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The life of the Prophet Muhammad - Ibn Kathir - volume 2 of 4

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6 THE LIFE OF THE

6 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD '"He then commanded that the present the two messengers had brought be returned to them. ""Abd Allah b. Mascad hurried forth thereafter, and lived to take part in the battle of Badr. "'He claimed that the Prophet (SAAS) prayed for forgiveness for him (the king) when news of his death reached him."' The chain of authorities for this is excellent, and the narrative is good. It gives evidence that Aba Masa was among those who migrated from Mecca to Abyssinia, even though this hadith is not recorded by some authorities. But God knows best. This event is related on the authority of Aha Ishaq alSabici from another chain. The hd.3 Abn Nu'aym stated in Daldlil (The Scgns), "Sulaymm b. Ahmad related to us quoting from Muhammad b. Zakariyyal al-Ghul%bi, from 'Abd Allgh b. Raja1 from Isr%'il. Also Sulaymm b. Ahmad related to us from Muhammad b. Zakariyygl, from al-Hasan b. 'Alluwiyya alQa@n, from %ad b. Mass al-Khutuli, from Ismcil b. Jacfar, from Isra'il. "Also, Abii Ahmad related to us, from 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad b. Shirawayh, from Ishaq b. Ibrahim, he being Ibn Rxhawayh, from 'Ubayd Allah b. Mnsa, from Isra'il, from Aba Ishzq, from Abn Burda, from Aba Masa, who said, 'The Messenger of God (SAAS) ordered us to depart with Jacfar b. Abii Tdib, to the land of the Negus.' "Quraysh heard of this and so they sent 'Amr b. alLcA~ and Wmaa b. al-Walid, having obtained a gift for the Negus. "They went in to the Negus with the present, which he accepted, and they made obeisance before him. "Then 'Amr b. alLcAs said, 'Certain people from our land have abandoned our religion. They are here in your country.' "'In my country?' the Negus asked. "'Yes,' they replied. "So he sent for us and Jacfar told us, 'Let none of you speak. I will be your spokesman today.' "And so we went to the Negus when he was seated on his throne, with 'Amr b. alLCAs on his right, Wmzra on his left, and the priests seated in two ranks. 'Amr and 'Umara had told the king, LThey will not make obeisance to you.' "When we arrived, some of his priests and monks there with him hurried to us and told us to how down before the king. But Jacfar replied, 'We bow down only before God, the Almighty and Glorious.' "When we reached the Negus, he asked, 'What prevents you from bowing down? ' "Jacfar replied, 'We how down only before God.' "The Negus then asked him, 'Well, what is this all about?'

IMAM ABU AL-FIDA' ISMA?L IBN KATH~R 7 "Jacfar explained, 'God sent a messenger among us; he is that same Messenger Jesus, son of Mary, God's prayers and peace be upon Him, said would come after himself, his name being "Ahmad". He ordered us to worship God and to associate no god with Him, to perform the prayers, to pay alms, to he good, and to abstain from what is forbidden.' "His speech astonished the Negus. "When 'Amr b. al-'A~ saw this, he exclaimed, 'May God save the king! They disagree with you concerning Jesus, son of Mary.' "The Negus then asked Jacfar, 'What does your master say about the son of Mary? ' "Jacfax replied, 'He says of Him what God stated -that he is God's spirit and His word, and that He brought him forth from the Virgin whom no man had approached and in whom there had been no child.' "The News then picked up a stick from the ground and raised it up, saying, 'Ye priests and monks, these people do not add so much as the weight of this to what we say about the son of Mary.' "'Welcome to you,' he continued, 'and greetings to him from whom you have come. I hear witness that he is the Messenger of God and that it is he of whom Jesus made prophecy. Were it not for the duties of my kingdom, I would go to him to kiss his shoes. Stay in my land as long as you wish.' "He then ordered that food and fine garments he hrought for us. And he said, 'Give back to those other two their gift.' "'Amr h. alLcA~ was short, while 'UmZra was a handsome man. While at sea, they had been drinking. 'Amr had his wife with him and, after they had been imbibing, Wmara said to 'Amr, 'Tell your wife to kiss me!' 'Amr replied, 'You should be ashamed!' Then Wmara picked up 'Amr and flung him into the sea. 'Amr kept calling out to Wmwa until he brought him back on to the hoat. "'Amr hated him for this, and told the Negns, 'If you were to leave, Wmara would take your place with your wife.' At that the Negus summoned Wmzra and had air blown into his urethra so that he flew away with the wild buds." The hiif;? al-Bayhaqi related it thus in Dali'il (The Stgns), through Abii 'Ali al-Hasan h. Sallam al-Sawwaq, from Wbayd All& b. Mnsa. He relates it similarly, with the same chain of authorities, up to the words, "He then ordered that food and fine garments be brought to us." He then stated, "This chain of authorities is good; what it apparently shows is that Abii Miis% was at Mecca, and that he did go with Jacfar, son of Aba Talib, to Abyssinia. What is true according to Yazid h. 'Ahd All& b. Aba Burda, on the authority of his grandfather Abii Burda, from Abn Miisa, is that the departure of the Messenger of God (SAAS) became known to them while they were in Yemen. They therefore went out into exile along with some 50 persons in a hoat that took them to the Negus in Abyssinia. They found that Jacfar b. Abii Talih and his companions were already living there. Ja'far told them to stay, and they did stay

  • Page 2 and 3: The Center for Muslim Contribution
  • Page 4 and 5: CONTENTS Foreword About this Series
  • Page 6 and 7: CONTENTS vii Chapter: On the birth
  • Page 8 and 9: In the Name of God, the Beneficent,
  • Page 10 and 11: ABOUT THIS SERIES THIS series of Ar
  • Page 12 and 13: CENTER FOR MUSLIM CONTRIBUTION TO C
  • Page 14 and 15: INTRODUCTION HE work at hand in its
  • Page 16 and 17: INTRODUCTION xvii rather rudimentar
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