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Climate Action 2007-2008

Coal’s role in a

Coal’s role in a global technology revolution SPECIAL FEATURE 162 Today, 1.6 billion people do not have access to electricity. They and their fellow citizens around the globe depend on energy to enhance their lives. Coal and all the world’s energy resources are being called upon to meet these expectations, and the demands are growing. Coal stands apart because it is the world’s most abundant, affordable and geographically dispersed fossil fuel. As a result, the National Mining Association (NMA) and coal producers around the world have looked for ways to make increased coal use compatible with a shared desire to address emissions of greenhouse gases. GROWTH IN ENERGY DEMAND VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG

Figure 1: Location of the world’s main fossil fuel reserves (Gigatonnes of oil equivalent). Figure 2: Coal use in electricity generation, 2006 (e). TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION AND TRANSFER Figure 3: World coal consumption by region, 1980-2030. 163 SPECIAL FEATURE 163 VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG