of the
Ontario Provincial Police (OPP).
Miklos worked in the organized
crime department for over five
years and has seen first-hand how
marijuana can affect our youth.
“Girl’s brains develop faster at a
young age over males. Males who
start to smoke between the ages of
13 to 15, can experience long-time,
life-long effects from smoking. At
that age, their brains are developing
and it is proven to be a problem,”
Detective Miklos understands
the concerns of parents when it
comes to the subject of legalization.
“Same thing with prescription
medication. They aren’t getting it
off the streets, they are getting it
from their medicine cabinets and
friend’s cabinets. Same can be true
Marijuana, illegal now, is still
easy to access so, even more so
when legalized,” said Miklos.
Regulating legal marijuana appears
to be the biggest issue, keeping
it away from those who are
under age while also regulating
the laws when it comes to driving
under the influence (DUI).
Criminal lawyer, Jason Baxter
of XCopper thinks we need a
more developed device to properly
measure the intake and amount of
cannabis or level of tetrahydrocannainol
(THC) in a person’s blood.
“I think part of the reason it
hasn’t been legalized yet is because
there is no device that can accurately
measure how much is in your
system or to properly measure for
a DUI,” says Baxter. “The government
is working on it, they have
ideas, but nothing set in stone or
proven to be affective. No one processes
THC the same so it becomes
hard to measure.”
Until this device is approved and
can accurately measure marijuana
in the bloodstream, medicinal card
holders like Brian Arsenault, are
the only people who can legally
smoke pot in Canada.
Arsenault can now do household
chores and work outside. He
is still attending his physio therapy,
hoping it will help him return to
work one day.
“I am still working on my degenerative
disc disorder in my back but
the amount of pain I am in now
compared to before, is out of this
I finally have some relief, which
has improved my life drastically,”
Though marijuana is proven to
help medically, it is also proven to
affect brain development in young
teens. Marijuana is around, whether
legal or illegal. For now, we are
dealing with the good and the bad
as it comes.
The real reason behind migraines
“Imagine a pain hits your head. It
is like someone is beating the skin
in your head with a stick. It’s terrible,
I don’t even want to imagine,”
says Trishala Amin as she describes
migraine pain in her own words.
Amin is an international student
from Gujarat, India. Amin says she
gets migraines frequently, sometimes
twice a week.
Amin is not the only person who
suffers with migraine. According to
the Ontario Migraine Clinic, an
award-winning clinic from Toronto,
one in four households in Canada
are affected from migraine.
That is more than three million
households. Migraine also costs the
Canadian work force seven million
workdays each year. According to
Migraine Research Foundation, a
non-profit organization, migraine
is the third most prevalent illness
around the world.
According to National Migraine
Centre, a non-profit migraine association,
migraine is a neurological
disorder linked with dilation and
constriction of blood vessels in the
head. Some researchers also believe
that migraine is a genealogical
problem. Many people cannot
recognize the difference between
migraine headaches and other
headaches. Teresa Engelage, a
nurse at the Campus Health Centre
at Durham College, says migraine
headaches are different than other
headaches in many ways.
“Migraine often comes with
aura, where you have sensitivity
with lights and in your vision. Migraines
will be accompanied with
nausea and vomiting, a normal
Photograph by Devarsh Oza
Vijay Pandya is the pharmacist manager at Lovell Drugs on
headache will not have them,” says
Engelage. Aura is one of the most
common symptoms of migraines,
but in many cases migraine comes
without any indications. According
to the Migraine Trust, a UK based
migraine research centre, migraine
headaches can be divided into two
different sections based on the
symptoms they show.
Migraine with aura often shows
zigzag patterns in vision. It also
comes with certain hearing and
smelling sensitivities. Migraine
without aura does not indicate any
symptom prior to the headaches.
According to the Migraine Trust,
most people get migraine without
aura, so they do not feel any symptom
before the migraine headache.
Many people do not take migraine
very seriously, as the belief is that
migraines are very common. Dr.
Pierre Côté, a migraine and headache
expert from the University of
Ontario Institute of Technology,
says it can be a big mistake not to
take migraines seriously. Côté says
migraine can cause a person to develop
certain disabilities. In fact,
according to Migraine Research
Foundation, migraine is the sixth
most disabling illness in the world.
“People with migraine cannot
really function at their work or
school, enjoy with their friends or
their family. Migraine causes disabilities
to participating into the
daily routine,” says Dr. Côté. But
taking migraines seriously does not
always mean visiting a doctor.
According to Teresa Engelage,
it is not always a necessity to see a
doctor for every migraine attack,
but if migraines occur very often,
then it is better to see a doctor.
“If migraines are occurring very
often then you should immediately
see your doctor, as you could have
a problem in your brain. In cases
of frequent migraines, your family
doctor can send you to a neurologist
for some tests such as Cat Scan
or MRI,” says Engelage.
Medication for migraine is available
in the drug store. Many people
take painkillers such as Advil and
Tylenol when they get migraines.
But Dr. Pierre Côté says those painkillers
do not cure migraines.
The drugs used to prevent
migraines are anticonvulsants,
beta-blockers, botulinum toxins,
calcium channel blockers and histamines.
But, those medicine also have
side effects. The side effects could
include acidity and other digestive
problems as well as fatigue. In
some cases, migraine could lead
to several heart problems, such as
increased or decreased heartbeats.
Many people, including Trishala
Amin, are switching their pharmaceutical
medication to other
alternatives such as Ayurveda,
Acupuncture and other herbal
Amin visits an Ayurvedic clinic
in Mississauga for her migraines.
Ayurveda is ancient Indian herbal
medication, which is older than
Greek and Roman civilizations.
According to Mattwinder Singh
Phull, an Ayurvedic doctor from
Ontario Ayurvedic Centre in Mississauga,
Ayurveda treats the patients,
based on three doshas. Doshas
are the roots of every illness.
“There are three doshas, Vata
related to gastric problems, Kapha
related to problems such as
cold and fevers, and Pitta related
to problems such as acidity and
migraines,” says Dr. Phull.
Phull also says migraine attacks
could be caused by smoking or consuming
alcohol, hormonal changes,
stress, over-consumptions of meat
and spicy food. Some of the basic
treatments include herbal pastes
called Shirolepa, herbal liquids
called Shiro Dhara, herbal oils
called Taila Dharaa. Ayurvedic
doctors also use Indian herbs such
as Yastimadhu, Sariva, Hareetaki,
Amala, Mallika and Aloe Vera.
The patients also have to follow
certain restrictions. For example,
fasting, consuming potatoes, garlic,
onion, egg, fish, meat and alcohol
are strictly restricted during the
According to Dr. Phull, Ayurveda
can permanently cure the
disease, without any side effects.
“We treat all condition of migraine
in Ayurveda. Our success
rate is also very good. More than 90
per cent people have good results,”
says Phull. According to Health
Canada, 71 per cent of Canadians
are taking natural medication, and
12 per cent people said they had
unwanted side effects.
Apart from Ayurveda, Acupuncture
and Acupressure are also alternative
They both were invented in
China, and are based on yin and
yang therapy. According to Chinese
traditions, yin and yang are
two halves of the complete wholeness.
Any imbalance of yin and
yang inside the body can lead to
Acupuncture therapy balances
yin and yang with the help of needles.
The needles are injected into different
parts of the feet and hands to
cure different diseases by balancing
the yin and yang.
18 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 19
Caring for someone who has
Alzheimer's in Durham Region
Cheryl Mina recalls when she first
noticed her mother’s disease. It
started with nightly phone calls.
Mina’s mother started repeating
herself quite frequently. “She would
tell me over and over again about
her trip to the grocery store that
afternoon,” says Mina.
Initially, Mina convinced herself
her mother was merely getting old,
and there was no reason to concern
herself over a little repetition.
But the problem continued.
Her mother was diagnosed with
Alzheimer’s in 2011. At the time,
she lived with her husband in Toronto,
and she was well taken care
of. She and her husband went grocery
shopping together, attended
church every Sunday, and kept to a
fairly regular routine. Her disease
progressed slowly, but she relied on
her husband’s aid.
In December of 2011, her husband
was diagnosed with Pulmonary
Fibrosis. Two months later he
died – and everything changed.
During his hospital stay, Mina’s
sister, Karen Deschenes, moved
in with her mother in Toronto. “I
knew she had been diagnosed with
Alzheimer’s but I didn’t think it affected
her that much until I was her
sole caregiver,” says Deschenes.
Deschenes says her mother
wouldn’t remember to take her
medication unless it was handed
to her directly.
If they went out to the grocery
store, a familiar routine, she
wouldn’t be able to find her way
home on her own.
They knew as a family she could
not live by herself. “I was so afraid
of her thinking of going for a walk,
and getting lost,” says Mina. “None
of us lived close by.”
It was time to make a decision.
Mina’s lifestyle was the only
one that could accommodate this
change. With a spare bedroom and
flexible work hours, the decision
was made to bring her mother into
her home and care for her herself.
The last five years of living with
someone with Alzheimer’s has put
much strain on the family, but options
are limited for these circumstances.
According to Statistics Canada,
almost 400,000 Canadians are
living with Alzheimer’s. It is the
most common neurodegenerative
disorder, and the number of diagnoses
go up every year. Families
have to decide how to care for a
loved one who is living with Alzheimer’s.
The decline in mental
function affects the way people
with the disease do daily tasks. It
affects their memory, their ability
to focus, social behaviour and communication
When the disease progresses,
and those living with Alzheimer’s
can no longer care for themselves.
There are three options with how
to deal with it.
There is formal assistance, where
Mary Doiron, the mother of Cheryl Mina and Karen Deschenes, sits in her room at Cheryl's home.
trained staff come to the patients’
home as regularly as needed to
provide services, such as prepare
meals, give medication and bathe
There is informal assistance
where a spouse, child, grandchild
etc. becomes the caregiver.
Finally, there is long-term facility
care where patients live full-time in
a care facility with 24-hour staff
In Durham Region, there are
19 care facilities, with over 2,700
beds, and according to officials at
each location, every facility has a
This waitlist and the progression
of the disease make it difficult for
families to plan.
According to Dr. Judes Poirier,
a molecular neurobiologist at the
Douglas Mental Health University,
long-term care facilities offer
the best support for people with
Alzheimer’s. They have properly
trained staff to stimulate the patients’
brain and the patients are
properly cared for and have 24-
While long-term care facilities
are the best option for the patients,
they are not always available when
According to Rhonda Thompson,
a Family Support Coordinator
for the Alzheimer’s Society of Durham
Region, anyone living with
Alzheimer’s needs to have doctor’s
referral to live in a facility, and if
someone applied to one without a
doctor’s requisition, full-time care
Thompson says without a crisis
or requisition the wait can be upwards
to eight years before securing
a place in a long-term facility.
She also says retirement homes are
an option for early stages, but are
not best-suited for Alzheimer’s or
When the disease progresses to
a more severe state, a long-term
facility is much more appropriate.
If there is a crisis in the family,
Thompson says the person living
with Alzheimer’s will make it to
the top of the waitlist, however,
the family will not have a choice
where in the province their lovedone
will be placed. They will be
placed wherever there is space until
a place opens locally. It is nearly
impossible to determine when that
Long-term care facilities accept
their patients based on need, not
when they applied.
It comes down to a wait and see
for how the disease progresses.
Therefore, in-home care or family
caregivers is a common step during
the progression of Alzheimer’s.
This is usually done between the
diagnosis and when there is an
available bed in long-term care,
Mina says there are times when
the need to be home is wearing on
her. Because of her mother’s progression,
she hasn’t spent a night
out of her house in a couple years.
Her mother would get too confused
if she stayed at someone else’s home
for a night.
“She gets lost in her own home.
She can’t always find the bathroom,
she doesn’t know where her
bedroom is at night,” says Mina. “I
have to get her changed every day,
make her breakfast, lunch and dinner,
shower her, comb her hair. She
developed habits in the house, her
most recent activity is emptying her
dresser drawers onto the floor. I
come home every day to her entire
wardrobe spread out, I put them
back into her drawers, and ten minutes
later she’s got them back out
again – she’s a full-time job.”
Some families are fortunate
enough to have someone able to
dedicate this amount of time to a
family member. But not all.
Some families choose formal
assistance. Deschenes considered
this option when they knew it was
time for their mother to move
somewhere. Deschenes thought
she could continue her daily activities
and have someone care for her
mother during the day. However,
when they looked into the cost of
formal assistance, and the idea of
someone being inside her home every
day while she wasn’t there, the
idea became uncomfortable.
Deschenes appreciates all her
sister has sacrificed to take care
of their mother. Unfortunately,
the sisters live hours apart, and
Deschenes doesn’t get to see her
mother as often as she would
like. “I don’t drive, and only get
to see my mom once every couple
months. Each time I see her, I see
the progression of her disease. It’s
Mina, however, notices the overall
decline of her mother’s mental
state, but doesn’t see the drastic
changes because she is with her all
The Alzheimer’s Society of Durham
Region offers support programs
for people in Mina’s situation.
Thompson says programs run
throughout the year, and benefit
both the one living with Alzheimer’s
and the caregivers. There are
numerous educational services, as
well as support groups where anyone
can discuss what they are going
through, and how they cope with a
loved-one with Alzheimer’s.
The programs discuss strategies
on how to deal with new development
and what is to be expected
while caring for someone living
Photograph by Jenn Amaro
Dr. Poirier says violence comes
with the later stages of Alzheimer’s.
This is one of Mina’s fears. “I’m
okay with being a full-time caregiver
right now, but eventually it will
be out of my control. Long-term
care facilities are a good option, but
you just never know when there’s
going to be an opening.”
Their plan right now is to get
their mother registered with a longterm
care facility in Durham Region,
and start the waiting game.
This is the struggle of the waitlist.
The progression of the disease
is unpredictable, according to Dr.
Poirier. Everyone progresses at
their own rate. Mina says, according
to her mother’s doctors,
her mother has progressed quickly.
Due to so much change in her life,
her mind was not able to process it,
and it sped the deterioration of her
Deschenes says every time she
visits her mom, she tries to get as
much out of the visit as she can.
There are good visits when her
mom knows what she is talking
about and other visits when Deschenes
says her mother is in a different
world staring, off into space.
“It’s hard to watch the deterioration,
but I’m taking everything one
step at a time,” she says.
Deschenes and Mina have grown
closer since the diagnoses. They
both attend support groups, and
online chats make them feel they’re
The sisters rely on each other for
support and know that between the
two of them, they are doing all they
can for their mother.
Mina says, “You just never know
when things are going to get worse,
but for now, my mom is my mom,
I love her and she tucked me in at
night when I was child, and I’ll do
it for her as long as she needs.”
20 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus
Speaking tour brings Aboriginal military mentor to DC
Durham College recently played
host to a Canadian role model.
Warrant Officer Sheldon Quinn
stopped by to speak to guests at
Suswaaning Endaajig, DC’s Aboriginal
The event left the formality of
military life at the door, with Quinn
and the event guests positioned in a
traditional Aboriginal speaking circle.
The circle represents equality
and respect for everyone gathered.
Peace and harmony is something
Quinn doesn’t take for granted. He
has served in both Afghanistan and
the former Yugoslavia. During the
latter, Quinn found himself in an
encounter where a Croatian soldier
pointed an gun at the vehicle he
was riding in, which had guns of its
own pointed back, all during what
should have been a routine stop.
“It was the epitome of a Mexican
standoff,” says Quinn.
In Afghanistan Quinn was made
a section commander – a combat
role which put 10 other soldiers
under his command. He takes pride
and solace in the fact he brought all
of those soldiers home alive.
Quinn is now a member of the
Defence Aboriginal Advisory
Group. The DAAG advises the
Canadian Armed Forces on all
matters pertaining to Indigenous
affairs. According to a recent report
released by the DAAG, aboriginal
troops face racism in the
Armed Forces. The report alleged
harassment, derogatory name-calling
and higher-ups not allowing soldiers
to attend sacred ceremonies.
“[The Armed Forces] does mirror
Canadian society,” says Quinn.
“It is a systemic problem that we
have to deal with, and the sooner
that we start dealing with it, the
better it will be.”
With the backing of the Armed
Forces, Quinn started his one-man
speaking tour, to address issues
such as racism.
His outreach doesn’t end there.
He was previously involved as an
instructor in the Bold Eagle Program,
which provides indigenous
youth with a taste of military life.
The paid annual program takes
place in Alberta and even provides
participants with secondary school
credits. About 60 percent of the
men and women who complete the
Bold Eagle program eventually join
either the reserves or regular forces.
The program doesn’t simply act as
a drill camp, but rather includes
mentoring and counseling from
elders as well as character building.
“[After Bold Eagle] they become
pillars of their communities and
that’s awesome to see,” says Quinn.
After 27 years of service, Quinn
says duty keeps him in the Forces.
“Pride and duty,” he says. “It’s not
that I’m a warmonger, it’s the pride
that I came back with [after military
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 21
Photograph by Dan Koehler
Krishnanan Thanpremkumar, VP of the Indian Student Association, posing
after finishing his matches during the first day of the ISA's cricket tournament.
22 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 23
24 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus
Equality needed in politics
The death of councillor and former
mayor of Oshawa, Nancy Diamond,
was met with sadness. She
was a philanthropist, an activist
and instrumental in her community.
“To understand Nancy’s passing,
you need to understand how
she lived, and her passion for her
community and family,” says the
current mayor of Oshawa, John
Henry, who describes her as a passionate
Diamond was one of few women
able to stand the test of time in the
political field, not only in Durham
Region but across Canada. She was
the longest serving mayor in Oshawa,
and was in politics for about
But she is not alone. Durham Region
has seen a number of women
in political roles, including Amy
McQuaid-England, Christine Elliott,
and Jennifer French. But they are
not representative of women in politics
Over the years, Canada has seen
more female politicians, but that
number has not increased by a
wide margin. In the 2010 municipal
election in Toronto, 15 females
won seats out of the 45 available.
Today, in 2017, women still only
make 25 per cent of the political
arena in Durham Region.
That’s partly because female
politicians are often treated more
harshly than their male counterparts,
says Alyson King, a political
science professor at UOIT. King
says things need to change.
Photograph courtesy of DurhamRegion.com
The late former mayor of Oshawa Nancy Diamond.
bigger than you think
“Women are being attacked, so
whether you are a Liberal, a Conservative
or NDP, women seem to
be under attack for being outspoken
and stating their political views,
and the attacks are different from
what men experience,” she says.
According to King, men are attacked
on what they say and do,
but women are criticized personally,
and the type of violence that’s
threatened against them is often
sexual in nature. This kind of
things has been going on for years
and it is a much more virulent attack,
Looking back on the history of
female politicians, Agnes MacPhail
from Ontario was the first woman
to be elected to the House of Commons
in 1919. In 1921, Mary Ellen
Smith was elected as the first female
cabinet minister in the province
of British Columbia.
From 1919 to now, we have seen
more female politicians, but not
much has changed says King, even
though it might be better than 50
“You would think that women
would have broken that glass ceiling.
Even in Canada, where life is
pretty good, we are still fighting
that fight for real equality for women,”
According to King, women too
often have to take on the male persona
to make it in politics.
“For women to survive in that
kind of environment, they have to
become like men in a way, and we
have a history of this, if you think
back to when Margaret Thatcher
was prime minister of Britain,” she
says. Thatcher was known to have
ruled as a ‘man’ would.
King says she is saddened and
Toritse Ikomi is the VP of equity in the SA’s office.
Photograph by Euvilla Thomas
disappointed that women are still
fighting the same fight in 2017. She
says until changes are made, some
women are not going to want to
become part of this field.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
is the first prime minster to have
a gender balanced cabinet. King
hopes to see Canada elect its own
female prime minister one day.
Mayor John Henry also hopes
for a better future for women so his
daughters can have equal opportunities
as men would when it comes
“I have two daughters so I hope
the world have changed. I hope the
days of old where people weren’t
given equal opportunities are gone,
especially in this country, Canada,”
But for now he just misses his
friend, Nancy Diamond.
“Every time I see a reddish convertible
going down the road, I will
think about Nancy,” he says.
Euvilla Thomas and
Four walls, a warm bed, and food
on the table. This might be the
norm for many, but for June Maillet
this luxury was almost unattainable
At 14, she was homeless, kicked
out of the house and on her own.
“It’s a little scary,” says Maillet.
“My typical day would just be wandering.
To be honest, I did a lot of
walking, trying to find where my
next meal was going to be.”
Now 41, she has moved on. She’s
now a to being a mom to three kids
but will never forget some of the
low points of her life. Though her
experience might be sad and tragic,
especially for a young woman,
Maillet is not unique. She is one
of hundreds of young people who
have been homeless in Durham
Region – then and now.
The Homeless Hub, a website
that shares data and research on
homelessness, shows there are
more than 700 people dealing with
homelessness in the area right now.
There is a desperate need for beds
and emergency shelters locally.
According to a report by the Region
of Durham, there has been an
increase in the use of emergency
shelters in recent years. The length
of stay has increased from 20 days
in 2012 to 35 days in 2013. There
are three emergency shelters in the
Durham Region, and combined
they make up to about 93 beds in
More beds may help get more
young people off the streets, a
situation which would have helped
Maillet a great deal.
“I was sleeping in a park one
night and got picked up by two
men and they were like ‘We can’t
just leave you here,’ so they took
me back to their place and that
wasn’t too safe for me but I didn’t
know what else to do, I was young,”
says Maillet, thinking back to those
days when she was out on the
streets with not even a bed to lay
her head on.
But some emergency shelters,
such as Cornerstone says the number
of beds available now has risen
significantly from when it opened
50 years ago.
“We started with a house of six
beds, right now we are at 40 beds,”
says managing director of Cornerstone,
The Cornerstone Community
Association Durham is an emergency
shelter in Oshawa that serves
men for a period of time. Brglez
said the shelter is not a place to stay
but a place to transition with help
toward a better opportunity. People
get help finding new job opportunities
and affordable housing.
“Shelters need to lead to something
else,” he says.
He said the homeless situation is
different in Oshawa than Toronto.
Here the homeless people are most
often not on the streets, a problem
which Brglez has coined the “hidden
According to a report by Human
Resources and Social Development
Canada, households are spending
more than half of their income on
At the same time, another report
from the region shows the
unemployment rate in the Durham
Region at about 7.8 percent. On
top of this, homeless people often
also face mental health issues.
“Mental health is a contributing
factor to homelessness,” says
Sarah Johnson, shelter manager at
Cornerstone. She says 50 to 60 per
cent of the people using homeless
services have self-disclosed mental
And Maillet is no exception.
“I’ve been told I have come a long
Photograph by Laura Metcalfe
Cornerstone Community Association Durham shelter director Robert Brglez and manager
Sarah Johnson pose in front of their mission statement.
way. I’m bipolar,” she says. She says
she was also a drug addict but this
is not a part of her life anymore.
There are many others like her
out there waiting for that lifechanging
moment. Maillet says she
didn’t have any parental guidance
at the time but she’s now at a more
stable period in her life.
She is a peer support worker at
the Canadian Mental Health Association
and living at home with
her husband and family.
Today, she is optimistic of the
“I’m working at getting myself
on my feet and growing as person,”
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 25
Mental illness is not forever
(Editor’s Note: The individual profiled in
this story initially agreed to give her full
name to The Chronicle but just prior to
publication asked if we could protect her
anonymity. The Chronicle has agreed to
do that and is now referring to the individual
Jennifer’s biological father was abusive.
Her mother separated from
her father when she was 7 so that
she and her sister didn’t grow up
to hate him.
When Jennifer was 16, she was
rebellious towards her mother and
her stepfather. She felt her mother
gave his kids more attention. She
It came to a point when Jennifer
gained so much anger and aggression
towards men in her life that she
hit her stepfather and ran away. She
moved in with her father at 16. He
convinced her he had changed…
but he was worse. She felt like a
prisoner in his home.
According to the Durham Region
Health Department, there are
certain times in our lives when our
mental health may be more vulnerable.
These times are known
as “transitions” or a “life event.”
Transitions include graduating
school, moving out or even getting
Life events include experiencing
loss, death of a loved one or experiencing/witnessing
Mental illness is defined as a
wide range of mental health conditions
that affect your mood, thinking
and behaviour. According to
DepressionHurt.ca, about 1 in 10
Canadians will experience an episode
of major depressive disorder
during their life time. Depression
is a widespread medical condition.
According to the Canadian Mental
Health Association, anxiety
disorder affects about 12 per cent
There is a wide range of mental
illnesses. Adults are susceptible to
some and children are susceptible
to others. For adults, some illnesses
include but are not limited to anxiety
disorder, depression, eating disorder,
bipolar disorder and panic
disorder. For children, some illnesses
include autism, reading disorder,
stuttering and many more.
After moving back, Jennifer developed
panic attacks because of
her father. She would hyperventilate.
Her body would go instantly
numb and tingly. She would go
unconscious and wake up on her
bedroom floor with the door locked
and no way out.
Jennifer needed help but didn’t
know where to turn.
Megan Van Massenhoven is the
Outreach Coordinator for Good-
2Talk, which is a help line for post
The 24/7 helpline also accepts
calls from anyone who calls with
Van Massenhoven says Thursdays
and Fridays between 8 p.m.
and 12 a.m. are the most common
times for people to call for some
guidance or help.
“We offer professional counselling
on the line, it is completely
Chronicle cartoonist Toby VanWeston depicts the emotions surrounding anxiety and depression.
anonymous,” Van Massenhoven
Good2Talk was created in 2013
in response to a ‘mental health
crisis’ on campuses. According to
MacLean’s, in 2012 Ryerson University
in Toronto saw a 200 per
cent increase in demand from students
in crisis situations.
Good2Talk was created to help
any student in a crisis situation on
campus. Since it started four years
ago, they have had a total of 60,000
Good2Talk would have helped
“Really I was suffering and
rotting on the inside and nobody
understood. Nobody listened to my
cry for help. It was affecting my
health. I was scared and so alone,”
Last year, a Canadian Reference
Group study was done on
students to see what factors affected
post-secondary students: 42.2 per
cent of students said stress affects
their studies, 32.5 per cent of students
said it is anxiety and 20.9 per
cent of students said depression.
There are many ways to help
with anxiety, depression and stress.
Margaret Wehrenberg’s book
The 10 Best-Ever Anxiety Management
Techniques, describes 10
techniques to help with anxiety.
The number one technique is
to change your intake. Your body
has to process whatever you take in.
Changing intake includes stopping
alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, sugar
“Taking charge of the things that
make your body anxious is not always
easy, but it is always productive,”
Other techniques are as simple
as breathing, practicing mindfulness
and relaxing or as hard as
containing your worries, talking
yourself into changing behaviour
and stopping anxious thoughts.
Taking charge of your body can be
difficult, according to Wehrenberg.
Some people choose avoidance and
some flee, like Jennifer.
After living with her father for a
couple of years, Jennifer ran away.
But this time, to live with a boyfriend.
His name was Trevor. His family
took her in and loved her like one
of their own. It was exactly what
Trevor found a job on an oil rig
making really good money. They
were well-off. Until he got laid off.
He went off the deep end, became
an alcoholic and took whatever
pill he could get his hands on.
Months later he hit rock bottom.
He drove his brand new car off a
cliff, drinking and driving.
“My first instinct was to run, so
I did. That’s what I do when ever
things get dark…I run,” Jennifer
Wendy Stanyon, Faculty of
Heath Sciences at the University
of Ontario Institute of Technology
(UOIT), gives insight into how
someone can cope with a mental
illness. She explains anxiety and
depression are like the chicken and
the egg; anxiety turns into depression
at some point.
Jennifer, now 18, is at the airport
with $100 in her pocket with
her whole life jam packed in one
suit case. She is on her way to Alberta.
It is December 24th. Another
“I moved here because no one
could hurt me in a place where no
one knew me,” Jennifer says.
But Jennifer didn’t need isolation.
She needed help.
Stanyon explains you don’t need
to be an expert to be able to help
someone with anxiety or depression.
“Can you just listen? Not with
the intent of responding. Just to listen
to hear the message,” Stanyon
That’s what Jennifer needed. But
she felt she wasn’t good enough.
“I know it sounds like a pity
party,” Jennifer explains, “…my
self esteem was taken from me because
of my father.”
Jennifer got a job in Alberta and
made a lot of friends but at the end
of the day she would cry herself to
sleep because she still felt like she
was in a dark cold place.
She felt unwanted. Ugly. That no
one truly cared about her.
Jennifer started to develop depression.
Started getting suicidal
thoughts. As soon as those thoughts
happened, her depression got a million
Stanyon says when she started
at UOIT in 2003, no one would
talk about mental illness, but now
people are much more open. Stanyon
is trying to raise awareness
about mental illness with mindfulness
“Mindfulness is what could eventually
save the world as we move
forward,” Stanyon explains.
Jennifer did not use mindfulness.
She confined herself in her room
and looked at four walls for days.
She searched on the Internet for
“the quickest way to die”.
“This mental illness is like having
a monster in your brain that
makes you think life isn’t worth it
and that you’re just simply worthless,”
One night, Jennifer drank two
bottles of wine. She started to get
flashbacks of what happened to
her. She started to blame herself
for everything. Started telling herself
that it was her fault. She hated
herself so much that night that…
She was on life support for two
weeks. Despite the new friends she
Cartoon by Toby VanWeston
had made, no one came to visit.
Stanyon says our thoughts get the
better of us.
“Some days are going to be bad
days. It doesn’t have to mean it’s
going to go on forever and ever.
Just take care of yourself that day,”
Sometimes that can be hard.
“I just wanted to scream.” Jennifer
says. “I was so mad that I
woke up to the same emptiness
and sadness in my heart. It felt
like I needed to vomit but I didn’t
have a mouth. My heart was in my
Those two weeks in the hospital
were lonely. Jennifer almost passed
away twice because of heart failure.
“It made me realize that there
was no good in living in the past,”
Walking out of that hospital, Jennifer
felt reborn again.
Today, Jennifer is grateful she defeated
the great darkness and horror
of depression. She now understands
and notices cries for help.
“We need to help people to know
how to manage the messiness of
life,” Stanyon explains.
Mental illness isn’t forever. There
are so many ways to find help.
“I know the agonizing isolation
feeling, the feeling of being chained
under water and having the key,
but keeping it in my pocket. The
feeling of never seeing sunshine
and accepting to live in the rain.
Learning to live in hell because you
can’t get out of it. The feeling of
being embarrassed with myself and
having so much self hate. The feeling
of not being able to sleep and
having to live with myself longer
instead of being in a dream where
reality doesn’t exist,” Jennifer says.
“People should never have the feeling
of guilt for being born into this
world. We all matter. Listen for
someone’s cry for help.”
26 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community
Feeding Durham's hungry
one mouth at a time
and Nicole O’Brien
Here’s some food for thought: one
out of 10 families in the Durham
Region is food insecure.
People such as Oshawa
residents Peter and Gloria, who,
though may never go hungry,
regularly use food banks and visit
soup kitchens on a daily basis.
They have a tough time making
ends meet because they live on social
assistance from the province.
“I’ve been coming here for
about ten years,” says Peter. “We
like it here.”
According to the Durham Region
Health, food insecurity is
defined as “not having access to
enough safe and nutritious food
due to lack of money.” Families
are often worried about running
out of food, so settle for lower
quality foods, and eat less to save
These aren’t just people who
visit food banks and soup kitchens.
Food insecurity can happen
According to the health region,
those most affected by food insecurity
are single parents with children
under age 18, people on Ontario
Works, people on Ontario
Disability Support program, seniors
living on old age pension, and
college and university students.
Don Macleod, president and
chair of Back Door Mission, says
food insecurity is a big problem in
“On a typical day, we have
about 10 to 15 people looking for
small parcels of food,” says Macleod.
Backdoor Mission in Oshawa
works to relieve the stresses of
poverty within economically deprived
pockets of the city.
Along with serving food three
times a week, the mission gives
out food tickets for St. Vincent’s
Kitchen, located in Oshawa, twice
Macleod says the meal tickets
are great, but a lack of transportation
is a major problem.
“I have a number of people asking
me for bus tickets,” he says. “A
lot of them walk everywhere.”
Other causes of food insecurity
include low income, low education
and lack of food skills.
Macleod says understanding
what is and what isn’t nutritious
food is a whole other issue on its
“The thing that concerns me is
not so much that people are lacking
food to eat, though there are
certainly people that are hungry,”
Macleod says. “It’s what they are
Healthy eating and food insecurity
are dependent on being able
to find and purchase healthy food.
But healthy foods, such as fruits
and vegetables, cost significantly
more than unhealthy foods such
as canned goods and Kraft dinner.
For example, at Walmart, a
small bag of baby carrots can cost
around $1.67. Compare that to
a box of Kraft dinner for $1.27,
which is a basically a meal in a
According to a 2013 study by
Harvard School of Public Health,
a healthy diet can cost about $1.50
more per day than an unhealthy
This doesn’t seem like a lot
at first glance, but that adds up
to about $2,000 on the average
family of four’s grocery bill.
Those suffering from food
insecurity may chose the lower
quality food over the expensive
healthy food because it still fills
them up and costs less.
Food insecurity is also linked to
household income. When people
make less, people do not have
enough money to pay for rent, bills
Oshawa residents Edward and
Barbara use the Back Door Mission
weekly. They finally found a
place to live after being shut down
multiple times by landlords.
“I’ve been turned down because
I have children. I have been
turned down because I am not
working,” Eric said. “And trying
to find a place to live is really hard,
the prices are very very high.”
Macelod says this adds even
more challenges to already
“Part of the reason why housing
is such a problem is that it’s kind of
a base thing,” he says. “You need
to have some place to live before
you can work on other things like
getting a job and eating well.”
According to a 2016 Durham
Region Health report, it costs
$837 a month to feed a family of
four in Durham.
The average Ontario income
in 2016 was about $7,448 per
month. And the average rent rate
is $1,203. So how much is left over
at the end of the month?
For the average family of four,
this may not be an issue since it
works out to about $5,408.
Those on Ontario Works, more
commonly known as welfare,
aren’t so lucky.
According to Durham Region
Health, the average Ontario
Works income is $1,227 per
month. After paying rent and grocery
bills, those on welfare are left
with only $187.
Not having financial access to
a healthy diet can lead to a whole
set of health problems. At any
age, poor nutrition puts people at
greater risk for chronic disease, infection
and lowered immunity. According
to Health Canada, those
suffering from food insecurity
report higher rates of depression,
Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and
These problems can cost more
money and more time for those already
financially strained, according
to the local health region. As a
result, the cycle of food insecurity
and poor health is a difficult one
to break, resulting in expensive
costs to the Ontario health care
The healthcare system cost
the province $2.9 billion in 2008,
according to Durham Region
There are options available via
the regional government to assist
families and social service groups
in promoting food security in Durham.
These tools include lists of food
resources in the region, such as
food banks and breakfast clubs.
Others can directly assist through
donations to non-profits such as
Feed the Need and Back Door
Mission or volunteer their own
time at a soup kitchen.
Meanwhile, for Peter and Gloria,
next week will be the same as
this week: another trip to the food
(Note: We have changed the names
of the families involved to protect their
Less meat and more veggies to live a healthy life
Nathan Deschamps, 23, has been
a vegan for 9 years.
At 14-years-old, Deschamps
decided he was done with eating
meat. After watching a documentary
which showed the poor conditions
animals in factory farms
were kept in influenced him to eat
“I always had an idea of what
was going on but actually seeing
it [for myself],” says Deschamps,
“is what inspired me to go vegan.”
In recent years, nearly 33 per
cent of Canadians have chosen
veganism as a healthier alternative.
And with today’s foods being
loaded with preservatives, some
of which found are in household
products like sodium cyclamate
and triacetin, although vegan
dieting is gaining in popularity.
This healthier way of eating can
result in long-term benefits.
In the first few months of his
switch to veganism, Deschamps
says he found it difficult figuring
out the boundaries of a vegan diet.
But as time went on, he became
more aware of what nutrients are
required for a healthy diet.
Deschamps said he turned
to online vegan communities to
learn more about the best way to
maintain a balanced diet.
“When I started nine years
ago, veganism was a lot less popular
than it is now. It was a lot more
difficult to find people who were
interested in the same ideas. So it
was mostly online for me,” Deschamps
Nutritionist for the Durham
College and UOIT Campus
Health and Wellness Centre,
Sylvia Emmorey, says to go from
eating your typical diet to being
vegan overnight is something she
would never suggest. “That’s why
I work with people one-on-one to
help guide through that change
slowly. That would be too dramatic
of a change to vegan.”
Some of the harms which can
come from making an abrupt
change to veganism can be a disproportion
of meals with fillers
such as bread, rice and potatoes
leading to craving, increased
appetite, mood imbalances and
People get energy from carbohydrates.
Sometimes when people
choose to go vegan or even vegetarian,
they’ll just cut out all proteins
in their diet and increase
the carbs. This major change can
throw a person’s energy balance
off. A although we gain a small
amount of energy from proteins,
their main purpose is to repair
and rebuild the body.
“Some of the things you may
see with a person that is deficient
If done properly,
it can be really
in protein can be fatigue, hair
loss, and slow wound repair,” Emmorey
The main potential deficiencies
that can happen over time are
vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
Supplements like B12 vitamins
and iron pills are recommended to
all those new to the vegan diet. “If
you’re strictly vegan, you probably
have to supplement unless you’re
getting enough beans, legumes,
nuts and seeds. It [can be a challenge]
– to [maintain] properly,”
According to Emmorey, we
don’t need a ton of meat sources
in our diets.
In fact, we don’t actually require
dairy in our diets. Inherited
from generations before us is the
idea we need milk and other dairy
products as our leading source of
“It’s been proven that we’re
not actually utilizing the calcium
properly from the forms of dairy
that are available to us. We are
one of the only countries that consumes
milk [which can result in]
such a high risk of osteoporosis,”
Going vegan may resemble
traits of a fad. “It is popular
and it is a little bit trendy [today],”
Emmorey says. “It is a legitimate
diet. If done properly it can be
But becoming vegan isn’t just
a matter of picking up a carton of
soy milk and attending your local
animal abuse rally.
Photograph by Alex Debets
Don Macleod, president and chair of the Back Door Mission
and Lianne McDonald, program coordinator, serve food to
many people everyday.
Kimberly Dixon, 39, tried the
vegan lifestyle out but eventually
went back to eating red meat for
a number of reasons. She found
it tricky to maintain an iron-enriched
diet. Also as a parent, Dixon
couldn’t help but think about
the added hormones in our meat
products and the effect they could
have on her children’s growing
“Maybe [eating meat] explains
why so many intolerances are relevant…”
Dixon says. “Where did
they all come from? It used to be
peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.”
“Truth be told, I never [reached
the point of] a true vegan. I didn’t
cut out dairy or eggs,” Dixon says.
But she did feel like it was a cleaner
way of eating.
In the long run, the vegan diet
is more than a trendy lifestyle.
There are a number of positive
health benefits. Since becoming
vegan at age 14, Deschamps has
seen some benefits like experiencing
more energy and maintaining
a healthy body weight.
The only advice Deschamps
has for people interested in the
vegan lifestyle is to make sure they
eat as much variety as possible.
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 27
DC celebrating 50 years
Photograph by Travis Fortnum
Guitarists playing to celebrate Durham College's 50 amazing
Durham College has “been in town,
for a half a century now,” as the
lyrics of a new song written for the
school’s 50th anniversary suggest.
Fifty Durham College students,
faculty, and alumni filled the Student
Services Building to celebrate
fifty years of the school, armed with
acoustic guitars, and sheet music
for “A Lesson Learned in Time”,
by Justin Lant, and “Ahead by a
Century” by The Tragically Hip.
“I guess I was plunking away on
my guitar and thought, you know
what would be cool? To bring
together fifty guitar players for fifty
years,” says Lovisa. That’s how it
began, but not how it finished. After
pitching the idea to his staff, the
call was sent out. An email went to
all DCmail email addresses. “Don
Lovisa wants YOU to join him,”
was the opening line.
Lovisa knew “A Lesson Learned
in Time” would be a good fit for the
“It’s a great song,” says Lovisa.
“It takes of our value, and our mission
and all that and puts it into a
Lovisa refers to lyrics such as “no
bias here, equality we share,” and
“no boundaries the rules are fair,”
are what Lovisa is referring to.
One of the guitar players, Ashley
Paddenberg, says she was super excited
There's so much community there
that's so nice.
The event was one of many being
put on by the school to celebrate the
anniversary but, there was something
different this time with the
song, “A Lesson Learned In Time.”
Written by Justin Lant, an employee
of the grounds department
and member of 20 Amp Soundchild,
the song goes into the school’s
history and the values.
Lant was inspired by the anniversary,
and decided to write a song.
“It was obviously inspired by the
50th anniversary,” says Lant. “So
we just went by the general vibe behind
like the mentality of the half
Durham College president Don
Lovisa, who came up with the fifty
guitars idea, was there with guitar
in hand and ready to play.
“When they put out the posting
online, I was really excited about
the opportunity to play guitar,” says
Paddenberg. “Student life can be
very busy.” She is in the Operations
bridge program, and says she has
played guitar “badly” for 10 years.
Paddenberg says this event built
a sense of community, even though
most people playing hadn’t met
each other before.
“There’s so much community
there that’s so nice,” she says. “You
know, sharing our tuners and things
and talking about our guitars and
participating with the school.”
The school continues to host 50
year events, including the Epic Mac
‘n event at the Centre for Food in
April and exam stress relief week
28 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus
Photograph by Kayano Waite
Rob Nokes at work in the welding department at Durham College (centre), and in his office (bottom right).
Piecing together a legacy at DC
Rob Nokes, mechanical technologist,
is a Durham Region native.
The husband and father of two has
lived many years between Oshawa
and Whitby. Through that time, he
has seen many changes with how
technology is used and taught at
Durham College (DC). I was able
to talk to him about his upbringing,
as well as his thoughts on the state
of welding at DC.
Tell me about yourself. Where
were you born?
Well, I was born in Oshawa, I
married in 1986. We bought a
house in Oshawa. Oshawa, we
lived there for about nine years.
And then I moved back to Whitby.
When did you get into welding?
I started welding in high school.
Took all trades in high school really.
I won the Grade 12 Welding Award
in 1981. I came to Durham College,
took the welder fitter program.
I didn’t get a job right out of the
gate, but I eventually got a maintenance
welding job. I worked in
the trucking, maintenance side up
until 2002 when I started working
at the college.
It would be easy to say this
(tech) was something you
knew could see yourself doing.?
Yeah, I enjoy the welding aspect
of making stuff, designing stuff.
Have you seen a growth or decline
in the amount of people
wanting to learn about the
trades, specifically welding?
We definitely have had an increase
of students wanting to take
welding. We started the one-year
techniques programs about three,
four years ago. This year is the start
of the two-year program.
What’s different now, over years
past, in high school when people
took the trades, you would take it in
Grade 12 and then you would come
to college to learn the advance stuff.
We’re now getting students that
haven’t stepped into a shop during
high school and are now realizing
that trades can lead to a really good
career path. But they’re coming
here with no experience.
What would you change with
the school board in terms of
making it more accessible for
students to learn more about
People have finally realized that
computers are not going to control
and do everything, we need people
who can work with their hands. I
know some schools are bringing
trades back. The sooner you start
into it at the high school level, the
better for when you come to college.
The OYAP (Ontario Youth Apprenticeship
Program) which you
can get into at high school is really
good. That’s a great starting place.
What are some misconceptions
about working in the
I think people think it’s easy. It’s
hot. It’s dirty sometimes. You’re
gonna get scrapes. For some reason,
some guidance counselors are
telling people “you’re gonna make
a fortune.” Not out of the gate. If
you’re gonna make a lot of money,
you’re gonna work hard.
What’s the toughest challenge
in your field?
A lot of the times, in the real
world, something we don’t stress is
the time constraints. You’re pushed
and pushed to get a job done faster
and faster, because time is money.
Sometimes at the college we don’t
emphasize that enough. That’s the
What current projects are you
Right now, we finished just getting
20 new welding machines in
the shop, that was a big project we
That required making some kind
of cart to hold them hold them all,
figure out the wiring get them
hooked up, get them tested. We got
a third shop coming so definitely
there’ll be some more projects we've
What’s the most important
thing in your field people
should be aware of?
(For the welding field) When you
see someone who does good work,
appreciate them. Don’t always go
by someone telling you how good
they are. You can tell by just watching
them work and looking at their
What’s your favourite thing
about working at Durham
Because I like to fabricate and
design stuff, I get to design stuff
for this entire building. I feel good
when I walk around the school and
I can look around the shop and see
things that I’ve designed and built
and installed in the shop. People
talk about legacies. I walk around
and I see my legacies already.
This interview was edited for style,
length and clarity.
Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 29
Goodbye from the journalism students
Photograph by Jim Ferr
The second-year journalism students pose for a group photo with their professors. The students create and produce The Chronicle each week, along with The
Chronicle website and Riot Radio show. Absent students are included in the top left of the photo.
Thank you from the advertising reps
Photograph by Jim Ferr
Sales reps from the advertising program pose with their professor. The reps are in charge of finding advertisers and placing them in the paper each week.
30 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 31
New Saks store in Pickering
Photograph by Nicole O'Brien
Kim Howchin was the first to sign up for the new emails for
Saks Off 5th store at Pickering Town Centre.
One year after entering the Canadian
market, Saks Off 5th has
opened a new store at the Pickering
Customers lined up to see the unveiling
of the new 30,000 square
foot store on earlier this month.
The store offers a mix of designer
fashion, accessories and footwear
for men, women and children.
in Brampton opened on the same
day as the Pickering store.
“There hasn’t been many new
stores in the PTC so I am happy to
have another shopping option,” said
Pickering resident Kaitlin Brown.
As part of the Hudson's Bay
Company brand portfolio, Saks Off
5th has 117 stores globally and an
e-commerce division, saksoff5th.
com. Since entering the Canadian
retail market last March, locations
are popping up around the country.
Typically Saks Fifth Avenue is a
higher end store.
But it’s not your average store.
With brands such as Calvin Klein,
Ralph Lauren and BCBG, the average
sweater can cost up to $500.
Jeans can cost anywhere from
$100 to $300, and a pair of high
heel shoes can be a pretty penny,
running anywhere from $20 to
more than $300. Customers such
as Louise Antle were buzzing in the
grand opening line up, hoping to
find something new.
“Standing outside in the line, I
was anticipating good deals,” said
Antle. “But looking at the price
tags, it is pricey.”
Lorna Murphy, a Saks marketing
director, is “thrilled” to welcome
Saks Off 5th.
"Shoppers can look forward to
off-the-runway trends, exceptional
service, and savings on more than
800 of the biggest names in fashion,”
she said in a statement.
The store is one of two Saks Off
5th locations to open in the Toronto
area this year. The second location
Pickering resident and frequent
PTC shopper Kym Howchin attended
the grand opening. She
said she knew the Saks brand from
numerous shopping trips to the U.S.
“I was excited to see what they
have. I’ve been to Saks Off 5th Ave
at other locations so it was cool that
it was coming to Pickering,”
Howchin said. From Edmonton,
Alta., to Vaughan, Ont., the retailer
plans to operate up to 25 Canadian
locations by the end of the decade.
Howchin thinks the new addition
to the Pickering Town Centre will
benefit the mall and the city as a
“From looking around and seeing
the prices, typically Saks Fifth Avenue
is a higher end store, but this
is sort of the outlet so the prices I
think are pretty reasonable,” Howchin
There are no plans for an Oshawa
location, but stores are set to
open next in Quebec City, Winnipeg,
and Montreal by 2018.
32 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Karaoke event for U.S. trip
PR student, Melanie Richard, organized the charity karaoke event.
The Public Relations program at
Durham College were getting their
tune on by holding a charity karaoke
event this month.
Local residents and DC students
got out and got up to sing their
hearts out at Whiskey John’s Bar
and Grill in Oshawa.
Melanie Richard is a PR student
and organized the event. She says
karaoke is the best choice for all
“My group mates thought it
would be great do karaoke. Because
everybody loves to sing. It’s a kid
friendly event,” says Richards.
Melissa Neill and her daughter
Becca, had no fear of getting
up on stage at the event.
“I like singing [songs from] Frozen
and Katy Perry,” says Becca.
“I also like being a back-up dancer
when other people sing.”
Her mother enjoyed singing
some older rock songs from bands
like Aerosmith and Heart.
“It runs in the family, all
of us love to sing. She is my
little rockstar,” says McNeill.
Michael Valenti was the karaoke
DJ for the night.
He worked approximately eight
hours to support the event and play
the requested songs.
He says it was a long night but
he was happy to do something different.
“I get to play songs that I normally
don’t get to. It’s also for charity
and to support local Durham
College students so, how could I
not want to be a part of it?” says
Not only is this event for fun, but
it’s also part of the Public Relations
Photograph by Erin Williams
The event raised money for a
charity of a student’s choice, while
also learning about fundraising
Students of the program learn
about fundraising and campaigning,
and needed to plan an event as
part of their course.
“In our careers later on, we
do need to have experience and
practice these skills,” says Richards.
“We are expected to fundraise
basically from the beginning right
until the ends. Setting it up, getting
sponsors, and then fundraising.”
Richard hopes to raise more
than enough money for charity
and the class development trip to
Chicago on March 30.
“We are going there, have a blast
for three days, and learn more
about how the states do it different
from Canada. The only thing we
pay for is our flights. We are going
to talk to their social media and
their public relations teams.”
Richard says social media aspect
is a big part of fundraising now.
She was glad to find a venue like
Whiskey John’s to hold the event
and shared the event on social media
while fundraising in person at
Richard says the team will likely
choose Sick Kids Hospital for their
charity of choice, but it is a team
decision and it hasn’t fully been
She also says they hit their goal
by raising more than $1,600 and
will continue to raise even more
towards their trip to the United
Bounce back with mix tunes
In December of 2016, Detroit rapper
Big Sean announced via Twitter
that he was releasing an album
titled I Decided in February.
This kept hip-hop fans anxiously
waiting to see what he did this
time around. Sean is known for his
unique flows and his clever punch
lines. And, of course, he delivered
on his album.
The album’s production is a mixture
of new school bouncy trap records,
as well as a soulful smooth
The album features Jeremih,
fellow Detroit rapper Eminem,
Jhene Aiko, The-Dream, Migos
The album starts off with a skit,
a haunting voice of elderly man
talking to God about all his regrets,
underscored by atmospheric music.
The skit spills perfectly into the
first song, “Light” which features
Jeremih. The song has an inspirational
feeling to it as Sean touches
on subject like racial discrimination.
“Light” has a very smooth vibe,
with no drums at all. It’s one of
those songs where you can just lie
in bed and stare at the ceiling, embrace
the music and just listen.
“Light” samples Eddie Kendrick’s
“Intimate Friends”, which was also
sampled in Alicia Keys’ “Unbreakable”
and Snoop Dogg’s “Another’s
The second song on the album,
“Bounce Back,” is the biggest hit. If
you are an athlete, you have this
song on your playlist for sure. The
track is about bouncing back from
a loss. The chorus goes, “Last night
took an L but tonight I bounce
With production from star producer
Metro Boomin and a sample
from Sufjan Stevens, “All for Myself,”
the song has a chill vibe with
hard-hitting groovy drums and
bouncy 808 basslines.
This is definitely a song you
would hear at a party, or a song
you would listen to while driving
around with your friends.
The rest of the album includes a
mixture of relaxed laid-back tracks
as well as fast- paced hype tracks.
Sean continued the tradition of
making a song dedicated to a loved
On his last album “Dark Sky Paradise”,
he dedicated the song “One
Man Can Change the World” to his
On this album, he dedicated
track number 12 “Inspire Me” to
In an interview with the Power
105.1 FM, a radio station in New
York City, Sean says when he
played the song for his mother, it
brought tears to her eyes.
Sean is no stranger to music that
touches people, as he grew up in a
“Motown household.” Motown is
associated with soulful music and
Speaking of inspiration, most
rappers may go back and say they
were inspired by other rappers like
Tupac, Biggie or Jay Z.
But in an interview with Entertainment
Weekly, Big Sean gave credit
to classic Motown singers like
Marvin Gaye and Stevie Wonder,
as well as The Temptations. Sean’s
goal with this album, to uplift and
“People who can be inspired by
it. That’s who I am doing it for,” he
said in Entertainment Weekly.
Screenshot by Asim Pervez
'Bounce Back' is the second song in the I Decided album, and a big
Entertainment chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 33
Photograph courtesy of Columbia Records/Sony Music
The cover for Beyoncé's visual album Lemonade.
Where is Bey's crown?
During this year’s Grammys, a notso-expected
record stole Album of
the Year. Social media lit on fire.
According to Twitter Data,
Queen Bey, also known as Beyoncé,
was the most tweeted about star
of the night. Why you ask?
A black artist losing to a white
artist, specifically for Album of the
Year, seems to be a never-ending
issue at the Grammys. For some
reason, urban artists never seem
to achieve this award.
Beyoncé has respectively earned
22 Grammys to date. But never Album
of the Year.
Just two years ago, Beyoncé’s selftitled
visual album, lost to Beck’s
Morning Phase. Kanye almost pulled
a MTV Video Music Awards
(VMAs) moment when he heard
Beyoncé lost to Beck.
For those who are unfamiliar, in
2009 Beyoncé lost the Best Female
Video award to Taylor Swift. West
strolled on stage and said “Beyoncé
had one of the best videos of all
Fast forward to the 2015 Grammys,
West approached the stage but
as he went for the mic, he jokingly
walked back to his seat. This was
to show he thought Beyoncé should
have won, as opposed to Beck.
That moment was epic and gave
the audience a good laugh. But
what isn’t funny is black artists’
work not being publicly recognized
by The Recording Academy.
In 2009, Lil Wayne’s Tha Carter
III lost to Robert Plant & Alison
Krauss’ Raising Sand. And in 2010,
I Am... Sasha Fierce by Beyoncé lost
to Taylor Swift’s Fearless. In 2016,
Kendrick Lamar’s To Pimp a Butterfly
lost to Taylor Swift’s 1989.
The list goes on. Even Adele
begged the question at this year’s
“What the f**k does she have
to do to win Album of the Year?”
It is an ongoing recurrence that
the Grammy voters have not chosen
a black artist over the past ten years
to win this prestigious award.
This year created the most uproar
on social media, as Queen
Bey’s triumphant album Lemonade
lost to Adele’s 25.
Before April 2016, lemonade
was just a popular drink. Today,
Lemonade is Beyoncé’s most popular
album. On April 23, 2016 Beyoncé’s
visual album was released after
her three-year musical hiatus and
left the Beyhive (Beyoncé’s fans)
in absolute shock. It also created
Beyoncé sings the line, “He
only want me when I’m not there,
he better call Becky with the
good hair” in the song Sorry. This
sparked allegations of troubles in
her marriage to Jay-Z.
Was Jay-Z unfaithful? Who was
the other woman? When did this
A still from Beyoncé's Lemonade.
The cheating scandal was never
confirmed, but what it did do was
create an impact. It made the record
more relatable for woman and
men who have been cheated on.
Along with controversy, the album
also had an empowering visual
aspect, which brought racial
injustice to light.
Formation, the last track off Lemonade,
displayed Beyoncé floating
on a police car in the water. This
was not an anti-police act. Beyoncé
was trying to bring awareness
to police violence and murders towards
Beyoncé brought the mothers of
Mike Brown, Eric Garner, Oscar
Grant and Travon Martin into the
Lemonade visual. They hold photos
of their sons who died – all victims
of police brutality. Later that year,
she brought all the mothers to the
MTV VMA Awards white carpet.
This made the bigger picture come
full circle, showing Beyoncé’s appreciation
towards these mothers.
Queen Bey tells other stories
throughout her album. She opens
up to her fans, which she normally
does not do.
The album includes moments
from her childhood, private moments
with her daughter Blue Ivy
Carter, Beyoncé’s pregnancy, her
mother Tina Knowles and she and
Photograph courtesy of Columbia Records/Sony Music
Jay-Z getting matching tattoos.
This album’s visual concepts
showcased eleven emotional chapters,
including intuition, denial,
anger, apathy, emptiness, accountability,
resurrection, hope and redemption.
These eleven feelings tell the
perfect story for Lemonade. Beyoncé
took lemons and made a historical
impact on pop culture.The journey
of infidelity, the impact of injustice
and the art of bittersweet moments
all in one complete package go
along with a triumphant record.
Lemonade's lack of recognition
means other loss for great quality
34 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
Entertainment chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 35
for a dream
“I was one of the Rosebuds,” Divya
Chand says, as she remembers being
an extra standing in front of
more than 16,000 screaming fans
on a WWE stage. “And it was all
on my 20th birthday.”
She was dressed in a fairy costume
alongside others as part as
a colourful entourage for wrestler
Adam Rose. It wasn’t the first time
she was in Montreal – in fact, she
has been to the city to see wrestling
events in the past - but it was the
first time Chand was performing in
front of millions watching at home.
Chand’s opportunity to be part
of the WWE production for one
night was “one of the best experiences”
of her life, because for the
GTA-native, wrestling full-time in
the big league is a childhood dream
she will never stop chasing.
According to a study in the academic
journal Social Forces, only
six per cent of adults achieve their
childhood dream career. But for
many who have accomplished
their goals, the struggles and obstacles
were all part of the journey.
Through determination and unbridled
passion, chasing a dream
can lead to personal victories, advantageous
experiences, and opportunities
to inspire others.
In the past 20 years, many
notable Ontario-based wrestlers
have made a name for themselves
worldwide. This list includes the
WWE Hall of Famers Trish Stratus
and Edge, his longtime tag-team
partner Christian, and WWE title
holder Anthony Carelli, known at
the company as Santino Marella.
It’s under Carelli’s guidance at
Battle Arts Academy in Mississauga
that Chand – or Aria “Wild” Sapphire
in the ring - now currently
Divya Chand (right) with trainer Yuki Ishikawa.
trains. Her instructor teaches how
to take body slams and piledrivers,
but also encourages students to find
the will within.
“It is up to one’s self to ultimately
become successful. You must adopt
the ‘I can make it happen’ attitude,
believe in yourself, and be willing
to work harder than anyone else,”
At only 21-years old, it’s already
been a long journey for Chand,
who’s love for wrestling began at
an early age. Along with her brothers,
the young girl from Markham,
Ont. became fixated on WWF’s
(now WWE) grungy, no-holdsbarred
Attitude Era. Themes of
violence, sex and drugs were fair
game in the late 1990s, but Chand
doesn’t think it affected her upbringing.
“I loved wrestling, but I still had
that girly side to me,” Chand says.
“I liked Barbies, and tea parties
with Hulk Hogan.”
It was as a child her aspirations
of being a wrestler were realized,
but her parents were against her
entering anything combat related.
Instead, they agreed to acting classes.
At 12-years old, Chand began
to attend seminars about commercials,
TV beauty segments, and
Her adoration for the wrestling
industry carried over into her high
school years. However, a weight
issue took a toll on the teenager
not only physically, but mentally.
“I gained a lot of weight and suffered
from eating disorders and anemia,”
she says. “I hated it because
I wanted to wrestle, but I had this
outer layer of me that I couldn’t get
Chand decided to get a personal
trainer in her final year of school.
From there, her wrestling career
began when she signed up to train
at Squared Circle in Toronto. The
school was at Jane St. and Finch
Ave. W, a Toronto area with a history
of violence. Yet in this building,
combat was a way of keeping out
In conjunction with her training,
Chand also realized her love
for helping others. For the then-
19-year old, Durham College’s
Photograph by Tyler Hodgkinson
Divya Chand entering the ring before a match in Japan.
Child and Youth Worker (CYW)
program seemed like the perfect fit.
But sacrifices needed to be made
to achieve her childhood dream.
Leaving the program was only the
“CYWs do extraordinary things
for youth, are on call 24/7, and are
always there for the children that
need them. But I couldn’t be there,
and I felt that it’s unfair for those
kids,” Chand says.
Chand will be returning to
the school for something related
to youth services in future, but is
currently focused on her wrestling
career and making it to the WWE.
Deep in the grind at Battle Arts
Academy, Chand also learns from a
legendary Japanese trainer named
Academy owner Carelli was
a student of Ishawaka while in
Japan, and when an injury forced
the wrestler to retire, he opened a
training facility in his hometown
of Mississauga. A job offer was extended
to his former mentor, and
Together, the instructors teach
two different styles. Carelli has a
greater grasp on American style
wrestling, while Ishikawa instills
traditional Japanese form. For
someone like Chand, the lessons
she learns from her instructors are
According to Carelli, Chand’s
wrestling ability has improved
since she arrived at the academy.
He says she has a “much better
understanding of the psychological
aspects of professional wrestling –
the storytelling component.”
I liked Barbies,
and tea parties
with Hulk Hogan.
He also believes that the way
she presents herself in and out of
the ring is impressive, saying “she’s
very confident and not afraid to
perform in front of large groups of
Ishikawa mirrors Carelli’s sentiment
and believes Chand is a positive
role model for others because of
her ability to absorb information.
“She understands my thinking
and has a good personality. She
can be a leader at Battle Arts,”
But kinds words don’t create success
stories - personal effort does.
Chand was sent to acquire new
fighting styles in dojos in Japan
where she stayed for three months,
and when she was finished in Asia,
Photograph courtesy of Divya Chand
she migrated to England for five
months to once again learn new
Chand left behind most of her
family and friends in Canada, all in
the name of achieving her dream.
She says the sacrifices were hard to
make, but well worth it.
In fact, her hard work and determination
paid off when Carelli
called her less than a month after
her tours asking if she was interested
in an on-screen extra role
on WWE Raw. The answer was
a quick yes.
Chand’s moment had arrived.
She was standing face-to-face with
William Regal, a WWE legend and
talent scout. After showing off her
mic skills and physical attributes,
Regal complimented her on her effort
and suggested that if she continues
on the path she is currently
on, that she may have a future with
Chand’s goal of being a professional
wrestler in the WWE is twofold;
she wants to fulfill a childhood
dream, but also wants to inspire
others – especially children – to be
whatever they want.
The young fighter has already
encountered a variety of obstacles
in her life, but wants people to
know that if she can utilize her
passion and achieve her success,
so can they.
“I want to teach people that
everything will be OK. No matter
how tough situations feel, you can
36 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca
The NHL needs more soul
on the ice
Watching a hockey game, you may
notice many things: crowds of devoted
fans, colourful jerseys - and
While hockey is seen by many
as Canada’s sport, it still lacks diversity.
There are currently 30 black
hockey players in the NHL, only
five percent of the league.
Malik Johnson is one of few black
players on the UOIT Ridgeback
men’s hockey team. The first year
Criminology and Legal Studies student
plays left wing for the Ridgebacks.
Growing up in Montreal, he
shared a love for hockey with his
father and brother, yet he and his
family are Edmonton Oilers fans.
He says he looked up to black
hockey players such as Georges
Laraque and Mike Grier. “My
dad would give us those jerseys to
make us not feel like an outsider in
hockey,” says Johnson.
He played in the Quebec Major
Junior Hockey League (QMJHL),
and in New Brunswick and Prince
Edward Island. During his younger
years though, He says he faced
“There would come to a lot of
situations where there’s racial remarks,”
said Johnson. “But I just
fought through it and just put it
Comments like this are not unheard
of for black hockey players,
especially in the NHL.
Soul on Ice: Past, Present & Future
is a documentary focused on
the role of black Canadians in the
Oshawa Public Library hosted a
free showing of Soul on Ice in late
The film is about the history
of black Canadians and their influence
on the game of hockey.
Starting with the history of black
Nova Scotians, to the startup of the
NHL, to modern day initiatives
such as Hockey is for Everyone,
an initiative focused on inclusivity
in the game.
Damon Kwame Mason is the
director of Soul on Ice. He was
born in Toronto, and has been active
in the entertainment industry
since 1996, working between Ontario
and Alberta, where he was
an announcer for FLOW 93.5 and
A lifelong fan of hockey, Mason
got into contact with several professional
hockey players in Edmonton
during his time in Alberta. He
questioned the lack of black hockey
players in the league and wanted to
look more into the lack of diversity.
Mason felt it was his duty to tell
this story, feeling the history behind
Photograph by Kayano Waite
Soul on Ice: Past, Present and Future director, Damon Kwame Mason , poses next to a poster for
the game needed to be preserved.
“I took a leap of faith, sold my
condo and invested all my money
and time into this, and well, here
It took more than three years to
complete, yet Mason feels there are
still many stories revolving around
hockey, such as women’s history
with the game.
Mason often went to Bernice
Carnegie for support during production.
She has a deep connection
She is the co-founder and executive
director of the Herbert H.
Carnegie Future Aces Foundation,
named after her father Herb.
Herb Carnegie was one of many
players interviewed for the film.
He was born in 1919 in Toronto.
Though never a member of the
NHL, Carnegie made a name for
himself as a member of the Black
Aces, the first all-black line in hockey
at the time.
After retiring from hockey in
1954, Herb created the Future Aces
Hockey School in 1955, the first
hockey school in Canada, according
to his daughter.
His last recorded interview was
for this film. He died at the age
of 92, nine days after being interviewed.
“I’ve seen the film several times,
and every time I break down,” says
She says while hockey is still seen
a white man’s game, she believes
the league is making inroads to be
And Bernice looks at Mason’s
work ethic to produce his film as
an example for younger people to
achieve their goals.
“If you have the heart and soul
to want to do something,” she says.
“You should carry it as far as you
Bernice says finding financial or
personal support may be difficult
but having a passion for the sport
is key to success.
“That was the spirit my father
had, that he never gave up on
anything in his life, and as a result
accomplished so much.”
Johnson says the problems he has
had with his race have decreased
with age and time.
Now, he is focused on the game
itself and growing with the Ridgebacks.
“With us evolving and the culture
of our team, I would like to
look at myself as one of these leaders
for our team,” Johnson says. “In
the next couple of years I’d hopefully
like to bring this team to a
Indian students host their own cricket tournament
Cheering and yelling filled the
Campus Fieldhouse when the Indian
Student Association (ISA) held
its first ever student-run cricket
Six teams took part in the competition
March 8, and the top teams
played their finals March 15.
The tournament had to be run
by the ISA after the Student Association
(SA) cancelled intramurals
after not enough teams signed up.
But cancelling intramurals didn’t
change the fact students still wanted
“I made an application for my
SA (event application), and they
said OK I can have one (tournament),”
said Krishnanan Thanpremkumar,
vice-president of the
ISA and a second-year student in
the protection, security, and investigation
program at DC. “This is
the first year we are doing a tournament
by the students, not the
Each team paid $35 to enter the
tournament, compared to the $20
dollars per student that the SA
charged for intramurals.
Awards were given to the winning
team, as well as trophies for
best batsman, best bowler, and
most valuable player.
“We went out of our way and
pitched our own money in for
cups (trophies),” said Narmata
Jeyachandran, a member of the
ISA and scorekeeper for the tournament.
“We give best bowler and
best batsman $50 gift cards.”
This game gives
you life lessons.
Jeyachandran, who will take
over running the tournament next
year for Thanpremkumar after he
graduates, says cricket means the
world to the players.
“To some of these guys, cricket is
their everything,” she said. “One
of these guys had a mid-term and
he skipped it just to play cricket.”
Nitharsan Thajipkumar, a UOIT
student who has played cricket for
more than 10 years, says the game
is very competitive and teamwork
“You need to coordinate with
your team and be together with the
team,” he said. “This game gives
you life lessons.”
Cricket shares similarities with
baseball, but is still very different
in its own unique way. It is a less
forgiving game than other sports,
“If you play soccer you can lose
a goal in the first half but make it
back in the second half. Cricket is
not like that,” Thajipkumar said.
“From beginning to end, you need
to play properly.”
The ISA has become an important
part of student life for its members.
Thanpremkumar says most
of the players in the tournament
are international students, with the
exception of two.
“We started the ISA to make a
change for Indian students, and
that’s what we’re doing,” said Jeyachandran.
Although the ISA has been
around for a few years, this year
they are trying to put themselves
out there more, Jeyachandran
said. On March 9 the ISA hosted
Mother Language Day at the UA
auditorium to celebrate the many
languages of India.
“There’s more than 50 states in
India and every state has its own
language,” said Camran Nazir, a
player in the tournament and member
of the ISA.
Jeyachandran hopes to grow the
ISA even more next year by hosting
“The ISA helps Indian students
get their opportunity and get their
values and beliefs out,” she said.
“We want to show everyone, ‘hey,
we’re here too’.”
Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 37
Changing concussion culture
Can you imagine being absolutely
fine one moment, and then suddenly
completely off the next? Can you
imagine what it would be like to
be an athlete on top of the world
only for it to come crashing down
around you? To be leading the
American Hockey League (AHL)
in goals one second, only to sometimes
need help up the stairs the
That’s what happened to former
UOIT men’s hockey coach, Craig
Fisher. He was the coach of the
Ridgebacks from 2010-2012.
On Nov. 12, 1999, Fisher suffered
his third concussion when
he took a knee to the head only to
immediately fall again, hitting his
head on the ice while playing for
the Rochester Americans of the
Since that incident, Fisher has
also taken a puck to the head while
coaching the Whitby Fury of the
Ontario Junior Hockey League
Fisher is still dealing with the
symptoms to this day, which is
why he felt the need to step aside
as coach of the Ridgebacks.
But what does Fisher have exactly?
He has a Traumatic Brain Injury
(TBI) that has had lingering
effects for almost two decades.
Fisher developed his TBI due to
the three concussions he received
throughout his hockey career.
Today, Fisher isn’t coaching
anymore, but he’s taken on an advisory
role for the UOIT athletics
“I have always been involved in
counselling hockey players with
TBI as it can really help to talk to
someone who has lived through
and is continuing to live through a
brain injury,” says Fisher. “I continue
to do this with both UOIT
players and players from other
leagues who contact me.”
According to Fisher, the difference
in the level of understanding
of concussions is immense.
“I was hurt in 1999 which was
the very beginning of the new
‘concussion era’ in hockey,” Fisher
says. “Before then, players were not
aware of this issue - it really still was
the ‘got your bell rung and go back
out there’ era.”
Fisher isn’t the only one working
with players who suffer from concussion
symptoms. Jeff Watson, a
strength and conditioning coach at
UOIT says, “Virtually once they’re
diagnosed with a concussion, the
next thing to do is to wait until
Athletic therapist, Saul Behrman, sits in his office.
they’re symptom free for anything.
So they have to be symptom free
in just daily active living, and then
once they can pass that test, then
we put them through a little bit of
a stress test.”
Watson says the stress test is
when they get the athletes heart
rate up. If any symptoms come up,
they have to restart and wait until
the athlete is completely symptom
free once again.
Watson also says those in the athletic
therapy department, such as
Saul Behrman, would work closer
Behrman is one of the main
athletic therapists at UOIT, and
he says that there are a few parts to
UOIT’s concussion protocol. The
first is recognition. This simply
means recognizing the symptoms
in athletes while they are in practice
“A lot of the studies are showing
that the faster you recognize the
concussions and get them into the
protocol the better and faster their
return to play is,” says Behrman.
After recognizing the symptoms,
the athlete is put through testing.
The SCAT3 test is the standard
concussion assessment tool. It tests
things ranging from memory and
balance to sensitivity to light. Ultimately,
this is to determine if the
athlete is experiencing something
out of the ordinary.
After the SCAT3 tests, Behrman
and the rest of the Athletic Therapy
department bring athletes into the
clinic to use tools such as Impact,
which, according to Behrman,
helps test their reaction time and
memory while comparing the results
to how they were before the
Behrman also says the Athletic
Therapy department gives the
athletes advice on how to deal with
their symptoms. “Things like initially
cognitive rest and not using
their cell phone or their computers.
There’s a lot of instruction that we
give them on how to rest in the goal
of decreasing their symptoms,”
says Behrman, who starts athletes
into their return to play protocol.
“Basically there’s a number depending
on how the patient presents.
We may differ the types of
treatment we do. There’s manual
therapy in the clinic if some of their
symptoms are related to neck problems.
And there’s visual testing we
can do, and there’s exercise based
therapy that we can give to help
The return to learn protocol has
athletes attend class and do some
school work in order to make sure
that cognitively no symptoms flare
up. If all goes well, the athlete can
be reintroduced into class. Athletic
Therapists also work with the
accommodations department at
Durham or UOIT if the athlete
needs any accommodations for
In order to get the athlete back
onto the field, Behrman says, “We
have a graded return to play. What
we do is we take someone who’s
returning from a concussion and
once their scores have returned to
baseline levels and their symptoms
have decreased, we would start to
introduce a graded return to play.”
A graded return to play, according
to Behrman, means starting at
a lighter level of activity and seeing
how the athlete responds to that.
Photograph by Christopher Jones
Former NHL player and Ridgebacks men's hockey coach, Craig Fisher, still works at UOIT as an Athletics Coordinator.
Photograph by Christopher Jones
This could mean something like
a 20-minute bike ride. If they pass
that, then the athlete has to do
some more strenuous exercise and
Behrman keeps track of their heart
rate and blood pressure.
From there, the athlete may be
introduced into some sport specific
drills. “If they’re a basketball player
[that means] having them do some
specific drills related to basketball,”
Behrman also says between all
of these phases, the athletic therapists
are leaving 24 hours to continue
monitoring the athlete. If
the athlete continues to progress
well, then the athlete is introduced
into non-contact practice, then to
a contact practice and then back
into play, according to Behrman.
