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Volume XLIV, Issue 14 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017




page 3

Photograph by Barbara Howe

Out on

the ice

pages 40-41

Photograph by Darren Jackinsky / Blue Fish Studios


More women

in politics page 24




page 7

Photograph by Euvilla Thomas

Photograph by Frank Katradis

2 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 3

Vimy Ridge 100 years later

Barbara Howe

The Chronicle

Students from across Durham Region

are preparing for a trip of a

lifetime to honour the Canadian

men who died for their country in

France 100 years ago.

Approximately 1,000 high

school students from the across

the region will travel to Vimy

Ridge next month to take part in

a ‘Pilgrimage of Remembrance,’

which will culminate in a ceremony

at the Vimy Ridge Memorial

on April 9.

Dave Robinson, national advisor

and coordinator for EF

Educational Tours, addressed

approximately 200 participating

students from four of the Durham

Catholic District School Board

schools at Father Leo J. Austin

secondary school March 7.

“The things you are going to

experience are going to change

your life on this tour,” said Robinson.

The Battle of Vimy Ridge took

place on April 9, 1917 during the

First World War. It is regarded

as the turning point in Canadian


Four Canadian divisions

fought together as a unified force

for the first time and defeated the

German forces.

Though the battle claimed the

lives of 3,598 Canadian soldiers,

it is often regarded as a defining

moment for Canada, according to

the Vimy Foundation.

Robinson, who has led tours to

Vimy since the 90th anniversary

said there will be approximately

9,000 students, teachers and

Photograph by Barbara Howe

Taylor Chamberlain, a Grade 10 student from Monsignor John Pereyma Secondary School in

Oshawa, is excited to be making the trip to Vimy Ridge.

chaperones travelling to Arras,

France representing every Canadian

province and territory, but

the Durham contingent is the largest.

Taylor Chamberlain, a Grade

10 student from Monsignor John

Pereyma Catholic Secondary

School in Oshawa said she was

excited to be travelling on a plane

for the first time, and was looking

forward to seeing the battlefields

and finding out more about the

war where her ancestor, Horace

Macdonald, fought.

“My great-grandfather was in

the Vimy war and he survived it.

He was a sniper and he was shot in

the back. He was about 22-yearsold.”

Topher Malkin, a history teacher

at All Saints Secondary School

in Whitby, will lead a group of 42

students, adults and chaperones

on a trip which will take in Amsterdam,

Paris and London. He

said the trip will be an emotional

experience for the students.

“The trip ties the experiences

of Canadian history students and

helps create a direct link between

their experience in the 21st century

with the experiences of young

Canadian boys who, 100-years

ago, were living in trenches and

fighting for their lives and making

the ultimate sacrifice to fight for

king and country,” said Malkin in

a telephone interview.

Malkin has led trips to Vimy

on previous anniversaries and said

it is hard to evaluate the life experience

for the students.

“Every student who has gone

has told me after it was an experience

they will never forget,” said

Malkin. “I don’t think anyone

who has been on this trip comes

back without a positive experience.”

Malkin said the students from

All Saints have each researched

a soldier who died at Vimy Ridge

and a member of the armed forces

who died in the Second World

War during the Invasion of Normandy.

They will lay a small poppy

cross and memorial maple leaf at

the headstone of their assigned soldier

at the cemeteries which will

symbolically fulfil their pledge to

remember the fallen Canadians.

The students will travel in different

groups and experience various

parts of Europe from April 3


But, they will all converge

at the Vimy Memorial on April

9 for the memorial celebration

which will be attended by members

of the British Royal Family,

Canadian Prime Minister Justin

Trudeau, Governor General

David Johnston, and the leaders

of France, Belgium, and the U.K.

Security will be tight and all

students have been vetted by Veterans

Affairs Canada to obtain

their ticket to the event.

Also accompanying the Durham

delegation will be Oshawa

City Councilor Bob Chapman

and the Durham Regional Police

Pipes and Drums Band.

Robinson said the town of

Arras has been planning the celebrations

for April 9 for at least 10

years and they have some spectacular

things planned.

He told the students they will

have the opportunity to experience

virtual life in the trenches

through 3D goggles in an indoor

exhibition hall.

Additionally, there will be exhibits

from the Hamilton Signal

Corp, and the Invictus Games.

Driving under the influence

is an accelerating issue

Logan Caswell

The Chronicle

It was the night before her high

school prom. Rowen Reid of Ajax

made the final preparations for the

big night. But first, she had to drive

a car home from her grandparents.

What could go wrong?

May 28, 2014. According to

Reid, the skies were clear with

some clouds floating around here

and there. She stopped, waiting to

turn left on Salem and Taunton

Road in Ajax.

As she turned, a large car ran the

light and plowed into Reid’s vehicle

head on.

The impact left the 18-year-old

with a fractured sternum and a

fracture to a bone in her arm so

severe it punctured her skin.

The driver of the other vehicle

had been drinking. His girlfriend

owned the car but let her boyfriend

drive it with a suspended license.

After the collision, he tried to

switch seats with her.

While he tried to escape charges,

Reid laid in a hospital bed.

“I was taken to hospital where I

had to have surgery on my arm and

have two plates permanently placed

in my arm,” she says. “Of course I

missed my prom.”

Impaired driving charges have

bounced up and down since 2012

with Durham Region’s highest

totals coming in 2016. According to

Durham Regional Police (DRPS),

809 impaired driving charges were

handed out in 2015 compared to

908 in 2016.

DRPS conducted its annual

Festive Reduce Impaired Driving

Everywhere (R.I.D.E.) campaign

over the holiday season. Over a seven-week

period, 99 motorists were

charged with drinking and driving,

19 less than last year.

Over that span, almost no young

people aged between 18-22 were

charged with the offense according

to the Durham Regional Police.

Dave Selby, director of corporate

communications for DRPS, is

satisfied with the progress of the


“We were quite happy that anyone

in the category between 18-22

weren’t caught,” he says. “Kids in

that generation got the message and

realize it’s not something you do. It

used to be one of our biggest categories

so that’s an improvement.”

Selby says younger millennial

drivers had more exposure to anti-drinking

and driving messages.

He says the biggest problem now

isn’t them. “We found that we were

catching those aged 25, 26 all the

way up to middle aged adults on

a fairly regular basis,” says Selby.

Now more testing for impaired

driving could be on the way. With

the legalization of marijuana looming,

police forces will potentially

have more help on the road.

“The federal government wants

to supply police the tools to properly

scientifically measure drug and

not just alcohol,” says Selby. “We’d

like to have something in place before

the legislation being enacted

in terms of decimalizing smaller


Several new devices are currently

being tested in Europe that agencies

such as DRPS hope to take advantage


Danielle Oliveria, chapter administrative

assistant at MADD

Durham Region, is frustrated. She

has also seen a change in impaired

driving and not for the good.

“You’ll notice over the last year

more people have been driving impaired,”

she says. “I’d like to say

our numbers are decreasing, but

we can’t right now.”

Oliveria says detecting impaired

driving is huge reason why charges

are up from recent years.For some,

such as Rowen Reid, MADD can

be useful for telling stories, especially

for people like her who have been

affected but haven’t seen justice.

“The police were going to charge

Photograph courtesy of Blair Qualey

A highway patrol officer stops a motorist for impaired driving.

him with drinking and driving but

he just made the legal limit and was

only charged for driving with a suspended

license,” says Reid. “I still

deal with effects from the accident


Now, more than two years later,

Reid has accepted what happened

and hopes more people watch

what they consume before driving

a vehicle.

“Make sure you’re an advocate

for yourself and those around for

not driving under the influence,”

says Reid. “People need to realize

it’s not OK.”

4 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

PUBLISHER: Greg Murphy


AD MANAGER: Dawn Salter



NEWSROOM: brian.legree@durhamcollege.ca

ADVERTISING: dawn.salter@durhamcollege.ca

Cartoon by Toby VanWeston

Procedure is path to refuge

Asylum seekers from Turkey,

Syria, and Yemen are trekking

through the cold to cross the Manitoba

and Quebec borders in search

of a better life in Canada because

of the current political climate in

Trump’s America.

Here in Oshawa, we do not see

any strain on the system. As a result,

people may think Canada

should offer asylum to those who

seek it.

But the number of asylum seekers

will likely rise as the temperature

warms up.

This influx will have long-term

effects, which might not be beneficial

to all. Those seeking a better

life need to follow procedures.

Asylum seekers are looking for

international protection. Their

refugee status is undetermined, but

they can claim refugee protection

on Canadian soil.

The government of Canada will

protect those who are fleeing injustice

or cruel and unusual punishment.

Since January, more than 1,000

asylum seekers filed claims of refugee

status at the Quebec and U.S.

borders, and more than 100 have

filed claims at the Manitoba border,

according to Stephanie Levitz

of the Canadian Press.

Although it’s a criminal offence

to cross borders illegally, there are

no charges until refugee claims

are processed, according to Karen

Pauls of CBC News.

Since Jan., RCMP officers have

caught more than 2,000 asylum

seekers crossing illegally into the


Right now, according to Citizen

and Immigration Canada, there

are approximately 60,000 asylum

claimants awaiting a decision on

their claim. The average hearing

will take place in 19 months.

According to Bill Redekop of

Winnipeg Free Press, 65 per cent

of asylum claims are approved in

Canada. This is more than half of

the applications.

The problem is the length of time

for processing. A backgrounder on

the challenges faced by Canada’s

asylum system, which appears on

the Government of Canada website,

says it takes four and a half

years from the time a claim is

made until a rejected claimant is


This is not factoring in wait times

for the current influx. There are

15,000 claimants in the process

of being deported from Canada.

There are, however, approximately

38,000 asylum seekers who are

unaccounted for and subject to an

immigration warrant.

Rejected applicants run the risk

of being detained by the government,

or deported. For Canada

Border Services Agency, this can

cost anywhere from approximately

$1,500, or $15,000, if the deportation

is escorted, according to Pauls.

The influx of asylum seekers will

cause a strain on existing social

services. While waiting, they can

live and work in Canada and have

access to a range of social benefits.

According to lawyer Mark Benton,

asylum seekers are overloading

the refugee system. Manitoba

Premier Brian Pallister has called

on the federal government to act

more on the recent influx. Pallister

has asked the Trudeau government

to help fund health care coverage,

temporary housing, and employment

income assistance, direct

employment and labour market


With political leaders closing

borders in countries such as France,

the Netherlands, and the United

States, Canada needs to lead with

open arms. This requires process

as much as it does empathy. If Canadians

figure this out, the rest of

the world may follow.

Jessica Stoiku

with files from:

Laura Metcalfe

Euvilla Thomas

Logan Caswell

EDITORS: Jenn Amaro, James Bauman, Logan

Caswell, Rebecca Calzavara, Sharena Clendening,

Dean Daley, Alexander Debets, Travis Fortnum,

Tyler Hodgkinson, Barbara Howe, Noor Ibrahim,

James Jackson, Christopher Jones, Frank

Katradis, Daniel Koehler, Angela Lavallee, Laura

Metcalfe, Tommy Morais, Joshua Nelson, Nicole

O'Brien, Samuel Odrowski, Devarsh Oza, Trusha

Patel, Matthew Pellerin, Asim Pervez, Alex Ross

Emily Saxby, Tyler Searle, Jessica Stoiku, Euvilla

Thomas, Toby VanWeston, Kayano Waite, Brandi

Washington, Michael Welsh, Jared Williams, Erin


The Chronicle is published by the Durham College School of Media, Art

and Design, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7L7, 721-

2000 Ext. 3068, as a training vehicle for students enrolled in Journalism and

Advertising courses and as a campus news medium. Opinions expressed

are not necessarily those of the college administration or the board of governors.

The Chronicle is a member of the Ontario Community Newspapers


PRODUCTION ARTISTS: Brandon Agnew, Justin

Bates, Zach Beauparlant, Kayla Cook, Nathalie Desrochers,

Charlotte Edwards, Yannick Green, Madeline

Grixti, Stephanie Hanna, Lijo Joseph, Sarah

Judge, Shannon Lazo, Megan Mcdonald, Ashley Mcgregor,

Josh Mcgurk, Katie Miskelly, Louisa Molloy,

Jasmine Ohprecio, Alex Powdar, Olivia Randall-Norris,

Kaela Richardson, Madeleine Riley, Alex Royer,

Spencer Stevens, Rachel Thompson, Geroge Tsalavoutas,

Alexandra Weekes, Cameron Westlake.

MEDIA REPS: Rachel Alexander, Angela Bahnesli,

Sarah Bhatti, Anokhi Bhavsar, Steven Brundage,

Chanel Castella, Brandon Clark, Scott Cowling, Leanne

Howorth, Bryce Isaacs, Erin Jones, Natasha

Kowo, Samantha Mallia, Alyssa Matthew, Alexandra

Rich, Bethany Seaton, Kristian Seepersad, Georgina

Tsoutsos, Marisa Turpin, Rachel Wendt, Travis Yule.

Publisher: Greg Murphy Editor-In-Chief: Brian Legree Features editor: Teresa Goff Ad Manager: Dawn Salter

Advertising Production Manager: Kevan F. Drinkwalter Photography Editor: Al Fournier Technical Production: Keir Broadfoot

chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 5


Canadians will stand

together in support

of a diverse country

Trudeau won't

let Canada

change, or lose

our trade with

the states

In one of the greatest Canadian moments,

a vigil was held in Quebec

for the mass shooting at a mosque

in Quebec City which left six people


Canadians came together in support

of the grieving families and

showed the victims and the families

they are part of this country.

Now as a people, Canadians

should stand as a united front to

the world, stand behind the Prime

Minister and reach out to the countries

alienated by President Donald


The reality of Trudeau cooperating

with Trump would make a lot

of people grimace.

The Prime Minister represents

Canada and its people on a global

scale and according to a poll from

the Nanos Research group, which

surveyed 1,000 Canadians between

Dec. 16 and Dec. 19 in 2016, 75 per

cent of Canadians want Trudeau to

stand up to Trump.

However, the PM also needs to

look out for the best interests in


The U.S. is Canada’s biggest

trade partner. Statistics Canada

shows the goods exported to the

U.S. were over 34 million dollars



in December last year.

That is 11 million more than

Canada’s exports to the European

Union, the second largest trading


On the other side, Canada is only

the second biggest trade partner of

the U.S. since 2015. Our dependency

on them is higher than their

dependency on us.

Trudeau’s decision to not stand

up to Trump is a necessary evil and

Canadians should grant the Prime

Minister some understanding and


But as a people, Canadians can

do so much more than simply support.

Being Canadian means more

than just enjoying maple syrup,

bacon, or poutine.

It’s more than being a fan of hockey

and more than enjoying a warm

cup of Tim Horton’s coffee in the

morning while munching on some


Canada is a blend of cultures and

languages coming together as one,

while sharing diversity.

Many Canadians can track their

ancestry from somewhere else in

this world.

So as Canadians they hold on to

two identities: the Canadian one

right now and the one from wherever

they came from, including

traditions, habits and languages.

Trudeau acknowledges and embraces

that fact.

In October 2016, Trudeau announced

January would be Tamil

Heritage month, and October

both Islamic and Hindu Heritage

month. And let’s not forget Toronto’s

Caribbean Carnival Parade

every summer.

The Prime Minister took steps

to accept Canada’s diversity and

unite it. Announcing the heritage

months allows Canada to have

more opportunities to bring diversity


In reaching out to others and

embracing diversity as part of

Canadian culture and identity,

Trudeau is not the only one to

do so.

Some educational institutions

do too.

Lakehead University and the

University of Winnipeg made the

change for students to require a

three-credit course on Aboriginal

Culture and History to graduate,

to better help graduates communicate

and work with the aboriginal

population there.

Canada should continue being

so progressive.

Canadians should support and

unite behind their Prime Minister

and be an example to the world.

Canadians can support the country

by embracing their culture

and unite with other cultures in


Stand behind the Prime Minister.

Trudeau is dealing with

Trump for the sake of Canada’s

trade with the U.S.

Athletes are overpaid

In the last NBA off-season, players

such as Mike Conley have signed

some of the biggest contracts in

NBA history.

There are hundreds of millions

of people who are homeless but

millions of dollars are being given

to these athletes for putting a ball

into a basket.

Basketball players should be

given a large amount of money as

they are the best in the world at

what they do.

But making eight figures in a

single season? Nine figure contracts?

That is outrageous.

Memphis Grizzlies point guard

Mike Conley currently has the biggest

contract in the NBA, which

is actually the biggest contract in

NBA history: $153 million dollars

over 5 years.

Conley is not even a top-five

player at his position.

Overall he is ranked 36th in the

league in points per game at 19.2

a game and 18th in assist at 6.2

a game.

It is reminiscent of rapper Jay

Z’s lyrics “Would you rather be

underpaid or overrated?”

Under the NBA’s new Collective

Bargaining Agreement (CBA),

Golden State Warriors star point

guard, Stephen Curry, could reportedly

earn over $200 million

over a span of five years. Just outrageous.

The CBA is an agreement between

the league and the players

with a list of rules about salary

cap, tax arrangement, free agency,

anti-drug agreement, NBA Developmental

League, rookie salary

scales and minimum annual

salary scales.

According to therichest.com,

former President Barack Obama

earned $400,000 annually while



in office.

With other bonuses like an expense

account, a travel account and

an entertainment budget, that totals

up to approximately $670,000 annually.

Not bad at all. But compared

to NBA players, that number is


Four hundred forty-four NBA

players are going to make more

than $670,000 this season alone.

The highest earner in 2016-2017

is Cleveland Cavaliers superstar

forward LeBron James. He will

make just under $31 million this


According to the buisnessinsider.

com, doctors make anywhere from

$204,000 to $443,000 annually, depending

what type of doctor they

are. This isn’t a bad amount by any


But these people help change

and save lives. Someone may need

a lifesaving operation, and a whole

family could be depending on that

doctor to help save a life.

That being said, being an NBA

player is not easy either. Not just

anyone can make it. But what is

really more important? Saving a

life? Or putting a ball in hoop?

Health before wealth.

So ask yourself, should athletes

really have nine figure contracts?

Should they really be making eight

figures in a single season? Should

people who impact people’s lives

and help save lives make more


Or are athletes just really overpaid?

Employees taking a backseat to cleavage in restaurants

Ever since the introduction of

Hooters in 1983, skimpy outfits on

female servers have been the norm.

Just last year, a restaurant called

Bombshells, which boasts servers in

military style crop tops and miniskirts,

announced a plan to whip

out 100 new locations across the

United States.

But this isn’t just happening

south of the border.

Restaurants in Canada have

been increasingly adopting the ‘sex

sells’ phenomenon since the start

of 2012.

Chains such as Moxies, Hooters,

and the Tilted Kilt, coined

breastaurants, require their female

staff to wear scanty uniforms such

as miniskirts, heels, and cleavage-bearing

tops as part of the

restaurants’ image or brand.

Other chains such as Jack Astor’s

require female staff to wear Lulu

Lemon tennis skirts (priced at $74),

three pieces of jewellery, and make-



up. Some, such as The Keg, even

provide servers with a uniform including

a built in push-up bra.

The objectification of women

through the food industry is a

lazy sales gimmick to cover up the

shortcomings of eateries while still

managing to take a step backwards

in gender-equality and ten steps

forward in the exploitation of income-driven


Some may argue big breasts and

butts are part of advertisements

everywhere. Selling sex is an archaic

concept. What makes breastaurants

any different?

Breastaurants use their staff’s

looks and sexual appeal to cover

up for the shortcomings of the restaurant.

According to a 2017 Financial

Post article by Hollie Shaw,

full-service restaurants in Canada

have been taking losses for the past

year, and the drops are expected

to continue.

For that reason, restaurants

might have turned to marketing

their own staff as a desperate plot

to amp up their customers. However,

the objectification of female

bodies in the work force takes a toll

on their mental health.

According to a 2015 Business

Insider study, all the waitresses

interviewed at an unnamed breastaurant

experienced feelings of

anxiety, depression, anger, and


Fans of breastaurants might

also argue in order for women to

be exploited, they’d have to have

been forced into the job. But these

women applied for the jobs themselves,

so they must be happy and

willing to work, right? Satisfaction

may not always be the case.

In a 2016 interview with CBC,

chief commissioner of Ontario Human

Rights Commissions Renu

Mandhane said people working at

breastaurants, often times students

trying to make rent or pay off university

fees, are “fairly precarious.”

These restaurants are manipulating

the desperation of young

women to survive and get income

knowing well enough that making

top dollar would take a front seat

to being objectified.

That same incentive leads youth

every single year to the silver pole

at strip clubs.

If most of these women are

desperate to pay rent, why would

they quit their job when they’re

presented with an uncomfortable


When working at a breastaurant

can make you up to $700 a night,

many youth battling precarious

employment may think a mini skirt

isn’t worth losing income.

So why isn’t there a flood of complaints

from servers? The process

of filing a human rights complaint

against an employer is so time consuming

that it takes years to present

a resolution. The simplest option

would be to quit your job.

Breastaurants are a breeding

ground for mental health issues

amongst workers.

They normalize sexually-objectifying

environments that we have

been combatting for years and

give the impression that workers

are content. Breastaurants have

no place in a country trying to end

both the wage gap and sexism in

the workforce.

If the breastaurant industry continues

to thrive on the objectification

and manipulation of its female

staff, we might as well be teaching

young girls to incorporate their cup

size onto their resume.

6 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Opinion

Year in Review

Editorial cartoons by Toby VanWeston

September 2016-March 2017

Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 7

Scoliosis: Face of hope

Frank Katradis

The Chronicle

When Melissa Carroll was only

twelve years old she was given a

diagnosis that would change her

life. She was told she had scoliosis.

According to mayoclinic.org,

scoliosis is a sidewayas curvature of

the spine. Something that is more

common in women than men.

It has been noted that cerebral

palsy and muscular dystrophy can

cause the disease, but for the majority

of patients suffering from scoliosis

the cause remains unknown.

It happens mainly during growth

spurts. Many cases do not require


However, that wasn’t the case for


Her spine formed in the shape

of the letter “S” with a 56 degree

curve. As time progressed, Carroll

faced many issues.

Photograph by Frank Katradis

Melissa Carroll, who has gone through two surgeries to try and fix her spine, is happy to help

other girls facing scoliosis.

Photograph provided by Melissa Carroll

An X-ray of Melissa Carroll, showing the two metal rods that

were fused to her spine.

“A lot of my problems regarded

around my legs, and my spine obviously,”

she says. “I was just very

uncomfortable a lot of the time. I

couldn’t walk for long distances, I

couldn’t sit for long periods of time,

my right leg would go numb pretty

much the majority of the time. I just

had a lot of problems doing anything

physical, it just impacted me

pretty severely.”

Dr. Nicholas Antony, a chiropractor

at the Campus Health

Centre, and adjunct professor for

the Faculty of Kinesiology and

Health Sciences for the University

of Ontario Institute of Technology

(UOIT), has had many patients

come to him with similar issues

from scoliosis.

“Typically, what I see, in terms of

complaints is that as a result of the

curvature, muscles are tight joints

are sore,” says Antony. “And with

prolonged postures which typically

aggravate people in general, it

will make people that have scoliosis

more prone to muscle tightness,

sprains, strains with more repetitive

or prolonged sitting.”

“It impacted how I grew up and

who I became,” says Carroll. “I was

so young when I first found out that

I had it and it was such a quick process

to me learning you have this

disorder and just straight to ‘I need

to have a spine surgery’. It was so

overwhelming for me that I had a

hard time going to school, really

connecting with people, because I

felt like I was different, I felt there

was something severely different

about me versus others.”

Carroll had her first surgery

September 30, 2013. She had a full

spinal fusion, which is the procedure

of permanently joining two or

more vertebrate to form one solid

bone with no space in between,

according to Healthline.com.Carroll

had two titanium rods surgically

placed alongside her spine

with eight bolts and six screws to

help keep it straight. The surgery

didn’t just affect Carroll physically

though. It also impacted her mentally.

“I was always active, I always

played sports, I was a very sociable

person,” she says. “I loved to

be out and about with people, and

after my first surgery I physically

couldn’t go out just because I

couldn’t do anything. I lost everything

that kinda gave me joy in


Not able to do much, and feeling

different from others, Carroll

began to isolate herself.

Melissa Bosomworth, a life coach

for Durham College’s Access and

Support Centre (ASC), says mental

health for everyone is different,

but isolation mainly has negative

effects on people.

“When you isolate yourself,

you’re ultimately reducing the

amount of resources you have to

support you,” says Bosomworth.

“People are very social. When a social

person begins to isolate themselves

they’re taking away, perhaps,

some of their coping tools. Such as

going out, laughing with friends,

or doing something of interest to

them. Skiing, bowling, that kind of

stuff. They could start taking away

the things that bring them pleasure

or peace, or they could be reducing

their coping tools, and once they

start reducing those coping tools,

then you’re not as effectively dealing

with… you’re not giving yourself

the good feelings that you used

to get.”

For Carroll, things got worse.

Ten months being told her first

surgery was the only one she needed,

a rod broke in her back. A very

rare circumstance. Her doctors at

the time were unsure of their next

move. As a precaution, Carroll had

a second surgery in November of

2015 to remove all hardware in

her back. She also went through

bone grafts, had two of her ribs

removed, and she received bones

donated from donors to help rebuild

her back.

This was supposed to be a final

solution. That wasn’t the case.

“In August, I learned that that

surgery unfortunately failed as

well.” she says. “The bone graph

isn’t holding up and my spine is

curving again.”

Currently, Carroll is looking

into a potential third surgery. She

was actually booked to meet with

neurosurgeon Dr. Mohammed

Shamji to help fix her spine. However,

that meeting ended before it


Dr. Shamji was charged with

killing his wife in December of

2016. Carroll is still waiting to see

another doctor.

Carroll has taken her story to social

media outlets. It’s been over a

year. Ever since then young women

from all around the world who also

have scoliosis have gotten into contact

with her.

Carroll admits she was nervous at

first, hoping not to give the wrong

advice. But as time progressed she

felt more comfortable talking to the

women who contacted her.

“They started to DM (direct message)

me though Instagram and Facebook

asking me questions, saying

they were going through the same

process,” she says. “They either

had a failed surgery or their first

surgery, and they just had so many

questions for me. It just felt really

good trying to help them out and

explain to them that if you do take

care of your body and do this right

this can be a life changing thing.”

Bosomworth believes that this is

a really positive thing for all these

girls, including Carroll.

“By increasing her network of

people though social media… that’s

reaching out to other people,” says

Bosomworth. “And by sharing her

story, she’s also letting other people

know that ‘hey, you’re not alone in

It was so


for me that I

had a hard time

going to school,

really connecting

with people,

because I felt like

I was different.

this’. So now they have a place to


“I felt happy,” says Carroll. “Because

I was always so ashamed of

the fact that I had scoliosis and that

I had gone through this. I had no

one to talk to. It was very foreign to

me. So when all these girls started

to come to me it was cool to kind

of connect with a community that’s

going through the same thing

you’re going through. I’ve never

had that before, so that was a really

comforting feeling.”

There is more good news. According

to Dr. Antony, scoliosis will

not curve one’s spine forever.

“The one thing to note about

scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis, is

that it stops the progression of the

disease as you reach maturity,”

Antony says.

Carroll, who turns 19 in April,

wants to let others know just because

her surgeries didn’t work out

they shouldn’t be discouraged. She

still regards a full spinal fusion to

be a life-changing surgery and can

be very beneficial for those who

need it.

“Just because this happened

doesn’t mean it will happen to you,”

she says.

“Bad things happen in life, that’s

a part of life. You just got to live

with it, and move on.”

Photograph provided by Melissa Carroll

An X-ray of Melissa Carroll

once the rods were removed

from her spine.

8 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

Misgendering, a not so silent killer

Photograph by Jessica Stoiku

Sid MacIsaac, a gender non-conforming youth from Oshawa.

Photograph by Michiko Bown-Kai

Michiko Bown-Kai, a genderqueer individual living in Toronto,

is from Whitby.

Photograph provided by Drew Dennis

Drew Dennis identifies as a non-binary individual and lives in


Dean Daley

The Chronicle

Insects, trees and people congregate

at a PFLAG camp tucked inside the

Durham Regional Forest near Uxbridge.

This camp welcomes people

no matter what race, gender or sexual

orientation they are. You’re supposed

to feel accepted.

However, even with all the support,

Sid MacIsaac still felt uncomfortable.

Miserable. Misplaced.


Diana tries to make MacIsaac

feel more feminine. She says people

weren’t judging.

MacIsaac is a gender non conforming


Gender non conforming (or

non-binary), refers to people who

do not follow other people’s ideas or

stereotypes about how they should

look or act based on the female

or male sex they were assigned at


Sid prefers “they, them and their”

as opposed to “he, him and his”.

In 2015, the singular ‘they’

became widely accepted as a

gender-neutral pronoun. “They”

was the American Dialect Society’s

(ADS) word of the year. According

to ADS’ website, “They was recognized

by the society for its emerging

use as a pronoun to refer to a known

person, often as a conscious choice

by a person rejecting the traditional

gender binary of he and she.”

In a clearing in the woods, MacIsaac

slumps over, breathing shallowly

while a friend, Diana, rests

her hand on MacIsaac’s back in an

attempt at reassurance.Kevin, the

director of the camp, walks towards

Sid and Diana. He notices Sid is

having an anxiety attack.

“Sid you’re a great guy and any

person would be lucky to know a

dude like you,” says Kevin.

With each word, the anxiety

worsens. Any help Diana is providing

becomes useless.

“He was a gay guy hosting this

gender variance, sexuality variant

camp for a whole week and it was

him out of all people who made me

feel like shit,” says MacIsaac.

This experience is called misgendering.

According to the Oxford dictionary,

to misgender someone is

to refer to someone, especially a

transgender person, using a word,

especially a pronoun or form of address,

that does not correctly reflect

the gender with which they identify.

David Moulton, registered therapist

and Canadian certified counsellor,

says misgendering comes in

two forms: intentional and unintentional.

Intentional misgendering is when

a person knowingly refers to another

individual by the wrong gender. For

example, if a person would like to be

called he but another person refuses

and calls the individual a she.

Unintentional misgendering

happens mostly by accident. For

example, going to a Wal-Mart and

referring to the cashier by “Sir” but

really, her gender is female.

Almost every individual whose

gender does not match their assigned

sex at birth person has been

misgendered either intentionally or

by accident.

Although MacIsaac was misgendered

and can look at his past and

grow from it, other misgendered individuals

like Kyler Prescott cannot.

Kyler Prescott was a Southern

California transgender teenager

who was nearly 15-years-old when

he died by suicide in May 2015,

due to intentional misgendering by

medical professionals.

Prescott was admitted to the hospital

in San Diego Calif. for suicidal

ideations and self-mutilation. Prescott

was born a female but realized

his assigned gender at birth didn’t

reflect who he truly was.

While at the hospital, his parents

requested the nurses call him Kyler.

They didn’t comply. Six weeks later,

Kyler died by suicide.

According to Moulton, people

can react differently when misgendered.

But they often feel dysphoria

about their bodies.

Gender dysphoria occurs when

there is a conflict between assigned

gender at birth and the gender an

individual identifies with. According

to the American Psychiatric Association,

people who experience

gender dysphoria are very uncomfortable

not only with their gender

assigned at birth but also with their


According to Moulton, misgendering

causes anxiety and it can

cause an individual to be in distress.

Misgendering can slowly chip away,

and in some cases, Moulton says

misgendering can lead to suicide.

As many as “77 per cent of trans

respondents in an Ontario-based

survey had seriously considered

suicide and 45 per cent attempted

suicide,” according to the Canadian

Mental Health Association.

Moulton says intentional misgendering

can be very hurtful and

can have a large impact on an individual.

Michiko Bown-Kai is a genderqueer

individual living in Toronto.

Genderqueer is an umbrella term

for people whose identity does not

conform with either male or female.

Bown-Kai had many unfavourable

experiences when first coming

out as genderqueer.

People who knew Bown-Kai for

a long time would say things like,

“You’re so feminine why can’t I use

she and her pronouns?”

The problem was Bown-Kai, who

prefers to use “they” rather than

“she”, felt others were trying to

give their opinion on Bown-Kai’s

personal identity. “In the moment

that I was coming out to them and

that’s where the hurt was done,”

says Bown-Kai.

According to Bown-Kai, it was as

if people were deciding their opinions

were more important than how

Bown-Kai felt inside.

Intentionally misgendering someone

during their transition may be a

sign of transphobia, says Moulton.

A transition can happen in more

than one way.

Clinical transition occurs when

someone surgically starts the procedures

to change their gender. A

social transition happens when an

individual requests people start referring

to them using a preferred


According to Moulton, misgendering

someone going through their

transition has a very negative effect.

Moulton says it’s deliberately

disrespectful and undermines the

new self the individual in transition

is building. It also can be discouraging

and can lead someone to believe

they shouldn’t transition.

Although unintentional misgendering

may not be as hateful as intentional

misgendering, it can be

hurtful all the same.

MacIsaac says unintentional

misgendering is very hurtful and

can be tiring, especially when first

trying to come to terms with identity.

When people assume Sid was

male, it would make Sid feel dysphoric

because feeling male was


Early on, Sid identified as female

and would wear dresses, skirts,

and makeup. Sid says this was an

attempt to escape masculinity and

embrace femininity.

Although Sid doesn’t feel right as

a female and feels best as a non-conforming/non-binary

identity, being

unintentionally misgendered, as an

individual who was born as a male,

is still bothersome.

When people see Sid, often they

notice the clothing or hear Sid’s

I would just love it, if you knew that

I wasn’t actually a guy.

deep voice and assume Sid is male.

This leads to the use of masculine

descriptors such as “dude” or “sir”.

“I would just love it,” says Sid,

“if you knew that I wasn’t actually

a guy.”

Bown-Kai, the Torontonian who

moved from Whitby, also faces similar

experiences of being unintentionally


The unintentional misgendering

makes Bown-Kai feel invisible. “It’s

every person you talk to, it’s every

time you go outside, it’s every conversation

happening in the media

about what it means to be a male

or woman, it’s all those things that

piled up very quickly,” says Bown-

Kai. “For me the struggle wasn’t

necessarily that it happened once

in awhile, it’s that it happened consistently.”

Drew Dennis is the co-founder of

TransFocus consulting, a consulting

group that helps companies become

more trans friendly.

Continued on page 9

10 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

The green behind garbage

Dan Koehler

The Chronicle

On a cold winter Sunday afternoon,

a tall, long-haired man sorts

through recycling bins in front of

houses across Whitby, Oshawa, and


William, a retiree from the Oshawa

General Motors plant who

started working there in the 1970s

and retired in 2005, has been collecting

empty bottles and cans since

2007. He got the idea after seeing

others do the same.

“For kicks, I said to the wife, 'I’m

taking the van out just to see what’s

out there',” William says. “I came

back with maybe half a van load,

and then once you start adding it

up you’re thinking ‘holy crap this

is good money’.”

While many see collecting recyclables

or trash for money as a

small-time hobby to help with the

bills, in reality there is a big business

behind the idea.

In the grungy industrial area of

South Whitby, metal clashes and

scrapes as customers drop off scrap

metal and old electronics.

Art Northcott, owner and general

manager of ANJ Recycling in

Whitby, also makes a buck from

other people’s waste, just on a bigger

scale. He started his business

after collecting scrap on the side

while working for a different recycling


“When I was in steel, I used to

watch people come in and make

money and I’m going, ‘I could do

that’,” Northcott says. “I drove

around picking up scrap, saved my

money, and opened it up.”

Northcott opened his business in

2007. He hasn’t looked back since.

While both Northcott and William

help reduce the amount of

waste that ends up in a landfill,

both the federal and provincial

government need to implement

more initiatives to reduce waste

that makes its way to a landfill.

According to the Region of Durham’s

annual Waste Management

Report, in 2014 the region diverted

55 per cent of collected waste from

landfills, an increase of 22 per cent

since 2004. The region also made

$5.3 million in revenue from the

sale of blue box recyclables.

According to the Liquor Control

Board of Ontario, from May 2008

to May 2009, a year after the bottle

return program came back, 259

million wine and spirit containers

were returned for a refund. Of

that number, 145 thousand tonnes

of glass was recycled rather than

being dumped in a landfill.

South of the border, the industry

is even bigger. According to IBISworld.com,

the American scrap

metal industry alone provides over

34 thousand jobs and brings in $36

billion in revenue annually.

In recent years, more and more

governments have put in place

rules to try to increase recycling

numbers and lower waste numbers.

Durham Region has both a roadside

compost and yard waste program.

In 2014 the region collected

27,007 tonnes of organic material

for compost, and 32,123 tonnes of

yard-waste. They are now looking

into a clear bag policy for garbage.

Ontario even had an Environmental

Handling Fee (EHF) introduced

in 2014. This is essentially

a tax when purchasing electronics,

but the money does come back to

the public… sort of. The fee reflects

the cost to responsibly recycle

electronics rather than the e-waste

going to a landfill.

The fee is part of the Ontario

Electronic Stewardship (OES).

The government pays for the electronics

from a processor such as

Greentec, the company the DC

Sustainability office works with

through their program. The processor

breaks down and takes apart

the electronics to extract precious

metals. A processor buys e-waste

from a generator, such as Northcott,

who buys the electronics as

scrap from the public, still in its

original form, completing the cycle.

Tanya Roberts, Sustainability

Coordinator for Durham College,

says since we’ve extracted so much

from the earth through mines and

put it into electronics, now we can

start extracting from e-waste.

“Now we have above-ground

mines which are these processing

plants,” she says.

Northcott says in the past copper

was the scrap metal with the best

return but now electronics have

taken over.

“It’s definitely changing, people

are going green,” Northcott says.

Roberts receives equipment from

IT and what can’t be re-sold as

used is sold as e-waste to Greentec,

who is paid by the government with

the money from the OES program.

“People probably aren’t even

aware of how much of a lucrative

business (e-waste) that has been and

is becoming,” Roberts says.

“Electronics, we recycle probably

2 million pounds of per year, it’s

kind of our bread and butter,” says


In a perfect world, Roberts

says the government would offer

incentives to everyday people for

recycling, but in reality that won’t


“The government isn’t going to

offer those incentives unless there’s

value,” says Roberts.

Photograph by Dan Koehler

Art Northcott, owner and general manager of ANJ Recycling, standing behind his receiving desk where customers bring in scrap

electronics and metal.

Photograph by Dan Koehler

Employees of ANJ Recycling taking apart scrap before sorting


William on the other hand, gets

his scrap a little differently. He

either uses a van, or a bicycle he

equipped with a low horse-power

motor. He hauls a child’s wagon

that he rigged up behind the bike

to carry the empty bottles and cans.

He says the main reason for doing

what he does is due to the rising

cost of bills.

“The one thing that’s killing

middle class and lower that have a

house is hydro,” William says. “My

wife just smokes when she opens up

the hydro bill each month.”

When William retired from GM,

his income dropped nearly 300 per

cent. Like many in his situation,

his kids, both in their early 20s,

still live at home. With two kids at

home, one looking for work after

finishing post-secondary and another

saving for a house, his GM

pension wasn’t cutting it.

“I just used it to help supplement

my pension,” William says. “I realized

it was a pretty good thing to


Roberts has been watching

people collect bottles the same way

William does for years outside her

home. She thinks collecting bottles

is a great idea, and has seen it come

a long way over the years.

“It (collecting bottles) has definitely

evolved,” she says. “There

are a lot of opportunities from the

government for rebates.”

At age 67, William’s health is

limiting his ability to collect empties.

“This year hasn’t been a good

healthy year for me, this will probably

be my last year doing it,” he


For Northcott, 2017 is looking to

be a big year. He is opening up

a new location in Courtice that is

twice the size of his current location.

Unlike his current location,

the new place will be equipped to

take in steel, something he’s never

been able to buy.

“When we open the new location

we’re gonna have 5 or 6 more

guys,” he says. “We’re hoping summer,

July or August.”

Northcott says he doesn’t want

his business to get too big.

“I don’t want to get too big.

When you get too big you get too

many headaches,” he says.

He is hoping to pass the business

on to his son when he retires, who

is already part owner.

Even with people and businesses

like William and ANJ Recycling,

Canada still has a lot of work to

do to catch up to countries such as

Germany, a powerhouse when it

comes to clean energy and recycling.

According to GB Resources

Group and wefuturecycle.com, 80

per cent of waste is recycled in Germany,

while 80 per cent of waste in

Canada goes to a landfill.

Like Germany, Canada needs to

make it worth the public’s while to

recycle. More incentives need to

be made towards recycling, both

private and commercial, which will

lead to the already lucrative waste

market increasing even more.

If you live in Whitby, Oshawa,

or Courtice North of Highway

2, chances are you have heard

the putter of William’s makeshift

motorcycle cruising down your


Where there is waste there is

opportunity. In a never-ending

world of garbage, one man’s trash

really can be another man’s treasure.

(Since what William does is illegal

under City by-law, only his first name

can be used.)

Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 11

Help save our planet

Toby VanWeston

The Chronicle

Global warming is one of the greatest

concerns facing our generation

today. It’s not a matter of debate

anymore, it is a fact.

The Earth is heating up. 2016

was the warmest recorded year on

the planet. Modern recordkeeping

began in 1880. Data collected by

NASA and the National Oceanic

and Atmospheric Administration

(NOAA) show that the Earth’s

surface temperature was warmer

last year than ever before. This is

part of a trend, one that is happening

very quickly. Last year was

the third year in a row to set new

records for global average surface


The changes in environment are

largely due to increased carbon dioxide,

and other man-made emissions

to the planet’s atmosphere.

The key to solving this problem is

to make changes in how our society

interacts with the environment.

Perhaps just as crucial, however,

is the need to instill awareness and

passion in the next generation.

“Do little kids need to know

about global warming and climate

change? No, not a chance. What

they need to do is love the earth,”

says Jacob Rodenburg, instructor

for Environmental Science for

Teacher Education at Trent University

in Peterborough. “So instead

of waiting until they’re adults,

and then hitting them with these

massive problems, teach them to be

advocates and ambassadors while

they’re growing up.”

Rodenburg is also the Executive

Director of Camp Kawartha, a notfor-profit

organization that teaches

environmental education to youth.

The main camp is located on Clear

Lake, and an Environment Centre

is located at Trent University.

The camp’s focus is to foster

stewards, which Rodenburg defines

as “people who care for each other

and care for the land”.

Rodenburg found a lot of the

problems about environmental

education over the years was

“issues-based.” He found children,

the future protectors of the environment,

did not respond to this kind

of approach.

“There’s a term for it, it’s called

‘Eco-phobia’. If we’re not careful,

and you keep dumping these ideas

into kid’s heads without giving

them tools and a sense of hope, you

do them a disservice,” explains Rodenburg.

“In fact, you scare them

into apathy.”

With Camp Kawartha, Rodenburg

sought to find a different

way to get children interested and

passionate about protecting the environment.

“We see environmental education

and stewardship very much

about building hope, and empowering

and inspiring,” says Rodenburg.

The camp sees about 10,000

people come through each year.

Camp Kawartha focuses on

teaching children through experiences,

games, activities, science

projects, and art. It offers traditional

day and overnight summer

camps. The outdoor education centre

provides programs for elementary

and secondary students. The

Environmental Education Centre

located at Trent is “one of Canada’s

most sustainable buildings” and

provides environmental education

training for future teachers.

Rodenburg believes kids should

be fostered to be stewards as early

as possible. This means naturalizing

schoolyards, creating more

nature-rich cities, having access

to green spaces, and the chance to

care and tend to space.

The hope is that creating passionate

children will lead to passionate


Tanya Roberts is the Sustainability

Coordinator for Durham

College. Roberts increases environmental

programs and initiatives on

campus, improving campus operations.

She also works on projects

with students to make the college


Eric Lacina is one such student.

Photograph by Toby VanWeston

Eric Lacina, Environmental Technology student, poses with a

#muglife mug, an initiative he helped start.

Lacina is in the Environmental

Technology program, and a member

of the Student Green Team at

Durham College.

One project the Green Team

has found success with recently

has been the #muglife campaign,

an awareness campaign to reduce

disposable coffee cups by offering

reusable mugs. So far the campaign

has received well over 100 pledges

from Durham College and UOIT.

Lacina says every little bit of

recycling makes a difference, and

reduces the amount of waste that

simply sits in the open.

Research from POLOS ONE, a

peer-reviewed open access scientific

journal published by the Public

Library of Science (PLOS), reveals

startling statistics about land-waste.

According to research conducted

in 2014, there are more than five

trillion plastic pieces floating in

the world’s oceans, weighing over

250,000 tons.

“E-waste always ends up in

landfill. And it just sits there. It

doesn’t do anything. So if we are

diverting to e-waste programs,

we’re reducing the need for it being

shipped over to China,” says

Lacina. “[There’s documentaries

about it] and it’s actually horrendous

to see three-year olds digging

through piles of copper-wire.”

Stay connected

to nature so

that you realize

that you're


This is something Roberts has

personal experience witnessing.

Ten years ago, she volunteered in

Guatemala City, and saw first-hand

the effects of mishandled e-waste.

“There were all these families

built up around the landfill. The

men went and collected materials,

and built tin shacks that didn’t even

have air-holes, and they were cooking

in them,” says Roberts.

This left a strong impression on

her, and Roberts encourages students

to volunteer if possible.

“It opened up my eyes to the environment,”

says Roberts. “Young

people: get out and volunteer overseas.

See the world.”

Students should get out and explore

the world now, because it is

changing at an alarming rate.

NASA data shows globally-average

temperatures were 1.78 degrees

Fahrenheit (0.99 degrees Celsius)

warmer than the mid-20th century

mean. Furthermore, the planet’s

average surface temperature has

risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit

(1.1 degrees Celsius) since the late

19th century.

Temperature is rising at a fast

rate. Most of the warmest temperatures

have taken place in the

last 35 years. In fact, 16 of the

17 warmest years recorded have

taken place since 2001. Eight of

the twelve months in 2016 were the

warmest recorded in history. January

through September (excluding

June), all set records


Not surprisingly, the warm temperature

patterns have bled into

2017 as well. Records have already

been set this year.

This affects our population in

ways you might not realize.

The warm temperature does not

necessarily translate to tranquil

weather. Weather patterns have

fluctuated drastically. Days have

ranged from record warm to freezing

in the span of a single week.

On February 6, Environment

Canada issued a weather statement

warning snow, rain and freezing

rain for Toronto. On February 7,

thousands were left without power

after the freezing rain hit the city.

By February 18, the city was setting

record high temperatures. The

18th saw temperatures hitting 11.9

Celsius, breaking 2011’s record of

10.8 Celsius. Spring-like weather

continued for the rest of the weekend.

This fluctuation has an adverse

effect on our food as well.

“Crops are losing their entire

production because of weather. It’s

on a cusp. [Depending] if there’s

another couple of good rainfalls,

you can have the best season ever.

But if you don’t get that, you’ll have

to pull your crops altogether,” explains


According to Environment Canada,

Toronto only had 48.8 hours

of sunlight in the month of January.

That’s only slightly more than half

the seasonal average of 85. This is

attributed to the rising temperature,

as warmer weather produces

cloudier days. Environment Canada

recorded this January as the

fourth warmest in over 80 years.

Roberts explains there are a lot

of simple things that everyone can

do in their day-to-day life to help

the environment. These range from

Photograph by Toby VanWeston

Tanya Roberts, Sustainability Coordinator for Durham College,

holds a #muglife mug, one of DC's Living Green projects.

reducing water, turning lights off

in rooms, unplugging your devices

when they are fully charged, and

being mindful of the products you

buy. Recycling and using re-usable

packaging goes a long way to reducing


“Especially in this area, we primarily

run off nuclear. But once

you go past nuclear, everything

is taken up by natural gas,” says

Lacina. “So if we can reduce our

energy use to that baseline of nuclear,

we won’t have to use natural


Roberts says one of the simplest

and most important things people

can do to help the environment is to

stay connected to it. By doing this,

she says you realize how dependant

you are on it.

“Get outside, stay connected

to nature so that you realize that

you’re dependant. Your water

doesn’t just come from a tap. Your

air isn’t just clean because your

house is clean,” says Roberts. “It’s

all inter-connected. Stay connected

to that external life.”

“Also, maintain an understanding

of where things come from.

And what happens to your waste.

No one just comes by with a magic

wand and it just disappears,” adds


Despite all the challenges of facing

the problem and the necessary

work ahead, Jacob Rodenburg,

Executive Director of Camp

Kawartha, remains hopeful that

this is a struggle that can be overcome.

“Nature is extremely resilient,

and it will bounce back. The effects

that we’re causing, eventually

will heal. I have every hope that

somehow, someway, people can

learn to live in more balance,” says


To Rodenburg, this begins with


“Instead of thinking about what

kind of world we want to leave for

our kids, we should think about

what kind of kids we want to leave

to the world,” says Rodenburg.

12 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

Photograph courtesy of Colleen Scala Ferguson

Colleen Scala Ferguson fostered 19 kittens in the summer, and adopted two of them, Harvey (left) and Oreo.

The danger of 'no kill' shelters

Trusha Patel

The Chronicle

Before Colleen Scala Ferguson had

children, she used to foster animals

for the Toronto Humane Society.

She stopped once she got pregnant

with her first child, because handling

kitty litter while carrying a

baby wasn’t a safe option. Her kids

are now ages 17 and 13, and both

are very interested in animals. To

fulfill her daughter’s wish, Ferguson

fostered 19 kittens in the past

summer, and recently adopted two

of them from the Durham Humane


According to People for the Ethical

Treatment of Animals (PETA),

thousands of abandoned, neglected

and abused animals are brought

into animal shelters around the


Based on the 2015 shelter statistics

from the Canadian Federation

of Humane Societies (CFHS), there

was an intake of 139,433 animals

around the country.

In order to reduce or end the

cycle of animal births, homelessness

and deaths, the root cause

must be addressed.

According to PETA, runaway

animal birth rate is the source of

the huge number of animals in


Danielle Johnson, the manager

in the Humane Society of Durham

Region says the birth rate is definitely

contributing to the homelessness

and deaths of animals.

“When unaltered animals are

allowed to roam at large, such as

stray cats and such like that, it definitely

contributes to the increase of

the shelter population, especially

in the spring and summer months

in this area dealing with cats and

kittens,” says Johnson.

The Canadian Federation of

Humane Societies statistics show

2,022 animals were born in shelters

in Canada in 2015.

That is almost six animals per


Caring for animals begins at

home. Most people in Canada

have good access to veterinary

care, and according to the World

Animal Protection organization,

the best way to keep pets healthy is

by consistently meeting their needs.

Johnson, who works with animals

on a daily basis, says, “The

best way to keep an animal healthy

is to keep them in their environment,

take them to the veterinarian

regularly, feed them a good quality

diet, give them a lot of enrichment

and love that they need, proper


A past foster parent to many kittens,

Ferguson currently has five

cats and one dog.

She makes sure her pets’ diet is

healthy and the vet appointments

are regular.

While adopted animals receive

the care they need, there are many

others who tolerate a lot of negativity.

In Canada and around the

world, many pets suffer from inadequate

care, abuse, neglect, and


According to the CFHS statistics,

there were 5,604 cases of abuse

and 36,698 animals surrendered by

their guardians.

Stacey Dickson, an animal care

attendant at Oshawa Animal Services,

sees animals surrendered


“If people might have to give up

their animal, it might be because of

allergies, if their kids are allergic, or

if they are moving, unfortunately,

and they can’t take the animal with

We wait until they're better before

we adopt them out.

them,” says Dickson.

Johnson, who works with animals

who have been surrendered by

their owners’, says there has been

many situations animals have been

rescued from.

“(They have been) rescued from

neglect cases, so just severe neglect,

not being offered the necessities of

life, without access to food and

water, without access to proper

medical care,” Johnson says.

“We deal with different kind of

animal abandonment, and stray

animals, and we’ve had animals

tied up to our front door abandoned

outside of our shelter.”

According to Johnson, the local

municipal animal services shelters

or animal control typically takes

care of animals found roaming at


The Humane Society of Durham

Region exists to take on animals

surrendered by their owners.

Oshawa Animal Services also

takes care of animals on the loose.

“There was this dog that came

in, and he must’ve been outside for

months, because he came in covered

in maggots and could barely

walk and was in so much pain,”

says Dickson.

The animal care attendants got

the dog shaved and it was as if he

was a completely new dog. “He was

happy,” says Dickson.

According to the Ontario SPCA,

there are more than 18,000 cases

of animal cruelty and/or abuse reported

in a year.

For the Humane Society of Durham

Region, the length of stay for

an animal depends on the animal


Continued on page 13

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 13

From page 12

“Some animals come in and go

out on the same day, some animals

require medical procedures or behaviour

modification and are here

for a little bit longer, so it definitely

varies,” says Johnson.

For Oshawa Animal Services,

however, shelter animals have to

stay in the shelter for 72 hours before

they are put up for adoption.

“That’s how much time the

owner has to come forward and

find them,” says Dickson, one of

the many animal care attendants

who care and nurture the animals

in the shelter.

Johnson, who manages the shelter

operations, says, the Humane

Society of Durham Region does

not determine if an animal is unadoptable

or not.

“We try to do our best to find

a home for every animal," says


"In cases where there are severe

medical issues, that’s something

(to be) discussed with a veterinarian,

we have one in the staff and a

decision is made about their quality

of life and what’s humane for


Dickson says if a really sick

animal comes in the shelter, the

animal care attendants take it to

the vet and, get the proper medication,

which may or may not include


“We wait until they’re better before

we adopt them out,” she says.

Not all animal shelters are the


While there are open-admission

facilities staffed with professional

caring people, there are also “nokill”

or “turn-away” shelters that

refuse animals deemed unadoptable.

According to PETA, the results

of “no-kill” are often worse than

a peaceful death through euthanasia.

When shelters give in to the

pressure of “no-kill,” there are

various consequences.

Though some shelters refuse to

euthanize animals once they have

Harvey (left) and Oreo are two of the 19 kittens Colleen fostered. They were later adopted by Colleen.

reached their capacity, animals

still die, but in pain.

Euthanizing animals brings a

peaceful death in a caring person’s


According to the CFHS statistics,

euthanasia in shelters was

20,977 with 1,890 animals being

healthy, 10,912 being unhealthy

or untreatable, and 4,042 being


Johnson, who works in a no-kill

shelter, says, “The only time we

euthanize as a last resort when the

animal is suffering or their quality

of life is diminished.”

According to PETA, animals

can begin to deteriorate psychologically

and become withdrawn,

depressed, aggressive or anxious

after as little as two weeks in a traditional


Even if these animals are adopted,

there are chances they may be

returned because of behavioural


“Sometimes animals are adopted

out and returned just because

it doesn’t work out in their home

or it’s not a good fit, it’s more than

they thought it could handle,” says


Dickson says animals being returned

due to behavioural issues

happens at the Oshawa Animal

Services but not often.

Colleen's daughter, Tessa, plays with kittens Marbles (left), Patches (middle), Speckles (right), and Shady (top).

Photograph courtesy of Colleen Scala Ferguson

Photograph courtesy of Colleen Scala Ferguson

“When that happens we try

and find a behaviouralist who will

work with the animal,” says Dickson.

Homeless animals are also

found, tortured and killed by

abusers and hoarders, who aren’t

screened, according to PETA.

To increase the “save” rates,

some shelters promote animal


According to PETA, not only

are these abandoned animals at

risk of infection, disease, starvation,

being hit by cars, attacked

by dogs and wildlife, and abused

by cruel people, but also the ones

who survive can eventually reproduce,

resulting in more homeless


For the Humane Society of

Durham Region, Johnson says it

depends on the capacity of their


“We function as a no-kill shelter,

so we only have a certain capacity

for care, and we do not euthanize

for length of stay or lack of space

in our shelter," says Johnson.

"So we often will provide other

resources for people who are looking

to surrender an animal if it’s

something that could wait."

All in all, the Humane Society

of Durham Region works with everybody

to come up with a solution

for every animal.

PETA says profiteers that breed

and trade animals for money are

succeeding, because the voice of

animal rights is being weakened

and good activists are misled into

attacking each other rather than

the ones who make money off of

pet shops, breeders, and phony


Ferguson, who has adopted

many animals, says all her cats except

her Bengal have been rescues.

“I just believe that there’s absolutely

nothing wrong with shelter

cats or humane society cats at all,

and they just need a home, and if

you love animals why not just get

an animal from a place where they

can get out of the cages,” says Ferguson.

Ferguson has five cats and one


People working together to

strike at the root cause, which is

the high birth rate, can wipe out

animal homelessness.

According to PETA, laws that

have been proved effective in reducing

unplanned births and shelter

intakes, and developing a free

or low-cost sterilization program

in communities can help stop animal

homelessness before it even


14 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus


is BIG

Laura Metcalfe

The Chronicle

Kjerstin Gruys was a recovering

anorexic. She had had body image

issues since she was a teenager. Her

perception of herself was based on

what she saw in the mirror; if she

thought she was fat, then she must

be ugly. Gruys decided to avoid

mirrors for a year. When her colleagues

found out about her experiment

they suggested starting a blog,

which became the book, Mirror,

Mirror Off the Wall.

“I didn’t know anything about

blogging…” writes Gruys. “Other

than that it was something other

people did, specifically other

people who not only had mad

computer skills, but also capable

of writing something almost every

day that was interesting enough or

funny enough that other people

actually wanted to read it.”

Gruys gained thousands of followers

through her blog.

The Internet has created a

global community. With billions

of users, people with common interests

can come together to share

stories, pictures, and videos.

Blogging is a simple concept

but there is a lot of work to create a

simple blog post. Blogging is journaling

online, which can include

text and pictures but there is more

to this simple explanation. There

is also a matter of finding a website

to post blogs that match your

brand and style.

According to activeblogs.com,

a blog marketing company, 81

per cent of U.S. consumers trust

information they find on blogs

Blogging can be done for fun, to

promote a business, or help make

money for a blogger through endorsements.

Where To Go

Blogging can be an amazing

way to connect to people but

first you need to know how you

are going to reach those people.

You need to create the blog itself.

Many sites provide free templates

for blogging. Wordpress, Wix,

Weebly, and Blogger are free and

widely used by people and companies.

These blogging hosts are user-friendly

so even if a blogger

is not fluent in computer coding

they can still write text and post

photos and videos online. When

choosing a blog template, it’s important

to remember updating

your blog is essential to the success

of the blog. Choose a site that is

easy to use. Know how to upload

and post media. Ensure the blog is

easy to navigate and looks inviting

to the intended audience.

“A Beginner’s Guide to starting

a blog”,on bloggingbasics101.com,

is the most viewed content on the

website, with “Choosing a Blogging

Platform” being second.

Doing it as a Hobby

There are millions of people

who just want to get online and

share their interests with a global

community. They blog as a hobby,

not for money.

“Blogging successfully is a lot

of work,” says Mark Mueller, a

chef and blogger for Earth, Food

and Fire, who lives and works in

Prince Edward Island. Mueller’s

blog profiles the food he creates,

the cooking books he recommends,

and cooking and catering

he provides.

A great way to start blogging

is to do it as a hobby. This means

connecting with people who have

common interests. There is no

pressure to advertise or have endorsements.

Hazel Ejercito, a photography

student at Durham College,

has a blog called Pathway

to my Dreams, which showcases

her photography and journalistic

work. Ejercito says school makes

it difficult for her to update and

maintain her blog on a regular

basis but the goal of any blogger

is to get followers looking at your

blog, so you need to have regularly

updated content that is original

and enticing to the reader.

“You have to constantly be

doing research, writing the posts

in a creative way that will entice

new readers and keep those that

are regular readers,” says Jessica

Duenas-Chan, a web designer

who lives and works in Toronto.

When writing a post, it is important

to know what you are

talking about. Chan has written

for and managed a blog for a tech

agency and says she takes days to

do research on the newest technology

to figure out how to gear her

text and visuals to her audience.

Writing the post is only half the

job. There is also promoting the

post by providing links through

Facebook and Twitter.

Chan says the most important

thing about blogging for fun is to

write about something you are

passionate about.

Mueller has expanded on his

blog Earth, Food, and Fire blog

because he has a passion for growing

his own food. “Adding the

gardening aspect to the blog was

inspired by my own love for gardening,

and being able to grow,”

says Mueller.

Although he does make money

from his catering services, he

blogs to keep his name out there

and attract clients to his cooking

services. Mueller has designed his

blog so there is an opportunity to

expand his services in the future.

Blog For Business

While Mueller is blogging

to promote his business, Jessica

Duenas-Chan uses a company

blog to help sell products. Jessica

Duenas-Chan is digital coordinator

for Chive Inc. She works to

make the products on Chive’s

website appealing to customers.

“It wasn’t until I started studying

marketing that I realized how

much it was used as a marketing

tool,” says Chan. Blogging can be

a lucrative business, if you know

how to promote and if businesses

stay up to on top of updating.

According to activeblog.com, a

blog marketing company, 61 per

cent of U.S. consumers have made

a purchase based on a blog recommendation.

Chris Breikss, a writer for

6smarketing.com, an agency specializing

in digital marketing, 93

per cent of Canadians go online

for product information. This can

come from blog recommendations.

“I am essentially working on

the blog every single day, promoting

it on social media, writing a

new blog post, and taking pictures

and learning how to become a

better photographer,” says Mueller.

Although he is a chef, he has

learned to take pictures to post on

his blog.

Working on a blog can take a

lot more work than just researching

and writing the blog, it can

mean producing the product as

well. This is what Helen Wilkinson,

creator of the blog Helen’s

Closet does.

“My blog is quite involved because

not only do I have to write

a post, I have to sew the garment

for the post and photograph it and

edit the photos. I consider all the

steps involved in this ‘working on

my blog’,” says Helen Wilkinson

whose blog not only showcases

clothing she has created herself

but also sells her patterns.

Wilkinson has been posting

on her blog twice a week for more

than a year and a half. She is very

active in the sewing community

and appeals to those who like

independent patterns and seller.

Like most successful bloggers, she

also uses social media to boost her

blogging presence, she maintains

a page on Facebook for her blog.

Sophie Bernazzai, a writer for

Hubspot.com, says that 76 per

cent of total Internet usage is spent

on Facebook. This means people

spend almost a quarter of their

time on social media where they

can find a blog recommendation

and then make a purchase. This

can only happen if people and

businesses invest the time to create

new content and promote the

blog posts.

A company or blogger needs to

do their research about their target

audience as well. According

to activeblog.com, 90 per cent of

consumers find custom content

useful, so it is vital to make any

product information relatable and

interesting to the audience your

blog attracts.

Chan says content is the most

important thing for a blog. “Without

content, there is no blog,” she

says. Although some people might

look at the design or marketing of

a page the first visit, it is the content

of the blog that brings people

back time after time.


For those people who feel

words aren’t enough to express

themselves, there is also vlogging.

This is blogging but on video.

YouTube is a website full of people

who vlog about interests or teach

people through tutorials.

Jacqueline Mackle, a student at

Durham College, has a vlog called

Jacqueline Sage, which details her

everyday life, her interactions

with her family, and her pets. She

also sings occasionally on her vlog

and hopes to make her channel a

portfolio piece in the future.

Melody McKinnon, a writer

Photograph by Laura Metcalfe

Second-year photography student Hazel Ejercito displaying her blog Pathway to my Dreams.

for canadiansinternet.com, an

online business magazine, says 49

per cent of Canadians visit You-

Tube at least twice a week. This

means it is important for vloggers

to make sure their content is being

updated on a consistent basis.

In addition to this, 71 per cent of

those surveyed visited Facebook

at least twice a week. Vlogging

is a great way to attract followers

but just like blogging, it needs to

be promoted through other social

media to be a successful venture.

With so many blogs on the

Internet, it would be safe to assume

blogging must be easy. This,

however, is not the case. Blogging

takes an incredible amount of effort.

There needs to be a template,

which is easy to use and update.

Decisions need to be made about

who the target audience is so

posts, videos, and pictures can be

catered to the intended audience.

In some cases, like Helen Wilkinson’s

blog Helen’s Closet, the

product needs to be made in order

for a blog post and picture to be


Mark Mueller, the chef who

created his blog Earth, Food and

Fire, learned basics of photography

to be able to take pictures

of the food he created to post on

his blog.

As Kjerstin Gruys discovered,

blogging can be a source of encouragement.

She often put polls

on her blog to allow her followers

to voice their opinions about style

decisions. Gruys didn’t think she

could be entertaining on a consistent

basis. She thought wrong.

Gruys made it through her year

without mirrors. She still maintains

her blog ayearwithoutmirrors.com,

which has more than a

million views.

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 15

Revitalization of

the Mississauga

language is vital

for survival

Angela Lavallee

The Chronicle

It’s the night of the weekly language

class at the Suswaaning

Endaajig (Indigenous Centre), a

quaint area for students at Durham

College to go and learn Ojibwa.

Cassie Dillon is raring to go.

The first-year health promotion

student says her native language

is Mohawk. She speaks a bit of her

native language but she’s taking the

online Anishinaabemowin (Native

language) with Isadore Toulouse, a

fluent speaker from Wikwemikong

Unceded First Nation community

located on the Manitoulin Island.

Isadore Toulouse has developed an

online platform to teach Ojibwa to

anyone who wants to learn.

“I’ve learned a lot just in a few

weeks taking Isadore’s class. Mohawk

is a difficult language to

learn, it’s nothing like learning

Ojibwa. He's dedicated to the

langugae. I love his teachings,”

says Dillon, who has been in the

class for the three weeks.

The Mississaugas of Scugog Island

First Nation in the Durham Region

is one of many First Nations dedicated

to bringing the Mississauga

language (Ojibwa) back to the community.

According to the Scugog

Island First Nations’ mandate,

elders are committed to teaching

community members the language

of their ancestors.

Laura Colwell, education advisor

at Scugog, says the First Nation

has limited fluent speakers but still

offers evening classes. “We only

have a few elders who speak the

language. We lost a fluent speaker

not that long ago,” says Colwell.

Many strategies are suggested in

They Came For The Children, a 120-

page document from the final

report put out by Truth and Reconciliation

Commission(TRC) is

an outline of what life was like in

residential schools.

The report details Indigenous children

who faced language loss the

minute they arrived at the residential


Upwards of 150,000 Indigenous

children were affected by language

and cultural loss, stripped

of their identity and ripped away

from their families and loved ones,

according to Murray Sinclair, chair

of the TRC.

“You are no longer allowed to

speak your language, if you do, you

will be severely punished. From this

day forward you must speak only

English,” according to the final

report from the TRC.

Over time, children lost their language

due to the lack of use after

being placed with English-speaking

foster parents.

Throughout the five-year inquiry

that took endless hours and hundreds

of personal testimony, the

three-member panel making up

the TRC (Murray Sinclair, Commissioner

Chief Wilton Littlechild,

and Marie Wilson) compiled

the information and determined

Indigenous children of survivors

in Canada and in Ontario did not

want to speak their language or

forgot it all together.

As a result, the survivors did not

teach their children the language.

The Mississauga word for painted turtle.

The TRC determined the residential

school era was the main reason

Indigenous people lost their language.

When children came home, some

after a ten-year absence, they could

no longer communicate with their

parents, grandparents, or other


According to Chief Phyllis Williams

of Curve Lake First Nation,

she and others had safe speaking

areas in non-native schools where

they would speak the Mississauga


Curve Lake First Nation is determined

to revitalize the Mississauga

language and according to Louise

Musgrave, manager of education

for Curve Lake First Nation, the

community is eager to get started.

Her department is involved with

planning and strategies such as social

gatherings where community

members will speak only Ojibwa.

“The elders who are fluent are the

knowledge keepers for the community,

they hold the Mississauga

language and dialect that reflects

the culture of Curve Lake First Nation,”

says Musgrave.

Anne Taylor, cultural archivist for

Curve Lake First Nation, says the

close proximity to Peterborough

also contributed to language loss.

“Over the last 30-40 years many

have sought employment in the

city,” she wrote in an email. According

to Taylor, there are fewer

than 60 fluent speakers in Curve


But it’s not just classes trying to

bring back Indigenous languages.

Darrick Baxter of Ogoki Learning

developed an App, released in 2013.

The Ojibway App allows users to

listen to the word or phrases.

Another App by the same developer

allows users to point the phone,

take a picture, and have it transcribed

into Indigenous languages.

Dave Mowat of Alderville First Nation

and Consultation of Lands and

Membership supervisor for Scugog

Island First Nation, says it's hard to

find a fluent speaker on his reserve.

“There are a few young people who

speak a bit of the Ojibwa language,

but I wouldn’t say they are fluent,”

says Mowat.

According to Mowat, Alderville

First Nation suffered immense loss

Photograph by Angela Lavallee

of value for the Mississauga language,

starting in the mid 1800s.

In some schools in Ontario, there

are Indigenous language classes

for students who want to learn the


The Kawartha Pine Ridge District

School Board (KPRDSB) has put

out a call for speakers at any level

to teach youth the Mississauga language.

Roseneath Public School near

Alderville First Nation has offered

language classes for close to a decade.

According to the Board, there are

currently four elementary schools

in the area, two high schools and

evening classes offered in the City

of Peterborough.

Back at Durham College, Cassie

attends classes in the Simcoe Building

every Monday.

Although Isadore’s class does not

include her Mohawk language,

Cassie can still learn Ojibwa at

Durham College, and her own

language as well.

She will have two Indigenous languages

to pass onto future generations.

Carion Fenn: Helping those who need it the most

Logan Caswell

The Chronicle

Just over two-years ago, Carion

Fenn was involved in a car accident

that left her her with several rare

conditions such as cigurmilia cure

malformation, cervical dystonia

and tissue damage.

“I experienced a world that I

didn’t know existed,” says Fenn. “I

decided to do something about it.”

So she founded the Carion Fenn

Foundation, a non-profit organization

that helps people with rare

diseases such as Syringomyelia,

Chiari malformation, epilepsy and

many more.

The foundation holds a support

group meeting every second

Thursday at Ajax Public Library,

so people can come together and

learn new coping mechanisms for

pain and feel firsthand what other

people are going through on a daily


“We’ve seen over 30 conditions

over the last year,” says Fenn. “We

see people come as far as five-hours

away to be a part of our meetings.”

People also have the option to

Skype into the meeting and several

already do across the world.

“We have people that join us internationally

and all around Canada,”

says Fenn. “It allows us to support

each other no matter where you


Darlene Dawson has attended

these meetings for the past four

months after Fenn commented on

her husband’s walking cane at a

Photograph by Logan Caswell

Carion Fenn is founder of a non-profit organization that helps people with rare diseases.

local Walmart. She battles fibromyalgia

and degenerative arthritis,

and deals with chronic pain from a

car accident.

Her husband, who attends the

meetings with her, also deals with

daily chronic knee pain from the

same accident.

“We found out about the foundation

and haven’t missed a meeting

since,” says Dawson. “I find it helps

because I get to see other people

who also live in pain. "It’s nice

knowing you’re not the only one.”

The support doesn’t stop there.

Mental health forums are also

offered through the foundation,

which Fenn says will be registered

as a full-time charity soon.

Although Fenn is happy with the

progress of her group, she hopes

more people realize it’s OK to talk

about what they’re going through.

“There’s so many people in our

community that are suffering in silence,

not going out, not communicating

with others.

"We want them to feel accepted

and that you’re not alone,” says

Fenn. “It’s important to know what

works for you.”

Fenn has won numerous community

awards such as the Ajax

Civic Award, the Patti Dawson

Award, Town of Ajax Accessibility

Award, and many more.

16 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

The shock of hydro bills

Sam Odrowski

The Chronicle

As the cost to produce hydro reaches

record lows, Ontarians are paying

more than they ever have on

their hydro bills. The Liberal government

has been under fire lately

due to rising hydro bills, especially

in rural communities. The causes

range from an oversupply of power,

global adjustment fees, over paying

for green energy, and privatization

of Hydro One.

Ontario currently has to produce

a certain amount of power each day

to meet the demand of consumers.

According to Gridwatch, an

iPhone app that tracks how much

energy is created in Ontario, how

much is exported, and how much

of each type of energy is used shows

that Ontario produces between

15,000 and 20,000 Megawatts

(MW). To avoid power outages,

more electricity is created than

the amount needed and the excess

energy is sold to Canada’s neighbouring

states south of the border

at rates lower than the cost of production.

“There is a fine balance between

making sure we have enough power

and not too much,” says press secretary

to the minister of energy,

Colin Nekolaichuk.

According to Nekolaichuk, Ontario

has contracts with the United

States and has sold around $200 to

$300-million worth of extra energy

in 2015.

The money lost through the existing

contracts with the U.S is paid

for by ratepayers in the “global adjustment”

line of their bill.

Daniel Hoornweg, the associate

professor and research chair

in Faculty of Energy Systems and

Nuclear Science, says the “global

adjustment” fee is where electricity

consumers pay for the costs to run

and keep the system going.

“It’s an attempt to capture the

long-term costs of maintaining

and fixing the energy supply’s

infrastructure. As well as the cost

of building a new plant.” Says Hoornweg.

Bonnie Lysk, the auditor general,

concluded in the 2015 Annual

Report that ratepayers paid an

extra $37-billion more than what

was needed from 2006 to 2014

through the “global adjustment”

part of their bill.

She also found electricity consumers

will pay an additional

$133-billion by 2032, due to the

global adjustment line on the hydro


Lysk has criticized the government

in the past for signing overly

generous contracts, especially when

the big push for green energy came

in 2009.

Although, In 2013 the provincial

government took a small step in the

right direction when they renegotiated

its green energy contract with

Samsung and managed to save Ontario


Even after the renegotiations

Lysk found in 2014, Ontario still

pays twice the market price for

solar energy and three and a half

times the price for wind energy.

Premier Kathleen Wynne visits Durham College and UOIT to speak with students.

The Provincial government has

not since renegotiated any of their

generous contracts with green

energy companies. Nekolaichuk

says the costs will drop over time.

“As the technology matures, the

price of wind and solar will continue

to go down,” Nekolaichuk

says. The hydro bills customers

receive in Ontario look different

than the simple two line ones received

in other provinces, such as

Quebec and Manitoba.

In Ontario our hydro bills consist

of an energy charge, line loss

charge, basic monthly charge,

regulatory charge, delivery charge,

and meter charge.

Even though Quebec and Manitoba

have a different structured bill

than Ontario, there are still three

sections that make it up.

The first section is the cost to

produce the electricity.

The second part of the bill is

the cost of distributing it, getting

it from the plant to the consumer.

Ratepayers in rural areas pay more

in this part of the bill because in

a rural area it may take 50 hydro

poles to get to one residence. However,

in urban areas, 500 people

might all be getting their energy

from the same pole, so the price of

distribution for them will be significantly


The third part of the bill is the

previously mentioned “global adjustment”


A month’s use of electricity in

a rural residential home amounts

to about 1,000 Kilowatts per hour

(kWh) of electricity. Ontarians

pay a whopping $239.23 for every

1,000 kWh which is almost three

times as much as what people pay

There is a fine balance between

making sure we have enough

power and not too much.

in Quebec where it is only costs

$89.62 per 1000 KwH.

Quebec pays so much less on

their electricity bill compared to

Ontario because they get most of

their energy from hydro which is at

record lows, only costing 2 cents a

kWh. Whereas Ontario gets most

of its energy from nuclear plants,

costing almost 7 cents a kWh.

Part of the increasing cost of our

hydro bills comes from smart meters.

Smart meters charge consumers

more money to use electricity

during peak hours to avoid overloading

the system.

If all Ontarians did their laundry

at the exact same time, we would

see a power outage. Smart meters

were created to avoid this problem

by charging consumers less when

they use energy during off-peak


“The reason that structure exists

is to incentivise people to use power

at different times of the day. Which

means that were not putting such a

strain on the system and we don’t

have to build more capacity because

of it,” Nekolaichuk says.

A provincial decision that is

costing the government hundreds

of millions in the long run is the

privatization of Hydro One. Hydro

One is already over 40 per cent

sold to the private sector and is set

to reach 60 per cent by the end of

Wynne’s term in 2018.

In 2015, Hydro One reported

$1.22-billion in regulated earnings

before financing charges and income

tax. Since privatization, the

government loses 40 per cent of

the earnings that otherwise would

have gone to them. This amounts

to almost $500-million in earnings

that once went to the government,

now goes to private sector.

Premier Kathleen Wynne stands

by her choice to sell off a total of

60 per cent of Hydro One to the

private sector. “The reality is that

we have to invest in infrastructure,”

she said during a visit to Durham

College in February.

Wynne says they needed money

to fund public transit projects and

build new infrastructure. “The

broadening of the ownership of

Hydro One was to give us access

to 4, 5-billion dollars to pay off

debt in the electricity sector and

that 4-billion dollars we can invest

in transit,” said Wynne.

According to the premier, the

one-time cash payout was more

valuable than the hundreds of

Photograph by Sam Odrowski

millions of dollars that used to be

generated by Hydro One.

Oversupplying power, overpaying

for green energy, and privatizing

hydro are some of the reasons

ratepayer’s bills are consistently


Nekolaichuk says, “It’s not that

we’re really more expensive compared

to anyone else, it’s because

we’re more expensive than we used

to be. But those prices were kept

artificially low by rate freezes and

other policies that previous governments

had engaged in, as well as a

lack of investment in the system.”

Prices will continue to climb

until the summertime when Ontarians

will see a 17 per cent on

average drop in their hydro bill on

top of the 8 per cent rebate that

went into effect in January. There

has also been a 50 per cent increase

in rebate programs for low income

households which was recently

announced by the provincial government.

The rebates should save

low income households about $35

to $60 a month, costing taxpayers

$2.5-billion over the next three


Rebate programs are good for

helping families in the short-term

but to fix Ontario’s skyrocketing

electricity bills long-term, the provincial

government needs to address

the root of the problem.

To lower hydro bills long term,

the Liberals must renegotiate contracts,

freeze the privatization of

Hydro One, and adjust the costs

that are absorbed by ratepayers

through the global adjustment fee.

Until the government begins

to work on these issues, skyrocketing

electricity bills for Ontarians

should come as no shock.

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 17

No more hiding the weed

Erin Williams

The Chronicle

It started with muscles, then bones,

then chronic back pain. He didn’t

want to get out of bed or do anything

physical at all. Brian Arsenault

had appointments with many

doctors and specialists who referred

him to physio therapy sessions. He

was taking three different types of

painkillers. Eventually, the pills

weren’t working anymore and his

doctor prescribed morphine. Every

day was a painful fog. Arsenault

could no longer work and had to

walk away from his job after 20

plus years.

Arsenault lives in a Hampton,

north of Durham Region. He was

tired of taking medication after

medication and wanted to try

something more natural to help. He

went to herbal and vitamin shops,

desperate for anything that might

help take away his pain.

Finally, Arsenault went to a place

called Canadian Cannabis Clinic

in Whitby. There, he met with the

customer service representatives

who walked him through the procedure

of applying for a card from

the government that would allow

him to smoke marijuana legally to

help take away his pain.

“I was hooked on pain pills.

Nothing took the pain away. The

more I took, the more I needed to

take,” said Arsenault. “I was ready

to try anything and I couldn’t believe

how fast and how incredible

cannabis took away the pain and

allowed me to function better than

I have in a long long time.”

The representatives at the cannabis

clinic spoke with Arsenault’s

doctor, filling out paperwork, and

discussing the intensity and levels

of his pain. After only a few visits,

phone calls and signatures, Arsenault

received a legal medicinal


According to Dr. Barry Waisglass

from the Canadian Cannabis

Clinic, obtaining a medicinal

card may not work the same as

Arsenault’s case.

“For medical cannabis there

are two requirements; a condition

exists for it to be reasonable for a

doctor to prescribe medical cannabis,

and that allopathic treatments

have been exhausted before using

medical cannabis as per Health

Canada’s regulations,” said Dr.


Marjiuana is already being approved

for medical uses in Canada.

So what happens when the government

approves the legislation for

recreational use in Canada?

In 2015, Prime Minister Justin

Trudeau presented the legalization

of marijuana in his campaign and

within the Liberal Party platform.

The Liberal website explains

how the party will remove marijuana

consumption and possession

from the Criminal Code and they

will add new, stronger laws concerning

distribution to minors and

driving under the influence.

According to their website, The

Liberals want to “legalize, regulate,

and restrict access to marijuana.”

According to the Government

of Canada, the expected date isn’t

until late 2018 or early 2019 to open

up the market for recreational marijuana

use, and will allow everyone

in Canada over the age of 18

to purchase pot from a variety of

producers and retails.

Not only does this have some

parents concerned, but also Detective

Constable Leon Miklos of the

Ontario Provincial Police (OPP).

Miklos worked in the organized

crime department for over five

years and has seen first-hand how

marijuana can affect our youth.

“Girl’s brains develop faster at a

young age over males. Males who

start to smoke between the ages of

13 to 15, can experience long-time,

life-long effects from smoking. At

that age, their brains are developing

and it is proven to be a problem,”

said Miklos.

Detective Miklos understands

the concerns of parents when it

comes to the subject of legalization.

“Same thing with prescription

medication. They aren’t getting it

off the streets, they are getting it

from their medicine cabinets and

friend’s cabinets. Same can be true

with marijuana.

Marijuana, illegal now, is still

easy to access so, even more so

when legalized,” said Miklos.

Regulating legal marijuana appears

to be the biggest issue, keeping

it away from those who are

under age while also regulating

the laws when it comes to driving

under the influence (DUI).

Criminal lawyer, Jason Baxter

of XCopper thinks we need a

more developed device to properly

measure the intake and amount of

cannabis or level of tetrahydrocannainol

(THC) in a person’s blood.

“I think part of the reason it

hasn’t been legalized yet is because

there is no device that can accurately

measure how much is in your

system or to properly measure for

a DUI,” says Baxter. “The government

is working on it, they have

ideas, but nothing set in stone or

proven to be affective. No one processes

THC the same so it becomes

hard to measure.”

Until this device is approved and

can accurately measure marijuana

in the bloodstream, medicinal card

holders like Brian Arsenault, are

the only people who can legally

smoke pot in Canada.

Arsenault can now do household

chores and work outside. He

is still attending his physio therapy,

hoping it will help him return to

work one day.

“I am still working on my degenerative

disc disorder in my back but

the amount of pain I am in now

compared to before, is out of this


I finally have some relief, which

has improved my life drastically,”

said Arsenault.

Though marijuana is proven to

help medically, it is also proven to

affect brain development in young

teens. Marijuana is around, whether

legal or illegal. For now, we are

dealing with the good and the bad

as it comes.

The real reason behind migraines

Devarsh Oza

The Chronicle

“Imagine a pain hits your head. It

is like someone is beating the skin

in your head with a stick. It’s terrible,

I don’t even want to imagine,”

says Trishala Amin as she describes

migraine pain in her own words.

Amin is an international student

from Gujarat, India. Amin says she

gets migraines frequently, sometimes

twice a week.

Amin is not the only person who

suffers with migraine. According to

the Ontario Migraine Clinic, an

award-winning clinic from Toronto,

one in four households in Canada

are affected from migraine.

That is more than three million

households. Migraine also costs the

Canadian work force seven million

workdays each year. According to

Migraine Research Foundation, a

non-profit organization, migraine

is the third most prevalent illness

around the world.

According to National Migraine

Centre, a non-profit migraine association,

migraine is a neurological

disorder linked with dilation and

constriction of blood vessels in the

head. Some researchers also believe

that migraine is a genealogical

problem. Many people cannot

recognize the difference between

migraine headaches and other

headaches. Teresa Engelage, a

nurse at the Campus Health Centre

at Durham College, says migraine

headaches are different than other

headaches in many ways.

“Migraine often comes with

aura, where you have sensitivity

with lights and in your vision. Migraines

will be accompanied with

nausea and vomiting, a normal

Photograph by Devarsh Oza

Vijay Pandya is the pharmacist manager at Lovell Drugs on


headache will not have them,” says

Engelage. Aura is one of the most

common symptoms of migraines,

but in many cases migraine comes

without any indications. According

to the Migraine Trust, a UK based

migraine research centre, migraine

headaches can be divided into two

different sections based on the

symptoms they show.

Migraine with aura often shows

zigzag patterns in vision. It also

comes with certain hearing and

smelling sensitivities. Migraine

without aura does not indicate any

symptom prior to the headaches.

According to the Migraine Trust,

most people get migraine without

aura, so they do not feel any symptom

before the migraine headache.

Many people do not take migraine

very seriously, as the belief is that

migraines are very common. Dr.

Pierre Côté, a migraine and headache

expert from the University of

Ontario Institute of Technology,

says it can be a big mistake not to

take migraines seriously. Côté says

migraine can cause a person to develop

certain disabilities. In fact,

according to Migraine Research

Foundation, migraine is the sixth

most disabling illness in the world.

“People with migraine cannot

really function at their work or

school, enjoy with their friends or

their family. Migraine causes disabilities

to participating into the

daily routine,” says Dr. Côté. But

taking migraines seriously does not

always mean visiting a doctor.

According to Teresa Engelage,

it is not always a necessity to see a

doctor for every migraine attack,

but if migraines occur very often,

then it is better to see a doctor.

“If migraines are occurring very

often then you should immediately

see your doctor, as you could have

a problem in your brain. In cases

of frequent migraines, your family

doctor can send you to a neurologist

for some tests such as Cat Scan

or MRI,” says Engelage.

Medication for migraine is available

in the drug store. Many people

take painkillers such as Advil and

Tylenol when they get migraines.

But Dr. Pierre Côté says those painkillers

do not cure migraines.

The drugs used to prevent

migraines are anticonvulsants,

antidepressants, antihistamines,

beta-blockers, botulinum toxins,

calcium channel blockers and histamines.

But, those medicine also have

side effects. The side effects could

include acidity and other digestive

problems as well as fatigue. In

some cases, migraine could lead

to several heart problems, such as

increased or decreased heartbeats.

Many people, including Trishala

Amin, are switching their pharmaceutical

medication to other

alternatives such as Ayurveda,

Acupuncture and other herbal


Amin visits an Ayurvedic clinic

in Mississauga for her migraines.

Ayurveda is ancient Indian herbal

medication, which is older than

Greek and Roman civilizations.

According to Mattwinder Singh

Phull, an Ayurvedic doctor from

Ontario Ayurvedic Centre in Mississauga,

Ayurveda treats the patients,

based on three doshas. Doshas

are the roots of every illness.

“There are three doshas, Vata

related to gastric problems, Kapha

related to problems such as

cold and fevers, and Pitta related

to problems such as acidity and

migraines,” says Dr. Phull.

Phull also says migraine attacks

could be caused by smoking or consuming

alcohol, hormonal changes,

stress, over-consumptions of meat

and spicy food. Some of the basic

treatments include herbal pastes

called Shirolepa, herbal liquids

called Shiro Dhara, herbal oils

called Taila Dharaa. Ayurvedic

doctors also use Indian herbs such

as Yastimadhu, Sariva, Hareetaki,

Amala, Mallika and Aloe Vera.

The patients also have to follow

certain restrictions. For example,

fasting, consuming potatoes, garlic,

onion, egg, fish, meat and alcohol

are strictly restricted during the


According to Dr. Phull, Ayurveda

can permanently cure the

disease, without any side effects.

“We treat all condition of migraine

in Ayurveda. Our success

rate is also very good. More than 90

per cent people have good results,”

says Phull. According to Health

Canada, 71 per cent of Canadians

are taking natural medication, and

12 per cent people said they had

unwanted side effects.

Apart from Ayurveda, Acupuncture

and Acupressure are also alternative


They both were invented in

China, and are based on yin and

yang therapy. According to Chinese

traditions, yin and yang are

two halves of the complete wholeness.

Any imbalance of yin and

yang inside the body can lead to

several problems.

Acupuncture therapy balances

yin and yang with the help of needles.

The needles are injected into different

parts of the feet and hands to

cure different diseases by balancing

the yin and yang.

18 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 19

Caring for someone who has

Alzheimer's in Durham Region

Jenn Amaro

The Chronicle

Cheryl Mina recalls when she first

noticed her mother’s disease. It

started with nightly phone calls.

Mina’s mother started repeating

herself quite frequently. “She would

tell me over and over again about

her trip to the grocery store that

afternoon,” says Mina.

Initially, Mina convinced herself

her mother was merely getting old,

and there was no reason to concern

herself over a little repetition.

But the problem continued.

Her mother was diagnosed with

Alzheimer’s in 2011. At the time,

she lived with her husband in Toronto,

and she was well taken care

of. She and her husband went grocery

shopping together, attended

church every Sunday, and kept to a

fairly regular routine. Her disease

progressed slowly, but she relied on

her husband’s aid.

In December of 2011, her husband

was diagnosed with Pulmonary

Fibrosis. Two months later he

died – and everything changed.

During his hospital stay, Mina’s

sister, Karen Deschenes, moved

in with her mother in Toronto. “I

knew she had been diagnosed with

Alzheimer’s but I didn’t think it affected

her that much until I was her

sole caregiver,” says Deschenes.

Deschenes says her mother

wouldn’t remember to take her

medication unless it was handed

to her directly.

If they went out to the grocery

store, a familiar routine, she

wouldn’t be able to find her way

home on her own.

They knew as a family she could

not live by herself. “I was so afraid

of her thinking of going for a walk,

and getting lost,” says Mina. “None

of us lived close by.”

It was time to make a decision.

Mina’s lifestyle was the only

one that could accommodate this

change. With a spare bedroom and

flexible work hours, the decision

was made to bring her mother into

her home and care for her herself.

The last five years of living with

someone with Alzheimer’s has put

much strain on the family, but options

are limited for these circumstances.

According to Statistics Canada,

almost 400,000 Canadians are

living with Alzheimer’s. It is the

most common neurodegenerative

disorder, and the number of diagnoses

go up every year. Families

have to decide how to care for a

loved one who is living with Alzheimer’s.

The decline in mental

function affects the way people

with the disease do daily tasks. It

affects their memory, their ability

to focus, social behaviour and communication


When the disease progresses,

and those living with Alzheimer’s

can no longer care for themselves.

There are three options with how

to deal with it.

There is formal assistance, where

Mary Doiron, the mother of Cheryl Mina and Karen Deschenes, sits in her room at Cheryl's home.

trained staff come to the patients’

home as regularly as needed to

provide services, such as prepare

meals, give medication and bathe

the patients.

There is informal assistance

where a spouse, child, grandchild

etc. becomes the caregiver.

Finally, there is long-term facility

care where patients live full-time in

a care facility with 24-hour staff

and programs.

In Durham Region, there are

19 care facilities, with over 2,700

beds, and according to officials at

each location, every facility has a


This waitlist and the progression

of the disease make it difficult for

families to plan.

According to Dr. Judes Poirier,

a molecular neurobiologist at the

Douglas Mental Health University,

long-term care facilities offer

the best support for people with

Alzheimer’s. They have properly

trained staff to stimulate the patients’

brain and the patients are

properly cared for and have 24-

hour care.

While long-term care facilities

are the best option for the patients,

they are not always available when


According to Rhonda Thompson,

a Family Support Coordinator

for the Alzheimer’s Society of Durham

Region, anyone living with

Alzheimer’s needs to have doctor’s

referral to live in a facility, and if

someone applied to one without a

doctor’s requisition, full-time care

is difficult.

Thompson says without a crisis

or requisition the wait can be upwards

to eight years before securing

a place in a long-term facility.

She also says retirement homes are

an option for early stages, but are

not best-suited for Alzheimer’s or


When the disease progresses to

a more severe state, a long-term

facility is much more appropriate.

If there is a crisis in the family,

Thompson says the person living

with Alzheimer’s will make it to

the top of the waitlist, however,

the family will not have a choice

where in the province their lovedone

will be placed. They will be

placed wherever there is space until

a place opens locally. It is nearly

impossible to determine when that

will happen.

Long-term care facilities accept

their patients based on need, not

when they applied.

It comes down to a wait and see

for how the disease progresses.

Therefore, in-home care or family

caregivers is a common step during

the progression of Alzheimer’s.

This is usually done between the

diagnosis and when there is an

available bed in long-term care,

says Thompson.

Mina says there are times when

the need to be home is wearing on

her. Because of her mother’s progression,

she hasn’t spent a night

out of her house in a couple years.

Her mother would get too confused

if she stayed at someone else’s home

for a night.

“She gets lost in her own home.

She can’t always find the bathroom,

she doesn’t know where her

bedroom is at night,” says Mina. “I

have to get her changed every day,

make her breakfast, lunch and dinner,

shower her, comb her hair. She

developed habits in the house, her

most recent activity is emptying her

dresser drawers onto the floor. I

come home every day to her entire

wardrobe spread out, I put them

back into her drawers, and ten minutes

later she’s got them back out

again – she’s a full-time job.”

Some families are fortunate

enough to have someone able to

dedicate this amount of time to a

family member. But not all.

Some families choose formal

assistance. Deschenes considered

this option when they knew it was

time for their mother to move

somewhere. Deschenes thought

she could continue her daily activities

and have someone care for her

mother during the day. However,

when they looked into the cost of

formal assistance, and the idea of

someone being inside her home every

day while she wasn’t there, the

idea became uncomfortable.

Deschenes appreciates all her

sister has sacrificed to take care

of their mother. Unfortunately,

the sisters live hours apart, and

Deschenes doesn’t get to see her

mother as often as she would

like. “I don’t drive, and only get

to see my mom once every couple

months. Each time I see her, I see

the progression of her disease. It’s


Mina, however, notices the overall

decline of her mother’s mental

state, but doesn’t see the drastic

changes because she is with her all

the time.

The Alzheimer’s Society of Durham

Region offers support programs

for people in Mina’s situation.

Thompson says programs run

throughout the year, and benefit

both the one living with Alzheimer’s

and the caregivers. There are

numerous educational services, as

well as support groups where anyone

can discuss what they are going

through, and how they cope with a

loved-one with Alzheimer’s.

The programs discuss strategies

on how to deal with new development

and what is to be expected

while caring for someone living

with Azheimer’s.

Photograph by Jenn Amaro

Dr. Poirier says violence comes

with the later stages of Alzheimer’s.

This is one of Mina’s fears. “I’m

okay with being a full-time caregiver

right now, but eventually it will

be out of my control. Long-term

care facilities are a good option, but

you just never know when there’s

going to be an opening.”

Their plan right now is to get

their mother registered with a longterm

care facility in Durham Region,

and start the waiting game.

This is the struggle of the waitlist.

The progression of the disease

is unpredictable, according to Dr.

Poirier. Everyone progresses at

their own rate. Mina says, according

to her mother’s doctors,

her mother has progressed quickly.

Due to so much change in her life,

her mind was not able to process it,

and it sped the deterioration of her

mental capability.

Deschenes says every time she

visits her mom, she tries to get as

much out of the visit as she can.

There are good visits when her

mom knows what she is talking

about and other visits when Deschenes

says her mother is in a different

world staring, off into space.

“It’s hard to watch the deterioration,

but I’m taking everything one

step at a time,” she says.

Deschenes and Mina have grown

closer since the diagnoses. They

both attend support groups, and

online chats make them feel they’re

not alone.

The sisters rely on each other for

support and know that between the

two of them, they are doing all they

can for their mother.

Mina says, “You just never know

when things are going to get worse,

but for now, my mom is my mom,

I love her and she tucked me in at

night when I was child, and I’ll do

it for her as long as she needs.”

20 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus

Speaking tour brings Aboriginal military mentor to DC

Matthew Pellerin

The Chronicle

Durham College recently played

host to a Canadian role model.

Warrant Officer Sheldon Quinn

stopped by to speak to guests at

Suswaaning Endaajig, DC’s Aboriginal


The event left the formality of

military life at the door, with Quinn

and the event guests positioned in a

traditional Aboriginal speaking circle.

The circle represents equality

and respect for everyone gathered.

Peace and harmony is something

Quinn doesn’t take for granted. He

has served in both Afghanistan and

the former Yugoslavia. During the

latter, Quinn found himself in an

encounter where a Croatian soldier

pointed an gun at the vehicle he

was riding in, which had guns of its

own pointed back, all during what

should have been a routine stop.

“It was the epitome of a Mexican

standoff,” says Quinn.

In Afghanistan Quinn was made

a section commander – a combat

role which put 10 other soldiers

under his command. He takes pride

and solace in the fact he brought all

of those soldiers home alive.

Quinn is now a member of the

Defence Aboriginal Advisory

Group. The DAAG advises the

Canadian Armed Forces on all

matters pertaining to Indigenous

affairs. According to a recent report

released by the DAAG, aboriginal

troops face racism in the

Armed Forces. The report alleged

harassment, derogatory name-calling

and higher-ups not allowing soldiers

to attend sacred ceremonies.

“[The Armed Forces] does mirror

Canadian society,” says Quinn.

“It is a systemic problem that we

have to deal with, and the sooner

that we start dealing with it, the

better it will be.”

With the backing of the Armed

Forces, Quinn started his one-man

speaking tour, to address issues

such as racism.

His outreach doesn’t end there.

He was previously involved as an

instructor in the Bold Eagle Program,

which provides indigenous

youth with a taste of military life.

The paid annual program takes

place in Alberta and even provides

participants with secondary school

credits. About 60 percent of the

men and women who complete the

Bold Eagle program eventually join

either the reserves or regular forces.

The program doesn’t simply act as

a drill camp, but rather includes

mentoring and counseling from

elders as well as character building.

“[After Bold Eagle] they become

pillars of their communities and

that’s awesome to see,” says Quinn.

After 27 years of service, Quinn

says duty keeps him in the Forces.

“Pride and duty,” he says. “It’s not

that I’m a warmonger, it’s the pride

that I came back with [after military


Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 21

Photograph by Dan Koehler

Krishnanan Thanpremkumar, VP of the Indian Student Association, posing

after finishing his matches during the first day of the ISA's cricket tournament.

22 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 23

24 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus

Equality needed in politics

Euvilla Thomas

The Chronicle

The death of councillor and former

mayor of Oshawa, Nancy Diamond,

was met with sadness. She

was a philanthropist, an activist

and instrumental in her community.

“To understand Nancy’s passing,

you need to understand how

she lived, and her passion for her

community and family,” says the

current mayor of Oshawa, John

Henry, who describes her as a passionate


Diamond was one of few women

able to stand the test of time in the

political field, not only in Durham

Region but across Canada. She was

the longest serving mayor in Oshawa,

and was in politics for about

two decades.

But she is not alone. Durham Region

has seen a number of women

in political roles, including Amy

McQuaid-England, Christine Elliott,

Celina Caesar-Chavannes

and Jennifer French. But they are

not representative of women in politics

in general.

Over the years, Canada has seen

more female politicians, but that

number has not increased by a

wide margin. In the 2010 municipal

election in Toronto, 15 females

won seats out of the 45 available.

Today, in 2017, women still only

make 25 per cent of the political

arena in Durham Region.

That’s partly because female

politicians are often treated more

harshly than their male counterparts,

says Alyson King, a political

science professor at UOIT. King

says things need to change.

Photograph courtesy of DurhamRegion.com

The late former mayor of Oshawa Nancy Diamond.

Homeless problem

bigger than you think

“Women are being attacked, so

whether you are a Liberal, a Conservative

or NDP, women seem to

be under attack for being outspoken

and stating their political views,

and the attacks are different from

what men experience,” she says.

According to King, men are attacked

on what they say and do,

but women are criticized personally,

and the type of violence that’s

threatened against them is often

sexual in nature. This kind of

things has been going on for years

and it is a much more virulent attack,

says King.

Looking back on the history of

female politicians, Agnes MacPhail

from Ontario was the first woman

to be elected to the House of Commons

in 1919. In 1921, Mary Ellen

Smith was elected as the first female

cabinet minister in the province

of British Columbia.

From 1919 to now, we have seen

more female politicians, but not

much has changed says King, even

though it might be better than 50

years ago.

“You would think that women

would have broken that glass ceiling.

Even in Canada, where life is

pretty good, we are still fighting

that fight for real equality for women,”

she says.

According to King, women too

often have to take on the male persona

to make it in politics.

“For women to survive in that

kind of environment, they have to

become like men in a way, and we

have a history of this, if you think

back to when Margaret Thatcher

was prime minister of Britain,” she

says. Thatcher was known to have

ruled as a ‘man’ would.

King says she is saddened and

Toritse Ikomi is the VP of equity in the SA’s office.

Photograph by Euvilla Thomas

disappointed that women are still

fighting the same fight in 2017. She

says until changes are made, some

women are not going to want to

become part of this field.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

is the first prime minster to have

a gender balanced cabinet. King

hopes to see Canada elect its own

female prime minister one day.

Mayor John Henry also hopes

for a better future for women so his

daughters can have equal opportunities

as men would when it comes

to politics.

“I have two daughters so I hope

the world have changed. I hope the

days of old where people weren’t

given equal opportunities are gone,

especially in this country, Canada,”

he says.

But for now he just misses his

friend, Nancy Diamond.

“Every time I see a reddish convertible

going down the road, I will

think about Nancy,” he says.

Euvilla Thomas and

Laura Metcalfe

The Chronicle

Four walls, a warm bed, and food

on the table. This might be the

norm for many, but for June Maillet

this luxury was almost unattainable

in 1990.

At 14, she was homeless, kicked

out of the house and on her own.

“It’s a little scary,” says Maillet.

“My typical day would just be wandering.

To be honest, I did a lot of

walking, trying to find where my

next meal was going to be.”

Now 41, she has moved on. She’s

now a to being a mom to three kids

but will never forget some of the

low points of her life. Though her

experience might be sad and tragic,

especially for a young woman,

Maillet is not unique. She is one

of hundreds of young people who

have been homeless in Durham

Region – then and now.

The Homeless Hub, a website

that shares data and research on

homelessness, shows there are

more than 700 people dealing with

homelessness in the area right now.

There is a desperate need for beds

and emergency shelters locally.

According to a report by the Region

of Durham, there has been an

increase in the use of emergency

shelters in recent years. The length

of stay has increased from 20 days

in 2012 to 35 days in 2013. There

are three emergency shelters in the

Durham Region, and combined

they make up to about 93 beds in


More beds may help get more

young people off the streets, a

situation which would have helped

Maillet a great deal.

“I was sleeping in a park one

night and got picked up by two

men and they were like ‘We can’t

just leave you here,’ so they took

me back to their place and that

wasn’t too safe for me but I didn’t

know what else to do, I was young,”

says Maillet, thinking back to those

days when she was out on the

streets with not even a bed to lay

her head on.

But some emergency shelters,

such as Cornerstone says the number

of beds available now has risen

significantly from when it opened

50 years ago.

“We started with a house of six

beds, right now we are at 40 beds,”

says managing director of Cornerstone,

Robert Brglez.

The Cornerstone Community

Association Durham is an emergency

shelter in Oshawa that serves

men for a period of time. Brglez

said the shelter is not a place to stay

but a place to transition with help

toward a better opportunity. People

get help finding new job opportunities

and affordable housing.

“Shelters need to lead to something

else,” he says.

He said the homeless situation is

different in Oshawa than Toronto.

Here the homeless people are most

often not on the streets, a problem

which Brglez has coined the “hidden


According to a report by Human

Resources and Social Development

Canada, households are spending

more than half of their income on


At the same time, another report

from the region shows the

unemployment rate in the Durham

Region at about 7.8 percent. On

top of this, homeless people often

also face mental health issues.

“Mental health is a contributing

factor to homelessness,” says

Sarah Johnson, shelter manager at

Cornerstone. She says 50 to 60 per

cent of the people using homeless

services have self-disclosed mental

health issues.

And Maillet is no exception.

“I’ve been told I have come a long

Photograph by Laura Metcalfe

Cornerstone Community Association Durham shelter director Robert Brglez and manager

Sarah Johnson pose in front of their mission statement.

way. I’m bipolar,” she says. She says

she was also a drug addict but this

is not a part of her life anymore.

There are many others like her

out there waiting for that lifechanging

moment. Maillet says she

didn’t have any parental guidance

at the time but she’s now at a more

stable period in her life.

She is a peer support worker at

the Canadian Mental Health Association

and living at home with

her husband and family.

Today, she is optimistic of the


“I’m working at getting myself

on my feet and growing as person,”

she says.

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 25

Mental illness is not forever

(Editor’s Note: The individual profiled in

this story initially agreed to give her full

name to The Chronicle but just prior to

publication asked if we could protect her

anonymity. The Chronicle has agreed to

do that and is now referring to the individual

as Jennifer.)

Rebecca Calzavara

The Chronicle

Jennifer’s biological father was abusive.

Her mother separated from

her father when she was 7 so that

she and her sister didn’t grow up

to hate him.

When Jennifer was 16, she was

rebellious towards her mother and

her stepfather. She felt her mother

gave his kids more attention. She

felt neglected.

It came to a point when Jennifer

gained so much anger and aggression

towards men in her life that she

hit her stepfather and ran away. She

moved in with her father at 16. He

convinced her he had changed…

but he was worse. She felt like a

prisoner in his home.

According to the Durham Region

Health Department, there are

certain times in our lives when our

mental health may be more vulnerable.

These times are known

as “transitions” or a “life event.”

Transitions include graduating

school, moving out or even getting


Life events include experiencing

loss, death of a loved one or experiencing/witnessing


Mental illness is defined as a

wide range of mental health conditions

that affect your mood, thinking

and behaviour. According to

DepressionHurt.ca, about 1 in 10

Canadians will experience an episode

of major depressive disorder

during their life time. Depression

is a widespread medical condition.

According to the Canadian Mental

Health Association, anxiety

disorder affects about 12 per cent

of Canadians.

There is a wide range of mental

illnesses. Adults are susceptible to

some and children are susceptible

to others. For adults, some illnesses

include but are not limited to anxiety

disorder, depression, eating disorder,

bipolar disorder and panic

disorder. For children, some illnesses

include autism, reading disorder,

stuttering and many more.

After moving back, Jennifer developed

panic attacks because of

her father. She would hyperventilate.

Her body would go instantly

numb and tingly. She would go

unconscious and wake up on her

bedroom floor with the door locked

and no way out.

Jennifer needed help but didn’t

know where to turn.

Megan Van Massenhoven is the

Outreach Coordinator for Good-

2Talk, which is a help line for post

secondary students.

The 24/7 helpline also accepts

calls from anyone who calls with

a problem.

Van Massenhoven says Thursdays

and Fridays between 8 p.m.

and 12 a.m. are the most common

times for people to call for some

guidance or help.

“We offer professional counselling

on the line, it is completely

Chronicle cartoonist Toby VanWeston depicts the emotions surrounding anxiety and depression.

anonymous,” Van Massenhoven


Good2Talk was created in 2013

in response to a ‘mental health

crisis’ on campuses. According to

MacLean’s, in 2012 Ryerson University

in Toronto saw a 200 per

cent increase in demand from students

in crisis situations.

Good2Talk was created to help

any student in a crisis situation on

campus. Since it started four years

ago, they have had a total of 60,000

calls to-date.

Good2Talk would have helped


“Really I was suffering and

rotting on the inside and nobody

understood. Nobody listened to my

cry for help. It was affecting my

health. I was scared and so alone,”

Jennifer explains.

Last year, a Canadian Reference

Group study was done on

students to see what factors affected

post-secondary students: 42.2 per

cent of students said stress affects

their studies, 32.5 per cent of students

said it is anxiety and 20.9 per

cent of students said depression.

There are many ways to help

with anxiety, depression and stress.

Margaret Wehrenberg’s book

The 10 Best-Ever Anxiety Management

Techniques, describes 10

techniques to help with anxiety.

The number one technique is

to change your intake. Your body

has to process whatever you take in.

Changing intake includes stopping

alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, sugar

and sweeteners.

“Taking charge of the things that

make your body anxious is not always

easy, but it is always productive,”

Wehrenberg writes.

Other techniques are as simple

as breathing, practicing mindfulness

and relaxing or as hard as

containing your worries, talking

yourself into changing behaviour

and stopping anxious thoughts.

Taking charge of your body can be

difficult, according to Wehrenberg.

Some people choose avoidance and

some flee, like Jennifer.

After living with her father for a

couple of years, Jennifer ran away.

But this time, to live with a boyfriend.

His name was Trevor. His family

took her in and loved her like one

of their own. It was exactly what

she wanted.

Trevor found a job on an oil rig

making really good money. They

were well-off. Until he got laid off.

He went off the deep end, became

an alcoholic and took whatever

pill he could get his hands on.

Months later he hit rock bottom.

He drove his brand new car off a

cliff, drinking and driving.

“My first instinct was to run, so

I did. That’s what I do when ever

things get dark…I run,” Jennifer


Wendy Stanyon, Faculty of

Heath Sciences at the University

of Ontario Institute of Technology

(UOIT), gives insight into how

someone can cope with a mental

illness. She explains anxiety and

depression are like the chicken and

the egg; anxiety turns into depression

at some point.

Jennifer, now 18, is at the airport

with $100 in her pocket with

her whole life jam packed in one

suit case. She is on her way to Alberta.

It is December 24th. Another

Christmas alone.

“I moved here because no one

could hurt me in a place where no

one knew me,” Jennifer says.

But Jennifer didn’t need isolation.

She needed help.

Stanyon explains you don’t need

to be an expert to be able to help

someone with anxiety or depression.

“Can you just listen? Not with

the intent of responding. Just to listen

to hear the message,” Stanyon


That’s what Jennifer needed. But

she felt she wasn’t good enough.

“I know it sounds like a pity

party,” Jennifer explains, “…my

self esteem was taken from me because

of my father.”

Jennifer got a job in Alberta and

made a lot of friends but at the end

of the day she would cry herself to

sleep because she still felt like she

was in a dark cold place.

She felt unwanted. Ugly. That no

one truly cared about her.

Jennifer started to develop depression.

Started getting suicidal

thoughts. As soon as those thoughts

happened, her depression got a million

times worse.

Stanyon says when she started

at UOIT in 2003, no one would

talk about mental illness, but now

people are much more open. Stanyon

is trying to raise awareness

about mental illness with mindfulness


“Mindfulness is what could eventually

save the world as we move

forward,” Stanyon explains.

Jennifer did not use mindfulness.

She confined herself in her room

and looked at four walls for days.

She searched on the Internet for

“the quickest way to die”.

“This mental illness is like having

a monster in your brain that

makes you think life isn’t worth it

and that you’re just simply worthless,”

Jennifer says.

One night, Jennifer drank two

bottles of wine. She started to get

flashbacks of what happened to

her. She started to blame herself

for everything. Started telling herself

that it was her fault. She hated

herself so much that night that…

she overdosed.

She was on life support for two

weeks. Despite the new friends she

Cartoon by Toby VanWeston

had made, no one came to visit.

Stanyon says our thoughts get the

better of us.

“Some days are going to be bad

days. It doesn’t have to mean it’s

going to go on forever and ever.

Just take care of yourself that day,”

Stanyon explains.

Sometimes that can be hard.

“I just wanted to scream.” Jennifer

says. “I was so mad that I

woke up to the same emptiness

and sadness in my heart. It felt

like I needed to vomit but I didn’t

have a mouth. My heart was in my


Those two weeks in the hospital

were lonely. Jennifer almost passed

away twice because of heart failure.

“It made me realize that there

was no good in living in the past,”

Jennifer explains.

Walking out of that hospital, Jennifer

felt reborn again.

Today, Jennifer is grateful she defeated

the great darkness and horror

of depression. She now understands

and notices cries for help.

“We need to help people to know

how to manage the messiness of

life,” Stanyon explains.

Mental illness isn’t forever. There

are so many ways to find help.

“I know the agonizing isolation

feeling, the feeling of being chained

under water and having the key,

but keeping it in my pocket. The

feeling of never seeing sunshine

and accepting to live in the rain.

Learning to live in hell because you

can’t get out of it. The feeling of

being embarrassed with myself and

having so much self hate. The feeling

of not being able to sleep and

having to live with myself longer

instead of being in a dream where

reality doesn’t exist,” Jennifer says.

“People should never have the feeling

of guilt for being born into this

world. We all matter. Listen for

someone’s cry for help.”

26 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Community

Feeding Durham's hungry

one mouth at a time

Alex Debets

and Nicole O’Brien

The Chronicle

Here’s some food for thought: one

out of 10 families in the Durham

Region is food insecure.

People such as Oshawa

residents Peter and Gloria, who,

though may never go hungry,

regularly use food banks and visit

soup kitchens on a daily basis.

They have a tough time making

ends meet because they live on social

assistance from the province.

“I’ve been coming here for

about ten years,” says Peter. “We

like it here.”

According to the Durham Region

Health, food insecurity is

defined as “not having access to

enough safe and nutritious food

due to lack of money.” Families

are often worried about running

out of food, so settle for lower

quality foods, and eat less to save


These aren’t just people who

visit food banks and soup kitchens.

Food insecurity can happen

to anyone.

According to the health region,

those most affected by food insecurity

are single parents with children

under age 18, people on Ontario

Works, people on Ontario

Disability Support program, seniors

living on old age pension, and

college and university students.

Don Macleod, president and

chair of Back Door Mission, says

food insecurity is a big problem in

the area.

“On a typical day, we have

about 10 to 15 people looking for

small parcels of food,” says Macleod.

Backdoor Mission in Oshawa

works to relieve the stresses of

poverty within economically deprived

pockets of the city.

Along with serving food three

times a week, the mission gives

out food tickets for St. Vincent’s

Kitchen, located in Oshawa, twice

a week.

Macleod says the meal tickets

are great, but a lack of transportation

is a major problem.

“I have a number of people asking

me for bus tickets,” he says. “A

lot of them walk everywhere.”

Other causes of food insecurity

include low income, low education

and lack of food skills.

Macleod says understanding

what is and what isn’t nutritious

food is a whole other issue on its


“The thing that concerns me is

not so much that people are lacking

food to eat, though there are

certainly people that are hungry,”

Macleod says. “It’s what they are


Healthy eating and food insecurity

are dependent on being able

to find and purchase healthy food.

But healthy foods, such as fruits

and vegetables, cost significantly

more than unhealthy foods such

as canned goods and Kraft dinner.

For example, at Walmart, a

small bag of baby carrots can cost

around $1.67. Compare that to

a box of Kraft dinner for $1.27,

which is a basically a meal in a


According to a 2013 study by

Harvard School of Public Health,

a healthy diet can cost about $1.50

more per day than an unhealthy


This doesn’t seem like a lot

at first glance, but that adds up

to about $2,000 on the average

family of four’s grocery bill.

Those suffering from food

insecurity may chose the lower

quality food over the expensive

healthy food because it still fills

them up and costs less.

Food insecurity is also linked to

household income. When people

make less, people do not have

enough money to pay for rent, bills

and food.

Oshawa residents Edward and

Barbara use the Back Door Mission

weekly. They finally found a

place to live after being shut down

multiple times by landlords.

“I’ve been turned down because

I have children. I have been

turned down because I am not

working,” Eric said. “And trying

to find a place to live is really hard,

the prices are very very high.”

Macelod says this adds even

more challenges to already

stretched families.

“Part of the reason why housing

is such a problem is that it’s kind of

a base thing,” he says. “You need

to have some place to live before

you can work on other things like

getting a job and eating well.”

According to a 2016 Durham

Region Health report, it costs

$837 a month to feed a family of

four in Durham.

The average Ontario income

in 2016 was about $7,448 per

month. And the average rent rate

is $1,203. So how much is left over

at the end of the month?

For the average family of four,

this may not be an issue since it

works out to about $5,408.

Those on Ontario Works, more

commonly known as welfare,

aren’t so lucky.

According to Durham Region

Health, the average Ontario

Works income is $1,227 per

month. After paying rent and grocery

bills, those on welfare are left

with only $187.

Not having financial access to

a healthy diet can lead to a whole

set of health problems. At any

age, poor nutrition puts people at

greater risk for chronic disease, infection

and lowered immunity. According

to Health Canada, those

suffering from food insecurity

report higher rates of depression,

Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and


These problems can cost more

money and more time for those already

financially strained, according

to the local health region. As a

result, the cycle of food insecurity

and poor health is a difficult one

to break, resulting in expensive

costs to the Ontario health care


The healthcare system cost

the province $2.9 billion in 2008,

according to Durham Region


There are options available via

the regional government to assist

families and social service groups

in promoting food security in Durham.

These tools include lists of food

resources in the region, such as

food banks and breakfast clubs.

Others can directly assist through

donations to non-profits such as

Feed the Need and Back Door

Mission or volunteer their own

time at a soup kitchen.

Meanwhile, for Peter and Gloria,

next week will be the same as

this week: another trip to the food


(Note: We have changed the names

of the families involved to protect their


Less meat and more veggies to live a healthy life

Jared Williams

The Chronicle

Nathan Deschamps, 23, has been

a vegan for 9 years.

At 14-years-old, Deschamps

decided he was done with eating

meat. After watching a documentary

which showed the poor conditions

animals in factory farms

were kept in influenced him to eat

less meat.

“I always had an idea of what

was going on but actually seeing

it [for myself],” says Deschamps,

“is what inspired me to go vegan.”

In recent years, nearly 33 per

cent of Canadians have chosen

veganism as a healthier alternative.

And with today’s foods being

loaded with preservatives, some

of which found are in household

products like sodium cyclamate

and triacetin, although vegan

dieting is gaining in popularity.

This healthier way of eating can

result in long-term benefits.

In the first few months of his

switch to veganism, Deschamps

says he found it difficult figuring

out the boundaries of a vegan diet.

But as time went on, he became

more aware of what nutrients are

required for a healthy diet.

Deschamps said he turned

to online vegan communities to

learn more about the best way to

maintain a balanced diet.

“When I started nine years

ago, veganism was a lot less popular

than it is now. It was a lot more

difficult to find people who were

interested in the same ideas. So it

was mostly online for me,” Deschamps


Nutritionist for the Durham

College and UOIT Campus

Health and Wellness Centre,

Sylvia Emmorey, says to go from

eating your typical diet to being

vegan overnight is something she

would never suggest. “That’s why

I work with people one-on-one to

help guide through that change

slowly. That would be too dramatic

of a change to vegan.”

Some of the harms which can

come from making an abrupt

change to veganism can be a disproportion

of meals with fillers

such as bread, rice and potatoes

leading to craving, increased

appetite, mood imbalances and


People get energy from carbohydrates.

Sometimes when people

choose to go vegan or even vegetarian,

they’ll just cut out all proteins

in their diet and increase

the carbs. This major change can

throw a person’s energy balance

off. A although we gain a small

amount of energy from proteins,

their main purpose is to repair

and rebuild the body.

“Some of the things you may

see with a person that is deficient

If done properly,

it can be really


in protein can be fatigue, hair

loss, and slow wound repair,” Emmorey


The main potential deficiencies

that can happen over time are

vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Supplements like B12 vitamins

and iron pills are recommended to

all those new to the vegan diet. “If

you’re strictly vegan, you probably

have to supplement unless you’re

getting enough beans, legumes,

nuts and seeds. It [can be a challenge]

– to [maintain] properly,”

she says.

According to Emmorey, we

don’t need a ton of meat sources

in our diets.

In fact, we don’t actually require

dairy in our diets. Inherited

from generations before us is the

idea we need milk and other dairy

products as our leading source of


“It’s been proven that we’re

not actually utilizing the calcium

properly from the forms of dairy

that are available to us. We are

one of the only countries that consumes

milk [which can result in]

such a high risk of osteoporosis,”

says Emmorey.

Going vegan may resemble

traits of a fad. “It is popular

and it is a little bit trendy [today],”

Emmorey says. “It is a legitimate

diet. If done properly it can be

really helpful.”

But becoming vegan isn’t just

a matter of picking up a carton of

soy milk and attending your local

animal abuse rally.

Photograph by Alex Debets

Don Macleod, president and chair of the Back Door Mission

and Lianne McDonald, program coordinator, serve food to

many people everyday.

Kimberly Dixon, 39, tried the

vegan lifestyle out but eventually

went back to eating red meat for

a number of reasons. She found

it tricky to maintain an iron-enriched

diet. Also as a parent, Dixon

couldn’t help but think about

the added hormones in our meat

products and the effect they could

have on her children’s growing


“Maybe [eating meat] explains

why so many intolerances are relevant…”

Dixon says. “Where did

they all come from? It used to be

peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.”

“Truth be told, I never [reached

the point of] a true vegan. I didn’t

cut out dairy or eggs,” Dixon says.

But she did feel like it was a cleaner

way of eating.

In the long run, the vegan diet

is more than a trendy lifestyle.

There are a number of positive

health benefits. Since becoming

vegan at age 14, Deschamps has

seen some benefits like experiencing

more energy and maintaining

a healthy body weight.

The only advice Deschamps

has for people interested in the

vegan lifestyle is to make sure they

eat as much variety as possible.

Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 27

DC celebrating 50 years

Photograph by Travis Fortnum

Guitarists playing to celebrate Durham College's 50 amazing


Fifty guitars

to celebrate

50 years

Alex Debets

The Chronicle

Durham College has “been in town,

for a half a century now,” as the

lyrics of a new song written for the

school’s 50th anniversary suggest.

Fifty Durham College students,

faculty, and alumni filled the Student

Services Building to celebrate

fifty years of the school, armed with

acoustic guitars, and sheet music

for “A Lesson Learned in Time”,

by Justin Lant, and “Ahead by a

Century” by The Tragically Hip.

“I guess I was plunking away on

my guitar and thought, you know

what would be cool? To bring

together fifty guitar players for fifty

years,” says Lovisa. That’s how it

began, but not how it finished. After

pitching the idea to his staff, the

call was sent out. An email went to

all DCmail email addresses. “Don

Lovisa wants YOU to join him,”

was the opening line.

Lovisa knew “A Lesson Learned

in Time” would be a good fit for the

50 guitars.

“It’s a great song,” says Lovisa.

“It takes of our value, and our mission

and all that and puts it into a


Lovisa refers to lyrics such as “no

bias here, equality we share,” and

“no boundaries the rules are fair,”

are what Lovisa is referring to.

One of the guitar players, Ashley

Paddenberg, says she was super excited

to participate.

There's so much community there

that's so nice.

The event was one of many being

put on by the school to celebrate the

anniversary but, there was something

different this time with the

song, “A Lesson Learned In Time.”

Written by Justin Lant, an employee

of the grounds department

and member of 20 Amp Soundchild,

the song goes into the school’s

history and the values.

Lant was inspired by the anniversary,

and decided to write a song.

“It was obviously inspired by the

50th anniversary,” says Lant. “So

we just went by the general vibe behind

like the mentality of the half


Durham College president Don

Lovisa, who came up with the fifty

guitars idea, was there with guitar

in hand and ready to play.

“When they put out the posting

online, I was really excited about

the opportunity to play guitar,” says

Paddenberg. “Student life can be

very busy.” She is in the Operations

bridge program, and says she has

played guitar “badly” for 10 years.

Paddenberg says this event built

a sense of community, even though

most people playing hadn’t met

each other before.

“There’s so much community

there that’s so nice,” she says. “You

know, sharing our tuners and things

and talking about our guitars and

participating with the school.”

The school continues to host 50

year events, including the Epic Mac

‘n event at the Centre for Food in

April and exam stress relief week

in April.

28 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Campus

Photograph by Kayano Waite

Rob Nokes at work in the welding department at Durham College (centre), and in his office (bottom right).

Piecing together a legacy at DC

Rob Nokes



at Durham

Kayano Waite

The Chronicle

Rob Nokes, mechanical technologist,

is a Durham Region native.

The husband and father of two has

lived many years between Oshawa

and Whitby. Through that time, he

has seen many changes with how

technology is used and taught at

Durham College (DC). I was able

to talk to him about his upbringing,

as well as his thoughts on the state

of welding at DC.

Tell me about yourself. Where

were you born?

Well, I was born in Oshawa, I

married in 1986. We bought a

house in Oshawa. Oshawa, we

lived there for about nine years.

And then I moved back to Whitby.

When did you get into welding?

I started welding in high school.

Took all trades in high school really.

I won the Grade 12 Welding Award

in 1981. I came to Durham College,

took the welder fitter program.

I didn’t get a job right out of the

gate, but I eventually got a maintenance

welding job. I worked in

the trucking, maintenance side up

until 2002 when I started working

at the college.

It would be easy to say this

(tech) was something you

knew could see yourself doing.?

Yeah, I enjoy the welding aspect

of making stuff, designing stuff.

Have you seen a growth or decline

in the amount of people

wanting to learn about the

trades, specifically welding?

We definitely have had an increase

of students wanting to take

welding. We started the one-year

techniques programs about three,

four years ago. This year is the start

of the two-year program.

What’s different now, over years

past, in high school when people

took the trades, you would take it in

Grade 12 and then you would come

to college to learn the advance stuff.

We’re now getting students that

haven’t stepped into a shop during

high school and are now realizing

that trades can lead to a really good

career path. But they’re coming

here with no experience.

What would you change with

the school board in terms of

making it more accessible for

students to learn more about

the trades?

People have finally realized that

computers are not going to control

and do everything, we need people

who can work with their hands. I

know some schools are bringing

trades back. The sooner you start

into it at the high school level, the

better for when you come to college.

The OYAP (Ontario Youth Apprenticeship

Program) which you

can get into at high school is really

good. That’s a great starting place.

What are some misconceptions

about working in the


I think people think it’s easy. It’s

hot. It’s dirty sometimes. You’re

gonna get scrapes. For some reason,

some guidance counselors are

telling people “you’re gonna make

a fortune.” Not out of the gate. If

you’re gonna make a lot of money,

you’re gonna work hard.

What’s the toughest challenge

in your field?

A lot of the times, in the real

world, something we don’t stress is

the time constraints. You’re pushed

and pushed to get a job done faster

and faster, because time is money.

Sometimes at the college we don’t

emphasize that enough. That’s the


What current projects are you

working on?

Right now, we finished just getting

20 new welding machines in

the shop, that was a big project we

had running.

That required making some kind

of cart to hold them hold them all,

figure out the wiring get them

hooked up, get them tested. We got

a third shop coming so definitely

there’ll be some more projects we've

got coming.

What’s the most important

thing in your field people

should be aware of?

(For the welding field) When you

see someone who does good work,

appreciate them. Don’t always go

by someone telling you how good

they are. You can tell by just watching

them work and looking at their

finished product.

What’s your favourite thing

about working at Durham


Because I like to fabricate and

design stuff, I get to design stuff

for this entire building. I feel good

when I walk around the school and

I can look around the shop and see

things that I’ve designed and built

and installed in the shop. People

talk about legacies. I walk around

and I see my legacies already.

This interview was edited for style,

length and clarity.

Campus chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 29

Goodbye from the journalism students

Photograph by Jim Ferr

The second-year journalism students pose for a group photo with their professors. The students create and produce The Chronicle each week, along with The

Chronicle website and Riot Radio show. Absent students are included in the top left of the photo.

Thank you from the advertising reps

Photograph by Jim Ferr

Sales reps from the advertising program pose with their professor. The reps are in charge of finding advertisers and placing them in the paper each week.

30 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

Community chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 31

New Saks store in Pickering

Photograph by Nicole O'Brien

Kim Howchin was the first to sign up for the new emails for

Saks Off 5th store at Pickering Town Centre.

Nicole O'Brien

The Chronicle

One year after entering the Canadian

market, Saks Off 5th has

opened a new store at the Pickering

Town Centre.

Customers lined up to see the unveiling

of the new 30,000 square

foot store on earlier this month.

The store offers a mix of designer

fashion, accessories and footwear

for men, women and children.

in Brampton opened on the same

day as the Pickering store.

“There hasn’t been many new

stores in the PTC so I am happy to

have another shopping option,” said

Pickering resident Kaitlin Brown.

As part of the Hudson's Bay

Company brand portfolio, Saks Off

5th has 117 stores globally and an

e-commerce division, saksoff5th.

com. Since entering the Canadian

retail market last March, locations

are popping up around the country.

Typically Saks Fifth Avenue is a

higher end store.

But it’s not your average store.

With brands such as Calvin Klein,

Ralph Lauren and BCBG, the average

sweater can cost up to $500.

Jeans can cost anywhere from

$100 to $300, and a pair of high

heel shoes can be a pretty penny,

running anywhere from $20 to

more than $300. Customers such

as Louise Antle were buzzing in the

grand opening line up, hoping to

find something new.

“Standing outside in the line, I

was anticipating good deals,” said

Antle. “But looking at the price

tags, it is pricey.”

Lorna Murphy, a Saks marketing

director, is “thrilled” to welcome

Saks Off 5th.

"Shoppers can look forward to

off-the-runway trends, exceptional

service, and savings on more than

800 of the biggest names in fashion,”

she said in a statement.

The store is one of two Saks Off

5th locations to open in the Toronto

area this year. The second location

Pickering resident and frequent

PTC shopper Kym Howchin attended

the grand opening. She

said she knew the Saks brand from

numerous shopping trips to the U.S.

“I was excited to see what they

have. I’ve been to Saks Off 5th Ave

at other locations so it was cool that

it was coming to Pickering,”

Howchin said. From Edmonton,

Alta., to Vaughan, Ont., the retailer

plans to operate up to 25 Canadian

locations by the end of the decade.

Howchin thinks the new addition

to the Pickering Town Centre will

benefit the mall and the city as a


“From looking around and seeing

the prices, typically Saks Fifth Avenue

is a higher end store, but this

is sort of the outlet so the prices I

think are pretty reasonable,” Howchin


There are no plans for an Oshawa

location, but stores are set to

open next in Quebec City, Winnipeg,

and Montreal by 2018.

32 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca


Karaoke event for U.S. trip

Erin Williams

The Chronicle

PR student, Melanie Richard, organized the charity karaoke event.

The Public Relations program at

Durham College were getting their

tune on by holding a charity karaoke

event this month.

Local residents and DC students

got out and got up to sing their

hearts out at Whiskey John’s Bar

and Grill in Oshawa.

Melanie Richard is a PR student

and organized the event. She says

karaoke is the best choice for all


“My group mates thought it

would be great do karaoke. Because

everybody loves to sing. It’s a kid

friendly event,” says Richards.

Melissa Neill and her daughter

Becca, had no fear of getting

up on stage at the event.

“I like singing [songs from] Frozen

and Katy Perry,” says Becca.

“I also like being a back-up dancer

when other people sing.”

Her mother enjoyed singing

some older rock songs from bands

like Aerosmith and Heart.

“It runs in the family, all

of us love to sing. She is my

little rockstar,” says McNeill.

Michael Valenti was the karaoke

DJ for the night.

He worked approximately eight

hours to support the event and play

the requested songs.

He says it was a long night but

he was happy to do something different.

“I get to play songs that I normally

don’t get to. It’s also for charity

and to support local Durham

College students so, how could I

not want to be a part of it?” says


Not only is this event for fun, but

it’s also part of the Public Relations

Photograph by Erin Williams


The event raised money for a

charity of a student’s choice, while

also learning about fundraising


Students of the program learn

about fundraising and campaigning,

and needed to plan an event as

part of their course.

“In our careers later on, we

do need to have experience and

practice these skills,” says Richards.

“We are expected to fundraise

basically from the beginning right

until the ends. Setting it up, getting

sponsors, and then fundraising.”

Richard hopes to raise more

than enough money for charity

and the class development trip to

Chicago on March 30.

“We are going there, have a blast

for three days, and learn more

about how the states do it different

from Canada. The only thing we

pay for is our flights. We are going

to talk to their social media and

their public relations teams.”

Richard says social media aspect

is a big part of fundraising now.

She was glad to find a venue like

Whiskey John’s to hold the event

and shared the event on social media

while fundraising in person at

Durham College.

Richard says the team will likely

choose Sick Kids Hospital for their

charity of choice, but it is a team

decision and it hasn’t fully been

decided yet.

She also says they hit their goal

by raising more than $1,600 and

will continue to raise even more

towards their trip to the United


Bounce back with mix tunes

Asim Pervez

The Chronicle

In December of 2016, Detroit rapper

Big Sean announced via Twitter

that he was releasing an album

titled I Decided in February.

This kept hip-hop fans anxiously

waiting to see what he did this

time around. Sean is known for his

unique flows and his clever punch

lines. And, of course, he delivered

on his album.

The album’s production is a mixture

of new school bouncy trap records,

as well as a soulful smooth


The album features Jeremih,

fellow Detroit rapper Eminem,

Jhene Aiko, The-Dream, Migos

and more.

The album starts off with a skit,

a haunting voice of elderly man

talking to God about all his regrets,

underscored by atmospheric music.

The skit spills perfectly into the

first song, “Light” which features

Jeremih. The song has an inspirational

feeling to it as Sean touches

on subject like racial discrimination.

“Light” has a very smooth vibe,

with no drums at all. It’s one of

those songs where you can just lie

in bed and stare at the ceiling, embrace

the music and just listen.

“Light” samples Eddie Kendrick’s

“Intimate Friends”, which was also

sampled in Alicia Keys’ “Unbreakable”

and Snoop Dogg’s “Another’s


The second song on the album,

“Bounce Back,” is the biggest hit. If

you are an athlete, you have this

song on your playlist for sure. The

track is about bouncing back from

a loss. The chorus goes, “Last night

took an L but tonight I bounce


With production from star producer

Metro Boomin and a sample

from Sufjan Stevens, “All for Myself,”

the song has a chill vibe with

hard-hitting groovy drums and

bouncy 808 basslines.

This is definitely a song you

would hear at a party, or a song

you would listen to while driving

around with your friends.

The rest of the album includes a

mixture of relaxed laid-back tracks

as well as fast- paced hype tracks.

Sean continued the tradition of

making a song dedicated to a loved


On his last album “Dark Sky Paradise”,

he dedicated the song “One

Man Can Change the World” to his


On this album, he dedicated

track number 12 “Inspire Me” to

his mother.

In an interview with the Power

105.1 FM, a radio station in New

York City, Sean says when he

played the song for his mother, it

brought tears to her eyes.

Sean is no stranger to music that

touches people, as he grew up in a

“Motown household.” Motown is

associated with soulful music and

the blues.

Speaking of inspiration, most

rappers may go back and say they

were inspired by other rappers like

Tupac, Biggie or Jay Z.

But in an interview with Entertainment

Weekly, Big Sean gave credit

to classic Motown singers like

Marvin Gaye and Stevie Wonder,

as well as The Temptations. Sean’s

goal with this album, to uplift and

inspire people.

“People who can be inspired by

it. That’s who I am doing it for,” he

said in Entertainment Weekly.

Screenshot by Asim Pervez

'Bounce Back' is the second song in the I Decided album, and a big


Entertainment chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 33

Photograph courtesy of Columbia Records/Sony Music

The cover for Beyoncé's visual album Lemonade.

Where is Bey's crown?

During this year’s Grammys, a notso-expected

record stole Album of

the Year. Social media lit on fire.

According to Twitter Data,

Queen Bey, also known as Beyoncé,

was the most tweeted about star

of the night. Why you ask?



A black artist losing to a white

artist, specifically for Album of the

Year, seems to be a never-ending

issue at the Grammys. For some

reason, urban artists never seem

to achieve this award.

Beyoncé has respectively earned

22 Grammys to date. But never Album

of the Year.

Just two years ago, Beyoncé’s selftitled

visual album, lost to Beck’s

Morning Phase. Kanye almost pulled

a MTV Video Music Awards

(VMAs) moment when he heard

Beyoncé lost to Beck.

For those who are unfamiliar, in

2009 Beyoncé lost the Best Female

Video award to Taylor Swift. West

strolled on stage and said “Beyoncé

had one of the best videos of all


Fast forward to the 2015 Grammys,

West approached the stage but

as he went for the mic, he jokingly

walked back to his seat. This was

to show he thought Beyoncé should

have won, as opposed to Beck.

That moment was epic and gave

the audience a good laugh. But

what isn’t funny is black artists’

work not being publicly recognized

by The Recording Academy.

In 2009, Lil Wayne’s Tha Carter

III lost to Robert Plant & Alison

Krauss’ Raising Sand. And in 2010,

I Am... Sasha Fierce by Beyoncé lost

to Taylor Swift’s Fearless. In 2016,

Kendrick Lamar’s To Pimp a Butterfly

lost to Taylor Swift’s 1989.

The list goes on. Even Adele

begged the question at this year’s

Grammy Awards.

“What the f**k does she have

to do to win Album of the Year?”

Adele asked.

It is an ongoing recurrence that

the Grammy voters have not chosen

a black artist over the past ten years

to win this prestigious award.

This year created the most uproar

on social media, as Queen

Bey’s triumphant album Lemonade

lost to Adele’s 25.

Before April 2016, lemonade

was just a popular drink. Today,

Lemonade is Beyoncé’s most popular

album. On April 23, 2016 Beyoncé’s

visual album was released after

her three-year musical hiatus and

left the Beyhive (Beyoncé’s fans)

in absolute shock. It also created


Beyoncé sings the line, “He

only want me when I’m not there,

he better call Becky with the

good hair” in the song Sorry. This

sparked allegations of troubles in

her marriage to Jay-Z.

Was Jay-Z unfaithful? Who was

the other woman? When did this


A still from Beyoncé's Lemonade.

The cheating scandal was never

confirmed, but what it did do was

create an impact. It made the record

more relatable for woman and

men who have been cheated on.

Along with controversy, the album

also had an empowering visual

aspect, which brought racial

injustice to light.

Formation, the last track off Lemonade,

displayed Beyoncé floating

on a police car in the water. This

was not an anti-police act. Beyoncé

was trying to bring awareness

to police violence and murders towards

black Americans.

Beyoncé brought the mothers of

Mike Brown, Eric Garner, Oscar

Grant and Travon Martin into the

Lemonade visual. They hold photos

of their sons who died – all victims

of police brutality. Later that year,

she brought all the mothers to the

MTV VMA Awards white carpet.

This made the bigger picture come

full circle, showing Beyoncé’s appreciation

towards these mothers.

Queen Bey tells other stories

throughout her album. She opens

up to her fans, which she normally

does not do.

The album includes moments

from her childhood, private moments

with her daughter Blue Ivy

Carter, Beyoncé’s pregnancy, her

mother Tina Knowles and she and

Photograph courtesy of Columbia Records/Sony Music

Jay-Z getting matching tattoos.

This album’s visual concepts

showcased eleven emotional chapters,

including intuition, denial,

anger, apathy, emptiness, accountability,

reformation, forgiveness,

resurrection, hope and redemption.

These eleven feelings tell the

perfect story for Lemonade. Beyoncé

took lemons and made a historical

impact on pop culture.The journey

of infidelity, the impact of injustice

and the art of bittersweet moments

all in one complete package go

along with a triumphant record.

Lemonade's lack of recognition

means other loss for great quality


34 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

Entertainment chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 35


for a dream

Former DC


chases job

with WWE

Tyler Hodgkinson

The Chronicle

“I was one of the Rosebuds,” Divya

Chand says, as she remembers being

an extra standing in front of

more than 16,000 screaming fans

on a WWE stage. “And it was all

on my 20th birthday.”

She was dressed in a fairy costume

alongside others as part as

a colourful entourage for wrestler

Adam Rose. It wasn’t the first time

she was in Montreal – in fact, she

has been to the city to see wrestling

events in the past - but it was the

first time Chand was performing in

front of millions watching at home.

Chand’s opportunity to be part

of the WWE production for one

night was “one of the best experiences”

of her life, because for the

GTA-native, wrestling full-time in

the big league is a childhood dream

she will never stop chasing.

According to a study in the academic

journal Social Forces, only

six per cent of adults achieve their

childhood dream career. But for

many who have accomplished

their goals, the struggles and obstacles

were all part of the journey.

Through determination and unbridled

passion, chasing a dream

can lead to personal victories, advantageous

relationships, once-ina-lifetime

experiences, and opportunities

to inspire others.

In the past 20 years, many

notable Ontario-based wrestlers

have made a name for themselves

worldwide. This list includes the

WWE Hall of Famers Trish Stratus

and Edge, his longtime tag-team

partner Christian, and WWE title

holder Anthony Carelli, known at

the company as Santino Marella.

It’s under Carelli’s guidance at

Battle Arts Academy in Mississauga

that Chand – or Aria “Wild” Sapphire

in the ring - now currently

Divya Chand (right) with trainer Yuki Ishikawa.

trains. Her instructor teaches how

to take body slams and piledrivers,

but also encourages students to find

the will within.

“It is up to one’s self to ultimately

become successful. You must adopt

the ‘I can make it happen’ attitude,

believe in yourself, and be willing

to work harder than anyone else,”

Carelli says.

At only 21-years old, it’s already

been a long journey for Chand,

who’s love for wrestling began at

an early age. Along with her brothers,

the young girl from Markham,

Ont. became fixated on WWF’s

(now WWE) grungy, no-holdsbarred

Attitude Era. Themes of

violence, sex and drugs were fair

game in the late 1990s, but Chand

doesn’t think it affected her upbringing.

“I loved wrestling, but I still had

that girly side to me,” Chand says.

“I liked Barbies, and tea parties

with Hulk Hogan.”

It was as a child her aspirations

of being a wrestler were realized,

but her parents were against her

entering anything combat related.

Instead, they agreed to acting classes.

At 12-years old, Chand began

to attend seminars about commercials,

TV beauty segments, and

runway work.

Her adoration for the wrestling

industry carried over into her high

school years. However, a weight

issue took a toll on the teenager

not only physically, but mentally.

“I gained a lot of weight and suffered

from eating disorders and anemia,”

she says. “I hated it because

I wanted to wrestle, but I had this

outer layer of me that I couldn’t get

rid of.”

Chand decided to get a personal

trainer in her final year of school.

From there, her wrestling career

began when she signed up to train

at Squared Circle in Toronto. The

school was at Jane St. and Finch

Ave. W, a Toronto area with a history

of violence. Yet in this building,

combat was a way of keeping out

of trouble.

In conjunction with her training,

Chand also realized her love

for helping others. For the then-

19-year old, Durham College’s

Photograph by Tyler Hodgkinson

Divya Chand entering the ring before a match in Japan.

Child and Youth Worker (CYW)

program seemed like the perfect fit.

But sacrifices needed to be made

to achieve her childhood dream.

Leaving the program was only the

first step.

“CYWs do extraordinary things

for youth, are on call 24/7, and are

always there for the children that

need them. But I couldn’t be there,

and I felt that it’s unfair for those

kids,” Chand says.

Chand will be returning to

the school for something related

to youth services in future, but is

currently focused on her wrestling

career and making it to the WWE.

Deep in the grind at Battle Arts

Academy, Chand also learns from a

legendary Japanese trainer named

Yuki Ishikawa.

Academy owner Carelli was

a student of Ishawaka while in

Japan, and when an injury forced

the wrestler to retire, he opened a

training facility in his hometown

of Mississauga. A job offer was extended

to his former mentor, and

was accepted.

Together, the instructors teach

two different styles. Carelli has a

greater grasp on American style

wrestling, while Ishikawa instills

traditional Japanese form. For

someone like Chand, the lessons

she learns from her instructors are


According to Carelli, Chand’s

wrestling ability has improved

since she arrived at the academy.

He says she has a “much better

understanding of the psychological

aspects of professional wrestling –

the storytelling component.”

I liked Barbies,

and tea parties

with Hulk Hogan.

He also believes that the way

she presents herself in and out of

the ring is impressive, saying “she’s

very confident and not afraid to

perform in front of large groups of


Ishikawa mirrors Carelli’s sentiment

and believes Chand is a positive

role model for others because of

her ability to absorb information.

“She understands my thinking

and has a good personality. She

can be a leader at Battle Arts,”

Ishikawa declares.

But kinds words don’t create success

stories - personal effort does.

Chand was sent to acquire new

fighting styles in dojos in Japan

where she stayed for three months,

and when she was finished in Asia,

Photograph courtesy of Divya Chand

she migrated to England for five

months to once again learn new


Chand left behind most of her

family and friends in Canada, all in

the name of achieving her dream.

She says the sacrifices were hard to

make, but well worth it.

In fact, her hard work and determination

paid off when Carelli

called her less than a month after

her tours asking if she was interested

in an on-screen extra role

on WWE Raw. The answer was

a quick yes.

Chand’s moment had arrived.

She was standing face-to-face with

William Regal, a WWE legend and

talent scout. After showing off her

mic skills and physical attributes,

Regal complimented her on her effort

and suggested that if she continues

on the path she is currently

on, that she may have a future with


Chand’s goal of being a professional

wrestler in the WWE is twofold;

she wants to fulfill a childhood

dream, but also wants to inspire

others – especially children – to be

whatever they want.

The young fighter has already

encountered a variety of obstacles

in her life, but wants people to

know that if she can utilize her

passion and achieve her success,

so can they.

“I want to teach people that

everything will be OK. No matter

how tough situations feel, you can

overcome anything.”

36 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca


The NHL needs more soul


biggest sport

has always

lacked racial


on the ice

Kayano Waite

The Chronicle

Watching a hockey game, you may

notice many things: crowds of devoted

fans, colourful jerseys - and

white faces.

While hockey is seen by many

as Canada’s sport, it still lacks diversity.

There are currently 30 black

hockey players in the NHL, only

five percent of the league.

Malik Johnson is one of few black

players on the UOIT Ridgeback

men’s hockey team. The first year

Criminology and Legal Studies student

plays left wing for the Ridgebacks.

Growing up in Montreal, he

shared a love for hockey with his

father and brother, yet he and his

family are Edmonton Oilers fans.

He says he looked up to black

hockey players such as Georges

Laraque and Mike Grier. “My

dad would give us those jerseys to

make us not feel like an outsider in

hockey,” says Johnson.

He played in the Quebec Major

Junior Hockey League (QMJHL),

and in New Brunswick and Prince

Edward Island. During his younger

years though, He says he faced


“There would come to a lot of

situations where there’s racial remarks,”

said Johnson. “But I just

fought through it and just put it


Comments like this are not unheard

of for black hockey players,

especially in the NHL.

Soul on Ice: Past, Present & Future

is a documentary focused on

the role of black Canadians in the


Oshawa Public Library hosted a

free showing of Soul on Ice in late


The film is about the history

of black Canadians and their influence

on the game of hockey.

Starting with the history of black

Nova Scotians, to the startup of the

NHL, to modern day initiatives

such as Hockey is for Everyone,

an initiative focused on inclusivity

in the game.

Damon Kwame Mason is the

director of Soul on Ice. He was

born in Toronto, and has been active

in the entertainment industry

since 1996, working between Ontario

and Alberta, where he was

an announcer for FLOW 93.5 and

KISS 92.5.

A lifelong fan of hockey, Mason

got into contact with several professional

hockey players in Edmonton

during his time in Alberta. He

questioned the lack of black hockey

players in the league and wanted to

look more into the lack of diversity.

Mason felt it was his duty to tell

this story, feeling the history behind

Photograph by Kayano Waite

Soul on Ice: Past, Present and Future director, Damon Kwame Mason , poses next to a poster for

his film.

the game needed to be preserved.

“I took a leap of faith, sold my

condo and invested all my money

and time into this, and well, here

we are.”

It took more than three years to

complete, yet Mason feels there are

still many stories revolving around

hockey, such as women’s history

with the game.

Mason often went to Bernice

Carnegie for support during production.

She has a deep connection

to hockey.

She is the co-founder and executive

director of the Herbert H.

Carnegie Future Aces Foundation,

named after her father Herb.

Herb Carnegie was one of many

players interviewed for the film.

He was born in 1919 in Toronto.

Though never a member of the

NHL, Carnegie made a name for

himself as a member of the Black

Aces, the first all-black line in hockey

at the time.

After retiring from hockey in

1954, Herb created the Future Aces

Hockey School in 1955, the first

hockey school in Canada, according

to his daughter.

His last recorded interview was

for this film. He died at the age

of 92, nine days after being interviewed.

“I’ve seen the film several times,

and every time I break down,” says


She says while hockey is still seen

a white man’s game, she believes

the league is making inroads to be


And Bernice looks at Mason’s

work ethic to produce his film as

an example for younger people to

achieve their goals.

“If you have the heart and soul

to want to do something,” she says.

“You should carry it as far as you

possibly can.”

Bernice says finding financial or

personal support may be difficult

but having a passion for the sport

is key to success.

“That was the spirit my father

had, that he never gave up on

anything in his life, and as a result

accomplished so much.”

Johnson says the problems he has

had with his race have decreased

with age and time.

Now, he is focused on the game

itself and growing with the Ridgebacks.

“With us evolving and the culture

of our team, I would like to

look at myself as one of these leaders

for our team,” Johnson says. “In

the next couple of years I’d hopefully

like to bring this team to a


Indian students host their own cricket tournament

ISA took

things into

its own


Dan Koehler

The Chronicle

Cheering and yelling filled the

Campus Fieldhouse when the Indian

Student Association (ISA) held

its first ever student-run cricket


Six teams took part in the competition

March 8, and the top teams

played their finals March 15.

The tournament had to be run

by the ISA after the Student Association

(SA) cancelled intramurals

after not enough teams signed up.

But cancelling intramurals didn’t

change the fact students still wanted

to play.

“I made an application for my

SA (event application), and they

said OK I can have one (tournament),”

said Krishnanan Thanpremkumar,

vice-president of the

ISA and a second-year student in

the protection, security, and investigation

program at DC. “This is

the first year we are doing a tournament

by the students, not the


Each team paid $35 to enter the

tournament, compared to the $20

dollars per student that the SA

charged for intramurals.

Awards were given to the winning

team, as well as trophies for

best batsman, best bowler, and

most valuable player.

“We went out of our way and

pitched our own money in for

cups (trophies),” said Narmata

Jeyachandran, a member of the

ISA and scorekeeper for the tournament.

“We give best bowler and

best batsman $50 gift cards.”

This game gives

you life lessons.

Jeyachandran, who will take

over running the tournament next

year for Thanpremkumar after he

graduates, says cricket means the

world to the players.

“To some of these guys, cricket is

their everything,” she said. “One

of these guys had a mid-term and

he skipped it just to play cricket.”

Nitharsan Thajipkumar, a UOIT

student who has played cricket for

more than 10 years, says the game

is very competitive and teamwork

is crucial.

“You need to coordinate with

your team and be together with the

team,” he said. “This game gives

you life lessons.”

Cricket shares similarities with

baseball, but is still very different

in its own unique way. It is a less

forgiving game than other sports,

says Thajipkumar.

“If you play soccer you can lose

a goal in the first half but make it

back in the second half. Cricket is

not like that,” Thajipkumar said.

“From beginning to end, you need

to play properly.”

The ISA has become an important

part of student life for its members.

Thanpremkumar says most

of the players in the tournament

are international students, with the

exception of two.

“We started the ISA to make a

change for Indian students, and

that’s what we’re doing,” said Jeyachandran.

Although the ISA has been

around for a few years, this year

they are trying to put themselves

out there more, Jeyachandran

said. On March 9 the ISA hosted

Mother Language Day at the UA

auditorium to celebrate the many

languages of India.

“There’s more than 50 states in

India and every state has its own

language,” said Camran Nazir, a

player in the tournament and member

of the ISA.

Jeyachandran hopes to grow the

ISA even more next year by hosting

more events.

“The ISA helps Indian students

get their opportunity and get their

values and beliefs out,” she said.

“We want to show everyone, ‘hey,

we’re here too’.”

Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 37

Changing concussion culture

Christopher Jones

The Chronicle

Can you imagine being absolutely

fine one moment, and then suddenly

completely off the next? Can you

imagine what it would be like to

be an athlete on top of the world

only for it to come crashing down

around you? To be leading the

American Hockey League (AHL)

in goals one second, only to sometimes

need help up the stairs the


That’s what happened to former

UOIT men’s hockey coach, Craig

Fisher. He was the coach of the

Ridgebacks from 2010-2012.

On Nov. 12, 1999, Fisher suffered

his third concussion when

he took a knee to the head only to

immediately fall again, hitting his

head on the ice while playing for

the Rochester Americans of the


Since that incident, Fisher has

also taken a puck to the head while

coaching the Whitby Fury of the

Ontario Junior Hockey League


Fisher is still dealing with the

symptoms to this day, which is

why he felt the need to step aside

as coach of the Ridgebacks.

But what does Fisher have exactly?

He has a Traumatic Brain Injury

(TBI) that has had lingering

effects for almost two decades.

Fisher developed his TBI due to

the three concussions he received

throughout his hockey career.

Today, Fisher isn’t coaching

anymore, but he’s taken on an advisory

role for the UOIT athletics


“I have always been involved in

counselling hockey players with

TBI as it can really help to talk to

someone who has lived through

and is continuing to live through a

brain injury,” says Fisher. “I continue

to do this with both UOIT

players and players from other

leagues who contact me.”

According to Fisher, the difference

in the level of understanding

of concussions is immense.

“I was hurt in 1999 which was

the very beginning of the new

‘concussion era’ in hockey,” Fisher

says. “Before then, players were not

aware of this issue - it really still was

the ‘got your bell rung and go back

out there’ era.”

Fisher isn’t the only one working

with players who suffer from concussion

symptoms. Jeff Watson, a

strength and conditioning coach at

UOIT says, “Virtually once they’re

diagnosed with a concussion, the

next thing to do is to wait until

Athletic therapist, Saul Behrman, sits in his office.

they’re symptom free for anything.

So they have to be symptom free

in just daily active living, and then

once they can pass that test, then

we put them through a little bit of

a stress test.”

Watson says the stress test is

when they get the athletes heart

rate up. If any symptoms come up,

they have to restart and wait until

the athlete is completely symptom

free once again.

Watson also says those in the athletic

therapy department, such as

Saul Behrman, would work closer

with athletes.

Behrman is one of the main

athletic therapists at UOIT, and

he says that there are a few parts to

UOIT’s concussion protocol. The

first is recognition. This simply

means recognizing the symptoms

in athletes while they are in practice

or competing.

“A lot of the studies are showing

that the faster you recognize the

concussions and get them into the

protocol the better and faster their

return to play is,” says Behrman.

After recognizing the symptoms,

the athlete is put through testing.

The SCAT3 test is the standard

concussion assessment tool. It tests

things ranging from memory and

balance to sensitivity to light. Ultimately,

this is to determine if the

athlete is experiencing something

out of the ordinary.

After the SCAT3 tests, Behrman

and the rest of the Athletic Therapy

department bring athletes into the

clinic to use tools such as Impact,

which, according to Behrman,

helps test their reaction time and

memory while comparing the results

to how they were before the


Behrman also says the Athletic

Therapy department gives the

athletes advice on how to deal with

their symptoms. “Things like initially

cognitive rest and not using

their cell phone or their computers.

There’s a lot of instruction that we

give them on how to rest in the goal

of decreasing their symptoms,”

says Behrman, who starts athletes

into their return to play protocol.

“Basically there’s a number depending

on how the patient presents.

We may differ the types of

treatment we do. There’s manual

therapy in the clinic if some of their

symptoms are related to neck problems.

And there’s visual testing we

can do, and there’s exercise based

therapy that we can give to help

with symptoms.”

The return to learn protocol has

athletes attend class and do some

school work in order to make sure

that cognitively no symptoms flare

up. If all goes well, the athlete can

be reintroduced into class. Athletic

Therapists also work with the

accommodations department at

Durham or UOIT if the athlete

needs any accommodations for

their schoolwork.

In order to get the athlete back

onto the field, Behrman says, “We

have a graded return to play. What

we do is we take someone who’s

returning from a concussion and

once their scores have returned to

baseline levels and their symptoms

have decreased, we would start to

introduce a graded return to play.”

A graded return to play, according

to Behrman, means starting at

a lighter level of activity and seeing

how the athlete responds to that.

Photograph by Christopher Jones

Former NHL player and Ridgebacks men's hockey coach, Craig Fisher, still works at UOIT as an Athletics Coordinator.

Photograph by Christopher Jones

This could mean something like

a 20-minute bike ride. If they pass

that, then the athlete has to do

some more strenuous exercise and

Behrman keeps track of their heart

rate and blood pressure.

From there, the athlete may be

introduced into some sport specific

drills. “If they’re a basketball player

[that means] having them do some

specific drills related to basketball,”

says Behrman.

Behrman also says between all

of these phases, the athletic therapists

are leaving 24 hours to continue

monitoring the athlete. If

the athlete continues to progress

well, then the athlete is introduced

into non-contact practice, then to

a contact practice and then back

into play, according to Behrman.

“The difference [in concussion

protocol] is immense as there is

such a greater level of understanding

about the long and short-term

effects of traumatic brain issue,”

said Fisher.

Concussions protocol at UOIT

gives athletes who suffer from a

head injury a chance to one day

play again, which is something

many athletes, such as Fisher, did

not used to have.

After almost 20 years, Craig

Fisher still has moments when his

Traumatic Brain Injury affects

him. He still sometimes has trouble

getting up the stairs on his own. For

Fisher, the room is still sometimes


“All and all, the culture of

[sports] has made real progress

in raising awareness of this issue.

Hopefully the next step will be better

support and protection for all

players,” says Fisher.

38 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports

Baseball stadiums worth


has some

of the best

stadiums in

the world

Michael Welsh

The Chronicle

PNC Park in Pittburgh is widely regarded as one of the best stadiums in baseball.

The fresh cut grass, the bleachers,

a stadium dog, a cold beer and of

course some great baseball. There’s

nothing quite like a day at the ballpark.

The Rogers Centre is a great

venue for people living in the GTA

to cheer on their hometown Blue

Jays, but with 30 MLB teams, the

league has so much more to offer.

So this summer, why not pack up

the car with a few friends and hit

the road to one of the many gorgeous

and historic ballparks within

a day’s drive of Toronto.

Baseball is the ultimate family

game, with roots that go back almost

200 years. Baseball historian

and Canadian Baseball Hall of

Fame inductee, William Humber,

says the game’s deep, traditional

roots are what make it attractive to

so many different types of people.

“People are able to trace their

love of the game back many generations,”

says Humber. “I have

grandchildren now that are fourth

generations fans of the game.”

Humber is a published author

who has written multiple books

about sports in Canada, particularly

baseball. He also teaches a

course at Seneca College called

Baseball Spring Training for Fans.

He recommends his students visit

other stadiums, besides the Rogers


One of the problems with getting

young people to visit baseball

stadiums is that the game does not

have the same appeal for young

people as it used to.

According to Geoff Baker of

the Seattle Times, the MLB has

the oldest fans of any major sport.

Many people believe the slow pace

of the game turns young people

away, however Humber believes

this isn’t true.

“When the Blue Jays became a

good team the past couple of seasons

it was largely young people going

out to the games and enjoying

the full experience,” Humber says.

“We like the speed it up tempo of

other games but baseball has an

endearing charm.”

The Blue Jays’ success has been a

lot of fun to watch, but it has come

at a cost for fans wanting to see a

game live. Toronto had an average

attendance of 41,000 last season,

which was tops in the AL.

Tickets sold out weeks in advance

for much of the summer. Fans

wanting to catch a game either

had to plan a long time before going

or had to pay much more on

the second-hand market.

The narrative is likely to be the

same this year should the Blue

Jays enjoy similar success. Taking

a drive to a foreign ballpark would

give you a better chance at getting

tickets for a reasonable price.

The success has also been very

beneficial to youth baseball in the


According to Howard Birnie,

president of the Leaside Baseball

Association, enrollment was up

over 25 per cent in the summer of

2016 compared to 2015. Humber

Photograph courtesy of Michael Welsh

Baseball stadiums are an exciting experience for everyone.

says it’s no surprise baseball interest

has spiked in the GTA at the same

time the Blue Jays have fielded their

most competitive team for the in

over two decades.

“The Blue Jays are the benchmark

for baseball in not just Toronto

but all of Canada,” says Humber.

“As the Jays improve, suddenly

people are more aware of the game,

particularly kids. They want to play

it and watch.”

Interest in baseball as a whole

continues to grow. Attendance

across the league has never been

higher. Fans flock from all around

to have a full entertainment experience

at the state of the art stadiums

baseball has to offer. Every ballpark

has unique features and provides its

own atmosphere. Whether it be the

history, framework, or attractions

within the stadium, each of these

parks is worth paying a visit to this


PNC Park - Pittsburgh

-Opened in 2001

-575 km from DC/UOIT

-Blue Jays do not play there this


PNC Park is home to the Pittsburgh

Pirates and is widely regarded

as one jewels in all of baseball.

Built with a salute to classic

stadiums like Fenway and Wrigley,

it is a modern stadium that has a

feel of an old-time ballpark. When

PNC opened it was named the best

stadium in the MLB by ESPN.

The stadium is located along the

Allegheny River with spectacular

views of the downtown skyline from

the outfield.

The stadium is easily accessible

from the downtown core. From

the Roberto Clemente Bridge you

can see the arches which make the

concourse of PNC so recognizable.

On game days, the bridge is closed

off to cars and transformed into

an interactive experience for fans.

Photograph by Michael Welsh

Fans can enjoy some food and a

beer while listening to live music

and playing games before entering

the stadium.

The 38,000-seat venue is the

perfect mixture of old-time charm

with all the modern amenities to

create an exceptional fan experience.

Comerica Park - Detroit

-Opened in 2000

-432 km from DC/UOIT

-Blue Jays will be at Comerica

July 14-16

Comerica Park is a centerpiece

of the revival of downtown Detroit.

An area that was once avoided by

many people has become an entertainment


Baseball has

an endearing


The stadium is right beside Ford

Field, home to the NFL’s Detroit

Lions and right across the street

from the soon-to-be-complete

Little Caesar’s Arena, future home

of the NHL’s Detroit Red Wings

and the NBA’s Pistons. Detroit will

be the only city in North America

to have an MLB, NFL, NHL and

NBA team in its downtown core.

The area around the stadium is

loaded with sports bars, including

Cheli’s Bar, owned by former Red

Wing Chris Chelios, located right

across the street. The area is also

full of sports stores and lots of parking

for easy access to the stadium.

The inside of the ballpark was

designed with the whole family in

mind. There is a ferris wheel and

carousel for kids to enjoy, a giant

water feature in centre field that

celebrates Tigers’ homeruns and

other moments in the game. For

the adults, there is a beer garden

on the main concourse and a brew

house on the second deck.

Fans can also check out the Walk

of Fame. It has statues and plaques

of Tigers’ legends going all the way

back to the 1800’s.

Wrigley Field - Chicago

-Opened in 1914

-901 km from DC/UOIT

-Blue Jays will be at Wrigley

August 18-20

Wrigley Field is one of the most

historic stadiums in all of sports.

With over 100 years of history, a

visit to Wrigley is an experience

of its own, a baseball game is just

the cherry on top. The home of the

2016 World Series champion Cubs

is known for its ivy outfield wall and

scoreboard that is still operated by


Unlike most major league teams,

the Cubs play most of their games

during the daytime, even on weekdays.

The only time they play at

night is for nationally televised

broadcasts. Wrigley Field didn’t

even add lights on the field until

1988. This is just another way the

Cubs have stuck to the traditional

roots of baseball.

Given the age of Wrigley, many

people have been calling for a new

stadium for decades. This idea is

not usually met with agreement

from those who love the history

and feel of this classic park.

Wrigley is currently undergoing

renovations of over $500 million to

make the stadium more modern.

The renovations go beyond just the

park though. The Cubs are working

with business owners to revitalize

the neighbourhood around the

park with new restaurants, hotels

and stores.

To get a truly unique experience

unlike anywhere else, fans

can watch the game from rooftop

bleachers across the street. Since

the 1980’s, building owners across

the street from Wrigley have sold

tickets that overlook the outfield

wall and right into the stadium.

This is truly a one a kind way to

watch a baseball game.

Fenway Park - Boston

-Opened in 1912

-843 km from DC/UOIT

-Blue Jays will be at Fenway July

17-20, September 4-6 and 25-27

The only stadium in baseball that

could challenge Wrigley for its rich

history is Fenway Park. The home

of the Boston Red Sox has been

used as much more than a baseball

stadium in its more than 100 years.

The stadium is used to host special

European soccer games, outdoor

hockey games, NCAA football and

is a popular concert venue.

Continued on page 39

Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - March 27, 2017 The Chronicle 39

visiting this summer

Photograph by Michael Welsh

Wrigley Field is one of the most iconic and historic venues in all of sports.

Continued from page 38

Fenway has many unique features.

The one red seat amongst

the green outfield bleachers and

“Pesky’s Pole” are a big part of

Fenway’s history but no features at

Fenway are more famous than the

“Green Monster”. The 37-foot left

field wall is unlike anything in all

of baseball. It is a marvel for fans to

look at, but a beast that outfielders

must deal with every game.

Balls that would be a fly-out

in any other stadium become

homeruns when hit to left field

at Fenway. Games in Boston are

unpredictable due to the unique

dimensions of the field created by

the “Green Monster” and the short

wall in right field.

Like Wrigley, the age of Fenway

has been a constant topic

amongst fans. Over the past two

decades, there have been multiple

attempts by city officials and Red

Sox management to build a new


Each time groups of fans who

love the classic stadium manage

to block the plans. Over the past

ten years, Fenway has been under

constant construction to ensure it

remains structurally intact.

Every home game during the

middle of the eighth inning fans

Photograph courtesy of Michael Welsh

Blue Jays fans always travel when Toronto plays in Boston.

sing the classic Neil Diamond song

“Sweet Caroline.” No matter what

the status of the game, the classic

tradition is carried out and creates

an atmosphere that can’t be


Coca-Cola Field - Buffalo

(Humber’s recommendation)

-Opened in 1988

-225 km from DC/UOIT

-Buffalo is Toronto’s minor

league affiliate

Coca-Cola Field is not home to

a major league club. The Buffalo

Bisons of Triple-A International

League call it home. The Bisons

are Toronto’s AAA team. This is a

great trip fans could take in a day,

for a reasonable price. The minor

league stadium provides a much

more intimate experience than a

major league park.

The stadium was built in 1988 on

hopes Buffalo would land an MLB

expansion club. Coca-Cola Field

currently has a capacity of less than

17,000 but has the potential to be

expanded to over 40,000 by adding

a second deck.

The stadium itself is nothing special.

It is the overall experience that

makes a trip to Coca-Cola Field


The most expensive ticket in the

house is only $13.50 on a weekend

game. For that price everybody

has an opportunity to catch some

great baseball in a great seat. Blue

Jays fans may be extra interested

in taking the trip while an injured

big leaguer is doing their rehab

assignment. Players exit the stadium

through a back parking lot

that is open to the public making is

easy for fans to get autographs and

photos with the players.

This is a short drive for a good

price. Fans can take this trip on a

Saturday morning and be home for

dinner. If you want to extend the

trip, Cooperstown, NY is only a

few hours away. Home to the Baseball

Hall of Fame, Cooperstown is

a trip all baseball fans have to take.

There is nowhere on earth with

more history and culture about

the game.

Going to a baseball game is

no longer just about cheering for

the home team or watching your

favourite player hit a homerun.

Fans pay for a full entertainment

experience. Live music, interactive

games and mascots racing around

the field are all part of a day at the


This summer take a trip that you

and your friends will remember for

a long time. Ballparks aren’t just

for baseball fans anymore. They

are for anyone who is looking for

entertainment, good food and a

cold beer in the sun.

Photograph by Michael Welsh

Coca-Cola Field delivers the charm of a minor league park.

40 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports


in hockey

Putting discrimination

in the penalty box

Travis Fortnum

The Chronicle

Brock McGillis, former OHL

player and professional goalie, lived

the typical ‘hockey bro’ lifestyle for

years. It was a lie.

“I was the cocky hockey guy who

was womanizing. I always had a

different girlfriend,” McGillis says.

“But I’d go home at night when I

was 18 or 19 in the OHL and I

would break down crying and want

to kill myself. I would suppress it.

I would say ‘no, no, no. You’re not

gay,’ but the reality was that I am.”

McGillis was never out as a player.

He remained closeted throughout

his pro-hockey career in the

OHL, OUAA, UHL and while

playing professionally in Holland.

It wasn’t until last year he made

headlines by coming out publicly.

McGillis’ story is an anomaly.

The stereotypical hockey player

is usually hyper-masculine and as

cold as the ice on which they spend

so much time.

Locker room banter includes talk

of womanizing, partying and insulting

each other, calling friends

and opposing players "fags" and

feminizing them to get under their


Examples include Dallas Stars’

captain Jamie Benn and forward

Tyler Seguin attempting to joke

about the Sedin twins on a Dallas

radio station in 2015.

“Who knows what else they do

together,” said Benn.

“Seriously,” Seguin added.

Benn publicly apologized later

that year.

Another high-profile incident in

2011 saw Wayne Simmonds toss a

homophobic slur at Sean Avery.

The language used in chirping

and trash talk can be harmful to

players like McGillis.

Recently, players and officials

within the NHL have made efforts

to shut down offensive trash talks.

As an organization, the NHL

has taken steps towards LGBTQ

inclusion not seen by most in the

world of professional sports.

February was officially dubbed

Hockey is for Everyone Month.

The NHL partnered with the You

Can Play organization to host a

number of ‘Pride Night’ games.

This included logos for the NHL

and its teams decked out in rainbow

colours; as were players’ sticks,

thanks to Pride Tape, a rainbow

coloured hockey tape.

Even Brad Marchand, an elite

offensive talent on the Boston

Bruins, has done his best to make

everyone feel safe in hockey.

On the ice, Marchand is one of

the most controversial players in

the game. Off the ice, he’s spent

the last few months being vocal in

support of the LGBTQ community.

Last December, a hockey fan

took to Twitter to send some trash

talk Marchand’s way.

Players will use

anything to get

under another

player's skin.

“Put Chara’s d**k back in your

mouth you f***ing f*g,” they tweeted

at him.

Marchand responded by quoting

the tweet for all to see. “This

derogatory statement is offensive to

so many people around the world

[you’re] the kind of kid parents are

ashamed of,” he said shutting down

the hater.

“I think it’s cool that Marchand

did that,” says McGillis, who now

delivers presentations as an advocate

for LGBTQ equality. “I think

we can always use as many allies as

we can get.”

In an interview with ESPN, Marchand

says, “I want to stand up for

what I believe in, and I don’t think

it’s right when people say things or

bash people because of their sexual


He went on to say NHL players

would accept a gay teammate “no


But in the 100 years the NHL

has been around, there has not

been a single confirmed LGBTQ

player from the nearly 6,000 to hit

the ice.

TSN stats expert Kevin Gibson

says the trash talk might be to


“Players will use anything to

Photograph by Brian Babineau/NHLI via Getty Images

Screencap Tweeted by Brad Marchand

Brad Marchand during warmups before the Bruins February 11 game against the Vancouver

Canucks. Marchand is using a stick decked out with Pride Tape.

Photograph by Darren Jackinsky / Blue Fish Studios

get under another player’s skin,”

Gibson says. “Mother jokes, sisters,

wives. If there’s sexuality in question,

I’m sure that type of language

would be used.”

And it has been used, time and

time again.

During the first round of the

playoffs in April 2016, Andrew

Shaw made headlines after angrily

lashing out at an official using a

homophobic slur.

After public outrage, Shaw issued

a standard apology and was suspended

for one game.

It’s not just members of the LG-

BTQ community this language

affects. NHL players, like professional

athletes in most sports, are

looked up to as role models.

“You’re going to have a lot of

kids going to games,” Gibson says,

“they can hear what the players are

saying on the ice. You don’t want

the kids going to schools and using

that language.”

With every game being televised

and an increase in the popularity of

ice level mic feeds, players need to

be more careful with their words.

By partnering with You Can

Play, the NHL has shown they are

working to do just that.

You Can Play is a non-profit organization

working to ensure the

safety and inclusion of all people

in sports.

“Our idea is that an athlete

should be judged on their skill,

their work ethic and their competitive

spirit and not on their gender

identity and/or sexual orientation,”

says Chris Mosier, VP of Program

Development and Community Relations.

Essentially: if you can play, you

can play.

Mosier himself was the first out

trans athlete to join a U.S. national


He had the chance to take part in

the Hockey is for Everyone Month

festivities, shooting the puck during

a sold-out Blackhawks game.

Continued on page 41

Sports chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 41

From page 40

“It was great because it wasn’t

just LGBTQ athletes and fans in

the stadium,” Mosier says. “While

it was targeted towards the inclusion

of all people, it was not specifically

only LGBTQ night.”

Fans in attendance were just

there to see a game.

“It was great for regular fans to

get this information and see that

hockey really is for everyone,”

Mosier says.

“That the NHL is making a

pointed effort to say ‘we appreciate

our LGBTQ fans, and potentially

athletes and coaches that might

be out there, and you’re welcome


Though progress is being made,

McGillis thinks the problem needs

a bigger fix than a month.

“I think the NHL is trying to

take some initiative, and organizations

like You Can Play are working

hard to change it,” he says.

However, for McGillis the issue

is still very real. He believes part

of the problem is those involved in

the game aren’t looking at the issue

from a grassroots level.

“We’re products of our environment.

The language you hear in

locker rooms starts at novice,

tyke…” says McGillis.

“No one really knows what it

means at that age, but they’re using

it and then they get older and it’s

habit. I work with athletes every

day. Triple A, junior, professional

hockey players that know I’m gay

and still say it and then go ‘oh’.”

McGillis believes the players

don’t always mean what they say

in a malicious sense, but that it’s

hard to break old habits.

“They’re recognizing and I

think that’s half the battle, to get

people to recognize that they’re

using those words,” he says. “It’s

the same thing with racist comments

or sexist comments.”

McGillis says he’s known closeted

players with a lot of potential

who have left the game because of

homophobic language.

These are not isolated incidents.

For players in this situation,

You come into this world where nobody really cares

if you're black, you're white, you're coloured, you're

Muslim, you're Israeli, gay, straight or otherwise.

leagues specifically geared towards

members of the LGBTQ community

exist. For instance, the Toronto

Gay Hockey Association (TGHA)

which has over 170 members, making

up 11 teams.

Advancements in inclusivity

within the sport have begun to

become apparent to those involved.

“As the league gets older and

Photograph from Brock McGillis' Instagram

Brock McGillis (middle) works with players like Jake Burton (left) and Alex Rodrigue of the

Sudbury Wolves, McGillis' former OHL team.

older, you need new people to come

in,” says Chris Murray, commissioner

for the TGHA. “A lot of the

younger crowd say my team that

I’ve been playing with for 5-10

years doesn’t care if I’m gay, so

I’m just going to stay where I am.”

Murray calls it a utopian evolution.

“You come to this world

where nobody really cares if

you’re black, you’re white, you’re

coloured, you’re Muslim, you’re Israeli,

gay, straight or otherwise,”

says Murray.

“You’re just playing with the

people you’ve always played with.”

The progress made in the past

few years alone has brought the

hockey world closer to being a safe

place for the LGBTQ community

than ever before.

Andrew Quinlan, a forward in

the TGHA, says the league itself

is more respectful than others he

plays in.

“There’s less trash talking,”

Quinlan says, “it definitely still

gets heated on the ice, like in any

hockey league, but there’s less trash

talking and never any fights.”

While Quinlan himself has been

fortunate enough to not face homophobia

on the ice, he acknowledges

the issue in the game today.

“I would be surprised to learn if

other leagues, at least in Toronto,

have the same sense of community

that our hockey league has built. It

goes beyond hockey.”

Homophobic trash talk players

once used without a care is slowly

becoming a rarity.

“It’s not as big of an issue today,”

McGillis says. “Is there full

equality? No. Society has shifted.

If sports don’t shift, then they’re

falling behind, and they have.”

Now, McGillis stays involved

in the game with current players

doing off-ice training, on-ice skill

development and in-season mentoring.

What advice would he offer to

LGBTQ players?

“They need to learn to accept

themselves,” he says.

“Before they start thinking about

how it will affect their hockey or

sports or life, they have to accept

and love themselves and then from

there, know that you’re strong. You

can achieve greatness. You have it

in you.”

Photograph by Darren Jackinsky / Blue Fish Studios

42 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca Sports

The injury reserve



don't retire

when they

wish, they're

forced to

Joshua Nelson

The Chronicle

When Sarah Kentish’s gymnastics

career ended, it wasn’t in front of

a large crowd of screaming fans

cheering her on. It wasn’t a largescale

retirement speech that would

be remembered by millions, nor

was it included in a heartfelt biography.

In fact, the only person who

knew was Kentish herself.

Kentish was stuck upside down

on the balance beam. She couldn’t

shift her sense of gravity to regain

her balance and pull herself up.

Her coach wondered if she was

goofing off or messing around.

This could not have been further

from the truth.

“It was the strangest feeling, I

wasn’t even sure what happened,

one minute I was tumbling, the

next minute I was frozen in time,”

says Kentish.

Kentish suffers from what is

known as a Kim Lesion, a progressive

injury located in her shoulder,

which tore on the beam. The injury

involves a tear in the muscle located

behind the shoulder socket. At

anytime the shoulder can drop into

a depression and simply dislocate

resulting in pain and discomfort.

Not realizing the extent of her injury,

Kentish continued performing

her routines, causing her shoulder

to become progressively more damaged.

With her body seemingly

failing her, questions arose. Was

she pushing herself too hard? Not

getting enough rest? Performing

her routines wrong?

For many athletes like Kentish,

the horrors of a career-ending injury

can be unexpected and quick,

forcing athletes to accept their fate

and begin the road to recovery,

even if that means never playing

the sport they love ever again.

For an athlete, this can be devastating

often prompting questions of,

what if? But the first question that

appears is, what happened?

Some injuries can be identified.

Others lie deep within the body

and require X-rays or even surgery.

The second question is how

did this happen? Many injuries

can happen in an instant due to

sudden stress on the body, like a

broken bone or a concussion. Other

injuries are ongoing and may affect

someone for months or even years

before the athlete takes notice. This

was the case with Kentish.

The final and most important

question athletes have is, what can

I do about this injury? This question

differs for everyone, as many

athletes have varying degrees of

severity to their injury.

Can we react to prevent injuries?

Well, yes and no. Many injuries

Sarah Kentish's gymnastics career ended when she developed a Kim Lesion.

appear without warning and are

usually due to stress of a play gone

awry. Surgery is often required in

these instances as athletes put more

stress on their body than regular


According to Dr. Slade Shantz,

an orthopaedic surgeon specializing

in shoulder injuries, the severity

of an injury can be the deciding

factor as to whether or not surgery

may be needed.

“The main thing for me is how

peoples’ activities and daily living

and how their quality of life is affected,”

says Dr. Shantz, who works

at The Shoulder Centre located at

Rouge Valley Health System.

For Kentish, her injury was too

severe to continue her gymnastics.

Her life altered forever. She would

need constant physiotherapy to rehabilitate

her injury.

“It was quite devastating for me,

I worked really hard to do what I

did and this one injury took the end

of my career,” says Kentish, who

started gymnastics when she was

just 16 months old.

This experience for Kentish

mirrors what a lot of athletes


After the realization sets in, the

Photograph by Joshua Nelson

question then becomes, what are

the options for recovery? Although

surgery is an option, to most, it is

their last resort.

“First I tried strengthening with

a physiotherapist. That didn’t really

work so I went to a surgeon who

suggested I take cortisone shots and

see if bringing the inflammation

down would help heal my shoulder.

We tried. It didn’t work so ultimately

surgery was my [last option],”

says Kentish, who had her surgery

on August 23, 2016.

Even if Kentish had the option to

avoid surgery, simply working hard

to regain what she once lost would

be a daunting task.

To get the mobility or strength

back after an injury can be a huge

undertaking and it may never

fully heal. Lori Karikari, a registered

physiotherapist and the Vice

President of Complete Performance

Centre in Ajax, believes following

certain steps is a requirement for

injuries to heal.

“If it’s something really acute,

often times there’s a lot of manual

therapy and hands-on work initially,

education about positions… as

they move through the stages of

healing… you get into the strengthening

phase,” says Karikari, who

has been a practicing physiotherapist

since 2004.

Limitations need to be placed on

athletes who have injuries, as is the

case with Kentish.

“I was put immediately after

surgery into a cast, which held my

hand at a handshake position for

eight weeks. I was then allowed to

work with my arm but not anywhere

past a 90 degree range, right

now, months after surgery, I’m still

not able to lift anything near five

pounds using two hands,” says

Kentish, who now goes for physiotherapy

once a week.

Limitations like the ones placed

on Kentish can hold someone back

from a quick recovery. But after an

injury is assessed and the verdict is

given, the next step is always rehabilitation,

and if pursued, physiotherapy.

Physiotherapy is not mandatory,

but can be chosen to further

improve and heal an injury.

“Physiotherapy means going for

a specific guided program by a

physiotherapist and it can be really

helpful, especially for motivation,

and they have certain access to

things like ultrasound and laser

and electrical stimulation that patients

just wouldn’t have at home,”

says Dr. Shantz, who is interested in

using technology to create a more

patient oriented healthcare system.

According to an article by Sports

Medicine and Science Council of Saskatchewan,

physiotherapy is different

from athletic therapy. Athletic

therapy is really only available for

athletes while physiotherapy is

available for everyone, even those

who do not participate in sports.

“As physios, we see patients who

have unfortunately had an injury

whether it be sport-related… or

work-related, slip and falls, a variety

of reasons,” says Karikari, who

works with various professional

athletes, including members of the

Toronto Argonauts.

Athletes can only be so aware

of their own bodies; an injury can

happen extremely fast or be the

result of something long-term. It’s

the risk they take to do the sport

they love.

“You have to take care of yourself

first,” says Kentish, who had

her surgery and subsequent rehabilitation

in 2016. “You have to

make sure you’re healthy or your

sport will not progress, try to get

yourself healed.”

chronicle.durhamcollege.ca March 21 - 27, 2017 The Chronicle 43

44 The Chronicle March 21 - 27, 2017 chronicle.durhamcollege.ca

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