7 months ago

Climate Action 2011-2012

© Delgoff The strategy

© Delgoff The strategy should not be to have less transport, but to have smarter, more environmentally friendly transport with the ultimate goal for a carbon free transport industry. 122 improve their public image, but it is not only the customer/ shipper who can benefit from ‘green logistics’. There are also distinct advantages for freight forwarding companies to engage in sustainability practices. Energy savings, for example, will automatically translate into cost savings. Better route planning, optimised load factors and reduction of empty runs are other examples for more environmentally friendly transport that at the same time contribute to optimising logistic processes, in the end producing important savings. In CLECAT’s Logistics Best Practice Guide we have distinguished three different kinds of best practices: those with a focus on technology, on personnel and on management. While the technology chapter makes it necessary to make somewhat larger investments, changes in dealing with staff or the management process might come relatively cheap. In the space of this article it is impossible to make an analysis of the results of these methods: we must urge you to read the document, which is published on our website. SpeciaL caSe – horizonTaL coLLaboraTion Horizontal collaboration is a rather hot topic today, especially in shippers’ forums. Enhanced horizontal collaboration between logistics service providers, i.e. collaboration between competitors, has some potential for reducing the number of transport movements and optimising warehouse use, but there are competition issues that the regulator seems inclined to severely sanction. Changes in dealing with staff or the management process might come relatively cheap. In other words, curbing emissions and prohibiting collusion show a conflicting interest between different regulators that we need to fully understand and discuss with the institutions. hoW can We heLp The SecTor? We can say that we have likely identified the problems that need to be resolved. However, we are not convinced that we already know the solutions. Logistics should be supported by the necessary transport infrastructure, comprising both the ‘hardware’ (e.g. TEN-T) and the ‘software’ (e.g. ITS, Internet of Things, alternative fuels, etc). In promoting innovation, picking winners at an early stage may backfire by restricting the scope of the exercise; all promising technologies should be supported at the beginning, perhaps by offering tax reliefs. The transport industry, logistics operators, freight forwarders and their shipper customers will choose the technology that is most likely to give added value together with environmental advantages. There is no benefit in obstinately promoting concepts that have been part of the discussion of greening the transport sector, but have failed to procure any practical advantage. Today, efforts need to focus on finding, implementing and spreading smarter and more environmentally friendly transport solutions with the ultimate goal for a carbon free transport industry. Niels Beuck is a policy adviser for CLECAT, monitoring EU legislation in the area of transport, logistics, customs and sustainability. His specialist topics are aviation, maritime transport, supply-chain security, sustainable logistics, European law and international and European relations. Marco L Sorgetti was born in Turin, lives in Brussels and works for CLECAT, the EU level logistics, forwarding and customs services association. An entrepreneur for over 20 years, he has devoted part of his energies to the sector’s associations. A former member of the Turin Chamber of Commerce, since 2000 he has worked as consultant, teacher and manager in logistics and trade facilitation; among other literature he has published a forwarding and transport manual (ISBN 88 8353 371 7). CLECAT, the European Association for Forwarding, Transport, Logistic and Customs Services, has represented the European customs and logistics sector for more than 50 years. It represents the vast majority of national organisations of freight forwarders and customs agents both in the European Union and on a continental level. The most recent internal enquiry showed that CLECAT represents about 19,000 companies that employ over 1,000,000 people. Rue du Commerce, 77 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium Tel: +32 2 503 47 05 | Fax: +32 2 503 47 52 Email: | Web:

Aviation Steps to Sustainability Aviation’s commitment to climate action By Tony Tyler, Director General and CEO, International Air Transport Association (IATA) Environmental responsibility is a pillar of global aviation – alongside safety and security. As with all industries, it is our license to grow. Moreover, improving environmental performance goes hand-in-hand with building stronger businesses. Next year fuel is expected to account for 32 per cent of airline operating costs and the industry is only expected to make a 0.8 per cent margin. Every drop of fuel that is saved has a positive impact on a very weak bottom line. Even in these difficult economic times, airlines are redoubling their efforts to reduce fuel burn and emissions with investments in new aircraft, alternative fuels and better operations. The aviation value chain shares a common commitment to carbon reduction. In 2008 airlines, airports, manufacturers and air navigation service providers (ANSPs) agreed ambitious climate change commitments that make aviation a role model for other industrial sectors: • Improving fuel efficiency by an average of 1.5 per cent per year to 2020; • Capping net emissions from 2020 with carbon-neutral growth; and • Cutting net emissions in half by 2050 (compared with 2005). Every drop of fuel saved has a positive impact on a very weak bottom line. Aviation accounts for two per cent of global man-made CO 2 emissions. That will be about 650 million tonnes in 2012, when the expected load is 2.8 billion passengers and 46 million tonnes of cargo. In 2050 aviation aspires to carry 16 billion passengers and 400 million tonnes of cargo, with a reduced carbon output of 320 million tonnes. That is a big challenge. To achieve it, the industry has a strategy based on four pillars: 1. Technology – principally cleaner aircraft and alternative fuels; 2. Operations – reviewing all aspects of how air transport operates, such as reducing weight; In 2050 aviation aspires to carry 16 billion passengers and 400 million tonnes of cargo, with a reduced carbon output of 320 million tonnes. 3. Infrastructure – investment in air traffic management and airports to find efficiencies; 4. Positive economic measures – using economic instruments to encourage investment in cleaner technologies or emissions reductions elsewhere. 123 © cf38