Route: Orally Dosage: 500 mg, and 1,000mg. Action: Increase insulin sensitivity by decreasing glucose production and absorption in liver and intestine and enhancing glucose uptake and utilization Adverse Reaction: Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal bloating. Interactions: Amiloride, calcium channel blockers, digoxin, morphine, procainamide, etc. Glucotrol(Glipizide) Pronunciation: Glip-i-zid Classification: Sulfonylurea IFU: Type 2 diabetes mellitus Route: Orally Dosage: 5mg, 10mg. Action: Lowers blood glucose level by stimulating insulin release from pancreas, increasing insulin sensitivity at receptor sites, and decrease hepatic glucose production. Adverse Reaction: Dizziness, drowsiness, headache, and weakness. Interactions: Androgens, chloramphenicol, clofibrate, guanethidine, etc. GlycoLax (polyethylene glycol 3350) Pronunciation: poly·eth·yl·ene gly-col Classification: Osmotic Laxative IFU: X Route: powder packets for oral solution, powder for oral solution Dosage: 17 grams dissolved in 4 to 8 ounces of beverage Action: Treating occasional constipation Adverse Reaction: Cramps, gas, & nausea Interactions: abarelix, bepridil, & citalopram H HumaLog(Insulin lispro) Pronunciation: lis-pro Classification: insulin IFU: Type 1 diabetes mellitus Route: by injection Dosage: 75% insulin lispro protamine suspension/25% insulin lispro injection subcut.
Action: lower blood glucose by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, and inhibiting hepatic glucose production. Adverse Reaction: hypoglycemia, lipodystrophy, pruritus, erythema, swelling. Interactions: beta blockers, clonidine, and reserpine. HumuLin(Insulin NPH) Pronunciation: neutral protamine hagedorn Classification: insulin IFU: Type 1 diabetes mellitus Route: By injection Dosage: U-100 Action: lowers blood glucose by stimulating peripheral glucose uptake by skeletal muscle and fat, and by inhibiting hepatic glucose production. Adverse Reaction: Itching, skin rash, wheezing, trouble breathing, fast heart rate, and sweating. Interactions: Gatifloxacin, tequin, and tequin teqpaq. Hyzaar (losartan / hydrochlorothiazide) Pronunciation: loe-SAR-tan/HYE-droe-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide Classification: ARB / diuretic IFU: hypertension Route: P.O. Dosage: tablets 50mg /12.5mg; 100mg/25mg; Action: lowers high blood pressure Adverse Reaction: dizziness, lightheadedness, dehydration Interactions: increase potassium in the blood with drugs containing aliskiren, dofetilide, lithium such as ACE inhibitors, benazepril.lisinopril, birth control pills containing drospirenone I Imitrex (sumatriptan) Pronunciation: Su-ma-trip-tan Classification: Serotonin 5- HT1 Receptor Agonist IFU: Migraine/ Headaches Action:Is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Dosage: 25mg, 50mg, 100mg, 200mg Route: orally