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Climate Action 2009-2010


TECHNOLOGY Figure 1. Focus of WP6 “Environment protection” on future technologies. ICTs 94 Source: The vision of GeSI is about sustainable solutions through innovation. As stimulus packages for network recovery have been presented around the world, GeSI members have noted that, as mentioned, even more investment in broadband infrastructure will be necessary to realise green solutions. The US Addendum The SMART 2020 Report – US Addendum was published at the end of 2008. The report concluded that ICT has the potential to reduce total carbon dioxide emissions in the USA by 13 to 22 per cent by 2020, and US dependence on imported oil by up to 36 per cent. To achieve the results outlined in this report, BCG and GeSI recommended that the US government commit itself to four overarching policies to accelerate adoption of ICT-enabled opportunities: } Publicly recognise the important role the ICT sector can play in the National Energy Efficiency Strategy } Build a national ‘centre of excellence’ to establish standards and metrics for CO 2 emissions, consolidate and validate data, co-ordinate public– private collaboration, and share best practices } Encourage the ubiquitous deployment of broadband, since connectivity will be the backbone of all ICT solutions, and } Create market mechanisms that reward energy efficiency and emissions reduction by monetising carbon emissions. In addition, BCG and GeSI recommend specific policy measures that together could contribute to an annual reduction of 0.8 to 1.4 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide in 2020. For a summary or complete version of the report see At present, many of the actors in society are still hesitant. Such hesitation seems unsustainable as well as shortterm oriented, and could even be irresponsible. Every lost day in the effort towards stabilising global warming will cost us years of hard work later. “ In order to be able to fully utilise the positive impact of ICT, reliable and capable highspeed broadband networks are of the utmost importance “ GeSI and its members are firmly convinced that only by engaging in developing new business models is it possible to address the challenges ahead of us. INCORPORATING ENERGY EFFICIENCY GeSI’s public policy working groups have reached out to policy makers supporting their communications and recommendations on energy efficiency in the EU and programmes on the National Energy Efficiency Strategy in the US. In the EU, GeSI is working together with Digital Europe (formerly EICTA) and TechAmericaEurope (formerly AeA) on a roadmap aiming at energy efficiency for the ICT sector under a forum called ICT4EE (see below). In 2009, the Energy Efficiency Inter Operators Collaboration Group (EE-IOCG) was incorporated into GeSI. The new GeSI-EE IOCG group includes representatives from 21 telecommunications global operators who aim to co-ordinate strategic actions among standardisation bodies. VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG

TECHNOLOGY Figure 2. ICT impact: The global footprint and the enabling effect. Source: GeSI’s SMART 2020 Report (2008) Also in 2009, GeSI’s climate change working group (GeSI-CCWG) re-launched itself to guide and formulate climate change policy on a global basis, including work on energy efficiency. GeSI’s climate change working group is focused on two main areas: (1) developing a roadmap that emphasises standardisation and reporting of CO 2 emissions and broadening the research of the opportunities of ICTs contribution; and (2) positioning this roadmap by region, Europe, North and South America and Asia. The strategic development involves collaboration of all GeSI members as the climate change working group co-ordinates closely with every other working group in GeSI. OPPORTUNITIES TO PARTICIPATE IN EU FUNDED RESEARCH In addition to the working groups, GeSI offers members an opportunity to participate in EU funded research programmes on smart grids (Supporting Energy Efficiency in Smart Generation Grids, ‘SEESGEN’) and smart transport initiatives (ICT21EE). In ICT21EE, members are contributing examples of transport-related initiatives that, by improving the experience of taking public transport, reduce the dependency on car use and the amount of CO 2 emissions. In SEESGEN, members are contributing to research efforts in the area of environmental protection of smart grids, with emphasis on computing activities in smart distribution grids, reducing carbon emissions in data centres, infrastructures dedicated to smart grids and how ICT systems can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This research project will go through 2011 and the final objective is to create a repository of information for the European Commission. GeSI also has the role of liaising with a related EU smart grid research project, ICT4SMARTDG, so as to co-ordinate SEESGEN’s work programme of environmental protection of smart grids with micro-grids (buildings and residential users). FULL LIFE-CYCLE ANALYSIS – THE SUPPLY CHAIN WORKING GROUP The supply chain working group (GeSI-SCWG), GeSI’s largest working group, consists of several subgroups: supplier reporting; validated audit processes; extractives; and learning and capabilities. The expansion of the working group to include these sub-groups demonstrates the group’s commitment to a full lifecycle analysis of responsible sourcing. “ Policy developments in the supply chain are also carefully monitored, especially as the past year has seen a dramatic focus on extractives coming from US legislators and NGOs “ The group has also integrated eWaste in its agenda; for example, the group considers end-of-life issues such as universal mobile phone chargers and extraction of minerals from specific mines. ICTs 95 VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG