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Leaders’ views

Leaders’ views LEADERS’ VIEWS Asia Pacific and Eurasia These leaders’ and guest leaders’ views were adapted from various speeches, bilaterals and interviews that reflect their opinions regarding the work of the G20 3 rd Summit Malcolm Turnbull Australia The issue of the big, social-media messaging and web platforms hosting propaganda from terrorists. Even videos, showing how, instructional videos of how to make bombs. Of course in terms of the messaging platforms, not allowing security agencies to get access to the messages of terrorists and other criminals. So this has become a major problem for our law enforcement and security agencies, not just in Australia but right around the world. I have discussed this with other leaders. I know it was a matter that has been raised by Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany, who is hosting the G20 and it will be a priority issue at the G20. But it is one of those problems that requires concerted international action… The world of the internet — one of its great achievements is essentially to transcend borders — but equally, just because it transcends borders and to some extent abolishes the tyranny of distance, it cannot be an ungoverned space. The law must prevail and security must prevail on the internet as it does everywhere else. So this is a big challenge for leaders at the G20 and I look forward to arguing that case strongly in order to protect our citizens and citizens of every other nation… Remarks made at a press conference, Melbourne, 26 June 2017 30 G20 Germany: The Hamburg Summit • July 2017

Leaders’ views 4 th Summit Summit Regarding Indonesia’s commitment to join 101 countries in the Automatic Exchange of Information, I demand that this should be a momentum to reform our financial information systems, particularly to improve our tax information system. This is indeed a momentum to build a more comprehensive, more integrative and stronger database as well as tax administration, which will help us to increase tax rate, promote voluntary tax compliance, and prevent tax avoidance and evasion. We have to strive to increase our tax rate so it can fund priority programmes, particularly poverty alleviation, economic equality and job creation. Regarding Indonesia’s plan to host the 2018 Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, … the meeting can be a momentum to show the world that Indonesia’s economy still grows amidst the global economic slowdown. We use [that momentum] to show the progress we have achieved … Remarks at a meeting on the implementation of automatic exchange of information, Jakarta, 22 February 2017 Joko Widodo Indonesia Vladimir Putin Russia 6 th Only by combining our efforts will we be able to overcome current imbalances, move towards sustainable global economic development, formulate rules for fair trade and honest competition, reduce poverty, solve acute social issues and deal with major challenges such as terrorism, regional conflicts and the proliferation of nationalism and xenophobia. We… have already come face to face with formidable challenges to our civilisation. The environmental burden on the planet is growing due to human impact and natural processes… New technologies are changing our way of life, leading to new industries and professions and opening up new development opportunities. However, they are also creating new threats… An entirely new, flexible regulatory foundation [is needed] for introducing digital technology in all areas of life. Importantly, all decisions must be made with due account of the need to ensure information security for the state, businesses and citizens. Secondly, the state will support those companies that bring with them developments and competencies in digital technology and have a … crossover, intersectoral impact — processing and analysis of big data, artificial intelligence and neurotechnology, and virtual and augmented reality technology, to name a few. Thirdly, we will build support infrastructure for the digital economy, including secure communications lines and data processing centres with the participation of the state and business. Fourthly, we intend to increase many times over the number of graduates specialising in the digital economy. In effect, we will have to … achieve universal digital literacy. To do this, it is necessary to dramatically improve the educational system at all levels — from schools to universities. And, of course, we should launch training programmes for people of all ages. Remarks at the St Petersburg International Economic Forum, 2 June 2017 July 2017G20 Germany: The Hamburg Summit 31

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