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Taste of Schenectady and Beyond FALL 2017

People are fascinated with African culture and cuisine—as well as the West Indies. African culture and dress has become popular around the world, and at Breakthrough African Market you will find a plethora of Dashikis, Laces (materials for making African clothing), hard to find spices, palm oils and coconut oils, dried poultry and smoked catfish and other smoked and dried fish, and smoke-dried poultry, and bones for soups and stews, frozen fish: poultry, and fresh-frozen goat meat, goat meat with skin, tripe, cow foot, meaty oxtails, dried fish flakes and dried West African various leaves, etc., etc. This issue is dedicated to the world of African and Caribbean cooking that has never been featured at length in any of the magazines and newspapers in our region. Check out the recipes and panoply of dishes that you can make to savor the flavor of this ancient and rich cuisine that has shaped civilizations, empires, culture, home cooking, and the world's palate for all things food.

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30 tasteofschenectady.com • Vol. 3 • No. 1 JAMAICAN PATTIES & CARIBBEAN CUISINE Irie Vybez in Albany and Roy’s in Schenectady have all the Caribbean dishes, like; Callaloo and Saltfish, Akee & Saltfish, Jerk Chicken, Steamed Fish, Stewed Beef, Oxtails, Cow Foot, Roti, Curry Chicken or Curry Goat, and Buttered Shrimp, to name a few!” Caribbean & W. African dishes www.BreakthroughAfricanMarket.com Go to Irie Vybez Restaurant 313 Central Ave • Albany, NY 12206, or Roy’s Caribbean 769 State Street • Schenectady, NY to dine out! (continued on page 28) (continued from page 27) Between the 19th and 20th century, East Africa became a theatre of competition between the major imperialistic European nations of the time. The three main colors of the African country were beige, red, and blue. The red stood for the English, blue stood for the French, and the beige stood for Germany during the period of European Colonialism. The German Empire gained control of a large area named German East Africa, comprising presentday Rwanda, Burundi and the mainland part of Tanzania named Tanganyika. In 1922, the British gained a League of Nations mandate over Tanganyika which it administered until Independence was granted to Tanganyika in 1961. Following the Zanzibar Revolution of 1965, the independent state of Tanganyika formed the United Republic of Tanzania by creating a union between the mainland, and the island chain of Zanzibar. The Arabs reclaimed much of the Indian Ocean trade, forcing the Portuguese to retreat south where they remained in Portuguese

31 tasteofschenectady.com • Vol. 3 • No. 1 East Africa (Mozambique) as sole rulers until the 1975 independence of Mozambique. Zanzibar is now a semi-autonomous state in a union with the mainland which is collectively and commonly referred to as Tanzania. Escoveitched Fish Recipe: Simmer 1/3 C vinegar, 2 onions sliced, 1 bell pepper sliced, 1/2 tsp Allspice, 1 bay leaf, 1/2 tsp salt, 1/2 tsp pepper. Fry the fish and pour the marinade over it, and steep 1 hour. www.BreakthroughAfricanMarket.com East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent, variably defined by geography of 20 territories: Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan – in Central East Africa, are members of the East African Community (EAC). The first five are also included in the African Great Lakes region. Burundi and Rwanda are sometimes also considered to be part of Central Africa. The Horn of Africa (shortened to HOA) is a peninsula in Northeast Africa. It juts hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean, lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent. The Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. Comoros, Mauritius and Seychelles are small island nations in the Indian Ocean. Réunion and Mayotte are French overseas territories also in the Indian Ocean. Mozambique and Madagascar are often considered part of Southern Africa, on the eastern side of the sub-continent. Madagascar has close cultural ties to Southeast Asia and the islands of the Indian Ocean. Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe are often also included in Southern Africa, and formerly constituted the Central African Federation (also known historically as the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland). Egypt, Sudan and South Sudan (newly independent from Sudan) are collectively part of the Nile Valley. (Cont. page 30.)