“The difference [in concussion
protocol] is immense as there is
such a greater level of understanding
about the long and short-term
effects of traumatic brain issue,”
Concussions protocol at UOIT
gives athletes who suffer from a
head injury a chance to one day
play again, which is something
many athletes, such as Fisher, did
not used to have.
After almost 20 years, Craig
Fisher still has moments when his
Traumatic Brain Injury affects
him. He still sometimes has trouble
getting up the stairs on his own. For
Fisher, the room is still sometimes
“All and all, the culture of
[sports] has made real progress
in raising awareness of this issue.
Hopefully the next step will be better
support and protection for all
players,” says Fisher.
38 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports
Baseball stadiums worth
of the best
PNC Park in Pittburgh is widely regarded as one of the best stadiums in baseball.
The fresh cut grass, the bleachers,
a stadium dog, a cold beer and of
course some great baseball. There’s
nothing quite like a day at the ballpark.
The Rogers Centre is a great
venue for people living in the GTA
to cheer on their hometown Blue
Jays, but with 30 MLB teams, the
league has so much more to offer.
So this summer, why not pack up
the car with a few friends and hit
the road to one of the many gorgeous
and historic ballparks within
a day’s drive of Toronto.
Baseball is the ultimate family
game, with roots that go back almost
200 years. Baseball historian
and Canadian Baseball Hall of
Fame inductee, William Humber,
says the game’s deep, traditional
roots are what make it attractive to
so many different types of people.
“People are able to trace their
love of the game back many generations,”
says Humber. “I have
grandchildren now that are fourth
generations fans of the game.”
Humber is a published author
who has written multiple books
about sports in Canada, particularly
baseball. He also teaches a
course at Seneca College called
Baseball Spring Training for Fans.
He recommends his students visit
other stadiums, besides the Rogers
One of the problems with getting
young people to visit baseball
stadiums is that the game does not
have the same appeal for young
people as it used to.
According to Geoff Baker of
the Seattle Times, the MLB has
the oldest fans of any major sport.
Many people believe the slow pace
of the game turns young people
away, however Humber believes
this isn’t true.
“When the Blue Jays became a
good team the past couple of seasons
it was largely young people going
out to the games and enjoying
the full experience,” Humber says.
“We like the speed it up tempo of
other games but baseball has an
The Blue Jays’ success has been a
lot of fun to watch, but it has come
at a cost for fans wanting to see a
game live. Toronto had an average
attendance of 41,000 last season,
which was tops in the AL.
Tickets sold out weeks in advance
for much of the summer. Fans
wanting to catch a game either
had to plan a long time before going
or had to pay much more on
the second-hand market.
The narrative is likely to be the
same this year should the Blue
Jays enjoy similar success. Taking
a drive to a foreign ballpark would
give you a better chance at getting
tickets for a reasonable price.
The success has also been very
beneficial to youth baseball in the
According to Howard Birnie,
president of the Leaside Baseball
Association, enrollment was up
over 25 per cent in the summer of
2016 compared to 2015. Humber
Photograph courtesy of Michael Welsh
Baseball stadiums are an exciting experience for everyone.
says it’s no surprise baseball interest
has spiked in the GTA at the same
time the Blue Jays have fielded their
most competitive team for the in
over two decades.
“The Blue Jays are the benchmark
for baseball in not just Toronto
but all of Canada,” says Humber.
“As the Jays improve, suddenly
people are more aware of the game,
particularly kids. They want to play
it and watch.”
Interest in baseball as a whole
continues to grow. Attendance
across the league has never been
higher. Fans flock from all around
to have a full entertainment experience
at the state of the art stadiums
baseball has to offer. Every ballpark
has unique features and provides its
own atmosphere. Whether it be the
history, framework, or attractions
within the stadium, each of these
parks is worth paying a visit to this
PNC Park - Pittsburgh
-Opened in 2001
-575 km from DC/UOIT
-Blue Jays do not play there this
PNC Park is home to the Pittsburgh
Pirates and is widely regarded
as one jewels in all of baseball.
Built with a salute to classic
stadiums like Fenway and Wrigley,
it is a modern stadium that has a
feel of an old-time ballpark. When
PNC opened it was named the best
stadium in the MLB by ESPN.
The stadium is located along the
Allegheny River with spectacular
views of the downtown skyline from
The stadium is easily accessible
from the downtown core. From
the Roberto Clemente Bridge you
can see the arches which make the
concourse of PNC so recognizable.
On game days, the bridge is closed
off to cars and transformed into
an interactive experience for fans.
Photograph by Michael Welsh
Fans can enjoy some food and a
beer while listening to live music
and playing games before entering
The 38,000-seat venue is the
perfect mixture of old-time charm
with all the modern amenities to
create an exceptional fan experience.
Comerica Park - Detroit
-Opened in 2000
-432 km from DC/UOIT
-Blue Jays will be at Comerica
Comerica Park is a centerpiece
of the revival of downtown Detroit.
An area that was once avoided by
many people has become an entertainment
The stadium is right beside Ford
Field, home to the NFL’s Detroit
Lions and right across the street
from the soon-to-be-complete
Little Caesar’s Arena, future home
of the NHL’s Detroit Red Wings
and the NBA’s Pistons. Detroit will
be the only city in North America
to have an MLB, NFL, NHL and
NBA team in its downtown core.
The area around the stadium is
loaded with sports bars, including
Cheli’s Bar, owned by former Red
Wing Chris Chelios, located right
across the street. The area is also
full of sports stores and lots of parking
for easy access to the stadium.
The inside of the ballpark was
designed with the whole family in
mind. There is a ferris wheel and
carousel for kids to enjoy, a giant
water feature in centre field that
celebrates Tigers’ homeruns and
other moments in the game. For
the adults, there is a beer garden
on the main concourse and a brew
house on the second deck.
Fans can also check out the Walk
of Fame. It has statues and plaques
of Tigers’ legends going all the way
back to the 1800’s.
Wrigley Field - Chicago
-Opened in 1914
-901 km from DC/UOIT
-Blue Jays will be at Wrigley
Wrigley Field is one of the most
historic stadiums in all of sports.
With over 100 years of history, a
visit to Wrigley is an experience
of its own, a baseball game is just
the cherry on top. The home of the
2016 World Series champion Cubs
is known for its ivy outfield wall and
scoreboard that is still operated by
Unlike most major league teams,
the Cubs play most of their games
during the daytime, even on weekdays.
The only time they play at
night is for nationally televised
broadcasts. Wrigley Field didn’t
even add lights on the field until
1988. This is just another way the
Cubs have stuck to the traditional
roots of baseball.
Given the age of Wrigley, many
people have been calling for a new
stadium for decades. This idea is
not usually met with agreement
from those who love the history
and feel of this classic park.
Wrigley is currently undergoing
renovations of over $500 million to
make the stadium more modern.
The renovations go beyond just the
park though. The Cubs are working
with business owners to revitalize
the neighbourhood around the
park with new restaurants, hotels
To get a truly unique experience
unlike anywhere else, fans
can watch the game from rooftop
bleachers across the street. Since
the 1980’s, building owners across
the street from Wrigley have sold
tickets that overlook the outfield
wall and right into the stadium.
This is truly a one a kind way to
watch a baseball game.
Fenway Park - Boston
-Opened in 1912
-843 km from DC/UOIT
-Blue Jays will be at Fenway July
17-20, September 4-6 and 25-27
The only stadium in baseball that
could challenge Wrigley for its rich
history is Fenway Park. The home
of the Boston Red Sox has been
used as much more than a baseball
stadium in its more than 100 years.
The stadium is used to host special
European soccer games, outdoor
hockey games, NCAA football and
is a popular concert venue.
Continued on page 39
Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - March 27, 2017 The Chronicle 39
visiting this summer
Photograph by Michael Welsh
Wrigley Field is one of the most iconic and historic venues in all of sports.
Continued from page 38
Fenway has many unique features.
The one red seat amongst
the green outfield bleachers and
“Pesky’s Pole” are a big part of
Fenway’s history but no features at
Fenway are more famous than the
“Green Monster”. The 37-foot left
field wall is unlike anything in all
of baseball. It is a marvel for fans to
look at, but a beast that outfielders
must deal with every game.
Balls that would be a fly-out
in any other stadium become
homeruns when hit to left field
at Fenway. Games in Boston are
unpredictable due to the unique
dimensions of the field created by
the “Green Monster” and the short
wall in right field.
Like Wrigley, the age of Fenway
has been a constant topic
amongst fans. Over the past two
decades, there have been multiple
attempts by city officials and Red
Sox management to build a new
Each time groups of fans who
love the classic stadium manage
to block the plans. Over the past
ten years, Fenway has been under
constant construction to ensure it
remains structurally intact.
Every home game during the
middle of the eighth inning fans
Photograph courtesy of Michael Welsh
Blue Jays fans always travel when Toronto plays in Boston.
sing the classic Neil Diamond song
“Sweet Caroline.” No matter what
the status of the game, the classic
tradition is carried out and creates
an atmosphere that can’t be
Coca-Cola Field - Buffalo
-Opened in 1988
-225 km from DC/UOIT
-Buffalo is Toronto’s minor
Coca-Cola Field is not home to
a major league club. The Buffalo
Bisons of Triple-A International
League call it home. The Bisons
are Toronto’s AAA team. This is a
great trip fans could take in a day,
for a reasonable price. The minor
league stadium provides a much
more intimate experience than a
major league park.
The stadium was built in 1988 on
hopes Buffalo would land an MLB
expansion club. Coca-Cola Field
currently has a capacity of less than
17,000 but has the potential to be
expanded to over 40,000 by adding
a second deck.
The stadium itself is nothing special.
It is the overall experience that
makes a trip to Coca-Cola Field
The most expensive ticket in the
house is only $13.50 on a weekend
game. For that price everybody
has an opportunity to catch some
great baseball in a great seat. Blue
Jays fans may be extra interested
in taking the trip while an injured
big leaguer is doing their rehab
assignment. Players exit the stadium
through a back parking lot
that is open to the public making is
easy for fans to get autographs and
photos with the players.
This is a short drive for a good
price. Fans can take this trip on a
Saturday morning and be home for
dinner. If you want to extend the
trip, Cooperstown, NY is only a
few hours away. Home to the Baseball
Hall of Fame, Cooperstown is
a trip all baseball fans have to take.
There is nowhere on earth with
more history and culture about
Going to a baseball game is
no longer just about cheering for
the home team or watching your
favourite player hit a homerun.
Fans pay for a full entertainment
experience. Live music, interactive
games and mascots racing around
the field are all part of a day at the
This summer take a trip that you
and your friends will remember for
a long time. Ballparks aren’t just
for baseball fans anymore. They
are for anyone who is looking for
entertainment, good food and a
cold beer in the sun.
Photograph by Michael Welsh
Coca-Cola Field delivers the charm of a minor league park.
40 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports
in the penalty box
Brock McGillis, former OHL
player and professional goalie, lived
the typical ‘hockey bro’ lifestyle for
years. It was a lie.
“I was the cocky hockey guy who
was womanizing. I always had a
different girlfriend,” McGillis says.
“But I’d go home at night when I
was 18 or 19 in the OHL and I
would break down crying and want
to kill myself. I would suppress it.
I would say ‘no, no, no. You’re not
gay,’ but the reality was that I am.”
McGillis was never out as a player.
He remained closeted throughout
his pro-hockey career in the
OHL, OUAA, UHL and while
playing professionally in Holland.
It wasn’t until last year he made
headlines by coming out publicly.
McGillis’ story is an anomaly.
The stereotypical hockey player
is usually hyper-masculine and as
cold as the ice on which they spend
so much time.
Locker room banter includes talk
of womanizing, partying and insulting
each other, calling friends
and opposing players "fags" and
feminizing them to get under their
Examples include Dallas Stars’
captain Jamie Benn and forward
Tyler Seguin attempting to joke
about the Sedin twins on a Dallas
radio station in 2015.
“Who knows what else they do
together,” said Benn.
“Seriously,” Seguin added.
Benn publicly apologized later
Another high-profile incident in
2011 saw Wayne Simmonds toss a
homophobic slur at Sean Avery.
The language used in chirping
and trash talk can be harmful to
players like McGillis.
Recently, players and officials
within the NHL have made efforts
to shut down offensive trash talks.
As an organization, the NHL
has taken steps towards LGBTQ
inclusion not seen by most in the
world of professional sports.
February was officially dubbed
Hockey is for Everyone Month.
