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Climate Action 2009-2010

TECHNOLOGY © ClimSAT A

TECHNOLOGY © ClimSAT A Uruguayan delegation at the CMS Lannion-Météo France during a ClimSAT training session. Exchanging information on the existing pertinent sources of information and learning how to use technologies through training sessions are also necessary to improve the dissemination of the use and possible applications of those types of data and tools for operational purposes. These technologies include the Geographical Information System, remote sensing, image processing, three-dimensional tools and thereof are essential in building a perennial territorial approach to climate change. In designing and leading a federating platform, ClimSAT seeks to mobilise these areas of excellence around its objectives and its integrated territorial approach. This should harmonise and boost the working of networks and complementarities. The collaborative work impulsion will lead to pinpointing new potentialities and future action projects (R&D, innovations, technology transfers, development of new products and processes). ClimSAT has set itself the objective of co-constructing with all these partners a pool of competencies dedicated to territorial answers to climate change. It is a federating, multi-faceted and evolving hub project. It is then envisaged to organise ClimSAT and its supporting platform as a collection of services that will communicate with each other in a fully serviceoriented architecture (SOA). Such an approach will enable and guarantee the interoperability between the various service components that will operate in a fully distributed environment. SATELLITE 120 Paris 2005, is based on the pertinence of the chosen solutions and on their appropriation by local actors. In order to achieve this objective, participative approaches and institutional building have to be implemented simultaneously in all the steps of the establishment process of the adaptation and mitigation strategies. AWARENESS RAISING AND TRAINING SESSIONS Climate change challenge is a major issue in all the international negotiations and involves national to local level of authorities. The existing institutional framework proposes new opportunities for local governments and sub-national authorities to implement successful initiatives. New types of financial tools and regulation practices have to be shared with all the actors dealing with climate change. Therefore organising the dissemination of this relevant knowledge, illustrated with examples of their use and implementation, is crucial to developing efficient adaptation and mitigation strategies. ClimSAT a federative platform of services to regions Because the ClimSAT initiative is dedicated to the regions and because ClimSAT is a partnership between regions and a United Nations Programme, ClimSAT has been mobilising an important set of experts to build a high level of knowledge and services at the European, national and regional scales and for international regional territories. Indeed, ClimSAT is federating scientific, technical and operational partners in a platform of services that will directly benefit the vulnerable regions. Based on the existing relevant research community of France and on the highly dynamic network of innovative actors in the region of Brittany, ClimSAT has also developed strong partnerships with spatial organisations such as the European Space Agency or the National Centre for Space Studies of France. It also belongs to international networks gathering actors of earth observation such as the Global Monitoring for the Environment and Security initiative or the intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations. Authors Alain Retière – ClimSAT Director, Climate Change Adaptation Specialist, Tropical agro-ecologist; Regional and local development planner; Expert in satellite imagery and GIS. Born in Nantes, France in 1961, is the coordinator of CLIMSAT. Previously he initiated and led the UN Operational Service Programme on Satellite Applications known (UNOSAT). He received in December 2006 the UN21 Award that was given by the Secretary-General in recognition of his exceptional contribution toward improving efficiency in the United Nations. Violaine Lepousez – Technical Assistant at ClimSAT. Agronomist and Socio-Economist in the fields of sustainable development at the local level and agro environmental projects. Before joining ClimSAT, she has been involved in the study of GIS and RS applications within a UNOSAT project in Syria and in the study of the impacts on the local population in terms of appropriation and institutional implementation, of a long term series of French development projects in the Guinean mangroves. Organisation CLIMSAT is the technical service platform of UNDP Energy and Environment Group dedicated to provide assistance to Regions engaged in the fight against climate change and environmental degradation, by providing, processing and training in the use of satellite imagery and climate change models. Enquiries Alain Retiere, Coordinator CENTRE ClimSAT Maison du Technopole Brest-Iroise 40 rue Jim Sevellec, CS 82809 29238 BREST CEDEX 3 France Email: alain.retiere@undp.org VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG

Criteria: QUANTIFYING THE BENEFITS OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES The European Union, in line with worldwide political agreements emphasising attention to environmental impact of human activities, has fixed ambitious environmental targets regarding both its energy and its environment policies. Those are the so-called 20/20/20 targets. In the field of Electricity Transmission and Distribution (T&D), these objectives appear to be ambitious, but are in fact achievable. Many technologies have been identified to be helpful to match the goal and some of them are made available from the industrial point of view. The environmental advantages of such technologies need to be better documented towards shared methodology. This will require a very strong contribution of the Electricity T&D Equipment Industry as well as EU support for improving generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. T&D Europe, the association representing the European T&D industry, was set up in 2008 to provide the sector’s expertise into the realisation of these goals. The power grids play a key role in gaining efficiency and reducing CO 2 , thanks to the operational optimisation they offer, but their architecture must be adapted to achieve such optimisation both in transmission and distribution: } The existing architecture of the grid in Europe has been laid out at a time where power generation was built close to the consumption centres. It is no longer able to cope with long distance bulk power transmission that the incoming powerful renewable sources will bring. } The present distribution system is primarily built for the distribution of electrical power in one direction. In the near future, it will have to be ready to collect power from millions of decentralised renewable sources and automation to manage balancing generation and load. The state of the art of the T&D Europe industry can contribute to make the so called Smart Grid solutions a reality. Those are already available and can modernise the network by increasing the flexibility and the capacity of the transmission and the distribution grids in order to readapt them to the new perspectives of both the generation and the demand sides. In order to reach the EU 20/20/20 targets, T&D Europe sector decided to make available its expertise so as to proactively present a methodology to classify its products and systems. In cooperation with some of the most renowned European Universities and Technological Centres[1] it tries to lay the foundations on the criteria for the quantification of how modern T&D systems help to accomplish the EU environmental goals. The objective is to provide reliable criteria to be used by investors, decision makers, regulators and European Institutions to achieve the following targets: } To define targets to the electricity sector. } To evaluate the maximum efficiency achievable through network improvement. } To provide a tool to guide actions and investments. The study is characterised by a deep analysis of how the electrical power industry can fulfil the policy of low environmental impact in the T&D grid as the result of the following actions: } Renovation of power system components. } Integration of additional power system components of the recent generations, such as: } Upgraded protection and control devices. } Power quality devices for the Distribution network. } High Voltage Direct Current Transmission systems. } Flexible Alternative Current Transmission Systems. } Modification of management strategies in T&D networks. } Exploitation ICT infrastructures to enhance grid strength and dependability. } Increase of voltage level of the distribution grid. Such qualitative analysis provides a tool that will be able to rate the effects of the above cited actions with regard on: energy efficiency, reduction of CO 2 emissions, renewable energies penetration and quality of the electricity delivered. In order to make it qualitative, performance indices are proposed, according to EU 20/20/20 expectations, introducing additional elements in terms of power quality. After every numerical analysis, the final result will quantify the benefits of the new T&D technologies compared to the mature technologies installed nowadays. T&D Europe regards it as a duty to make a contribution to efficient power supply. The new method for evaluating low environmental impact equipment in the Electricity T&D Systems investments will provide the most efficient tool to decision makers in optimising decisions to be taken on the T&D grids to fulfil the EU 20/20/20 targets. [1] Conducted by the University of Genoa Enquiries Email: gaa@ormazabal.com SPECIAL FEATURE 121 VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG