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Final NB 2016-2017 Turley

Table O Symbols Used in

Table O Symbols Used in Nuclear Chemistry Name Notation Symbol alpha particle 4 2 He or 4 2 α α beta particle 0 –1 e or 0 –1 β β– gamma radiation 0 0 γ γ neutron 1 0 n n proton 1 1 H or 1 1 p p positron 0 +1 e or 0 +1 β β+ Table P Organic Prefixes Prefix meth- 1 eth- 2 prop- 3 but- 4 pent- 5 hex- 6 hept- 7 oct- 8 non- 9 dec- 10 Number of Carbon Atoms Table Q Homologous Series of Hydrocarbons Name General Examples Formula Name Structural Formula R7 alkanes C n H 2n+2 ethane alkenes C n H 2n ethene alkynes C n H 2n–2 ethyne Note: n = number of carbon atoms H H H C C H H H H H C C H H H C C H

Table R Organic Functional Groups Class of Compound Functional Group General Formula Example halide (halocarbon) F (fluoro-) Cl (chloro-) Br (bromo-) I (iodo-) R X (X represents any halogen) CH 3 CHClCH 3 2-chloropropane alcohol OH R OH CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 OH 1-propanol ether O R O R′ CH 3 OCH 2 CH 3 methyl ethyl ether aldehyde O C H R O C H O CH 3 CH 2 C H propanal ketone O C O R C R′ O CH 3 CCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 2-pentanone organic acid O C OH R O C OH O CH 3 CH 2 C OH propanoic acid ester O C O O R C O R′ O CH 3 CH 2 COCH 3 methyl propanoate amine N R R′ N R′′ CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 NH 2 1-propanamine amide O C NH R O R′ C NH O CH 3 CH 2 C NH 2 propanamide Note: R represents a bonded atom or group of atoms. R8

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