The NHL partnered with the You
Can Play organization to host a
number of ‘Pride Night’ games.
This included logos for the NHL
and its teams decked out in rainbow
colours; as were players’ sticks,
thanks to Pride Tape, a rainbow
coloured hockey tape.
Even Brad Marchand, an elite
offensive talent on the Boston
Bruins, has done his best to make
everyone feel safe in hockey.
On the ice, Marchand is one of
the most controversial players in
the game. Off the ice, he’s spent
the last few months being vocal in
support of the LGBTQ community.
Last December, a hockey fan
took to Twitter to send some trash
talk Marchand’s way.
Players will use
anything to get
“Put Chara’s d**k back in your
mouth you f***ing f*g,” they tweeted
Marchand responded by quoting
the tweet for all to see. “This
derogatory statement is offensive to
so many people around the world
[you’re] the kind of kid parents are
ashamed of,” he said shutting down
“I think it’s cool that Marchand
did that,” says McGillis, who now
delivers presentations as an advocate
for LGBTQ equality. “I think
we can always use as many allies as
we can get.”
In an interview with ESPN, Marchand
says, “I want to stand up for
what I believe in, and I don’t think
it’s right when people say things or
bash people because of their sexual
He went on to say NHL players
would accept a gay teammate “no
But in the 100 years the NHL
has been around, there has not
been a single confirmed LGBTQ
player from the nearly 6,000 to hit
TSN stats expert Kevin Gibson
says the trash talk might be to
“Players will use anything to
Photograph by Brian Babineau/NHLI via Getty Images
Screencap Tweeted by Brad Marchand
Brad Marchand during warmups before the Bruins February 11 game against the Vancouver
Canucks. Marchand is using a stick decked out with Pride Tape.
Photograph by Darren Jackinsky / Blue Fish Studios
get under another player’s skin,”
Gibson says. “Mother jokes, sisters,
wives. If there’s sexuality in question,
I’m sure that type of language
would be used.”
And it has been used, time and
During the first round of the
playoffs in April 2016, Andrew
Shaw made headlines after angrily
lashing out at an official using a
After public outrage, Shaw issued
a standard apology and was suspended
for one game.
It’s not just members of the LG-
BTQ community this language
affects. NHL players, like professional
athletes in most sports, are
looked up to as role models.
“You’re going to have a lot of
kids going to games,” Gibson says,
“they can hear what the players are
saying on the ice. You don’t want
the kids going to schools and using
With every game being televised
and an increase in the popularity of
ice level mic feeds, players need to
be more careful with their words.
By partnering with You Can
Play, the NHL has shown they are
working to do just that.
You Can Play is a non-profit organization
working to ensure the
safety and inclusion of all people
“Our idea is that an athlete
should be judged on their skill,
their work ethic and their competitive
spirit and not on their gender
identity and/or sexual orientation,”
says Chris Mosier, VP of Program
Development and Community Relations.
Essentially: if you can play, you
Mosier himself was the first out
trans athlete to join a U.S. national
He had the chance to take part in
the Hockey is for Everyone Month
festivities, shooting the puck during
a sold-out Blackhawks game.
Continued on page 41
Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 41
From page 40
“It was great because it wasn’t
just LGBTQ athletes and fans in
the stadium,” Mosier says. “While
it was targeted towards the inclusion
of all people, it was not specifically
only LGBTQ night.”
Fans in attendance were just
there to see a game.
“It was great for regular fans to
get this information and see that
hockey really is for everyone,”
“That the NHL is making a
pointed effort to say ‘we appreciate
our LGBTQ fans, and potentially
athletes and coaches that might
be out there, and you’re welcome
Though progress is being made,
McGillis thinks the problem needs
a bigger fix than a month.
“I think the NHL is trying to
take some initiative, and organizations
like You Can Play are working
hard to change it,” he says.
However, for McGillis the issue
is still very real. He believes part
of the problem is those involved in
the game aren’t looking at the issue
from a grassroots level.
“We’re products of our environment.
The language you hear in
locker rooms starts at novice,
tyke…” says McGillis.
“No one really knows what it
means at that age, but they’re using
it and then they get older and it’s
habit. I work with athletes every
day. Triple A, junior, professional
hockey players that know I’m gay
and still say it and then go ‘oh’.”
McGillis believes the players
don’t always mean what they say
in a malicious sense, but that it’s
hard to break old habits.
“They’re recognizing and I
think that’s half the battle, to get
people to recognize that they’re
using those words,” he says. “It’s
the same thing with racist comments
or sexist comments.”
McGillis says he’s known closeted
players with a lot of potential
who have left the game because of
These are not isolated incidents.
For players in this situation,
You come into this world where nobody really cares
if you're black, you're white, you're coloured, you're
Muslim, you're Israeli, gay, straight or otherwise.
leagues specifically geared towards
members of the LGBTQ community
exist. For instance, the Toronto
Gay Hockey Association (TGHA)
which has over 170 members, making
up 11 teams.
Advancements in inclusivity
within the sport have begun to
become apparent to those involved.
“As the league gets older and
Photograph from Brock McGillis' Instagram
Brock McGillis (middle) works with players like Jake Burton (left) and Alex Rodrigue of the
Sudbury Wolves, McGillis' former OHL team.
older, you need new people to come
in,” says Chris Murray, commissioner
for the TGHA. “A lot of the
younger crowd say my team that
I’ve been playing with for 5-10
years doesn’t care if I’m gay, so
I’m just going to stay where I am.”
Murray calls it a utopian evolution.
“You come to this world
where nobody really cares if
you’re black, you’re white, you’re
coloured, you’re Muslim, you’re Israeli,
gay, straight or otherwise,”
“You’re just playing with the
people you’ve always played with.”
The progress made in the past
few years alone has brought the
hockey world closer to being a safe
place for the LGBTQ community
than ever before.
Andrew Quinlan, a forward in
the TGHA, says the league itself
is more respectful than others he
“There’s less trash talking,”
Quinlan says, “it definitely still
gets heated on the ice, like in any
hockey league, but there’s less trash
talking and never any fights.”
While Quinlan himself has been
fortunate enough to not face homophobia
on the ice, he acknowledges
the issue in the game today.
“I would be surprised to learn if
other leagues, at least in Toronto,
have the same sense of community
that our hockey league has built. It
goes beyond hockey.”
Homophobic trash talk players
once used without a care is slowly
becoming a rarity.
“It’s not as big of an issue today,”
McGillis says. “Is there full
equality? No. Society has shifted.
If sports don’t shift, then they’re
falling behind, and they have.”
Now, McGillis stays involved
in the game with current players
doing off-ice training, on-ice skill
development and in-season mentoring.
What advice would he offer to
“They need to learn to accept
themselves,” he says.
“Before they start thinking about
how it will affect their hockey or
sports or life, they have to accept
and love themselves and then from
there, know that you’re strong. You
can achieve greatness. You have it
Photograph by Darren Jackinsky / Blue Fish Studios
42 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports
The injury reserve
When Sarah Kentish’s gymnastics
career ended, it wasn’t in front of
a large crowd of screaming fans
cheering her on. It wasn’t a largescale
retirement speech that would
be remembered by millions, nor
was it included in a heartfelt biography.
In fact, the only person who
knew was Kentish herself.
Kentish was stuck upside down
on the balance beam. She couldn’t
shift her sense of gravity to regain
her balance and pull herself up.
Her coach wondered if she was
goofing off or messing around.
This could not have been further
from the truth.
“It was the strangest feeling, I
wasn’t even sure what happened,
one minute I was tumbling, the
next minute I was frozen in time,”
Kentish suffers from what is
known as a Kim Lesion, a progressive
injury located in her shoulder,
which tore on the beam. The injury
involves a tear in the muscle located
behind the shoulder socket. At
anytime the shoulder can drop into
a depression and simply dislocate
resulting in pain and discomfort.
Not realizing the extent of her injury,
Kentish continued performing
her routines, causing her shoulder
to become progressively more damaged.
With her body seemingly
failing her, questions arose. Was
she pushing herself too hard? Not
getting enough rest? Performing
her routines wrong?
For many athletes like Kentish,
the horrors of a career-ending injury
can be unexpected and quick,
forcing athletes to accept their fate
and begin the road to recovery,
even if that means never playing
the sport they love ever again.
For an athlete, this can be devastating
often prompting questions of,
what if? But the first question that
appears is, what happened?
Some injuries can be identified.
Others lie deep within the body
and require X-rays or even surgery.
The second question is how
did this happen? Many injuries
can happen in an instant due to
sudden stress on the body, like a
broken bone or a concussion. Other
injuries are ongoing and may affect
someone for months or even years
before the athlete takes notice. This
was the case with Kentish.
The final and most important
question athletes have is, what can
I do about this injury? This question
differs for everyone, as many
athletes have varying degrees of
severity to their injury.
Can we react to prevent injuries?
Well, yes and no. Many injuries
Sarah Kentish's gymnastics career ended when she developed a Kim Lesion.
appear without warning and are
usually due to stress of a play gone
awry. Surgery is often required in
these instances as athletes put more
stress on their body than regular
According to Dr. Slade Shantz,
an orthopaedic surgeon specializing
in shoulder injuries, the severity
of an injury can be the deciding
factor as to whether or not surgery
may be needed.
“The main thing for me is how
peoples’ activities and daily living
and how their quality of life is affected,”
says Dr. Shantz, who works
at The Shoulder Centre located at
Rouge Valley Health System.
For Kentish, her injury was too
severe to continue her gymnastics.
Her life altered forever. She would
need constant physiotherapy to rehabilitate
“It was quite devastating for me,
I worked really hard to do what I
did and this one injury took the end
of my career,” says Kentish, who
started gymnastics when she was
just 16 months old.
This experience for Kentish
mirrors what a lot of athletes
After the realization sets in, the
Photograph by Joshua Nelson
question then becomes, what are
the options for recovery? Although
surgery is an option, to most, it is
their last resort.
“First I tried strengthening with
a physiotherapist. That didn’t really
work so I went to a surgeon who
suggested I take cortisone shots and
see if bringing the inflammation
down would help heal my shoulder.
We tried. It didn’t work so ultimately
surgery was my [last option],”
says Kentish, who had her surgery
on August 23, 2016.
Even if Kentish had the option to
avoid surgery, simply working hard
to regain what she once lost would
be a daunting task.
To get the mobility or strength
back after an injury can be a huge
undertaking and it may never
fully heal. Lori Karikari, a registered
physiotherapist and the Vice
President of Complete Performance
Centre in Ajax, believes following
certain steps is a requirement for
injuries to heal.
“If it’s something really acute,
often times there’s a lot of manual
therapy and hands-on work initially,
education about positions… as
they move through the stages of
healing… you get into the strengthening
phase,” says Karikari, who
has been a practicing physiotherapist
Limitations need to be placed on
athletes who have injuries, as is the
case with Kentish.
“I was put immediately after
surgery into a cast, which held my
hand at a handshake position for
eight weeks. I was then allowed to
work with my arm but not anywhere
past a 90 degree range, right
now, months after surgery, I’m still
not able to lift anything near five
pounds using two hands,” says
Kentish, who now goes for physiotherapy
once a week.
Limitations like the ones placed
on Kentish can hold someone back
from a quick recovery. But after an
injury is assessed and the verdict is
given, the next step is always rehabilitation,
and if pursued, physiotherapy.
Physiotherapy is not mandatory,
but can be chosen to further
improve and heal an injury.
“Physiotherapy means going for
a specific guided program by a
physiotherapist and it can be really
helpful, especially for motivation,
and they have certain access to
things like ultrasound and laser
and electrical stimulation that patients
just wouldn’t have at home,”
says Dr. Shantz, who is interested in
using technology to create a more
patient oriented healthcare system.
According to an article by Sports
Medicine and Science Council of Saskatchewan,
physiotherapy is different
from athletic therapy. Athletic
therapy is really only available for
athletes while physiotherapy is
available for everyone, even those
who do not participate in sports.
“As physios, we see patients who
have unfortunately had an injury
whether it be sport-related… or
work-related, slip and falls, a variety
of reasons,” says Karikari, who
works with various professional
athletes, including members of the
Athletes can only be so aware
of their own bodies; an injury can
happen extremely fast or be the
result of something long-term. It’s
the risk they take to do the sport
“You have to take care of yourself
first,” says Kentish, who had
her surgery and subsequent rehabilitation
in 2016. “You have to
make sure you’re healthy or your
sport will not progress, try to get
chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 43
44 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca