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The life of the Prophet Muhammad - Ibn Kathir - volume 2 of 4

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16 THE LIFE OF THE

16 THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD own brother, saying, 'You rule your people until my son comes of age; thereafter, he shall be king.' "But the king's brother wanted to rule and so he sold the Negus to a merchant. However, the uncle died that night and the Abyssinians restored the Negus, placing the crown on his head." He then related it in brief. But Ibn Isbaq's account is better and fuller. But God knows best. The account of Ibn Ishaq refers to 'Amr b. alLCA$ and 'Abd All& b. Aha Rabi'a. Those of Miisa b. Wqba, d-Umawi and others give the two envoys as 'Amr b. d-'A$ and Wmara b. al-Walid b. al-Mughira. Wmaa was one of the seven persons against whom the Messenger of God (SAAS) spoke prayers when they ridiculed hi on the occasion when they put the placenta of the sacrificial animal on his back when he was bent over in prayer at the ka'ba. Similarly they were named in the previous accounts given by Ibn Masciid and Abii Miisa al-Ash'ari. What is implied is that when they left Mecca, 'Amr's wife was with him and also that Wm%a was a handsome young man. They were together in the boat and Wmaa was attracted to the wife of 'Amr b. al-'A$. So he threw 'Amr into the sea to kill him, hut he swam back to the boat. TJmzra then told him, "If I'd known you could swim so well, I wouldn't have thrown you in!" 'Amr consequently hated him. Having failed to achieve their objective with the Negus regarding the Emigrants, Wmaa ingratiated himself with some of the Negus's people. But 'Amr warned the Negus of this and the latter had 'Umara bewitched so that he lost his mind and wandered off into the dcsert with the wild beasts. Al-Umawi related his story at very great length, to the effect that he lived on into the time of the reign of 'Umar b. d-Khattab, when some of the Companions hunted him down and seized hi. He then began saying, "Dispatch me! Dispatch me! Or I will die!" Since they did not dispatch him, he died right then and there. But God knows best. It has been said that Quraysh sent twice to the Negus regarding the Emigrants. The first occasion involved 'Amr b. d-'tTs and 'Umara, the second 'Amr and 'Abd Allah b. Abii Rabi'a. Abii Nu'aym gives such a text in Dalz'il (The Signs). But God knows best. It is said that the second mission occurred after the battle of Badr. Al-Zuhri stated this. Its purpose was to gain vengeance through the Emigrants there. But the Negus, God bless him, did not grant them any part of their request. But God knows best. Ziyad related, from Ibn Ishaq, that when Abii Talih saw Quraysh engaged in this he wrote to the Negus some verses urging him to act with justice and kindness towards those of his people who were living with him:

IMAM ABU AL-FIDP IsM~?L IBN KATH~R 17 "Would that I knew how it is so far off for Ja'far and 'Amr, and it is relatives who can he the most bitter enemies. And whether the actions of the Negus towards Ja'far and his companions are still kind, or whether some mischief-maker has hindered that. You should know, may you avoid disaster, that you are noble, and that no alien would have complaint to you. We know that God has given you much abundance, and that the means of all goodness is attached to you." Yanus stated, from Ibn Ishaq, "Yazid b. Rumm related to me that Wrwa b. al-Zubayr said, 'It was really Wthman b. 'Affm, God bless hi, who spoke with the Negus and it is well-known that it was Jacfar, God bless him, who was the translator. "' Ziyad al-Bakkrd'i stated, from Ibn Ishaq, "Yazid b. Ramm related to me from Wrwa, that 'A'isha, God bless her, said, 'After the Negus died, it was said that a light could still be seen at his grave."' Aba Ddad related this from Muhammad b. 'Amr al-hi, from Salama b. al-Fadl, from Muhammad b. Ishiiq, as follows, "When the Negus, God bless him, died, we used to say that a light could still he seen at his grave." Ziyad related, from Muhammad b. Ishxq, "Jacfar b. Muhammad related to me that his father said, 'The Abyssinians gathered together and told the Negus, "You have abandoned our faith." Then they revolted against hi.' "He sent to Jacfar and his companions and prepared boats for them, telling them, 'Embark on these, and remain as you are. If I am defeated then leave for wherever you want. If I am victorious, then stay.' "He then made his way to a document and wrote down the words, 'He testifies that there is no god but God and that Jesus is His slave, His messenger, His spirit and His word that he cast unto Mary.' He then placed the document inside his gown at his right shoulder. "He then went outside to the Abyssinians who were lined up before him and said, '0 Abyssinians, am I not your rightful leader?' 'Yes,' they replied. "'And how,' he asked, 'do you rate my conduct towards you?' "'As fine conduct.' "'So why are you discontented?' "'You have abandoned our faith and claimed that Jesus is His slave and His messenger.' "'And what is it you say of Jesus?' he asked them. "'We say that he is the son of God.' "Placing his hand across his chest over his gown, he then gave his testimony that, 'Jesus, son of Mary, was no more than this.' But he meant what he had written. "His people were satisfied and left.

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  • Page 4 and 5: CONTENTS Foreword About this Series
  • Page 6 and 7: CONTENTS vii Chapter: On the birth
  • Page 8 and 9: In the Name of God, the Beneficent,
  • Page 10 and 11: ABOUT THIS SERIES THIS series of Ar
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  • Page 14 and 15: INTRODUCTION HE work at hand in its
  • Page 16 and 17: INTRODUCTION xvii rather rudimentar
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