Views
1 year ago

The life of the Prophet Muhammad - Ibn Kathir - volume 2 of 4

Many more Islamic media to read, listen, print and download at ww.IslamicGlobe.com and at www.QuranReciter.org

8 THE LIFE OF THE

8 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD with him until they joined the Messenger of God (SAAS), at the time of Khaybar. He stated, "Aba Masa witnessed what took place between Jacfar and the Negus and reported this." He also said, "And perhaps the narrator was using his imagination in saying, "The Messenger of God (SAAS), ordered us to depart." But God knows best. This is how al-Bukhm related this in his chapter on the migration to Abyssinia: "Muhammad b. al-'A12 related to us, quoting Aha Usma, quoting Burayd b. 'Abd Allah from Aba Burda, from Aba Masa, who said, 'The departure of the Messenger of God (SAAS) became known to us while we were in Yemen. So we embarked on a boat which took us to the Negus, in Abyssinia. There we found Ja'far b. Aba Tdib, God bless him, and we stayed there with him until we left and joined the Prophet (SAAS), when Khaybar was conquered. And so the Prophet said, "For you people of the boat there are two migrations.""' Muslim related this in this way from Abn Kurayb and Aba 'Amir 'Ahd Allah h. Barrad, both of whom used Aba Usma as a source. They both related this at length in other places. But God knows best. This narrative concerning Ja'far and the Negus was also related by the ha38 Ibn 'As& in his biography of Ja'far b. Abii Tdib. His account is on his own authority and that of 'Amr b. alLCAs, both of whom related the hadith. It is also recounted by Ibn Mas'ad, as given above, and by Umm Salama, as will be shown later. This following account given by Ja'far is extremely valuable. Ibn 'Asair related it from Abii al-@sim al-Samarqandi, from Aba al-Husayn h. al-Naqiir, from Aba Tiihir al-Mukhallis, from Abii al-Q%im h. al-Baghawi, who said, "Aba 'Abd al-Ju'fi related to us, from 'Abd All& b. Wmar b. Aban, quotjng Asad b. 'Amr al-Bajali, from Mujdid b. Sa'id, from al-Sha'bi, from 'Abd All& h. Ja'far, from his father, who said, 'Quraysh sent 'Amr b. al-'As and 'Umara b. al-Walid with a gift from Aba Sufym to the Negus. They told him - and we were there with him -'Some low-class and silly people of ours have come to you. So hand them over to us!' "He replied, 'No, not until I hear what they have to say."' Ja'far went on, "So he sent to us and asked, 'What's all this they say?' "We replied, 'These are people who worship idols. God sent a messenger to us in whom we believed and trusted.' "The Negus then asked them, 'Are these people slaves of yours?' "'No,' they replied. "'Do they have debts owing to you?' he then asked. "'No,' they answered. "'Then leave them alone,' he said. "At this we left his presence, but 'Amr b. al-'iT$ told hi, 'These people speak different things of Jesus from what you do.'

IMAM ABU AL-FIDA' ISMA'IL IBN KATHTR 9 "He replied, 'If they do not say about Jesus as I do, I will not allow them to stay in my land a single hour of the day!' "And so he sent for us, this second invitation being harder upon us than the first. "The Negus asked, 'What does your master say about Jesus, son of Mary?' "We replied, 'He says that He is the spirit of God and His word that He cast to a chaste virgin.' "He then dispatched a messenger, saying, 'Summon to me such-and-such a priest, such-and-such a monk.' "Some men of theirs came and he asked, 'What do you say concerning Jesus, son of Mary? ' "They replied, 'You are the most knowledgeable of us; what do you say?' "The Negus replied, having picked something up from the ground, 'Jesus is no more different from what these people say than this much.' "He then asked, 'Is anyone harming you people?' "They replied, 'Yes.' "So then a crier announced, 'Whoever harms any one of them is to be fined fow dirhams.' "Then he asked, 'Is this enough for you?' "We replied, 'No.' So the king doubled the fine." Ja'far went on: "When the Messenger of God (SAAS) emigrated to Medina and proclaimed himself there, we told him (the Negus) 'The Messenger of God (SAAS) ha proclaimed himself and gone to Medina; he has killed those we told you about. We wish to travel to him, so send us back.' "'Yes, I will,' he replied. He gave us mounts and provisioned us, then said, 'Inform your master how I have treated you. This man, my friend, will go with you. I bear witness that there is no god but God and that he is the Messenger of God. Ask him to pray for forgiveness for me.' Ja'far went on: "So we left and went to Medina where the Messenger of God (SAAS) met us. He embraced me, then said, 'I don't know what pleases me more -the victory at Khaybar, or the arrival of Jacfar!'" This coincided with the victory at Khaybar. He then sat down. The envoy of the Negus then said, "This man, Ja'far, ask hi how our master treated him." So he, Ja'far, said, "Yes, he acted in such-and-such a way, then gave us mounts and provisions and bore witness that there is no god but God and that you are the Messenger of God. He also told me, 'Ask him to pray for forgiveness for me."' The Messenger of God (SAAS) then arose, performed the prayer ablutions and prayed three times: "0 God, forgive the Negus!" And the Muslims present said, "Amen". Then Ja'far said, "I then told the envoy of the Negus, 'Leave now, and tell your master what you saw of the Messenger of God (SAAS).'"

  • Page 2 and 3: The Center for Muslim Contribution
  • Page 4 and 5: CONTENTS Foreword About this Series
  • Page 6 and 7: CONTENTS vii Chapter: On the birth
  • Page 8 and 9: In the Name of God, the Beneficent,
  • Page 10 and 11: ABOUT THIS SERIES THIS series of Ar
  • Page 12 and 13: CENTER FOR MUSLIM CONTRIBUTION TO C
  • Page 14 and 15: INTRODUCTION HE work at hand in its
  • Page 16 and 17: INTRODUCTION xvii rather rudimentar
  • Page 18 and 19: INTRODUCTION nix scholars of Islami
  • Page 20 and 21: INTRODUCTION xxi in pertinent ways.
  • Page 22 and 23: INTRODUCTION xxiii Finally, the tru
  • Page 24 and 25: TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE xxv ave been i
  • Page 26 and 27: 2 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 28 and 29: 4 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 30 and 31: 6 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 34 and 35: 10 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 36 and 37: 12 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 38 and 39: 14 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 40 and 41: 16 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 42 and 43: 18 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 44 and 45: 20 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 46 and 47: 22 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 48 and 49: 24 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 50 and 51: 26 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 52 and 53: 28 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 54 and 55: 30 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 56 and 57: 32 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 58 and 59: 34 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 60 and 61: 36 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 62 and 63: 38 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 64 and 65: 40 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUBAMMAD
  • Page 66 and 67: 42 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 68 and 69: 44 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 70 and 71: 46 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 72 and 73: 48 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 74 and 75: 50 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 76 and 77: 52 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 78 and 79: 54 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 80 and 81: 56 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD
  • Page 82 and 83:

    58 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 84 and 85:

    60 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 86 and 87:

    62 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 88 and 89:

    64 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 90 and 91:

    66 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 92 and 93:

    68 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 94 and 95:

    70 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 96 and 97:

    72 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 98 and 99:

    74 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 100 and 101:

    76 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 102 and 103:

    78 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 104 and 105:

    80 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 106 and 107:

    82 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 108 and 109:

    84 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 110 and 111:

    86 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 112 and 113:

    88 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 114 and 115:

    90 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 116 and 117:

    92 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 118 and 119:

    94 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 120 and 121:

    96 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 122 and 123:

    98 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

  • Page 124 and 125:

    100 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 126 and 127:

    102 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 128 and 129:

    104 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 130 and 131:

    106 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 132 and 133:

    108 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 134 and 135:

    110 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 136 and 137:

    112 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 138 and 139:

    114 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 140 and 141:

    116 THE I.IFF. OF THE PROPHET MUHAM

  • Page 142 and 143:

    118 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 144 and 145:

    120 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 146 and 147:

    122 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 148 and 149:

    124 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 150 and 151:

    126 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 152 and 153:

    128 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 154 and 155:

    130 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 156 and 157:

    132 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 158 and 159:

    134 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 160 and 161:

    136 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 162 and 163:

    138 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 164 and 165:

    140 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 166 and 167:

    142 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 168 and 169:

    144 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 170 and 171:

    146 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 172 and 173:

    148 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 174 and 175:

    150 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 176 and 177:

    152 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 178 and 179:

    154 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 180 and 181:

    156 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 182 and 183:

    158 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 184 and 185:

    160 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 186 and 187:

    162 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 188 and 189:

    164 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 190 and 191:

    166 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 192 and 193:

    168 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 194 and 195:

    170 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 196 and 197:

    172 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 198 and 199:

    174 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 200 and 201:

    176 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 202 and 203:

    178 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 204 and 205:

    180 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 206 and 207:

    182 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 208 and 209:

    184 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 210 and 211:

    186 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 212 and 213:

    188 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 214 and 215:

    190 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 216 and 217:

    192 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 218 and 219:

    194 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 220 and 221:

    196 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 222 and 223:

    198 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 224 and 225:

    200 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 226 and 227:

    202 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 228 and 229:

    204 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 230 and 231:

    206 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 232 and 233:

    208 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 234 and 235:

    210 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 236 and 237:

    212 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 238 and 239:

    214 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 240 and 241:

    216 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 242 and 243:

    218 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 244 and 245:

    220 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 246 and 247:

    222 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 248 and 249:

    224 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 250 and 251:

    226 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 252 and 253:

    228 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 254 and 255:

    230 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 256 and 257:

    232 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 258 and 259:

    234 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 260 and 261:

    236 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 262 and 263:

    238 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 264 and 265:

    240 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 266 and 267:

    242 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 268 and 269:

    244 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 270 and 271:

    246 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 272 and 273:

    248 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 274 and 275:

    250 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 276 and 277:

    252 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 278 and 279:

    254 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 280 and 281:

    256 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 282 and 283:

    258 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 284 and 285:

    260 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 286 and 287:

    262 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 288 and 289:

    264 , THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAM

  • Page 290 and 291:

    266 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 292 and 293:

    268 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 294 and 295:

    270 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 296 and 297:

    272 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 298 and 299:

    274 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 300 and 301:

    276 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 302 and 303:

    278 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 304 and 305:

    280 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 306 and 307:

    282 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 308 and 309:

    284 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 310 and 311:

    286 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 312 and 313:

    288 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 314 and 315:

    290 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 316 and 317:

    THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD ou

  • Page 318 and 319:

    294 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 320 and 321:

    296 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 322 and 323:

    298 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 324 and 325:

    300 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 326 and 327:

    302 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 328 and 329:

    304 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 330 and 331:

    306 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 332 and 333:

    308 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 334 and 335:

    310 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 336 and 337:

    312 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 338 and 339:

    314 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 340 and 341:

    316 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 342 and 343:

    318 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 344 and 345:

    320 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 346 and 347:

    322 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 348 and 349:

    324 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 350 and 351:

    326 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 352 and 353:

    328 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 354 and 355:

    330 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 356 and 357:

    332 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 358 and 359:

    334 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 360 and 361:

    336 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 362 and 363:

    338 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 364 and 365:

    340 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 366 and 367:

    342 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 368 and 369:

    344 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 370 and 371:

    346 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 372 and 373:

    348 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 374 and 375:

    350 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 376 and 377:

    352 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 378 and 379:

    354 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 380 and 381:

    356 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 382 and 383:

    358 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 384 and 385:

    360 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 386 and 387:

    362 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 388 and 389:

    364 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 390 and 391:

    366 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUWAMMA

  • Page 392 and 393:

    368 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 394 and 395:

    370 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 396 and 397:

    372 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 398 and 399:

    374 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 400 and 401:

    376 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 402 and 403:

    378 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 404 and 405:

    380 THE LIFE OF THE PR( 3PHET MUHAM

  • Page 406 and 407:

    382 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 408 and 409:

    384 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 410 and 411:

    386 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 412 and 413:

    388 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA

  • Page 414 and 415:

    390 THE LIFE OF THE I 'ROPHET MUHAM

  • Page 416:

    392 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMA