4 EDITOR’S LETTER
6 MEET OUR EXPERTS
8 AUTHOR GIFTS
14 NEWS & NOTES
20 ASK OUR EXPERTS
24 BOOK REVIEWS
26 OUR DEADLY BREAD
By Patrick Holford
32 WHICH MILK?
By Glenn Ashton
37 FOOD AS MEDICINE –
CAN WE EAT TO
By Andrea du Plessis
By Ilse Watson
48 KEEP YOUR DOG FIT
By Andrew Freemantle
50 ADVERSE CHILDHOOD
EXPERIENCES – what
are they and how do they
By Veronica Haupt
56 NICOTINE – how to cut
By Patrick Holford
62 THE MICROBIOME &
By Dr Arien van der Merwe
By Ian Craig
002 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
76 LIVER-CLEANSING HERBS
By Dr Bernard Brom
86 YOUTH IN
By Tony Rollinson
90 ART & HEALTH
By Dr John Demartini
82 A-Z FOR HEALTHY
By Dr Leila Sadien
92 PREGNANCY YOGA –
for healthy mothers and
By Sharni Quinn
on our cover
JULY 2017 | 003
~ my healing island
It is 6 am and I awake to loud bird song
outside my door. I open the mozzie screen
and step outside into a hot tub fi lled with 75 litres
of food grade hydrogen peroxide. Above me, a canopy
of palm trees and next to me is Tom Pace, still
inspiring me as he did 25 years ago when he was
instrumental to my career in health. He makes my
morning superfood smoothie and feeds me supplements
and talks about (now banned) effective
ultraviolet therapies he used in his clinic. Gratefully
I absorb the information and allow myself to be
re-inspired over a cup of Kona coffee with honey
Twenty-fi ve years ago, I found myself in Hawaii
mainland, fondly known as ‘the big island’. I was
employed to assist Tom, the owner of Hokukano
Ranch, in the development of a golf course. After
an introductory seminar by reforestation and agriculture
on the impact of a golf course on the ozone
layer, I secretly hoped that the golf course would
not be developed. I am so happy to say that Tom
decided against it and instead donated a large piece
of his land as a nature reserve. Tom introduced magnetic
therapy into South Africa in the early 80s, way
ahead of his time. He remained interested in health
and had a health clinic/retreat on the ocean front
where medical doctors offered various modalities
and therapies such as ozone treatments and energy
medicine, together with state-of-the-art technology.
It was only natural for me to fi nd my way back there
and reconnect with Tom, learn more about the clinic
he had and the treatments he invited me to try.
Two days after my arrival those many moons ago,
Tom assisted with the birth of his brother’s son in the
house I stayed in. Homebirth was a new concept for
me and a far cry from the then standard hospital birth
and ceasarean section practised so commonly in
South Africa. I wanted to have a home birth one day!
I looked after the siblings of little baby Hardy, Catherine
and Vanessa. There was something different
about Catherine and she crawled into my heart – so
much so that one of my daughters is named after
her. It was during this trip, now, that I learnt about
the extent of little Catherine’s struggle with a brain
tumour that will be with her for the rest of her life. She
was diagnosed when Hardy was barely two years old.
Catherine survived and is an artist now. You can support
her by purchasing her art and keep her motivated
to continue painting.
The children ate muesli for breakfast with fruit juice
(instead of milk), and snacked on organic fruit off the
trees. Tom took me to my fi rst ever health food store
and I felt like a child in a sweet shop! I left with Acidophilus
and spirulina and various other remedies I had
no idea what they were for; and, I just wanted to learn
004 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
more. I experienced Lomi-Lomi massage, chewed on
raw ginger root, blessed a Buddhist temple, chanted,
meditated and sat in a circle playing with singing
bowls. It was a strange but wonderful experience that
inspired me to seek out natural health practitioners,
natural medicine and therapies upon my return to
Ultimately, Hawaii was the birthplace of my inspiration
for Natural Medicine magazine that I co-founded
with my integrative doctor, Dr Bernard Brom, seven
Don’t miss out on my travel journey by subscribing
to our newsletter and like us on Facebook. I will post
links to our Natural Medicine channel where I will be
sharing interviews conducted during my trip, smoothie
recipes and articles about various therapies such as
IV treatment I received. Dr Margaret Dexter requested
various blood tests and then ordered high dose nutritional
supplements to be administered intravenously
at her practice.
I interviewed ‘Dolphin Girl’, learned how to communicate
with dolphins, and was so blessed to swim with
her and dolphins on two occasions. Thank you Tom,
Hardy senior, Margaret, Dove, Shawna, Gretchen, Sasha
and all of you who made my experience unforgettable.
Dr. Hauschka Almond
Soothing Body Wash
I am always looking for a natural beauty
product to deeply nourish, moisturise and
protect my skin – Dr Hauschka’s Almond
Soothing Body Wash does this and I simply
This is a soap-free product with a
delicate almond scent to soothe
the senses. The almond tree is
one of the core plants used in the
Dr Hauschka skin care range. Almond
oil contains vitamin E, the
potent antioxidant that enhances
the skin’s elasticity. A little of this
product goes a long way, so it is a
Follow me on
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For queries, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors
and not necessarily those of the editor, sponsors or publisher.
While every effort has been made to ensure that the contents
of this publication are both accurate and truthful, the publisher
and editor accept no responsibility for inaccurate or
misleading information that may be contained herein. The
publisher and editor do not endorse any of the products
or services advertised in this publication. Advertisers are
responsible for their own advertisements. Be sure to consult
your doctor before you embark on any self-medication
programme. Holistic remedies can be potent.
Natural Medicine ® is protected under the Copyright Act.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced by any means without permission in writing from
006 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
phone 021 880 1444
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER DALEEN TOTTEN
GENERAL MANAGER KITCH MACKINTOSH
COPY EDITOR NATASHA BOLOGNESI
PROOFREADER ANNE HAHN
CONTENT ASSISTANT MAYLENE LOUIS
DISTRIBUTION AND ACCOUNTS
SUBSCRIPTIONS MAYLENE LOUIS
CREATIVE DIRECTOR DALEEN TOTTEN
Contributors in this issue
ART DIRECTOR AND DIGITAL MANAGER
GRAPHIC DESIGNER MIA GIBBS
NATIONAL ADVERTISING SALES MANAGER
ELEANOR VAN DER MERWE
ASSISTANT INGE VAN DER MERWE
SALES REPRESENTATIVES GAVIN BLACKSTOCK AND
Dr Ameet Aggarwal, Prof Majid Ali, Paul Bergner, Prof Rashid Bhikha,
Jacky Bloemraad-De Boer, Arjan Bogaers, Dr Bernard Brom, Lise Bryer,
Christiaan Campbell, Ian Craig, Sally-Ann Creed, Chantal Deacon
Daniel, Dr Melodie de Jager, Dr John Demartini,Andrea du Plessis,
Heidi du Preez, Dr Les Emdin, Klaus Ferlow, Ann Gadd, Dr Raoul
Goldberg, Patrick Holford, Aimee Hughes, Hannah Kaye, Dr Frances
le Roux, Stefan Maritz, Dr Linda Mayer, Kath Megaw, Dr Frank Müller,
Rev. Dr Alex Niven, Dr David Nye, Dr Sandi Nye, Sharni Quinn,
Robyn Sheldon, Dr Lynette Steele, Dr Michael Tierra, Mark Timon,
Jason Vale, Dr Arien van der Merwe, Jeanne van Zyl and David Wolfe
Natural Medicine ® is dedicated to providing information to
practitioners and the general public interested in all aspects of
healthy living. Articles are written objectively by professionals with
practical experience in their subjects. Although advertisements
are placed within articles, the authors do not necessarily endorse
Our aim at Natural Medicine ® is to integrate the most successful
approaches to health maintenance, disease prevention and the
treatment of chronic ill health. Health maintenance and disease
prevention must include care of the environment, the land, the water
and the air.
JULY 2017 | 007
Our authors do not receive any fi nancial reward for their
considerable efforts in contributing to Natural Medicine ® . They
are motivated solely by generosity of spirit and a passion
to further the cause of healthy living. A warm thanks to the
companies listed below, for sponsoring gifts for our authors.
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Drink one cup of Energise in the
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Biolife Biotin contributes to a healthy body and an attractive
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carbohydrates and protein.
ELLI MARULA OIL
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008 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Chiropractic is a health profession specialising in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskel-
Chiropractic practitioners essentially rely upon non-invasive treatment methods and will refer patients to medical practitioners should
medication or surgery be indicated. This approach is further reinforced by chiropractors in their promotion of healthy lifestyles such as
the avoidance of smoking and excess stress, proper diet and exercise.
Chiropractic education and training is extensive and in South Africa a Masters Degree in Chiropractic is
awarded at two South African Universities after a six-year programme.
PRIMARY CONDITIONS TREATED
Back pain, neck pain and headaches are extremely common and can be very debilitating symptoms. They
are also the primary reason patients seek chiropractic care. The distinguishing features of chiropractic care
that has allowed patient and public acceptance has been the ability to provide a readily available, caring and
sympathetic, low cost, low risk, non-invasive and natural healing approach to relieving symptoms of back
pain, neck pain and certain types of headache.
medical schemes make provision for reimbursement of chiropractic services. The Compensation for Occupational
Injuries and Diseases Act provides for complete reimbursement of cases treated by registered chiropractors. The
the care to a few treatments per episode. Using this level of restraint, chiropractic care is less expensive
than other treatment options where a series of examinations, medication and diagnostic procedures are
often routinely utilised.
COST EFFECTIVE CARE
Considering the high costs of medical care in the case of back-related problems – more often resulting
in extensive diagnostic procedures, medication, surgery and hospitalisation – it makes economical
of Rands annually.
It is interesting to note that the Ministry of Health in Ontario – Canada – commissioned a study by three
health economists led by Professor Pran Manga to investigate the cost of back-related problems to the
ly $7 billion) annually by utilising chiropractic services. Professor Manga stated, ‘There is an overwhelming
LOW BACK PAIN
Low back pain has reached epidemic proportions in virtually all industrialised nations and is ranked second
only to headaches as the most frequently reported cause of pain. Several studies estimate that up to 90% of
all people will experience back pain at some stage of their lives, and treatment has become, in turn, the single
biggest headache for the medical profession. The British orthopaedic surgeon, Gordon Waddel in his acclaimed
new text ‘The Back Pain Revolution’ states back pain is a 20th Century medical disaster.
In national health care systems throughout the world back pain is common, poorly managed and very expensive
– both in terms of direct treatment costs and the indirect costs of disability and lost productivity.
Several professions share the responsibility of health care and each should be considered equally in respect
CHIROPRACTIC ASSOCIATION of SOUTH AFRICA
+27 (086) 188 7772 / email@example.com
KEEPING IN TOUCH
BUG OFF, NATURALLY
We are travelling up north into
Africa this holiday and I am
concerned about travel bugs! Please
give me some natural tips on how to
deal with anything from mosquitoes to
tummy bugs. H.R.
THE EDITOR REPLIES: For insect bites, holistic
doctor and herbalist Dr Lois Johnson
recommends keeping the following herbs on
hand: pure lavender oil for mosquito bites to
reduce swelling and itching; tea tree oil to prevent
topical infection; and Aloe vera pure gel
for mosquito bites.
Natural products such as citronella, cedarwood
and eucalyptus stop mosquitoes from
biting, even though they may land on you.
Other ways to make yourself repellent are to
take 100 mg of vitamin B 1
or two to three garlic
capsules (undeodorised) every four hours
if you’re going to be in a heavily infested area.
Strategically arrayed bouquets of pennyroyal
can ward off mosquitoes.
I know of a brilliant repellent stick that will be
coming to South Africa soon, so watch this space.
On a high-stress trip – one that, say, has
you changing time zones or spending lots of
time in a plane’s pressurised cabin (a perfect
breeding ground for germs) – taking antioxidants
can help you stay healthy. Haas recommends
vitamins C (1 to 3 g) and E (400 to
800 IU), beta-carotene (15 000 to 30 000
IU), selenium (100 to 200 mcg) and lipoic
acid (100 to 200 mg).
When it comes to catching nasty bugs, prevention
is better than cure. I use Echinaforce
daily, just during the holiday season.
Importantly, remember to wash your hands
often on land and in the air – this helps prevent
the transmission of respiratory and gastrointestinal
After the trip, stay alert. Problems can surface
after you return. It can be weeks before parasitic
infections show up, and malaria can hide
for up to a year. The most important symptom
to be aware of is fever, particularly fever with
chills. Depending on your itinerary, your doctor
may need to rule out malaria, typhoid fever
or other problematic ‘souvenirs’.
Homeopathic creams may relieve itching and
inflammation from mosquito bites. Try cantharis
to relieve the burn and/or sting of a bite
and hypericum for puncture wounds and bites
Invite the good bugs. Pack probiotics! ’These
good bacteria can help you fight off any new
bugs that might invade your digestive system,’
says our expert Dr Elson Haas. Take capsules
of hydrochloric acid with meals – it’s a ‘good’
acid that acidifies the digestive tract, making it
harder for the bad bugs to gain hold.
010 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
THE HEALING BENEFITS OF CURCUMIN
I was so impressed with your interview
in your June issue with
Professor Dan Burke on curcumin and
the role it may play in lessening the
chances of resistance to anticancer
drugs. Please could you tell me more
about curcumin and its other health
benefits? With thanks. G.V.
THE EDITOR REPLIES: Curcumin, along with
two other related compounds (collectively
called curcuminoids), is present in the curry
spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). The plant
itself – originating in South Asian countries,
especially India – is a knobbly root that looks
rather like fresh ginger. Tumeric comes from
the powdered rhizomes of this plant and gets
its bright yellow colour from the polyphenol
curcumin. It is this substance which has the
power and the potential to address a variety
MODE OF ACTION
Curcumin is a fascinating substance which
has multiple beneficial interactions with cell
tissue. This means that it is able to inhibit the
action of various enzymes and cell signalling
pathways of importance in major illnesses
ranging from inflammatory-related diseases
Minerals are essential constituents of all cells. They regulate numerous
bodily functions and each mineral is essential in maintaining proper
equilibrium within cells. Although minerals comprise only 4-5 percent
of our body weight, without them life itself would be impossible.
Why Fithealth Minerals?
Minerals combined with an Amino Acid carrier molecule,
are more easily transported across the intestinal wall.
Fithealth minerals are uniquely Amino Acid Chelated (AAC)
resulting in improved absorption and utilisation.
The elemental value of a mineral supplement is the active
ingredient. Fithealth Minerals highlight the elemental (active)
mineral value so avoiding confusion in establishing the real
• FithealthAmino Acid Chelated Minerals contain no sugar, salt,
yeast, gluten, artificial colouring, flavouring, preservatives.
• Suitable for diabetics when used as part of a balanced
• Suitable for vegetarians
Available from: Dis-Chem and Independent Pharmacies
Tel: 011 886 2932; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.fithealth.co.za
Member of the
KEEPING IN TOUCH
1. Anand P., Sundaram
C., et al. Curcumin and
cancer: an ‘old-age’
disease with an ‘ageold’
solution. Cancer Lett
Aug 2008; 267(1):133-
2. Jurenka JS Antiinflammatory
of curcumin, a major
constituent of Curcuma
longa: a review of
preclinical and clinical
research. Altern Med
Rev June 2009;
3. Menon VP, Sudheer
AR. Antioxidant and
properties of curcumin.
Adv Exp Med Biol 2007;
4. Zhang L, Fiala M, et al.
by macrophages of
patients. J Alzheimers
Dis Sep 2006; 10(1):1-7.
Curcumin and cancer
As discussed in my interview with Professor
Dan Burke in our last issue, curcumin has
distinct anti-cancer mechanisms. Research
shows that curcumin can inhibit the growth
and spread of cancer at a molecular level. 1
These tests in the laboratory are encouraging
although further study is needed to verify
whether or not high doses of curcumin can
help to treat people with cancer or prevent it.
A powerful anti-inflammatory
Although short-term inflammation is necessary
for the repair and healing of damaged tissue,
long-term, low-level inflammation plays a
major part in the onset of many serious Western
diseases such as diabetes, heart disease
and Alzheimer’s disease.
Curcumin is a highly effective anti-inflammatory,
as effective in fact as some anti-inflammatory
drugs. 2 Its efficacy lies in its ability to
block a molecule that activates genes related
Further study is however necessary to determine
whether or not curcumin can slow down
or reverse Alzheimer’s disease.
Curcumin as an immunomodulatory agent
At low doses curcumin enhances antibody responses.
This ability to modulate the immune
system would be an added benefit curcumin
gives to the healing process. Here cancer patients
in particular could benefit as most anticancer
drugs have immunosuppressive side
Curcumin has absolutely no immunosuppressive
effects and laboratory tests show that it
also restores the immune system.
Curcumin presents a challenge when it comes
to its poor bioavailability, in other words the
amount that is successfully absorbed in order
for it to be effective. High oral doses of the substance
to counteract this poor bioavailability are
not an option because of concerns of toxicity.
Turmeric has been used as an anti-inflammatory
in India for thousands of years.
A powerful antioxidant
Antioxidants protect the body from free radicals.
Curcumin is far more effective an antioxidant
than -tocopherol: It neutralises free radicals
directly and then stimulates the body’s
own antioxidant enzymes. 3
Traditionally turmeric is mixed with milk or
butter and eaten. It can be combined with oil
and applied topically to injured areas to reduce
swelling, pain and infection.
A solution to the problem of poor bioavailability
can be found in a powerful curcumin
extract that encourages curcumin's absorption
and beneficial effects.
A reduction in oxidative stress protects against
heart disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Curcumin
inhibits LDL-cholesterol oxidation, which
is thought to mark the start of the hardening of
the arteries. Studies have also shown that curcumin
also clears plaque build-up, or protein
tangles, which are indicative of Alzheimer’s. 4
To sum up: Enjoy turmeric as a healthy spice
in your cooking and invest in a worthwhile
curcumin supplement to assist you along your
path to good health.
The references listed here are for additional
information and interest.
012 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Bio-Curcumin may help alleviate aches, pains and inflammatory discomfort caused by
arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia and inflammatory digestive disorders such as
IBS and Crohn’s Disease. Bio-Curcumin’s effect may be felt after just three days. If you
are not satisfied, contact us and we’ll consult with you. If you are still not satisfied after
this consultation, we will refund the purchase price.
NEWS & NOTES
PURIFY THE AIR
ORNAMENTAL RUBBER PLANT
This plant is another powerful toxin eliminator and air
purifi er that can grow easily indoors. It is especially effi cient
at removing formaldehyde from the air, and also eliminates
carbon monoxide, so placing it near a garage or area near a
despatch where vehicles are emitting fumes can be highly
It prefers full, or bright, fi ltered light and thrives in wet,
tropical conditions. Water it moderately and use a highnitrogen
fertiliser once a month. Trim the plant regularly to
maintain its size. To keep the broad, deep green leaves shiny
and absorbing the air toxins and transpiring oxygen, wipe
them gently with a damp, soft cloth every few months. You
can use this small tree as a centrepiece on a table or on a
shelf or windowsill. You can even place it on the fl oor near a
heater/fi replace or near entrances.
* Note: Avoid contact with the milky latex of the rubber
plant, as it can cause skin irritation.
Dr Adele Pelteret, BComp Med – Naturopathy and BSc CHSc (summa cum
laude), FLT-LE, Dip CN, HDE
‘Natural forces within us
are the true healers of
disease.’ ~ Hippocrates
MEN NEED REGULAR
A survey carried out by Orlando Health shows that men make
short-sighted excuses for not having regular medical checkups.
Among the top excuses are that they are too busy; scared of fi nding
out that something may be wrong with them; and that they are
uncomfortable with body examinations, such as prostate checks.
Urologist and men’s health activist Dr Jamin Brahmbhatt says,
‘Men can spend three to four hours golfi ng or watching a ball game
every week, or fi nd the time to take a trip to Vegas with their buddies,
but they can't spare 90 minutes a year to get a checkup?
Life expectancy for men is at least fi ve years less than it is for
women and men are more likely than women to die from nine out
of the top 10 causes of death in the US. ‘One of the biggest reasons
for those statistics, is that women are much more proactive
about their health than men,’ says Brahmbhatt.
South Lake Hospital
The Lucky Lucy Foundation
The motto of this worthwhile, non-profi t, animal help organisation
is: ‘Don’t confi scate and euthanise; educate and
The Lucky Lucy Foundation fi ghts daily to curb overpopulation,
abuse, neglect and lack of knowledge while upholding
the values of pro-life and pro-quality of life for animals. They
focus on the no-hope-left cases, fi nding good homes for the
dogs and cats in their shelter and providing support to many
‘furkids’ in impoverished communities.
For as little as R100/month become a special Guardian
Angel: Email email@example.com or sms LUCY to
48899 to donate R10.
014 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Last September Swiss scientists found that antiperspirants
containing aluminium may cause cancer.
Based on this fi nding, the Swiss National Council has
passed a bill that could ban the use of aluminium
salts in deodorants and provide funding to study its
role in the onset of breast cancer.
‘Healing is an
aspect of letting
go of perceived
self so that true
self may emerge
free of disease.’
Dr Ameet Aggarwal
As an antiperspirant ingredient, aluminium salts curb
sweat and body odour by temporarily blocking sweat
glands. The downside is that they may build up in
breast tissue with some oestrogen-like effects.
The research that highlighted the potential problem
was carried out at the University of Geneva and studied
isolated human breast cells that were later replicated
in studies on mice.
While the study showed that long-term exposure to
the aluminium salts caused tumours that spread,
there has been criticism from the charity Breast Cancer
Now and Cancer Research UK that the study is
fl awed as it focused on the effects of aluminium salts
in breast tissue in mice and not humans. According
to professor of cancer epidemiology at the University
of Cambridge, Paul Pharoah, ‘This study looked only
at the effects of aluminium in mice – but the largest
study of all the evidence in humans found no link.’
Dunne D. Mailonline
JULY 2017 | 015
NEWS & NOTES
Parkinson’s BEGINS IN
Exciting new research from the University of Iowa shows that
the intestine may play a key role in preventing Parkinson’s
Parkinson’s disease occurs when neurons (nerve cells) in the
brain that control movement become damaged or die. This
cell death results in the lack of motor control associated with
The University of Iowa researchers have located cells in the
intestine that spark an immune response that protects the
nerve cells against damage connected with Parkinson’s. Like
‘detectives’, the immune intestinal cells identify damaged
machinery within neurons and discard the defective parts.
This prevents neuron impairment or death known to cause
The University of Iowa
of the month
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jojoba. The balm is enriched with beeswax, which is protective
and packed with vitamins. This lip balm is one of several in a
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EOS (Evolution of Smooth) is well known worldwide for its delightful
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made with delicious botanical ingredients. With EOS there is a
lot to smile about!
than family FOR
A recent study shows that friendships may be more
benefi cial than family relationships for health and
happiness, especially as we age.
Head researcher, William Chopik, assistant professor
of psychology at Michigan State University, conducted
two studies involving nearly 280 000 people. His
fi ndings indicate that friendships gain importance
in later life and that good friendships amongst
older adults are a stronger guarantee of health and
happiness than relationships with family members.
Interestingly, relationships between friends are not
widely researched, but they should be as they play a
key role in happiness and health.
Says Chopik: ‘Keeping a few really good friends
around can make a world of difference for our
health and well-being. So it’s smart to invest in the
friendships that make you happiest.’
Michigan State University
016 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the non-psychoative ingredient
in marijuana and British researchers are investigating
whether or not this compound may shrink
brain tumours in children.
The study, the fi rst of its type in the world, is being
carried out at Nottingham University’s children’s
brain tumour centre. According to lead researcher
Professor Richard Grundy, there has been a surge
in parents administering CBD to children without
medical advice in the hopes that it may help.
‘New ways to treat childhood brain tumours are
urgently needed to extend and improve the quality
of life in malignant brain tumour patients, so
we are excited at the prospect of testing the effect
of cannabidiol on brain tumour cells,’ said Grundy.
The research into this potential treatment is at its
initial stages and is being conducted in the laboratory,
not on children. Grundy explains: ‘We expect
the cells – brain tumour and normal brain – grown
in our standard conditions to be healthy and actively
dividing. We expect that normal brain cells
grown in cannabidiol will remain healthy. However,
we expect the brain tumour cells grown in cannabidiol
to stop growing and die.’
Katie Sheen, of the Astro Brain Tumour Fund,
which is co-funding the study, said that if the research
was successful CBD could be a gentler, less
toxic way of treating cancer than chemotherapy or
Marsh S. Study looks at cannabis ingredient’s ability to help children’s
tumours. The Guardian. 2 May 2017.
PLAYING A MUSICAL
In recent research, knowing how to play a musical instrument
has been shown to help older adults maintain their listening
skills and protect cognitive health.
‘Music has been known to have benefi cial effects on the brain,
but there has been limited understanding into what about
music makes a difference,’ says Dr Bernhard Ross, senior
scientist at Baycrest’s Rotman Research Institute (RRI) and
lead author of the study.
The study at Baycrest Health Sciences, an academic health
sciences centre fully affi liated with the University of Toronto,
used Tibetan singing bowls to discover why playing a musical
instrument can protect brain health. Results showed that
mastering the ability to play a sound on a musical instrument
alters brain waves in such a way as to improve a person’s
listening and hearing skills and ward off age-related cognitive
‘It has been hypothesised that the act of playing music requires
many brain systems to work together, such as the hearing,
motor and perception systems,’ says Ross, who is also a
medical biophysics professor at the University of Toronto. ‘This
study was the fi rst time we saw direct changes in the brain
after one session, demonstrating that the action of creating
music leads to a strong change in brain activity.’
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care
JULY 2017| 017
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ASK OUR EXPERTS
UNDERSTANDING PERIOD PAIN
JEANNE VAN ZYL
Jeanne practises as a Wellness Coach
and NLP Practitioner in Brooklyn, Pretoria.
She is currently completing a
Master’s degree in Personalised NutritionthroughMiddlesexUniversity(London,UK)andhasalso
studied in the field of clinical psycho-neuro-immunology. She
is passionate about women’s health in all its complexity and
beauty and aims to inspire women to live a meaningful and
QMy 20-year-old daughter suffers
from the most terrible periodpain.Itissobadthatshecannot
have tried giving her painkillers but although
they sometimes take the edge
AJEANNE VAN ZYL REPLIES: When it
comes to reproductive health, there are
many factors to take into consideration that
may support overall balance between the
multiple hormones and messengers involved
in this system.
Disruption in hormone functioning or a particular
nutrient deficiency can have widespread
effects on regulation of the hormonal
cycle. The reproductive system is often
regarded as a ‘delicate dance’ between all the
mechanisms, messengers, hormones and nutrients
involved, which emphasises the complexity
of this system as a whole. Therefore, I
will provide general guidelines that may be useful
to support hormone balance and reduce
period pains; however, if your daughter’s
symptoms persist or deteriorate, I suggest
that she sees a healthcare professional
who can develop a tailored intervention programme
Period pains can be caused by constriction of
the ducts that carry blood from the uterus out
of the body. This constriction may cause the
blood and blood clots travelling through these
ducts to contribute to pain. If this is the cause
of her period pains, applying warmth to that
area might help to relax the muscles that induce
the constriction and thereby reduce the
pain. A popular way to apply warmth is placing
a hotwater bottle or ‘beanie’ bag on the lower
abdomen area. Period pains are often worse
in the winter seasons due to the constrictive
effect that cold weather has.
020 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Magnesium is essential for muscle relaxation,
as well as dilation of arteries and ducts.
In the standard Western diet, magnesium intake
tends to be low and may therefore promote
constriction and worsen the pain. My
preferred form of magnesium intake (over
and above diet) is magnesium bath salts or
a magnesium spray, as it has been suggested
that magnesium is absorbed more effectively
transdermally (through the skin). She can
spray magnesium directly onto the abdominal
area or take a 20-minute bath in magnesiumrich
bath salts on a regular basis to support
adequate magnesium stores.
Period pains can also be caused by an imbalance
between pro- and anti-infl ammatory
messages in the body. In other words, proinfl
ammatory messages may contribute to
blood clotting and thereby increase the size
of the blood clots that are to be cleared from
the body during menstruation. The standard
Western diet tends to be higher in pro-infl ammatory
foods relative to anti-infl ammatory
foods, which may add insult to injury if hormonal
regulation is already out of sorts.
Pro-infl ammatory foods include: red meat (especially
beef), processed foods, sugar, refi ned
carbohydrate foods, dairy, coffee, alcohol,
nightshade vegetables (eggplant, tomatoes,
peppers, etc.), omega-6 rich foods (plant oils,
nuts, seeds, etc.), soda drinks and take-away
meals. Anti-infl ammatory foods and spices
include: dark-green leafy vegetables, oily fi sh
(excellent source of anti-infl ammatory compounds),
avocados, most vegetables, most
fruit, garlic, turmeric, ginger root, walnuts,
legumes, cayenne pepper and cacao. Many
women report success with evening primrose
oil supplements, which contains high amounts
of anti-infl ammatory compounds and may
therefore be soothing for period pains.
A generally healthy, nutrient-dense, wholefood
diet that contains the above-mentioned antiinfl
ammatory foods and suffi cient amounts of
magnesium may therefore be useful to support
hormonal regulation and reduce period pains.
JULY 2017 | 021
ASK OUR EXPERTS
DR SANDI NYE, ND
She is a naturopath with a special interest
in aromatic and integrative medicine,
and is dual-registered with the
Allied Health Professions Council of South Africa (AHPCSA).
Sandi serves as editorial board member and/or consultant for
various national and international publications, and is in private
practice in Pinelands, Cape Town.
ADR SANDI NYE REPLIES: A high absorption
rate, directly into the bloodstream, can be
achieved with many substances that are delivered
transdermally, without the risk of gastrointestinal
degradation or other common oral-medicine-related
side effects. ‘Patch-treatment’, which is becoming
more and more popular, appears to be a safe, effective
and convenient substance delivery option, for a wide
range of disorders and conditions, demonstrating
good patient acceptability and compliance.
I am tired of the side effects of oral
medications. Please tell me a bit
more about transdermal patch treatment
and what it can be used for. N.I.
Transdermal patches allow application of a substance,
such as a natural remedy or a medicinal drug, through
the skin, with the aim of allowing sustained release
and slow absorption of the active ingredients. Patches
are generally designed to release their active components
in two ways – either the ingredients are stored
within a porous membrane, which allows slow absorption
when applied to skin; or the actives are embedded
in thin layers within the actual adhesive part of
the patch, which melts through body heat and is subsequently
absorbed through the skin.
There are basically fi ve different types of medicinal
Single-layer drug in adhesive patch
Multi-layer drug in adhesive patch
Reservoir patch (unlike the fi rst two types,
the reservoir system has a separate drug
Matrix patch (considered the safest)
Vapour patch (relatively new patches that
release volatile essential oil vapours for up
to six hours).
THE PROS AND CONS OF TRANSDERMALS
On the up-side: Transdermals have the advantage of
providing a controlled release of the active substance,
often at specifi c sites or areas of injury or pain. So if
you have a back-ache, a patch on the specifi c area of
discomfort can deliver a dose of the treatment directly
where it’s needed, rather than having to go through
other body processes before reaching the target area.
This targeted delivery also allows for more accurate
delivery of the actives into the bloodstream, unlike
022 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
topical creams, gels or lotions, where dosage can be
difficult to control. The risk of systemic side effects is
also considerably reduced, and patches are usually a
pain-free method of administration.
On the down-side: The main disadvantage to transdermal
delivery systems is the innate barrier function
of the skin. There’s also a molecular weight issue, since
many molecules are simply too large to pass through
intact skin. Although there are new technologies being
investigated to allow transdermal delivery of larger
molecules, insulin for example, cannot pass through
the skin without modification, as the molecules are
too big. Other factors such as the thickness of the stratum
corneum, the hydration level of the skin, body
temperature, existing or underlying skin disease or injuries,
as well as ethnic differences can all affect the
absorption rate of transdermal medications.
Some patch-drug ingredients need to be combined
with alcohol or other permeation enhancers to increase
skin penetration ability, which can cause skin
irritation. Constant application of a patch, to the same
site, can also cause irritation or in the case of nitroglycerin
patches, overwhelm the body. Despite these
considerations, a wide variety of pharmaceuticals are
now available in transdermal patch form.
Some of the well-known medicated patches include:
the nicotine patch; pain-control patches; anaesthetic
patches; hormone patches; angina pectoris patches;
hypertension patches; anti-inflammatory patches; motion
sickness patches; vitamin B 12
patches; various vitamin,
mineral and herbal patches; antidepression patch;
ADHD patch for hyperactivity; Alzheimer’s patch; and osteoarthritis
Patches with aromatic essential oil-releasing vapours
are available for the following conditions: respiratory
congestion, insomnia, addiction, beauty/aesthetic,
health and wellness, stress-reduction, libido enhancement.
I hope this helps.
JULY 2017 |
Sui Hing Hong Wholesale
Contact: King Pon
Tel: 011 838 7708
Cell: 083 2662 330
BOOK REVIEWS by the editor
IMPROVE YOUR DIGESTION
By Patrick Holford
The human gut is the hub of health and as such needs to be nurtured and nourished
correctly. In this book Patrick Holford unravels the complex workings of the digestive
system and shows you how to tune up your gut by offering an easy-to-follow road map
that helps you achieve perfect digestion, absorption and elimination. As a result, you will
enjoy improved health, greater disease resilience, and a new level of vitality. This book also
guides you in the art of ‘gutstronomy’ – the preparation of delicious, gut-friendly meals.
By Suze Yalof Schwartz
Unplug is the modern, minimalist guide to meditation for busy people. Whether you’re a
Fortune 500 CEO or someone bogged down with a never-ending to-do list, the author
shows you that you can get more done – and do it better – by consciously unplugging for
just a few minutes each day. This book simplifi es the art of meditation and reveals the lifechanging
benefi ts you will experience from improved memory to a reduction in anxiety and
stress. The techniques and tips are easy to incorporate into your daily life.
THE AGE OF GENIUS
– THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY AND THE BIRTH OF THE MODERN MIND
By A.C. Grayling
The 17th century was a period of progress and discovery that witnessed ‘the greatest ever
change in the mental outlook of humanity’: Amid war and injustice, an intellectual revolution
took place which established the mindset of modern times. The author looks back into the
16th century and forward into the 18th to provide context for the Age of Enlightenment’s key
changes in scientifi c and philosophical thought that were fundamental in creating the world
we know today.
024 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
26 OUR DEADLY BREAD
32 WHICH MILK?
37 FOOD AS MEDICINE – CAN WE EAT TO TREAT?
The wheat you eat today bears little resemblance to the wheat
mankind has eaten for thousands of years. Not surprisingly,
many of us do badly on this food, with varying degrees of
COELIAC DISEASE – A GROWING
It is now clear that coeliac disease, which can
be fatal, is much more common than previously
thought, and is on the increase, affecting as
many as one in 100 people.
Coeliac disease leads to severe malabsorption
of nutrients, which can result in serious complications
in later life, such as infertility, psychiatric
disorders, osteoporosis and cancer. The condition
does not always present with classic symptoms,
which leaves many sufferers undiagnosed.
SYMPTOMS OF WHEAT GLUTEN
You don’t have to have coeliac disease to be
sensitive to wheat. The most common symptoms
of wheat sensitivity are constipation, diarrhoea,
abdominal bloating or pain; however,
many other symptoms have also been reported
in those found to be sensitive to wheat. These
include: acne and boils; anxiety and paranoia;
apathy and confusion; cramps; depression; fatigue;
fl atulence; migraine; nausea; skin rashes;
sweating; throat trouble.
If you suffer from any of the above, you should
take the possibility of wheat intolerance seriously.
This might affect between one in fi ve and one
in 10 people (10 to 20%).
Recent research has found distinct evidence that
non-coeliacs with wheat sensitivity actually do have
immune reactions to wheat, with increased antibodies
against wheat in their gut and bloodstream.
He, together with his
team, carried out Britain’s
biggest-ever health and
diet survey, the 100%
Health Survey, which has
now been completed by
over 60 000 people. His
100% Healthy People,
portrays the fascinating
insights provided by the
survey and his 30 years
JULY 2017 | 027
One very likely reason for this ever-growing
problem, which I estimate affects at least one
in 10 people, is that the wheat we eat today,
which in some products has a higher glycemic
index (GI) than white sugar, bears little
resemblance to the wheat mankind has eaten
for thousands of years. Modern wheat has a
higher concentration of gluten. This is because
a high level of gluten makes a lighter loaf. Baked
products then look bigger and sell better. This
kind of baking increases the amount of gluten
available to react with the gut wall. So, although
high-gluten wheat might be good for the baking
industry, it’s bad for your digestion.
THE HISTORY OF WHEAT
One of the fi rst wheat varieties our ancestors
ate, going back to 3300 BC, was called einkorn.
It’s in a very simple category of wheat, genetically
speaking. Shortly after it began to be cultivated,
it crossed with goat grass, giving rise to
a more complex wheat category called tetraploid.
In this category we fi nd durum (normally
used for pasta) and the ancient grains, known
as emmer and khorasan (Triticum turgidum)
wheat, now sold under the trademark Kamut
Khorosan ® . That is what mankind basically ate
for the next few thousand years; for example,
einkorn has been found in pharaohs’ tombs
whereas emmer and khorasan were eaten by
ancient civilisations in Mesopotamia.
The ancient Kamut khorasan is the only wheat I
like to eat and it comes down to us unchanged
from ancient times.
Modern wheat has undergone thousands of hybridisations
to increase yield (making the wheat
plentiful and cheap), and also to increase and
change the quality of gluten content, which enables
the loaf size to rise to a larger size.
Imagine the chemical differences between
modern and ancient wheat now. It has been
extremely modifi ed or changed for reasons of
profi t rather than health. This madness continues
at a new level as biotech companies strive
to create and then produce strains of GMO
wheat that can be patented and is compatible
with specifi c pesticides and chemical treatments.
The net result, even before GMO wheat
is perfected and introduced, is that the gluten
proteins in today’s wheat are substantially different
from the gluten proteins, as well as other
compounds, found in the earliest forms of
wheat, such as Kamut khorasan.
THE PROBLEMS WITH GLIADINS AND
The two main families of gluten proteins are
called ‘gliadins’ and ‘glutenins’. Oats, for example,
contain no gliadins and, probably consequently,
are a much less allergenic food. Gliadin
is now recognised as the offending gluten, so
oats are now considered gluten-free, unless
contaminated with wheat in storage or production.
Old wheats tend to have fewer, and different,
gliadins. 1 A particular form of gliadin, called
alpha-gliadin, infl ames the intestine, causing abdominal
cramps and diarrhoea. Gliadin is particularly
tricky because it has a unique ability to get
through the intestinal wall. It triggers the release
of a protein called zonulin, which literally opens
up gaps between the intestinal cells, increasing
gastrointestinal permeability. This, in turn, means
that whole food proteins can cross the gut barrier,
triggering the immune system to react, which
is the basis for developing food intolerances. It
also damages the villi in the gut wall.
Durum wheat (at least the original form, now
itself hybridised beyond recognition) is used to
make pasta. It is also a genetically simpler form
of wheat (tetraploid), although I prefer to eat
WHEAT MESSES WITH YOUR MIND – AND
Wheat intolerance can be the cause of schizophrenia
Wheat can also exacerbate symptoms of ADHD (attention
defi cit hyperactivity disorder) and autism.
Modern wheat, during its digestion, generates peptides
(combinations of amino acids) that mimic
opioids (heroin and morphine are opioids) called
gluteomorphins, which occupy the same receptors
in the brain as heroin. 2 Gluteomorphins are commonly
found in the urine of children diagnosed
The effect of these gluteomorphins, created when
you digest modern wheat, is that you want more.
Wheat literally becomes addictive. Combined with
the sugar load created by yeast-activated bakery
products, and the subsequent blood sugar low,
which stimulates appetite, modern wheat is literally
an appetite stimulant. This is, of course, great
news for the food industry and one of the reasons
why wheat-eating nations have a big problem with
ever-increasing belly fat.
I have had so many clients who have reported
massive weight loss, and a cessation of abdominal
bloating, by excluding modern wheat.
WHEAT PROMOTES INFLAMMATION
When you gain abdominal fat, visceral fat, it triggers
part of the body’s infl ammatory response
mechanism. This, in turn, makes you both more
likely to become intolerant or allergic and to develop
infl ammatory symptoms, the classics being
headaches, eczema or dermatitis, asthma, irritable
bowel diseases such as Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis,
rhinitis, arthritis – and just about any other ‘-itis’.
Although the general view is that gluten is the culprit,
I am beginning to revise this simplistic opinion
after a series of experiments that have been carried
out on Kamut khorasan wheat. 3 Technically,
Kamut does contain gluten proteins and, as such,
should promote infl ammation; however, it doesn’t.
A series of well-conducted studies have shown
that Kamut grain is not only anti-infl ammatory but
1. Van den Broeck H, et al.
Presence of celiac disease
epitopes in modern and old
hexaploid wheat varieties:
Wheat breeding may have
contributed to increased
prevalence of celiac
disease. Theor Appl Genet.
2010 Nov; 121(8):1527-
2. Zioudrou C, et al. Opioid
peptides derived from food
proteins: The exorphins. J
Biol Chem. 1979, Apr 10;
3. Whittaker A, et al. A
replacement diet improves
risk profile of patients with
type-2 diabetes mellitus
(T2DM): A randomized
crossover trial. Eur J Nutr.
2016, Feb 8.
Holford P. Improve Your
Digestion. Piatkus Books,
it also has a powerful antioxidant effect. In addition,
although regular wheat causes atrophy
(damage) to the villi in the digestive tract, the
Kamut does not.
ANCIENT KAMUT BRAND WHEAT IS ANTI-
I am starting to think that the main problem
with wheat is not gluten or gliadin per se, but
the fact that we are eating a food that is considerably
different genetically and chemically
to that which we may have become adapted
to eat in reasonable quantities. The solution
for wheat-intolerant people might not always
be strict avoidance of wheat or other gluten
or gliadin grains, but rather the avoidance of
Gluten is present in wheat, rye, barley and
oats, although, as we have seen, oats contain
no gliadin. Spelt is probably a less adulterated
form of modern wheat, but it is quite different
and genetically much more complex than the
original ancient grain, such as Kamut. Spelt is a
hexaploid wheat, as is modern wheat.
Kamut is higher than modern wheat in antioxidants
and polyphenols, which are generally
anti-inflammatory, as well as magnesium, potassium,
selenium, iron, zinc and other important
minerals. Kamut is only grown organically.
Although it is clear that many people react
differently to ancient wheat than to modern
wheat, for those with coeliac disease it is wise
to avoid all gluten-containing grains and choose
gluten-free grains instead, as shown below:
Gram (chickpea flour)
Often, as part of the digestive healing programme,
it is wise to go on a no-wheat, lowgluten
diet for a month. Fortunately, there are
many wheat-free and gluten-free options to
choose from in health-food shops and supermarkets
Breads: Cornbread, rice cakes, oatcakes
Pasta: Buckwheat spaghetti, soba noodles
(buckwheat), rice noodles, quinoa pasta,
corn pasta, polenta (cornmeal)
Cereals: Cornflakes, oatmeal, rice cereal,
If you do not have coeliac disease, however,
it is well worth experimenting with Kamut
khorasan breads, pastas and bulgar.
Generally speaking, to avoid the problems discussed:
Don’t eat wheat every day; choose glutenfree,
Kamut khorasan or low-gluten grains
instead. Also choose wholegrain.
When you eat breads, choose heavier,
Vary the grains you eat – have rye, oats,
rice, barley, buckwheat, quinoa, corn.
Limit grains to no more than a quarter of
your total dietary intake.
If you have a digestive problem or inflammatory
bowel problem, investigate whether
you are wheat- or gluten-sensitive with an
IgG food intolerance test and a coeliac test
to measure IgATT.
What’s a burger without the bun? Or a pizza minus that crispy base?
What about your favourite toasted sarmie, without… the toast?
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While milk, or more accurately lactose, intolerance
has recently increased in prominence
as a problem in the Western diet, things are
never as simple as they appear.
A recent conversation threw an interesting light on a preconceived
idea. A colleague and I were chatting about cow’s
milk as part of a human diet, and I expressed the opinion that this
milk was meant for cows, not for people. My stance echoed what I
had read and learned about milk from both the scientifi c literature
and so-called conventional wisdom on milk in the modern diet.
My colleague remarked that her husband, a Sudanese Dinka tribesman,
had lived on nothing but milk until he was fi ve years old. Breastfed
for the fi rst few years, he was gradually weaned to cow’s milk. He
is now a healthy man in middle age, showing no ill effects from his
fi rst half-decade of a pure milk diet. Similarly, the Masai of Kenya rely
heavily on milk, which they mix with blood tapped from the veins of
their cattle. They, too, are a statuesque and healthy people.
Both of these examples demonstrate that we can never generalise
about individual dietary preferences.
032 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
The cattle upon which the Masai and Dinka
rely are under far lower production pressure
than modern dairy herds. Today dairy production,
driven more by market demand than
common sense, relies heavily on the use of
genetically modifi ed and chemically derived
hormones, antibiotics and drug regimens,
pasteurisation, UHT processes, homogenisation
and other industrial interference in the
natural milk production cycle.
Accordingly, we have milk and ‘milk’ – one the
product of an industrial process, the other a
natural product. It is almost certain that production
methods play as much of a role in the
health effects of the fi nal product as do inherent
physiological problems related to the consumption
of dairy products.
Besides milk from cows, goats and sheep,
there is a whole range of so-called ‘milks’ made
from grains and beans, such as soy, rice and
oat milk, which are little more than vegetablecoloured
and fl avoured waters. Most have little
in common with cow’s milk and would more
accurately be called imitation milk beverages.
There are other milk substitutes, such as almond
and coconut milk, which do provide
some useful nutrients and advantages.
Let’s start at the beginning. The conversation
that started this article arose out of the
intense debate around milk and milk substitutes.
Perhaps we should condense this milk
matter once and for all.
al proportions of fats, proteins, carbohydrates,
vitamins, and antibodies – all the goodness a
baby needs. Yet, in our commodifi ed world,
unscrupulous milk formula companies continue
to claim that their products are comparable
Few humans consume breastmilk much beyond
the fi rst two years, despite recent articles
highlighting extended breastfeeding.
However, as discussed, there are several
cultures that have evolved along with their
domesticated animals, who utilise the milk
from these animals as part of a balanced
diet. Populations accustomed to milk are
less likely to exhibit lactose or other dairy
intolerances than those in cultures that
had little historical reliance on dairy products,
such as in West Africa, Asia and the
Americas. Lactose intolerance is largely the
product of genetics, manifested through individual
Lactose intolerance is the result of a defi
ciency of the enzyme lactase. It rarely
manifests in young children and becomes
more marked in adulthood. It is not lifethreatening,
but can affect the quality of life
of sufferers. In terms of lactose sufferers,
milk is worst (especially powdered), cream
less so and butter least. Some hard cheeses
have reduced lactose levels. Lactose is also
hidden in many products, such as those
containing whey or its derivatives. Yoghurt
is more easily digested, as the bacterial processes
break lactose down into more readily
digestible components. This increased recognition
of lactose intolerance is a primary
reason for the shift towards dairy milk substitutes.
L NN A H ON
Whenever we talk about milk, comparisons inevitably
arise between breast and the rest. We
all know that breast is best – the only milk produced
by humans for humans. It provides ide-
working on health,
food safety and security and
environmental issues. He
the topic of genetically modifiedfoodsandisconsidered
He contributed a chapter
book A Patented World?
The Privatisation of Life and
Nature, published by Jacana.
his writing on this and many
JULY 2017 | 033
Goat’s milk is generally the most readily
available and closest analogue to cow’s milk.
Like all milks, it does contain lactose, but at
levels marginally lower than in cow’s milk. It
has different properties to cow’s or human
milk, providing lower levels of folic acid and
vitamins C and B 12
. On the other hand, it has
higher levels of vitamins B 2
, potassium and
protein than human milk. It is more easily
digested than cow’s milk because of its different
varieties of casein, a milk protein.
None of the alternative ‘milks’, either animal
or vegetable, are recommended as breastmilk
replacements during the first year, 1 but can be
used with care and moderation after this time.
SOY, RICE AND OAT MILK
Soy ‘milk’ is sometimes recommended for
babies, but this most widely used and marketed
milk substitute should only be used as a
breastmilk replacement when specifically formulated,
and then under closely supervised
conditions. In many developed nations, soy
formula is only issued under medical supervision
and prescription. It has a noted oestrogenic
effect, so can potentially cause disruption
of sexual development. It may also affect
thyroid function in infants. Soy milk should
also be supplemented with complete fatty
acids, including the correct proportions of
omega-3 and -6 fatty acids. Fish, starflower
and linseed oils are ideal.
An additional shortcoming of soy products
is the fact that they are very likely to be derived
from genetically modified (GM) soy. To
add to the inherent risks of soy, GM soy has
higher levels of trypsin inhibitor, a known allergen.
Even more worryingly, increased residues
of dangerous agricultural chemicals like
Roundup are likely to be present in GM soy
products. GM soy is specifically developed to
be resistant to a herbicide linked to hormone
disruption, genetic damage and disruption,
metabolic disruption, an increased incidence
of Hodgkin’s lymphoma and liver damage. 2
This herbicide, Roundup (with glyphosate as
the active ingredient), is even worse for amphibians
and soil health. So, if you use soy
beverages (or soy anything, for that matter),
ensure that they are GM-free and even then
use this substitute sparingly and with caution.
Local soy and rice milks are expensive, luxury
commodities. They are not actually milks and
are more accurately being defined as beanor
grain-based beverages. Rice milk is sometimes
prescribed for infants and children, as
rice has extremely low allergenicity. Oat milk
powder is also available and has a better taste
than soy or rice drinks. It also has the beneficial
effect of lowering cholesterol levels.
MAKE YOUR OWN
ALL-NATURAL ALMOND MILK 3
Blend 1½ cups of raw almonds that
have been soaked overnight in 4 cups
of filtered or spring water. Blend well
- add 3 to 5 dates if you like your milk
with a hint of sweetness. Strain once
to remove the granules. The result is a
delicious, creamy milk that is free of
harmful vegetable oil, concentrated
sweeteners, and the problems associated
with cow’s milk and soy. It can be
stored safely for 3 to 4 days in the refrigerator,
but is best used fresh.
034 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Most of these beverages, in both ready-to-drink
and powdered forms, contain lists of chemicals
that make even industrial milk seem appealing.
Most health-conscious consumers would foreswear
most of these ingredients, like sucrose,
fructose, fl avourants and vegetable oils, not to
mention other supposedly harmless but unappetising-sounding
None of these other milk substitutes besides soy
are genetically modifi ed – yet. If they are used
as a milk substitute, supplementation with complete
fats should be considered. These milks
should also contribute only a small proportion of
the total dietary component, keeping an eye on
the maintenance of a well-balanced food intake.
The main dietary difference between natural
and plant-based ‘milk’ is that the former provides
much of its energy through fats, the latter
The fi nal alternative to dairy milk is nut-based milk
substitutes, generally made from almonds or coconut.
These are sometimes available as a manufactured
product, but are better when freshly made,
as the goodness is not degraded through storage,
sterilisation or chemical processing. Almond milk
is a healthy alternative, but is a bad idea for those
suffering from nut allergy. It provides high levels of
calcium, whereas other plant-based milks do not.
A recipe is included below.
Coconut allergies are less common. Given a
choice, I would personally take almond or coconut
milk every time, purely for reasons of taste,
but they are generally an expensive option. Coconut
milk makes an ideal replacement for cream
or milk, but given its fairly high levels of saturated
fat, excessive consumption is not advised. Do
not use the ‘lite’ versions of coconut milk, as
much of the benefi t is stripped out of the product
by chemical processing.
To summarise, unless you are lactose intolerant,
a limited amount of dairy products can form a
useful part of a balanced diet. If you are lactose
intolerant, there are alternatives that can provide
useful choices, but their production methods
and ingredients must be considered when
contemplating your choice.
Milk, like all foods, should be consumed in moderation,
especially if you have passed your fi fth
1. Infant formula milk – goat’s milk based infant formulas.
Available from: http://www.dh.gov.uk/PolicyAndGuidance/
2. Ho MW and Cummins J. Glyphosate toxic & Roundup worse. ISIS
press release, 7 March 2005. Available from: http://www.i-sis.
3. Health & Beyond Online. http://chetday.com/soymilk.html
Kabrita Goatie Goodness
Kabrita instant goat milk powder offers gentle nutrition
and is easily digested, making it an excellent dairy milk
alternative for adults and children.
Kabrita is GMO free and has added Vitamin D for your
extra health boost you need per day.
Enjoy it dissolved in water or add it to hot chocolate or
hearty bobotie – recipes on our nutrition blog.
nationwide or you
can buy online as
JULY 2017 | 035
care kit for WINTER AILMENTS
Boiron brings you a comprehensive range of
homeopathic medicines to assist you and your
family with the treatment of winter ailments,
sore throat and laryngitis.
Homeopathic Care Kit for Winter Ailments
These products are prepared according to homeopathic principals,
have no know side effects and can be used by everybody in the family.
Non habit forming
No drug interaction
Contains no stimulants
The Boiron Homeopathic Range is available at leading pharmacies and health shops countrywide. For more information, e-mail
OSCILLOCOCCINUM ® FLU GRANULES
STODAL ® SYRUP
HOMEOVOX ® TABLETS
CORYZALIA ® TABLETS
Applicant: V.J. Bartlett; Distributed by: LeBron Health (Pty) Ltd
1 st Floor Convention Tower, Cnr. Heerengracht & Walter Sisulu Avenue,
Food as medicine
can we eat
With winter taking its toll on our health, can we rely on food
to fight colds and fl u? The first most important step is to always
consult your doctor. However, in cases where prescription
medication is not required, there are some foods and nutrients
that can support the immune system in fighting colds and fl u.
The desire for self-improvement and
the growing access to online healthcare
information has fueled the health trend
of self-diagnosis and self-treatment globally. In
the UK, health searches online have increased
by 13.5% 1 and, according to Vitafoods Insights,
NMI research shows that more than a
quarter of Americans believe functional foods
and beverages can be used in place of some
medicines. 2 The second most desired functional
benefi t is immune support. 3
CAN FOOD FIGHT COLDS AND FLU?
We’ve been told to feed a cold and starve a
fever, and that chicken soup is the best meal
during illness. While there is no known cure
for the common cold, we do know that certain
natural remedies and even foods can help
bring relief from certain symptoms.
Chillies (Capsicum frutescens) are rich in a
component called capsaicin, which is responsible
for the burning sensation when you eat
them. It’s this very same characteristic of chillies
that contributes to their role in the management
of colds and fl u. Eating chillies can
cause a runny nose, which thins mucous secretions,
potentially helping to relieve mucous
congestion. Chillies may also support the immune
The antiviral potential of capsaicin was shown
in animal studies, where it offered protection
against the herpes simplex virus. Other
laboratory studies have shown changes in immune
cell activity and increased immune cell
production in the presence of capsicum. 5
ANDREA DU PLESSIS,
BSC DIETETICS, MPHIL
Andrea is a registered
dietician. Following her initial
career as a consulting
nutritionist, she furthered
her studies in the field
of sports nutrition with a
Master’s degree in Sports
Science. She is currently
responsible for the consumer
care and education
Africa’s leading vitamin
JULY 2017 | 037
Ginger is known to have expectorant properties,
helping to expel mucus from the respiratory
system. When eaten, ginger’s aromatic
properties open your sinuses, an action attributed
to constituents called shogaols and
gingerols, which also have circulatory stimulant
Despite its hot taste, ginger has anti-inflammatory
properties, which combat the paincausing
inflammation of sore throats, colds
and sinus congestion. With ginger’s stimulating
effects on blood circulation, it also supports
toxin removal and increased oxygen
supply to the tissues, further assisting with
healing. What’s more, ginger has febrifuge or
antipyretic properties – thus helping to bring
FOR BAD BREATH
If you love garlic,
this will take your breath away.
Garlict odour-fighting capsules have just launched in South Africa - now you can enjoy
garlic and onions and still smell like a dream! Garlict’s peppermint infused capsules embrace
four powerful odour-fighting ingredients to ensure fresh breath. Pop two capsules in your
mouth after a meal and swallow with some liquid. Repeat dose after six hours if necessary.
Garlic is probably the most well-known of all
flu-fighting foods. It contains healing components
of which the most well-known is allicin,
which is also responsible for garlic’s characteristic
pungent odour. 9
Preliminary research shows that taking a garlic
supplement can help prevent and also shorten
the duration of a cold. 10,11 This is believed
to be because of garlic’s antimicrobial, and
particularly antiviral, properties. 12 Antiviral activity
against a variety of well-known influenza,
rhinovirus and herpes simplex viruses effects
have been linked to garlic compounds, including
ajoene, allicin, allyl methyl thiosulfinate
and methyl allyl thiosulfinate. 13
In addition to garlic’s direct antiviral effects, it
is also believed to help fight infections through
its stimulating effects on the immune system.
Research suggests that garlic oil enhances the
production and activity of lymphocytes and
other immune cells and factors. 14 The garlic
constituent allicin appears to increase the
phagocytic function of key immune cells such
as leukocytes and monocytes. 15
The antimicrobial properties of honey are well
known in the support of wound healing. It is
also believed that raw unadulterated honey
has immune-stimulating properties. Interestingly,
honey has received some attention
because it seems to have a soothing effect
on sore throats and may even help reduce
coughs. Preliminary research has shown that
honey can help to reduce coughing in children
by soothing an irritated throat, more effectively
than cough medicine. 16,17
Parsley Seed Oil
Chia Seed Oil
Green Tea Extract
IMMUNE SUPPORT NUTRIENTS
In addition to the active components found in
foods, certain vitamins and minerals are also
well known for their immune support benefits.
Available at Dis-Chem, PnP Pharmacies, Medirite Pharmacies and Independent pharmacies nationwide.
Facebook/Instagram: GarlictSA | www.neutrapharm.co.za
A meta-analysis of studies have concluded
that vitamin C supplementation reduced the
duration and severity of cold and fl u symptoms.
18 In fact, the majority of evidence shows
that taking high doses of vitamin C orally might
decrease the duration of cold symptoms by
one to one and a half days. 19
Since our immune system is responsible for
protecting our bodies against invading viruses
and bacteria, it comes as no surprise that vitamin
C’s actions are directly focused on the immune
cells. According to test results published
in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology,
there is up to 100 times more vitamin
C in our white blood cells, compared to the
plasma (the fl uid component) of our blood. 20
Vitamin C has also been shown to increase
the numbers and activity of our immune cells,
as well as protecting our immune cells against
premature degeneration. 21
Zinc is known to stimulate the immune system
through increasing immune cell production,
as well as immune cell activity. Zinc is
particularly important for neutrophils (natural
killer cells) and T-lymphocyte function. 22 Even
mild zinc defi ciency may adversely affect immune
T-cell functions. 23
Even though there is limited evidence, zinc
has been shown to help fi ght the common
cold. A dose of 9 to 24 mg zinc per day is
recommended to help reduce cold duration. 24
Select studies show reduced incidence in
colds in children and adults. 25
The mechanism of action is believed to be
through the antimicrobial effects of zinc. As an
antiviral agent, zinc helps to reduce viral load
and prevents viral absorption to body cells. 26
Zinc also shows antibacterial effects by reducing
bacterial replication. 27
JULY 2017 | 039
Epidemiological evidence suggests that vitamin
D levels are associated with respiratory function.
People with higher levels seem to have greater
pulmonary function compared to people with
lower levels. It is even believed that vitamin D
may be involved in repair of lung tissue. 28 Vitamin
D may also decrease immune-mediated
infl ammation in the respiratory system. 29 Population-based
study results suggest patients with
low vitamin D levels are 27 to 55% more likely
to have upper respiratory tract infections compared
to patients with normal levels. 30
Table 1. Vitamin C content of well-known food sources. 7
Food source (per 100 g of item)
Red peppers, uncooked
Table 2. Food sources of immune support nutrients
3 food sources
Red peppers (raw)
Tinned oily fish
Oysters & mussels
Selenium is needed for the proper functioning
of neutrophils, macrophages, NK cells,
T-lymphocytes, and other immune mechanisms,
mainly as a constituent of selenoproteins.
31 Selenium may support immune
function through improved T-lymphocyte responsiveness.
32 In human research, selenium
supplementation has been shown to increase
It is always best to consult your doctor first
to find out if medical treatment is required.
However, in cases where medical treatment
is not required, it would be wise to indulge in
the knowledge and pleasure of immune support
A list of references is available from the Natural Medicine ® offi ce.
Tel: 021 8801444.
These fl avourful fl u shots are packed with immune-boosting
nutrients, antimicrobial properties, and pain-relieving
and decongestant effects.
Red hot flu-fighting shot
1 crushed garlic clove
30 ml fresh lemon juice
1 tsp honey
½ tsp lemon zest
1 level tsp fi nely grated or chopped fresh ginger
1 red chilli, fi nely chopped
Combine all the ingredients in a small glass and drink it all
in one go.
peppers, are also among the foods with
against flu by supporting the immune
severity and possibly also the duration
of the common cold. 6
If you have a very sore throat, you may want to try the
Soothing flu shot
1 crushed garlic clove
25 ml fresh orange juice
1 tsp honey
1 tsp fi nely grated or chopped fresh ginger
Combine all the ingredients in a small glass and drink it all
in one go.
44 UNDERSTANDING BIPOLAR MOOD DISORDER
48 KEEP YOUR DOG FIT IN WINTER
50 ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES – what are they and how do they affect us?
044 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Bipolar mood disorder is a serious and chronic condition that
requires recognition, understanding and empathy. By coming
to terms with and managing this mental illness the sufferer and
their loved ones will enjoy a better quality of life.
Imagine spinning in and out of severe
to the extreme lows of depression, multiple
These are not the normal up-and-down
moods a mentally healthy person experiences.
The severity of the mood changes are so
intense that they interfere with the ability to
function normally. One thing to bear in mind
is that this kind of mental illness has a profoundeffectnotonlyonthepersonbutalso
on those close to him or her.
Yvette Beneke, a 47-year-old artist from Cape
2015, wrongly diagnosed with depression.
She says: ‘I accepted the diagnosis, but then
one moment I would be very happy and the
next very depressed. This happened to me
want to carry on with life.’ In July 2016 she
was diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
pression and Anxiety Group (SADAG), bipolar
affects 4 to 6% of the population in South Africa
and is the sixth leading cause of disability
in the world.
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
The main difference between bipolar types I
and II is that those suffering from bipolar type
I experience manic symptoms, and a person
suffering from bipolar type II experiences hypomanic
and depressive symptoms.
WHAT ARE MANIC SYMPTOMS?
Manic symptoms include increased physical
and mental activity such as: speaking too fast
and incoherently, excessive irritability, aggressive
behaviour, infl ated self-esteem to levels
of grandiosity (for example, believing they
have special powers to be the chosen leader
of the world or universe), a decreased need
for sleep, as well as reckless behaviour such
as spending sprees, sexual indiscretions, and
In order for the mood to be considered manic,
these symptoms must cause a ‘marked impairment
in functioning’. The symptoms may
She is an experienced journalist,
editor, content writer,
blogger and public speaker
on bipolar disorder and
depression. She completed a
course in magazine journalism
with distinction and now
writes extensively on mental
health across several media
platforms. Ilse also writes
(for healthy and productive
Recovering from Trauma and
more. She is co-editor of the
mental health blog Our Lived
Experience (which focuses
JULY 2017 | 045
necessitate hospitalisation to prevent harm
to self or others.
WHAT ARE HYPOMANIC SYMPTOMS?
Hypomanic symptoms are the same
as those for a person who experiences
the manic symptoms but are not severe
enough to cause marked impairment. In
this phase, a person suffering from bipolar
type II gets a break from the depressive
‘It is a common misconception that bipolar
type II is “less severe” than bipolar type
I – it is simply not true when considering
the long-term course of both conditions.
A person diagnosed with bipolar disorder
type II experiences the same symptoms
but less severely,’ explains Dr Mike West,
a Cape Town psychiatrist whose fields of
interest include addictions, anxiety, and
psychotic and trauma-related disorders.
People in the hypomanic phase will buy
fi ve CDs and people in the manic phase
will buy 50 CDs.
Although Yvette was relieved when she
was diagnosed with bipolar disorder,
because many things in her life and behaviour
now made more sense, she still
finds it difficult to handle the severe mood
swings. These days, she is often quite anxious
and she doesn't cope very well with
big crowds. She says: ‘I become irritated
and anxious so I try to avoid situations like
HOW IS BIPOLAR DISORDER TREATED?
There is no cure for bipolar disorder but it is
of utmost importance to see a psychiatrist
in order to get the correct medication. A
psychiatrist plays a critical role in assessing,
diagnosing and treating the illness.
The condition is treated with mood stabilisers
and most people suffering from the
disorder will need more than one medication
through the course of the illness.
‘Finding the correct medication is quite often
a trial-and-error process and may require adjustments
at certain times, for example during
pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, with
the correct treatments, many patients with bipolar
disorder are able to live a full and happy
life,’ explains Dr West.
It is also common for a person with bipolar disorder
to experience bouts of anxiety. ‘In some
patients, the medications prescribed for bipolar
disorder may precipitate this as a side effect.
Despite this, patients should not make rapid
changes to their medications without consulting
their doctor fi rst,’ says Dr West.
Many patients suffering from bipolar disorder
have several therapeutic options for treatment.
Liane Lurie, a clinical psychologist from Johannesburg,
explains: ‘An important aspect, which
forms part of a patient's treatment option, is
providing them with information about the disease.
Individual and group therapy are just as
Friends and family
Cindy van Wyk, a clinical psychologist from Johannesburg,
who specialises in neuropsychology,
says: ‘It is always helpful to include family
and close friends. Their support is of tremendous
046 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
original paintings and writing biographies. She
studied full-time and was a single parent struggling
fi nancially. ‘I took on part-time work. I was
also a student leader of a number of organisations
projects,’ she says.
Yvette would jump from relationship to relationship.
She drove recklessly – everything in
her life was fast. ‘Somehow I managed to juggle
it all. Butsoon,afterboutsoflowenergy,
constant negative thinking would overwhelm
me. I would skip classes and switch my phone
off for days,’ she confesses.
She says: “The bad days can be difficult to get
through, especially when I can't read or write.
When I'm well,Icantrustmyselftodoanything.’
Yvette explains: ‘It took so long to accept my
illness. I cannot do it alone; it is one of the biggest
my family and friends to achieve my goals. I
need regular sessions with my psychologist
diabetes or cancer. It is important to remember
there's always help. There's always hope.’
Running in circles around the severe mood
shifts can leaveapersonsufferingfrombipolar
their hair out or whether they want to hide in
a dark closet, they must manage their illness.
They have no choice but to gather their weapons
and fi ght their moods.
SADAG's tips on self-help
for bipolar disorder
Keepamooddiary:It can help track your moods and things
that happen to affect your mood.
Don't use alcohol and drugs: It may be tempting to use alcohol
and drugs to cope with your illness, but this almost always makes
Other medicine: Any other over-the-counter medications, such
as for colds, allergies and pain, can interfere with your mood and
prescribed medicines for bipolar disorder. It is best to discuss
other medications with your psychiatrist before you decide to
Exercise: Take care not to be over-active or push yourself too
hard. Maintain a regular pattern of activity.
Sleep: Maintain a routine here. Go to bed every night at the
same time and wake up at the same time every morning. If your
sleep patterns are disturbed, it can affect your mood.
Try to avoid too much stress.
Find out if there are any support groups in your area. Contact
SADAG on 0800 567 567 or 011-262-6396. Sharing fears,
worries and feelings with other people who are in the same
position can help hugely.
SADAG'S fast facts and
statistics on bipolar disorder
62.9% of those in the bipolar spectrum have an anxiety disorder.
The average age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 years.
When one patient is affected, the risk to a child is 15 to 30%.
69% of patients with bipolar disorder reported an initial
30% of individuals with bipolar disorder will attempt suicide
during their lives.
Psychiatric care and medication reduce the risk of suicide to less
JULY 2017 | 047
Keep your dog fit
Andrew deals with all things
design and advertising at
Cube Route and has had a
lifelong affair with various
pets over the years. He grew
up surrounded by many
exotic bird species, fi sh,
cats, dogs and tortoises. He
currently has two boisterous
puppies and his old-timer
cross-breed of 14 years.
Andrew is pragmatic in his
approach to pet care and
draws on his more than 17
years’ experience within the
It’s cold and damp outside and a walk or run is the last thing on
your or Fido’s mind. But exercise for the mind and body is as
important for your dog as it is for you during the chilly months.
Like it or hate it, winter is the season
that makes us move a little slower, eat
a little more and generally puts a damper on
the mood. This doesn’t only apply to us but to
our favourite furkids as well. Here are some
tips to keep your dog a lean, mean and adorable
machine during winter.
You can just hear your mother’s voice saying:
‘No playing inside the house!’ Well, this
is the time that phrase goes out the window.
Grab an old tennis ball, or your dog’s favourite
squeaky toy, for a game of fetch; a rope toy for
tug-of-war; laser pointers (they’re not just for
cats); even bubbles; and let loose.
Important: Vary the activity and the duration
to keep your dog interested and keep all
breakables out of the way.
HIDE AND SEEK
There are a number of ways to play this, but
the simplest way is to grab your partner, or the
kids, show the pooch the treat they are searching
for, hold him at one end of the house, have
048 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
your partner/kids go to the other end of the
house with the treat and hide from the dog.
Important: Make it easy, so that the dog understands
the game and the end goal. Increase
the diffi culty of the hiding spot once
they have the hang of it.
Build your very own indoor agility course and
get your athletic dog moving. Small hurdles,
weaving posts and even hula hoops for them
to jump through are a great way to get them
up and about.
Important: Repetition will improve their times
and always reward with a healthy treat. You
don’t want to undo all the good work from the
exercise they’ve just performed.
As South Africans, we’re lucky we don’t have
snow as a deterrent and our worst day is
equivalent to that of a balmy day in the UK.
Get your buddy on the leash, take it slowly to
warm up, and then work up to a brisk jog to
get them moving.
Important: If your dog isn’t used to long walks
in general, keep the outings short and increase
the frequency. It’s great for their muscles and
even better for their brains.
This is the perfect time to increase your dog’s
mental stimulation and make mealtimes fun.
Put food and treats into interactive toys, where
they have to play with the toy to get the food.
Important: Grab your camera and watch as
they try fi gure out the quickest way to the food.
PRACTISE NEW TRICKS
What better time than a cold, lazy day to spend
a couple of minutes teaching your pooch new
tricks. With as little as 15 minutes a time, you
could teach them to shake your hand, retrieve
a ball, sit or roll over.
Important: Remember the healthy treats again
to reward good behaviour. This is a great way
to bond with your pet and everyone likes treats.
Not everyone is in a position to have a treadmill
on hand, least of all a pet treadmill, but,
if you do have one (a human one), get your
buddy onto the treadmill for a short canter.
Important: Start off slowly and increase speed
gradually, allowing your dog to adjust. This is
unnatural and will take some practice to get
them used to this moving road, so patience
and persistence is the key here.
WATCH THE ADDITIONAL FEEDING
As with humans, so it is with our pets. Our
natural instinct to add extra meals/snacks is
more of a mental requirement than a physical
one. Boredom is generally the driver for most
of the extra meals/snacks that we opt for, so
don’t let your dog trick you into getting more
Important: Pets will be less active in the winter
months and any additional food or treats
will have a negative impact on their waistline,
as with us.
ARRANGE A PLAY DATE
What better way to beat the winter blues
than having a couple of doggy mates come
through for a play date. This could be at your
house or the local park.
Important: Ensure that all dogs are well socialised;
otherwise like ‘that guy’ at a braai
with his Klippies and Cola, there could be bigger
trouble than you anticipated.
JULY 2017 | 049
– what are they and
how do they affect us?
Distressing childhood events don’t remain in our past; they can
impact heavily on us during adulthood, causing both physical
and mental ill health.
Veronica is the founder of
ReCode © , a form of energy
psychology that helps
people heal from everything
from disease to depression.
She has recently established
the Depression Healing Centre,
which treats depression
and anxiety without drugs.
She loves raw vegan cooking,
running, the sea and
bushveld and lives with her
partner and 4 animals next
to a river in Johannesburg,
‘When I was twelve, I was coming
home from swimming at my neighbour’s
dock when I saw an ambulance’s fl ashing
lights in our driveway. I still remember the
asphalt burning my feet as I stood, paralysed,
and watched the paramedics take away my
father. It was as if I knew those fl ashing lights
were a harbinger that my childhood was over.
‘At the hospital, a surgeon performed “minor”
elective bowel surgery on my young dad. The
surgeon made an error, and instead of my father
coming home to the “welcome home”
banners we’d painted, he died.’ ~ Donna
Jackson Nakazawa, author of Childhood disrupted
– how your biography becomes your
biology, and how you can heal.
Donna goes on to recount how she began
developing strange physical symptoms shortly
after this, and ultimately an autoimmune
disease in her 20s that caused full-body paralysis.
It was only in her 50s that an aware
doctor asked her one of the most important
questions of her life: ‘Were there any childhood
traumas or stressors that might have
contributed to the extreme level of infl ammation
you’re experiencing as an adult?’
CHILDHOOD ADVERSITY/ILL HEALTH
In the mid 1980s, Dr Vincent J. Felitti, head
of a preventative care initiative at the Kaiser
Permanente Medical Program in San Diego,
US, started to notice a startling pattern in
patients in their obesity programme: Adult
patients who were obese almost all alluded
to traumatic incidents in their childhood. On
further investigation, these patients revealed
that for them, eating soothed the anxiety, fear
and depression that they had secreted away
inside for decades.
Felitti’s studies started to reveal a pattern that
other physicians were just not seeing. Obesity
was not the core problem to be treated,
‘any more than smoke is the core problem to
be treated in house fi res’. His fi ndings led to
the setting up of a study 1 with thousands of
patients suffering from all types of diseases,
not just obesity. The results were astounding
– and the link between many types of childhood
adversity and the likelihood of developing
a range of serious adult health problems
‘Our fi ndings exceeded anything we had conceived.
The correlation between having a diffi
cult childhood and facing illness as an adult
offered a whole new lens through which we
could view human health and disease. Here
was the missing piece as to what was causing
so much of our unspoken suffering as human
beings,’ said Felitti.
One of the doctors working with him on the
study, Dr Robert Anda, said, ‘When I saw how
much people had suffered . . . I wept.’
ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES/
How many categories of what they named
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACES) patients
had endured could by and large predict
how much medical care they would require in
adulthood – the higher their ACES score, the
higher the number of doctor visits they’d had
in the past year, and the higher their number
of unexplained physical symptoms.
According to the study, adversity in childhood
is often the precursor to deep depression and
anxiety later in life. ACES also have a marked
correlation to pain, mental disorders, suicide
attempts, autoimmune disease, addiction and
all sorts of chronic illnesses from asthma to
cancer. Cellular biologist, renowned author
and one of the pioneers in his fi eld, Dr Bruce
Lipton, estimates that as much as 95% of disease
can be traced back to ACES.
WHY AND HOW
The question of course is why this happens,
and how. Not every ‘bump and scrape’ that
happens to us in childhood has a negative effect
in adulthood – in fact, the normal childhood
stressors we all face build resilience.
The problem, it turns out, is when ACES cause
stress that is chronic (ongoing for a period)
and unpredictable (the child never knows
when the stress-event is going to occur).
Chronic stress effect
Our stress (fi ght or fl ight) response is designed
to cope with sudden stressors that appear and
then go away – like a lion unexpectedly leaping
out of the veld. Adrenaline pumps, blood
rushes to our muscles, and we either fi ght or
fl ee. What we are not good at coping with is
when the proverbial lion is constantly prowling
around our house. We never know where it is
or when it is going to pounce. For example, if
we had an alcoholic parent: One day they are
sober and available, the next they’re lying on
the couch, unable to respond to our needs. Or
a hyper-critical parent with anger issues: One
minute they are calm, the next they are jumping
down our throat for something that didn’t
bother them the day before.
To cope with this, children develop a constant
state of hypervigilance. But this creates a continual
‘wash’ of cortisol and other stress hormones
coursing throughout the body. Even
babies exposed to unpredictable stress suffer
intensely. Take for example a mother who is
not able to respond to her baby’s needs because
she’s suffering from post-natal depression.
A needy, neglected baby cannot respond
to this ‘stressor’ by fi ghting or fl eeing, so their
stress response becomes ‘freeze’ – giving
up and shutting down – which appears as
lethargy and a non-responsive state. And it’s
JULY 2017 | 051
the same wash of stress hormones running
through their little bodies, playing havoc with
their infl ammatory response.
We also now know that our bodies never forget.
As with the patients on the obesity study,
the pain is always there – we just fi nd different
ways of medicating it.
Chronic stress and neuro-inflammation
When we are chronically stressed, the brain
creates a state of neuro-infl ammation. The
result is impaired growth of neurons in the
hippocampus and impaired emotional wellbeing
(decision-making abilities, emotional
regulation, thoughts and behaviour) as
adults. This means a higher propensity for
depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders,
anxiety disorders and poor decisionmaking
– all of which can lead to substance
Worse, as we get older (and women suffer
in far greater numbers than men), we develop
illnesses like fi bromyalgia, autoimmune
diseases, chronic fatigue syndrome, obesity,
irritable bowel syndrome, migraines, bowel
disorders, cancers, heart disease and chronic
EXAMPLES OF ACES
In the gamut of experiences we go through as
children, it turns out that quite specifi c ones
(always, the ones that give us chronic, unpredictable
stress) have measurable, detrimental
effects on us as adults. These include:
In the family
Being regularly verbally put down or
Emotional or physical neglect
Physical or sexual abuse
Having a depressed parent (or other mental
Having a chronically ill parent for a signifi cant
Having a parent who was addicted to
alcohol or other substances
Witnessing a mother/father/sibling being
Losing a parent to separation/divorce
Losing a parent to death
Disliked by a sibling/favouritism by parents
A forced, unwanted separation from family
A strained or cold relationship with either or
Being bullied by a classmate or teacher
Undergoing a personal extended medical
Experiencing violence in one’s community
Growing up noticeably different from your
Any other stressors that happen to us that
cause intense levels of fear on a regular
SOME ACE STATISTICS
Here are more alarming statistics that
came out of the ACES study. People with
an ACE score of 4 were twice as likely to
be diagnosed with cancer than someone
with an ACE score of 0. For each ACE
score, the chance of being hospitalised
with an autoimmune disease in adulthood
rose 20%. Someone with an ACE score of
4 was 460% more likely to be facing depression
than someone with a score of 0.
An ACE score of 6 and higher shortened
an individual’s lifespan by almost 20
years. The loss of a parent in childhood
triples the chances of depression in adulthood.
Being raised by a mother with depression
puts you at a higher risk of living
with chronic pain as an adult.
Fortunately, there is light at the end of the tunnel.
Studies show that the brain has great plasticity
right through our lives. This means that
we can reset our stress response and stop
and even reverse the damage done. There
are thousands of case studies of people being
cured of ‘incurable’ illnesses; and not only
that, they’ve gone on to live lives of success,
happiness and peace.
Once you have identifi ed your ACES, there
are several modalities that are known to have
helped people to heal, such as: writing or
drawing; mindfulness meditation; the martial
arts practices of t’ai-chi and qigong (moving
meditation); forgiveness; yoga; trauma release
exercises through to bodywork; improving
our gut fl ora; and developing deep and
Therapy work that has shown good results includes:
traditional talk therapy, Somatic Experiencing
(SE), Emotional Freedom Technique
(EFT), hypnosis, guided imagery, EEG Neurofeedback,
EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation
and Reprocessing), PSTEC, Psych-K and
ReCode, an energy psychology technique that
combines a number of modalities (EFT, NLP,
Matrix Reimprinting, EMDR and the Healing
Luckily for us, healing and lasting change is
possible. Our ACES don’t have to become the
script for our adult lives. And we can go on
to overcome, fl ourish and live normal, happy
lives, no matter how many ACES we experienced.
Felitti VJ, Anda RF, et al. Relationship of childhood abuse and
household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in
adults. The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Am J
Prev Med. 1998 May;14(4):245-58.
JULY 2017 | 053
Depression is labelled a mental illness
and there is a huge stigma attached to it
– as you would know if you or a loved one
is suffering with this condition. It is also
labelled ‘hereditary’ and ‘incurable’ by
much of the medical industry.
The problem with these labels is that we
believe them. So we take medication,
tolerate the side effects, accept that we
are ‘sick’ and try not to think about the
‘fact’ that this is a sentence for life. Or we
live with the dark cloud hovering over us
all the time.
The Depression Healing Centre is for
you if you don’t want to accept that you
have an incurable condition. If you are
not prepared to accept that you will have
side effects from medication for the rest
of your life. And if you hold out the hope
that your mind and body CAN heal itself
– no matter what anybody says.
At the Depression Healing Centre, we
use a very specific methodology called
ReCode © to heal depression and anxiety,
which has a truly remarkable success rate.
For more information contact us:
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for a 1 year
Single copies +
56 NICOTINE – how to cut your cravings
62 THE MICROBIOME & INTERNAL BALANCE
70 PROTEIN – the forgotten nutrient
- HOWTOCUT YOURCRAVINGS
by PATRICK HOLFORD
Once you’ve started smoking, it’s very hard to quit. Nicotene is
addictive stuff. In fact, it’s more addictive than heroin. But you can
cut your cravings – Patrick Holford tells you how.
Nicotine produces a stimulating effect, even in small
doses, and in large amounts acts as a sedative. This
is its attraction: on the one hand, it can give you a lift; on
the other, it can calm you down. Before a meal it can stop
you feeling hungry; after a meal it can stop you from feeling
drowsy. These effects are mainly down to nicotine’s action on
adrenal hormones and blood sugar balance.
HOW YOU MIGHT FEEL WHEN YOU QUIT
If all you do is quit nicotine without correcting the biochemical
imbalance it creates in your brain and body’s chemistry, the
chances are you’ll be climbing the walls – feeling agitated, irritable,
moody, hungry, spacey and desperate for a cigarette
and the whole ritual of smoking.
056 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
BIOCHEMICALLY THERE’S A CLOSE
LINK BETWEEN NICOTINE ADDICTION
AND ALCOHOL ADDICTION. YOU NEED
TO QUIT BOTH OTHERWISE YOU WILL
JULY 2017 | 057
Many people feel nauseous, have headaches
and fl u-like symptoms, feel lethargic, depressed,
have blood sugar lows where they
crave something sweet and, consequently,
For many people these symptoms last a
week. The bad news is that, for some people,
these symptoms are still there weeks, and
even months, later. The good news is that this
need not happen if you get your brain chemistry
back into balance with our nutrition programme.
HOW TO QUIT NICOTINE
Before you even begin to try to give up cigarettes,
we recommend you take the Basic
Supplements and the Stimulant Prescription
for one month. At the end of this period you
should no longer be consuming any other
stimulants (such as tea, coffee and chocolate)
or sugar. Instead you’ll be eating small,
frequent meals, with an emphasis on foods
containing slow-releasing carbohydrates combined
with foods rich in proteins. Your background
blood sugar balance will be much
better, which means you’ll experience less
withdrawal symptoms on quitting.
Four basic supplements: our Basic Supplement
1. An optimum nutrition multivitamin and
2. Additional vitamin C, ideally with berry extracts
3. Essential omega-3 and -6 fats (ideally providing
GLA, DHA, DPA and EPA)
4. Phospholipid complex (ideally providing
phosphatidyl choline, serine, DMAE, TMG
and either glutamine or pyroglutamate).
You will need specifi c amino acids as well, depending
on your abstinence symptoms and
on the substance you are quitting.
General guidelines for taking amino acid
When you are feeling anxious, stressed or
tense, take GABA, tryptophan, 5-HTP or
When you have low energy, or feel apathetic,
When you are having diffi culty concentrating,
or you have memory problems or feel
mentally ‘fuzzy’, take tyrosine.
When you are feeling hypersensitive to
noise, lights, touch or pain, take DL-phenylalanine
(this is a combination of D- and
When you are having trouble sleeping,
take tryptophan or 5-HTP, GABA, and/or
When you are irritable, take tryptophan or
To offset cravings, take glutamine or GABA.
When you are depressed and apathetic,
take tyrosine. When depressed, tense and
agitated, take 5-HTP or tryptophan.
Break all the associated habits.
The average smoker is addicted
not only to nicotine, but also to
smoking when tired, hungry or
upset, on waking, after a meal,
with a drink, and so on.
At fi rst don’t try to change your
smoking habits. Just keep a diary
for a week, writing down every
situation in which you smoke,
how you feel before, and how
you feel after smoking. When
your week is up, add up how many cigarettes
you smoke in each situation. Your list might
look something like this:
With a hot drink: 16
After a meal: 6
With alcohol: 4
Diffi cult situation: 4
After sex: 3
058 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Now set yourself weekly targets. For
the fi rst week, smoke as much as you
like whenever you like but not when
you drink a hot drink or within 30 minutes
of fi nishing a meal. Continue like
this until, when you smoke, all you do
is smoke, without the associated habits. Set
yourself a maximum of six weeks to complete
this phase. This will be tremendously helpful
for when you quit. Most people start again
because someone phones them with a problem,
a work colleague brings in a coffee, offers
them a cigarette . . . and before you know it
Put your cigarette butts in a big glass jar
with a sealing lid. Fill it half with water.
You will begin to associate cigarettes
with the nasty stuff in your jar.
Now it’s time to reduce your nicotine
load gradually. Week by week, switch
to a cigarette brand that contains less
nicotine, until what you smoke contains
no more than 2 mg per cigarette.
Now reduce the number of cigarettes
you are smoking until you smoke no
more than fi ve cigarettes a day, each with a
nicotine content of 2 mg or less. If you wish,
stop smoking and replace it with nicotine gum
(in two strengths: 4 mg and 2 mg) as an intermediate
You want to be down to a maximum
of 10 mg of nicotine a day before
quitting – that is, fi ve pieces of 2 mg
nicotine gum, or fi ve 2 mg nicotine
For the fi rst week of quitting also take
an extra 8 g of vitamin C. Magnesium
is a calming mineral. Put 8 g worth of it
in a bottle of half water and half juice.
Drink it throughout the day.
Also take chromium 200 mcg:
one with breakfast and one
with lunch to help stabilise your
blood sugar level.
Take 50 mg of niacin (nicotinic
acid) twice a day. You will experience
a harmless blushing sensation
when fi rst taking niacin.
Nicotine and niacin occupy the same receptors
in the brain – so giving yourself more niacin
is likely to reduce your cravings. 1
Eat an alkaline-forming diet:
one that is high in fruit, vegetables
and seeds. Also,
make sure you are supplementing
a total of 850 mg of
magnesium and calcium combined. A good
multivitamin will provide 200 mg calcium and
FOR THE LAST TIME!
Vice Breaker is an oral capsule
formulated entirely from natural
ingredients designed to:
Considerably Reduce Your Desire to Smoke
Cleanse your Lungs – Fast!
Reduce Stress and Anxiety
Why choose this
smoking cessation aid?
No Nicotine or Nasty Chemicals
Your Best Chance to Quit for Good
Mention this advert and get
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Offer valid until 31 July 2017
Order online or email firstname.lastname@example.org
or contact us on 042 243 0339 / 084 531 0786
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Manufactured by Nutratec Life Sciences in Canada. Imported and Distributed by
The Orchards Nutrition Centre, Eastern Cape.
150 mg magnesium, and there will be at least 500 mg in
the magnesium ascorbate powder noted above. Whenever
you feel the need for nicotine, fi rst drink a glass of water and
eat an apple or a pear. This will raise your low blood sugar
level, which is often the factor that triggers such a craving.
Improve your breathing. Your lungs are damaged
by smoking and it’s really important to
do something that stimulates breathing and
their recovery. Any exercise that focuses on the
breath, such as some forms of yoga and psychocalisthenics,
is ideal. At least go for a walk.
If you have diffi culty sleeping, or are irritable
or depressed, supplement 200 mg of 5-HTP
– an amino acid that the body converts into
serotonin, an important brain chemical that
controls mood. Nicotine withdrawal tends to
lower serotonin levels. The best time to take
your 5-HTP is one hour before bed.
Keys to unaddicting
Rebalance your brain with amino acids.
Raise your methyl IQ with vitamins and
minerals – check your homocysteine level
to find out your ideal level of B-vitamins.
Smoking definitely raises it.
Balance your blood sugar to gain energy
and reduce cravings.
Repair your brain with antioxidants.
Find new pleasure in life by raising endorphins
– exercise really helps to get your
lungs back into shape (but start gently).
Another useful aid during the fi rst month is
sugar-free liquorice, which promotes the action
of adrenal hormones. Liquorice is either
available as a supplement or as a bar. Supplement
with either 1 to 2 mg powdered root, or
2 to 4 ml fl uid extract, three times a day.
Caution: Liquorice should be avoided by people with high
WHAT TO EXPECT IN THE 30 DAYS LATER
It takes, on average, about 30 days to recover and normalise
your brain’s chemistry and blood sugar balance, depending
on whether nicotine is your only vice. If you’ve been using a
variety of addictive substances for years, stick to this kind of
recovery programme for at least 90 days.
Alternatively, stop the Stimulant Prescription, but keep taking
the Basic Supplements. By now you’ll know the effects
of the other temporary supplements – niacin, chromium
and 5-HTP. Reduce or stop these according to your need.
1. Prousky JE.Vitamin B 3
for nicotine addiction.Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine.
Holford P, How to quit without feeling s**t. Piatkus Books: London, 2008.
060 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Tyrosine 2 000 mg 1 000 mg X 2 Empty stomach or
1 500 mg 500 mg X 3 As above Optional but
1 000 mg 500 mg X 2 With or without
200 mg 100 mg X 2 With food Assumes 50 mg
40 mg 20 mg X 2 With food Assumes 20 mg
Folic acid 400 mcg 200 mcg X 2 With food Assumes
200 mcg with
20 mcg 10 mcg X 2 With food Assumes
10 mcg with Basic
Chromium 400 mcg 200 mcg X 2 With food
NADH 10 mg 5 mg X 2 With or without
JULY 2017 | 061
DR ARIEN VAN DER
MERWE, MBCHB NHA
Arien is a medical doctor,
an experienced public
speaker, bestselling author
and has developed several
online health courses.
Arien specialises in natural
stress management and
workplace wellness. She
is a registered trainer with
the NHA and a member of
the International Stress
Her latest book is Managing
Diabetes and Related
Health Challenges. Other
books include Health &
Happiness and Stress
micr bi me
& internal balance
The human microbiome, which is comprised of all the microorganisms
(the microbiota) that live on and in humans, plays
an essential role in determining good health.
Microbes cover every surface of our
bodies, inside and out. They’re on our
skin, inside our noses, mouths, whole respiratory
tract, plentiful in our digestive tract, reproductive
system, and so on. These microscopic
life forms consist of thousands of species and
outnumber our own 50 trillion cells by about
10 to one.
OUR MICROBIOME PROTECTS US
Our microbiome can be considered as a newly
discovered, still largely unexplored system,
with numerous functions essential to human
life. Very few microbes actually cause disease
and, in fact, many are essential for homeostasis
(internal balance) which is important
for good health. They are key to a healthy immune
and digestive system.
062 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
As a society, we have become too clean, overly
conscious of hygiene! For example, forgetting
that babies do require some exposure to
various organisms to develop immunity, we
over sterilise their bottles and toys, thereby
killing the beneficial flora or microbes, leading
to Candida overgrowth (thrush).
We also misuse antibiotics, killing our own microbiome,
once again causing overgrowth of
Candida and leading to yeast infection. Candida
albicans is also a normal part of our
pointing to the microbiome and imbalance in
gut microbes as well as an imbalance in lifestyle,
with chronically high levels of stress as
a trigger for IBD. Instead of crippling immune
systems with immunosuppressive drugs, I
recommend prescribing an improved set of bugs
(gut microbes or probiotics) to patients with IBD!
GUT HEALTH, PRE- AND PROBIOTICS
Most of the micro-organisms living in and on
us are beneficial, with only some potential
The regular use of probiotics is important in
healing many chronic gastrointestinal
problems and allergies
microbiome, but needs to be kept in check,
and in balance, by our innate intestinal flora
or gut microbes. Antibiotics (meaning against
life) kill our normal flora, leaving fungi, yeasts,
parasites and viruses flourishing, while disturbing
our inner balance and immune system
THE MICROBIOME/DISEASE LINK
More and more research shows the possible
connections to the human microbiome, dysbiosis
(microbial imbalances) and chronic Western
diseases, including arthritis, gum disease,
obesity and cardiovascular (heart and blood
vessel) disease – all of which have renegade
inflammation at their core. Inflammatory bowel
diseases (IBD), from irritable bowel syndrome
(IBS or spastic colon), to Crohn’s disease and
ulcerative colitis, are directly linked to dysbiosis
inside the digestive tract. Evidence is
The beneficial ones are called probiotic microorganisms.
Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria
reside mostly in the small intestine, and Bifidobacterium
bifidum bacteria are found in the
large intestine (colon).
Probiotics improve the environment of the
intestinal tract. The regular use of probiotics
is important in healing many chronic gastrointestinal
problems and allergies. Some experts
feel that children with allergic tendencies.
need several times the amount of probiotics
than those without GI problems, due
to the frequency of dysbiosis (overgrowth of
yeast, harmful bacteria, etc.) and ‘leaky gut
syndrome’ (increased intestinal permeability).
Well-known probiotics include Saccharomyces
boulardii, Lactobacillus acidodiphilus and
JULY 2017 | 063
Bifidobacterium bifidus. These restore normal
gut flora, improve immune system function,
and assist in digestion and absorption of food.
Also helpful are the prebiotics, inulin and
fructo-oligosaccharides (or FOS, found in
artichokes, onions, garlic, bananas, and
specific supplements). FOS and inulin are
non-digestible oligosaccharides that help
promote the growth and activity of friendly
bacteria in the intestinal tract. These are
called ‘prebiotics’ because they are thought
to help promote probiotic colonisation and
growth. Research has shown that both FOS
and inulin enhance the growth of lactic bacteria,
especially Bifidobacteria, and inhibit
the growth of a variety of undesirable organisms.
MAIN BENEFITS OF PROBIOTICS
The major benefits of adding probiotic organisms
to the diet:
Support of the immune system.
Improved resistance to allergies.
Reduction in yeast and other infections.
Inhibition of disease-causing organisms.
Improved digestion, increased nutrient
absorption and vitamin synthesis.
Reintroduction of healthy bacteria into
the digestive system. This is especially
helpful to restore balance where Helicobacter
pylori plays a role in peptic ulcers.
Detoxification and protection from toxins.
Prevention of diarrhoea from various
Reduction in the risk of irritable bowel
Probiotics act in various ways to restore and
maintain gut health:
Microbial antagonism – keeping the microbiome
in balance by working against potential
disease-causing organisms or microbes.
Anti-toxigenic effect – neutralising toxins.
Increase in the activity of the intestinal disaccharidases
– enzymes promoting carbohydrate
Support of the immune system.
Digestive enzymes are also very helpful in
restoring balance to the intestinal flora population.
These can be found in supplement
combinations containing pancreatic enzymes
(amylase, protease, sucrase, malt diastase,
lipase, cellulose, lactase), papain form pawpaw,
bromelain from pineapple stem and cultured
moulds from the Aspergillus species.
Probiotics are helpful in restoring balance
inside the digestive system. If anyone does
need an antibiotic for severe bacterial infection
(e.g. pneumonia or meningitis) or suffer
from any allergies, be sure to include probiotics
to improve gut and immune system health.
SUPPLEMENTS AND REMEDIES FOR
The 4 Rs
To restore the internal balance (homeostasis) of
your microbiome apply the principle of the 4 Rs:
Treat dysbiosis: No yeast/fermented foods
for three months; investigate food intolerances
and cut out: refined carbs, sugars, wheat
and dairy proteins for three months; no decaffeinated
or caffeinated coffee, no alcohol, no
NSAIDS, no antibiotics.
Use citrus seed extract, caprilic acid, garlic,
Echinacea, oregano, barberry, golden seal,
Calendula, berberine and bromelain.
Digestive enzymes and factors to lower levels
of Helicobacter pylori (pathogenic bacteria
found in those with peptic ulcers) and to manage
pancreatitis and damage to the mucosal
064 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
One of the greatest challenges for human
well-being in the 21st century will be to focus
on the advantage of having a healthy colon and
therefore a good immune system – this is where
probiotics can play a significant role.
Probiotics are critical for normal digestion
and for defence against infection.
Bacteria in the gut are known to:
Stimulate the immune system
Enhance the mucosal barrier
Aid digestion and break down toxins
Inhibit adherence of pathogens
A good probiotic can be beneficial for the
Diarrhoea or constipation
Bad breath, gas and bloating
Irritable bowel and lactose intolerance
Gastroenteritis and playschool diseases in
Bifidobacterium, BB-12 ® , Lactobacillus acidophilus, LA-5 ® ,
Lactobacillus bulgaricus, LBY-27, Streptococcus thermophilus, STY-31
layer of the digestive tract. Digestive enzymes that
can be used: proteases, amylases, lipases and cellulases.
Pro- and prebiotics: Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium
bifidus and bulgaricus: live cultures.
Therapeutic: 5 to 10 billion organisms two to
three times a day.
Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS): artichokes, onions,
garlic, bananas, supplements.
Nutraceutical food supplements and herbal
Eat rice protein basis food.
L-glutamine: barrier function, immune support,
fuel for intestinal bacteria.
Vitamins: A, Bs, C, E, mixed carotenes, bioflavonoids.
Minerals: zinc, magnesium, calcium, chromium.
Essential fatty acids: GLA (omega-6 – evening
primrose or starflower oil), EPA (omega-3 – cold
water fish oil).
Glutathione (cysteine, lysine), N-acetyl-cystein
– liver support, antioxidant.
Inulin: as substrate for intestinal flora that use
the short-chain fatty acids for fuel.
Ginger, mint, chamomile, bromelain (enzyme
found in pineapple) to assist digestion.
Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) for liver support.
For Helicobacter pylori use: probiotics, FOS, vitamins
A, C, E, zinc, glutathione, EFAs, garlic, berberine
(found in the herbs: golden seal, barberry,
oregon grape), Aloe vera, cabbage juice.
Fresh ginger (2 cm crushed) and peppermint
leaves (about 10, crushed), steeped in hot
water, will help for nausea. Take it 15 minutes
before meals to improve digestion.
PROBIOTIC WITH FIBRE & PEPPERMINT
Stress management and relaxation
The digestive system is often called the second brain because
of the many receptors for serotonin found there.
Digestion and absorption of food should occur in a relaxed
atmosphere. Deep relaxation exercises and meditation
help you and your gut relax. Yoga refreshes your
body, gives you energy and strength, and calms your
mind and soul.
Drink water and a herbal mixture
Drink at least eight glasses of water and at least three cups of
a cleansing herbal tea mixture every day.
Follow a healthy wholesome and balanced diet with plenty
of fresh fruit and vegetables, wholegrain products, beans,
seeds, pulses and nuts, and garlic, onion, and ginger to prepare
tasty and healthy food. Increase your intake of fibre by
sprinkling psyllium seeds, linseeds, digestive or oat bran over
your porridge, or adding them to salads and other food every
Try to fast one day a week. Drink at least 12 glasses of water,
above herbal teas and fruit juices such as apple or grape
juice. If you get very hungry, eat an apple or a bunch of
grapes. Fasting once a week does wonders for your health
and state of mind and restores balance to the microbiome.
Try to exercise for 15 minutes every day or for 20 to 30 minutes
three or four times a week. It is not necessary to exhaust
yourself. Choose an activity that you enjoy.
Increase the population of ‘friendly’ bacteria in your intestines
by eating asparagus (fructo-oligosaccharides), fresh,
full-cream yoghurt with live A and B cultures, or taking the
friendly bacteria in food supplement form: Saccahromyces,
Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are good examples.
The most important thing is to realise that there must not
only be a balance in gut bacteria or flora (microbiome), but
also in mind, body and soul!
JULY 2017 | 067
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JULY 2017 | 069
– THE FORGOTTE
It’s not just about carbs – protein is important too. Ian Craig
benefits of carbohydrates in an endurance
athlete’s eating armoury? We need to eat
in order to excel at our chosen sport according
to the world’s leading nutritional authorities:
brown rice, wholemeal bread, corn, pasta, cereals,
potatoes and not forgetting sports drinks,
which are mostly just sugar mixed with water
with added colours and flavours.
Expressed in this way, a carb-dominant diet
perhaps doesn’t look so nutritious (although
some of you may look at the above menu
and get excited!). The carb-dominant athletic
menu is but a paradigm*, a paradigm that is
thankfully starting to pass through, making
way for other theories that might nourish our
*A paradigm pertains to the currently accepted practices
within science, whereas a paradigm shift means a deviation
from the current theories as science evolves.
Professor Tim Noakes caused an eno
stir within dietetic circles due to his
ence that we should all be eating g
protein, high-fat diet that is almost devoid of
challenged the carbohydrate paradigm in a
big way – something he prides himself in
doing, considering one of his books is entitled
Challenging Beliefs. In my mind, his
provoking thoughts have been very healthy
for South African nutrition simply because
he has questioned the status quo. But, he
has gone too far the other way. I’ve writtenbeforeongeneticsofnutritionandone
thing that we do know when it comes to
nutrition is that we’re all very different in
the way that we thrive. Professor Noakes
may genetically be a ‘carb-resistance’ type,
meaning that he certainly would be better
for all of us.
070 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
So, nutrition is not so simple one way or
another. But, what we do know is that we all
need protein in decent quantities in order
to optimise our health and to optimise our
performance. For example, did you know
that protein is required to make: several
hormones in our bodies; cell membranes;
muscle and all connective tissue; a large
chunk of our immune system; our gut lining;
neurotransmitters (brain chemicals) and detoxifi
cation chemicals? Protein, along with
certain fats, vitamins and minerals, is essential
in our body. Essential means that we
will eventually die without it. Carbohydrates
don’t actually carry that status. However,
considering that a large number of carbs are
wrapped up within fruit and vegetables and
their wide array of nutrient contributions,
we would be extremely unwise to try and
One of the best books on this subject is the Paleo
Diet for Athletes by Loren Cordain and renowned
triathlon coach Joe Friel. The Paleo diet supposedly
represents the way we used to eat about
20 000 years ago, well before the appearance
of the agricultural revolution – we were simple
hunter-gatherers back then. And guess what? We
didn’t eat dairy and legumes (beans and lentils),
nor did we eat any kind of grains – we certainly
didn’t have a pasta party the night before chasing
an antelope for fi ve hours straight (as has been
studied in the Kalahari Bushmen). But Joe Friel
recognised that endurance athletes did need a
decent dose of carbs when putting in a big mileage
– these would mostly come from fruit and
starchy vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes,
butternut, pumpkin etc), but some grains would
be consumed as required. The emphasis was still
on good sources of protein (and essential fats)
plus lots of vegetable matter (the gathering part):
a pretty simple and nutritious diet.
IAN CRAIG, MSC,
He is an exercise physiologist,
NLP practitioner, an
endurance coach and
specialises in Integrative
Sports Nutrition. Ian is the
editor of the Functional
Sports Nutrition magazine
and has just launched
the Centre for Integrative
Sports Nutrition, which
trains nutrition and exercise
practitioners. He also runs a
busy nutrition practice in the
Chiropractic Sports Injury
Clinic. He recently released
his fi rst book, Wholesome
Nutrition, with co-author
Rachel Jesson. Ian offers an
educational online course:
12 Steps to Wholesome
JULY 2017 | 071
Back to genetics: The Paleo diet represents
a simple and nutrient-dense diet that many
recognise that some people have moved
on genetically from this 20 000-year-old
model and some individuals may actually
do quite well on a vegetarian or vegan diet.
Some people can eat large amounts of
grains and legumes and be very healthy,
although they are probably the minority of
our population. Research will come in time
to answer these questions; up until now,
research has focused more on the best diet
for everybody, which of course is impossibletodetermine.
PROTEIN FOR THE ATHLETE
When I construct a diet for an athlete,
whether I think they are more of a Paleo or
fats and carbs. According to scientific
functions, although this convention is open
to some serious questioning. That amount,
for example, equates to around 110 g proteinperdayforan80kgathlete.
What does this mean in real terms though?
how many grams of certain foods you’ll
work out how many grams you get from
breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks and sports
nutrition supplements. As you can see, all
piece of meat or fish or three small eggs
to get 20 g, whereas you’ll need a whole
more than ½ kg of brown rice from nonanimal
sources. As an aside here, if you are
vegan, there are only a small number of
non-animal foods that will provide you with
a complete protein. However, you can also
combine a legume and a grain (e.g. lentils
and brown rice or baked beans on toast)
and the combination will ensure a complete
protein source, although as you can
see from this table, the quantities required
in theory may be unattainable. So, being a
vegan athlete is tough, although, for some,
a possibility (read Thrive Diet by Brendon
OF CERTAIN FOODS
Beef fillet steak
Brown rice, boiled
20 g protein
3 whole eggs
100 g nuts
170 g (7 tbsp)
240 g (1 large pack)
250 g (1 pack)
240 g (4 burgers)
400 g (1 large tin)
217 g (6 slices)
072 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
A PROTEIN DIET OUTLINE
An example of a diet in which our 80 kg
athlete achieves 110 g of protein might be:
Post-exercise: smoothie with 20 g protein
powder, 50 g yoghurt and 2 pieces fruit
Breakfast: 2 to 3 eggs scrambled with wholegrain
toast and tomatoes (20 to 25 g)
Snack: a palmful of cashews (10 g)
Dinner: 80 g grilled salmon plus steamed
greens and a portion of mashed butternut
Lunch: a small 80 g chicken breast with a
large, colourful salad plus some brown rice
or quinoa (20 to 25 g)
Snack: peanut butter (2 tbsp) on 2 to 3
oatcakes (10 g)
Ever read something
that made you healthy?
Be health curious
76 LIVER-CLEANSING HERBS
The liver is the largest organ in the body and functions as an
enormous filter and detoxification centre. It is also involved in the
metabolism of a range of essential nutrients required by the body
such as specific proteins and bile acids.
The liver has several important roles to play
and although it is a very forgiving organ, it
requires nurturing in order for us to enjoy optimal
entering the body today is truly an astonishing feat.
However, this biotransformation can be overloaded
or malfunction, leading to tissue injury or interference
with other organs and systems in the body.
DR BERNARD BROM,
MB CHB (UCT), CEDH
FRANCE), DIP ACUP
Dr Brom started his practice
in 1976 using a holistic
natural medicines, homeopathy,
nutritional medicine and
lifestyle management. His
special interests include
energy medicine, integration
of the art and science
of medicine, development
of intuition, questioning
the nature of health and
healing, and a deeper understanding
of the nature
of Spirit in the practice of
medicine. He has recently
released his book, Healthy
Medicine – the Philosophy
and principles of Natural
SEVEN MAIN FUNCTIONS
1. Storage of carbohydrates, vitamins and
2. Metabolism of hormones, endogenous wastes
and foreign chemicals
3. Synthesis of blood proteins
4. Formation of urea
5. Metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
6. Formation of bile and gamma globulins
7. Assimilation and storage of fat-soluble vitamins.
Because of its size and multiple functions, the liver
requires a good supply of oxygen carried by the red
blood cells and nutrients brought to the liver in the
blood. It also constantly receives the products of digestion
passing from the gastro-intestinal tract.
The liver has the remarkable ability to remove chemicals
absorbed into the blood. This function is essential
and ongoing. The body is constantly producing
poisons as a result of metabolism and these
poisons must be removed. Poisonous substances
are also constantly entering the body from the environment
or are even ingested in the food eaten
or from drugs taken orally or inhaled. That the liver
can do this despite the enormous load of chemicals
The detoxifi cation process in the liver has two phases.
During the first phase some very reactive intermediate
metabolites are formed which may be even
more reactive and toxic than the original poisonous
substance the body is trying to eliminate. It is important
therefore that substances activating phase one
also enhance phase two clearance of the reactive
Functional liver stress is an enormous problem today
due to poor diet, alcohol consumption and
general toxic overload. Because of the central role
of the liver in so many functions it is essential that
optimum function be maintained. If one lives in a
toxic environment or subjects the liver to a heavy
burden, either because of poor food choices or
excessive alcohol intake, then it is even more essential
to support the liver. One of the ways of
doing this is with herbs that infl uence and support
REASONS FOR TAKING LIVER-CLEANSING AND
1. Excess alcohol intake: Clearly one should reduce
consumption but anyone taking more than two
076 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
REDUCE YOUR RISK!
Mobile technology enhancement chip
glasses of wine per day needs a liver herb. Alcohol is
to the liver what smoking is to the lungs.
2. Following any acute liver disease such as acute hepatitis.
3. If there is continuous exposure to industrial pollutants.
4. In those with chronic liver disorders.
5. In those taking any powerful medication (e.g. contraceptives)
requiring detox through the liver.
6. At some point during a detox diet.
HERBS TO USE
The principal herbs to use are milk thistle (Silybum marianum/Carduus
marianus), globe artichoke (Cynara
scolymus), dandelion root (Taraxicum officinale) and
Schisandra chinensis. Herbs with stronger action on the
gall bladder include goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis),
barberry (Berberis vulgaris), greater celandine (Chelidonium)
and bitter herbs.
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This is perhaps the most popular and best-known Western
herb for liver problems and supporting liver function.
It is often thought of as a liver adaptogen, i.e. a
herb that has neither stimulating nor sedating functions
but just supports the liver and can be given long term.
It does this by stabilising the liver cells against injury;
it also helps to regulate the permeability of liver cells
and assists in cellular regeneration. Several reviews have
discussed the use of milk thistle as a hepatoprotectant.
It has been shown to improve liver function in patients
with various aetiologies of liver disease, including those
exposed to toxic levels of industrial pollutants. 1,2
This herb has been known since antiquity for its beneficial
medicinal properties. The leaves have a well-established
reputation for stimulating bile and urine flow,
restoring the liver and lowering cholesterol. It is another
excellent liver protector and contains several bioactive
ingredients that have antioxidant properties and protect
the liver from toxic insult.
This is a good herb to enhance the flow of bile from
the liver and gall bladder. It also has a diuretic function.
078 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
This has become an increasingly popular herb for
supporting liver function. It is another liver protector
and adaptogenic herb with antioxidant properties. It
has a positive effect on both phase one and two liver
detoxification which is essential for any liver protector.
It also combines well with the other liver herbs. 3
Today the liver has to deal with a toxic load unsurpassed
in human history. It is a good idea to take a
liver adaptogenic herb alone or in combination for
some months each year, as well as at any time one
is subject to an increasing toxic load. This is especially
true in the case of the conditions mentioned above.
The process may be necessary even in the country if
the area is being heavily sprayed, or if one lives close
to an airport or highway with constant toxic fumes.
LIVER HERB FORMULA
In Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy 4 the
authors give the following formula to a woman
experiencing side effects from the contraceptive
pill and with a past history of some liver
Silybum marianum tincture (1:1)30ml
Taraxicum tincture (1:2) 35ml
Schisandra chinensis tincture (1:2) 35ml
Total: 100 ml
1. Wellington K and Jarvis B. Silymarin: A review of its clinical properties
in the management of hepatic disorders. BioDrugs. 2001; (15):465-89.
2. Saller R, et al. The use of silymarin in the treatment of liver diseases.
Drugs. 2001; (61): 2035-2063.
3. Bone K. Schisandra – the complete liver herb. Townsend Letter for
Doctors and Patients. 2003; (245):108-12.
4. Mills S and Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Churchill
Livingstone, 2000: 195.
JULY 2017 | 079
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6 ways to stay connected
82 A-Z FOR HEALTHY WINTER SKIN
86 YOUTH IN PERMACULTURE IS HERE
082 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
It’s winter time and, believe it or not, your skin needs just as
much care, if not more, as during the summer. Dr Leila Sadien
offers comprehensive advice on how to keep your skin glowing
and healthy throughout the chilly months ahead.
Think of your skin as a coat that protects
you from head to toe – it is your
largest organ and keeps everything on the inside
in and all the nasties out! Not only is it
your very personal shield but it is your unique
expression of external beauty. Return the favour
and nurture and nourish your skin with
the following A – Z care tips.
Applied topically and taken orally, antioxidants
protect our bodies from the harmful effects
of oxidation, such as cancer, infl ammation and
general ageing, caused by poor lifestyle choices.
Vitamins A, C and E are great antioxidants,
and winter is a wonderful time to provide
nourishment to sun-damaged skin.
Winter is a great time to treat cellulite, especially
as it takes a few months before signs
of improvement become evident. Nettle root
and DHEA gel is a wonderful cellulite-busting
treatment that a compounding pharmacy can
make up for you.
A chemical peel is essentially the application of
acids to help treat skin problems. These acids
can be made in a lab or extracted from natural
botanicals, they can even be made with fruit
and veg at home! Winter is ideal for peels because
it's much easier to stay out of the sun
while the skin heals.
The lack of sunlight in winter means that less
vitamin D is manufactured by the body as
there is less skin exposure to UVB rays. We
are also more covered, so less of our skin is
exposed to the sun. Winter also often means
less outdoor activity. All of this triggers low vitamin
D levels, which can result in acne, rosacea,
ageing and delayed healing and repair.
DR LEILA SADIEN,
Instagram: drleilasadien /
Leila is as passionate about
wellness as she is about
beauty. She practises
integrative medicine and
and is the director of the
wellness clinic Renascent
Health in Pinelands, Cape
Town. She is dedicated
to making integrative
medicine accessible and
acceptable in South Africa.
As the Vice Chairman of
the SA Society of Integrative
Medicine, Leila is one
of SA's top authorities on
natural health and beauty.
JULY 2017 | 083
Dry skin is often disastrous for people who
suffer from eczema, as is exposure to seasonal
allergens. Among other great treatments, a
good omega-3 taken orally is very helpful for
this, as is a lipid-based moisturiser.
Hair follicle infl ammation is more common
in winter as usually women allow their hair
to grow longer in certain areas, or they shave
instead of waxing. Dry skin can also provoke
folliculitis, as can wearing tights, stockings or
Keeping your skin protected from very cold
weather is vital in winter. Dry hands and feet
and chilblains can be avoided simply by keeping
these extremities warm.
Keeping a humidifi er to moisten dry air has a
myriad of benefi ts for healthy including keeping
the skin glowing and hydrated throughout
We all know winter comes with depressed
immunity, but how does this affect your
skin? The skin is in fact the fi rst line of defence
against harmful disease-causing bacteria
and other pathogens. If this barrier is
compromised, by being extremely dry for
example, our skin is at risk of becoming
infected. This is especially important with
regard to eczema, rosacea and dry cracked
Juicing is such a great, easy way of getting in
lots of nutrients quickly. A healthy, balanced nutritional
intake plays a huge role in preventing
or easing the effects of almost all winter-related
skin conditions. Try to juice with all the colours of
the rainbow to get a good mix of plant nutrients.
Don’t forget that your children’s skin also
changes in winter. Make sure they eat well,
use a good nourishing moisturiser, and please
don’t forget the sunscreen!
Lips can take the worst beating when it comes
to dry skin. Besides being really thin, the skin
of the lips doesn’t have any oil glands to protect
it. Drink lots of water and make sure to
use a good lip balm throughout winter, and
don't lick your lips!
This goes without saying. Moisturising is even
more important in winter. I love using hyaluronic
serum in winter as an added moisture step.
Many women tend to skip their night-time
skin routine in winter because of the cold.
This is criminal. Now more than ever your
skin needs that second dose of moisturiser,
and many night-time products are particularly
good for winter.
It’s no surprise that nature provided us with
the exact thing that treats almost all winter
skin problems – oranges! Whether applying
the fruit topically or eating it, oranges
help with antioxidants (vitamin C), pigmentation,
anti-ageing, acne and dull skin.
Oranges are even an excellent conditioner.
084 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
The cold, dry air and decreased sunlight all
contribute to worsening psoriasis. Keep warm
and moist with humidifi ers and moisturisers
to keep the condition under control.
If you notice that your skin has changed in any
way with the change of season, be sure to
discuss this with your skin care practitioner.
We often have to tweak doses or change the
frequency of certain products and see what
needs to be added or removed from your
Also known as vitamin A; many people apply
retinoids topically to encourage skin turnover
and keep the skin healthy and smooth. Please
contact your skin care practitioner for instructions
on how to change your routine in winter
as retinoids could leave you feeling drier and
Sensitive skin always gets worse in winter. In
my practice I have often witnessed how hydrating
with a lipid-based moisturiser with anti-infl
ammatory properties often completely
cures sensitive skin.
Change of season is always a good time to
detox. We build up so many toxins throughout
the year, which all contribute to dull skin,
puffy dark eyes, acne, pigmentation and many
other ailments. Detoxing twice a year is the
least we can do to give our livers a break.
Many people don’t realise that most UV rays
travel right through clouds and cause the
same damage they would do in summer.
Don’t neglect a daily sunscreen in winter!
Every vitamin has some benefi t for skin
changes of winter. Be sure to be on a good,
naturally- sourced, comprehensive multivitamin
throughout the year.
The best way to beat dehydration is to drink
pure water! Natural spring water is best but
bottled water will do if that isn’t accessible.
The recommendation is still eight glasses
a day of pure water, and no, coffee doesn’t
The stellar summer exercise routine often
takes a knock as the temperature plummets,
but did you know that your skin suffers
from too little exercise too? Increased
circulation and oxygen delivery to cells ensures
cell detoxifi cation and a healthy glow,
and by reducing stress hormones, many infl
ammatory skin conditions can be treated
Yoga is a great way to exercise indoors in winter
and has so many benefi ts for skin. Specifi
c poses assist with increased circulation
to the face, promoting healing and collagen
synthesis. Yoga also helps to detox the entire
body and, don’t forget, being toned helps us
look good too!
Acne can defi nitely worsen during winter
because, as discussed, skin is drier and less
able to act as a defence against bad bugs.
People often think that moisturisers worsen
acne but in winter they are immensely helpful
in treating acne and preventing scarring.
JULY 2017 | 085
– you can join!
‘Get more out of life by using less’: This is the essence of
permaculture – an ecologically sound way of living that can be
applied to households, gardens, communities and businesses. It
is created by cooperating with nature and caring for the earth
and its people. Today’s youth are embracing this concept and
spreading the word.
Over the last few years a group of
youths and young adults have been
busy practising permaculture on Mallorca, the
largest of Spain’s Balearic Islands. They have
planted and harvested forest gardens, built
pallet structures, designed demonstration
sites and raised funds through work exchange.
The group are using Permacultura Mediterranea’s
(permamed.org) Permaculture Pathway
Program to skill-up, employing what permaculture
teacher and author, Rosemary Morrow,
refers to as ‘the freedom and responsibility
offered through self-directed non-formal
Tony writes for Permaculture
the word about permaculture
(Earth Care, People
Care, Fair Shares). They
operate out of the 55-acre
The Sustainability Centre
magazine is celebrating its
25th anniversary this year.
Members of the group used crowdfunding
to pay for their Permaculture Design Courses
(PDCs) and teacher training, and they’ve gone
on to teach workshops in their local schools.
They have interviewed their own mentors and
are documenting all of their design and work
in a portfolio.
INTERNATIONAL YOUTH PERMACULTURE
The youths have also made a little money
and have ensured that they are all having
fun too. While doing all of this they have
identifi ed the importance of including youth
in the permaculture movement and now
wish to build an international network to facilitate
The network hopes to offer: opportunities for
eager young people to learn permaculture
skills through experience, access to mentors
interested in supporting young people, and
a community that recognises the value of including
THE IMPORTANCE OF MENTORING
Having access to resources and mentors can
play a key role in empowering youths. One
of the network’s participants, Elias Robson,
points out: ‘Fortunately on Mallorca, we’ve
had access to many great local and visiting
mentors who have encouraged our participation
in their workshops, including: Rosemary
Morrow, Alfred Decker, Robina McCurdy,
Robin Clayfi eld, Satish Kumar, Rob Hopkins,
JULY 2017 | 087
Darren Doherty and more. Locally Julio Cantos
of PermaMed, Miquel Ramis of Artifex Balear
and the Escola Kumar (a project inspired by
Satish Kumar) have all provided experiential
permaculture learning opportunities and have
encouraged us to create our own projects
and learning pathways. Each one of them has
been an inspiration.’
YOUTH TO YOUTH INSPIRATION
Again, taking inspiration from Rosemary Morrow,
whose teachings underscore the value of empowering
young people, not only with the experience
of working at sites, but also through teaching
their own peers, the youths in Mallorca, invited by
their local mentors, have thus begun going into
local schools and assisting teachers in introducing
permaculture into public secondary schools.
However, many youths don’t know about the
opportunities permaculture offers and it is this
that the group wishes to address in order to
engage other youths.
During the 2016 European Permaculture Convergence
in Bolsena, Italy, several young participants
noticed the near absence of other
youths at the event. They discussed the importance
of including youths in the permaculture
movement with members of the Children in
Permaculture (CiP) project. These discussions
inspired a new project to build an international
network engaging youths in permaculture.
ENSURING VISION AND MISSION
The formative group – Rakesh Rootsman Rak
(CiP), Lusi Alders-lowe (Permaculture Association),
Mandy Merklein, Elias Robson (age 15),
and Victor Pla (age 21) (all PermaMed.org/
Escola Kumar) and Anna Gurney (Boodaville)
– have created an initial vision and mission for
the group, and have sent out a survey to attract
people to form a core partnership.
‘Permaculture, originally “Permanent Agriculture”,
is often viewed as a set of gardening
techniques, but it has in fact developed
into a whole design philosophy, and for
theme is the creation of human systems
many natural elements and drawing inspiration
from natural ecosystems. Its goals
and priorities coincide with what many
people see as the core requirements for
sustainability.’ Emma Chapman
‘We are impressed with how much interest
the initiative has attracted. We plan to meet in
spring 2017 to form the core group, learn how
to use sociocracy as a governance tool, and cocreate
the project’s design.’
Youths will be a growing part of the decisionmaking
team, providing a vital voice throughout
the project. Ideally this will become a youth-run
programme, designed by young people, with
mentors acting in an advisory capacity.
If you would like to become part of the Youth in
Permaculture movement and support this effort
you can begin by contacting the initial team at:
This is a great opportunity to open doors and
include more young people in the permaculture
movement. As Robina McCurdy told the youths
in Mallorca, ‘Youths are the future. Take the tools
and knowledge and power and go for it . . . make
a difference for yourselves and the world.’
This article fi rst appeared in the Summer 2017
(Issue 92) edition of Permaculture Magazine
(https://www.permaculture.co.uk/), an awardwinning,
authoritative publication that educates
and informs on the importance of sustainable
For further details, contact Tony Rollinson: tony@
To subscribe: https://www.permaculture.co.uk/
90 ART & HEALTH
92 PREGNANCY YOGA – for healthy mothers and babies
For thousands of years, people have searched
for the meaning and beauty of life in music,
painting, poetry and other arts. Now scientists
are finding that the arts can benefit both your
mental and physical health.
Visiting a gallery is not simply about experiencing those
things that make us feel better. It helps people to work
through their emotions, and leads to an enhanced sense of wellbeing.
This means it helps us to develop emotional resilience. Art
is everyday therapy for the soul.
BENEFITS OF VISITING AN ART GALLERY
A study showed that, on average, students who visited an art
museum performed 9% of a standard deviation higher in
their ability to reason critically. These included the students’
observations, interpretations, evaluations, associations, instances
of problem fi ndings, comparisons and instances of
fl exible thinking. 1
Art is communication and therapy. Art makes us more human, it
helps us to communicate in a different, personal language. The
stimulus of the creative mind allows people to positively isolate
from reality, which provides a mental rest that lowers stress and
generates relaxation and happiness. This helps for aggression
Measurement of the steroid stress hormone cortisol is increasingly
employed as an objective biomarker of stress. It takes about
15 minutes for a stressor to elicit increased cortisol secretion.
Research has explored the impact of positive experiences within
a naturalistic setting on cortisol levels. Visiting an art gallery for a
brief lunchtime visit substantially influences both the subjective
experience of stress, as well as levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
It is well known that males are more responsive to stressful
events, and those that entered the gallery with high levels of
cortisol had a more signifi cant drop in cortisol and stress.
090 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
THE BRAIN AND ART
Descriptive reviews of studies to date have indicated
that aesthetic experience in response to viewing artworks
is indeed a function of a distributed set of brain
areas, each of which is hypothesised to underlie a different
component process modulated by task demands.
It is almost universally assumed that a primary objective
of art is to evoke affective responses in the viewer.
This includes activating the nucleus accumbens, a key
brain region mediating a variety of behaviours. An aesthetic
experience associated with exposure to works of
art can improve perceptual, cognitive and emotional
processes of the brain. 2
People underwent brain scans while being shown a
series of 30 paintings by some of the world’s greatest
artists. The artworks they considered most beautiful
increased the blood fl ow in a certain part of the brain
by as much as 10%. What was found is that when you
look at art – whether it is a landscape, a still life, an
abstract or a portrait – there is strong activity in the part
of the brain related to pleasure.
PAINTING AND HEALTH
People who immerse themselves for several hours
painting or creating something enter a purer area, a
very strong state of concentration. They abstract themselves
from their surroundings. Physical pains fade
away. Painting also benefi ts mental health. It not only
distracts us from our problems, but it helps us to transform
anguish into something pleasant – this is useful
in times of emotional imbalance. Adults who learn to
paint overcome the fear to confront themselves and
learn to persevere and are encouraged to create something
that belongs only to them – a personal project,
unique and enormously satisfying. When the emotions
fl ow while painting, it creates harmony between the
heart and mind – which leads us to experience happiness,
love, empathy and peace. Painting is a tool that
in the long run benefi ts our emotional, energetic and
PAINTING AND HEALTH/TRAUMA
When traumatic memories are stored in the brain,
they’re not stored as words, but as images. Art therapy
is uniquely suited to access these memories. After
the image has been drawn, you can then progress to
forming words to describe them. This externalises the
trauma – moves it out of isolation, onto the page and
into a positive exchange. This is an active involvement
in your own healing.
VIEW ART IN A GALLERY NOT ON THE INTERNET
Art must be experienced to truly appreciate a sense of
its magnitude. Viewing artwork on the Internet is like
walking by a gallery on a rainy night and wiping the
fog from the window to get a peek. You think you can
see the art, but there is a barrier obscuring your vision
– distance from the actual art work can distract your
perception. There is a big difference between being
the most connected person and being the best connected
person. The same with being at an art gallery,
like meeting a friend in person.
As Picasso said, ‘Art washes from the soul the dust of
everyday life.’ Both viewing and creating art has a positive
effect on health and well-being.
ARTS AND CREATIVITY WITH AGEING
Why should a sense of control have a positive effect on
health with ageing? Because the mind infl uences the
body. The field of behavioural neuroscience has revolutionised
the way we understand the brain’s ability to
adapt and keep itself vital. This is referred to as brain
plasticity. This work has changed our understanding
of what we ourselves can do to keep our brains and
minds healthy through creatively challenging ourselves
in a sustained manner. This means our brain plasticity
improves, so when you are doing art, your brain is running
at full speed.
Enjoying great art is not just uplifting for the soul, but
benefi cial to health. Art experiences can help improve
health and well-being and can result in benefi ts that
range from the physiological to the emotional. Close
encounters with art can offer a time-out from the pressure
of modern living by providing a space within which
to refl ect. Art enables us to learn, connect, take notice
and delight in the world around us. It helps us to see
things from a different perspective. At its best it can
remind us that life is curious and joyful.
1. Bowen DH, Greene JP, et al.
Learning to think critically.
2. Leder H, Belke B, et al.
A model of aesthetic
appreciation and aesthetic
Journal of Psychology.
DR FRANCES LE
ROUX, BSC, MSC, PHD.
She is a registered physiotherapist
in Fish Hoek,
Cape Town, South Africa.
She has a special interest
in music/medicine based
on her research regarding
music and pain, immune
systems and spiritual wellbeing.
She is a member
of the International Music
in Medicine Association
and is on the International
Editorial Board of Music
and Medicine Interdisciplinary
Journal. Her books
Music is Healing and
recently published Music
and Babies are available
JULY 2017 | 091
mothers and babies
Today motherhood is more complex than ever, with women
attempting to juggle children, career, relationships and their own
health, often even without the support of family or community.
Yoga, however, can restore peace of mind and keep the body
supple and toned, ready to welcome that important new little
being into the world.
As founder of Follow the
Sun, a yogi, life coach,
speaker, writer, and a lover
of wooded Chardonnay,
Sharni’s passion is to
inspire balance, health,
wholeness and happiness
in others in a light-hearted,
focuses on personal transformation
through her ‘Create your
own Sunshine’ Program
incorporating yoga, food,
life coaching and travel.
With the go-go-go attitude of modernday
women and our busy lifestyles, it
makes it extremely difficult for mothers-to-be
mood swings, fatigue, painful leg cramps,
and breathing problems, aid a smoother and
easier labour delivery, assist with post-natal
and space while you are pregnant, is pregnancy
In general, Hatha yoga teaches us to reconnect
to our body and calm the body and
mind with emotional stress relief. So, by
practising yoga when pregnant you will get
your breathing during labour, connect with
your baby growing within, and release happy
hormones and endorphins to keep you energetic
and positive. The aim of pregnancy
yoga is to help the mother bring the baby
into the world with minimum hassle and no
YOGA TIPS FOR EACH TRIMESTER
to re-adjust before you start anything new.
Utmost caution is paramount during this
that your practice will be very different, so
092 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
Strong core work and deep twists are not advisable
during pregnancy, so stick to gentle twists and focus
on twisting from the middle and upper back rather
than from your abdomen.
Move slowly and carefully as your joints are beginning
to loosen up. You are at more risk now for
strains, pulls and other injuries because of the pregnancy
Accept that your balance will be off due to your centre
of gravity changing.
Don’t push yourself or overextend yourself. Remember
that you are doing yoga for its positive benefi ts
and the calming effect that it has for you and your
baby – you are not using your yoga for a workout.
Avoid Hot Yoga classes when pregnant.
You will notice huge changes in your body, so coming
to a place of acceptance and focusing on taking it
easy for your sake and your baby is very important.
Adapt and modify your practice accordingly and use a
block, straps and props where necessary.
Don’t hold postures for a long time and listen carefully
to your body. If you feel any discomfort then stop.
Yoga postures that are
safe during pregnancy
(Look online for examples):
Savasana and is a great resting pose at the end of the
Avoid these postures:
Intense backbends such as Camel
Savasana – lying on your back at the end of class.
JULY 2017 | 093
YOGA AFTER CHILDBIRTH
Doing yoga after childbirth can be a great
bonding exercise for mother and baby. It is
relaxing, eases indigestion or wind for the
baby, and tones your body after childbirth.
It rebalances and grounds you and aids recovery.
Kimberley Johnson, yoga teacher, women’s
care advocate, mother, doula and author
of The Fourth Trimester writes about holistic,
practical tools to help support women
through post-partum healing on the physical,
emotional, relational and spiritual levels.
Kimberley suggests that all around the world
there are fi ve universal post-partum needs for
a new mother:
1. Rest – it is imperative that a woman rests
for 30 to 45 days after she has a baby,
even if delivery was smooth or easy, and
especially if it wasn't. A new mom needs to
be in her home environment, being taken
care of, being relieved of the worries of
daily chores with as much help as possible.
2. Eating mineral-rich food
During birth a lot of blood and life force is
lost and so eating mineral-rich foods that
are easily digestible aids recovery.
3. Wise women and companionship
It is important to have someone around that
you can talk to about what you are going
through. This is not the time to be alone.
4. Loving touch
In India ladies that have just been through
childbirth receive daily oil massage and
herb treatments. Anything the new baby is
getting the post-partum mom also needs
5. Contact with nature.
Kimberley also says that she sees women
in her offi ce all the time with back pain, prolapsed
organs and various other traumas
caused by not taking a break and from not
taking it easy when they are pregnant as well
as just after childbirth. She suggests not being
Superwoman when you are pregnant and
even to take four or fi ve months off from all
exercise, including physical yoga asanas. She
suggests perhaps exploring the other aspects
of yoga and practising meditation and pranayama
(breathing exercises) or going to an expert
in prenatal yoga. This is so that you can
develop the yin space in pregnancy so that
when you need the yang space for delivery
it is accessible to you. Seeing your pregnancy
as a space of refl ection and a ‘being’ space
rather than ‘doing’ time is an important distinction
SEE THE EXPERTS
Pregnancy yoga has many benefi ts; however,
it isn't just about yoga – it’s about doing it
under expert supervision and a favourable
In my opinion, rather go and see the experts
and practise yoga with teachers who specifi -
cally focus on pre- and post-natal yoga classes.
They will then work specifi cally to help
new moms to feel fulfi lled and supported as
well as giving you the occasional glimpse of
an inner calmness and an outer glow in the
CONTACTS FOR PREGNANCY
YOGA TEACHERS AND STUDIOS ARE:
Bloom Yoga – Harriet Came
Call: 078 1075 070
Sunshine health – Gayle Friedman
Call: 082 958 4801
Call: (011) 100 4849
ISHTA Studio of Yoga & Health
Call: (011) 887 2027
094 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
body & soul
96 BAD & GOOD
Divine is the
with perfection, order, and
effort with gratitude for our
096 | NATURALMEDICINE.CO.ZA
‘Bad’ and ‘good’ are measure marks on the same ruler. A stone rolling down
the one good and the other bad? Thoughts moving away from Divine order are
increasingly chaotic over time and distance, introducing elements of disorder to our
lives. Thoughts moving toward Love enjoy stability and calm, as one nears the centre
of Being. A hurricane is turbulent at its rim, while peaceful in its eye. Both conditions
Our perceptions of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ are arbitrary. Illusion often leads us to believe
interpretations of what is, in Life. Divinity is the seed of Truth, filled with perfection,
order, and Love, planted by Soul, and nourished by conscious effort with gratitude
for our Creator, resulting in Divine action. An Olympic athlete trains body, mind, and
spirit for a lifetime, in quest of a single victorious moment. Inspired thought and wise
training steps along the journey.
Demartini JF. The Wisdom of the Oracle. 1st Books Library TM ; 2001.
DR JOHN DEMARTINI,
speaker, authority on
human behaviour, teacher
and experience are a
of research and study of
more than 28 000 texts
in over 200 disciplines
ranging from psychology,
and theology to neurology
JULY 2017 | 097
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