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Climate Action 2014-2015

DEFORESTATION AND REDD+

DEFORESTATION AND REDD+ "We must see conflicts resolved in a manner consistent with good governance, equity and respect for human rights." inclusion of REDD+ as part of a new global climate change agreement to enter into force by 2020. They also made a joint statement committing to scale up results-based finance for REDD+ emission reduction programmes, including funding for up to 20 major new programmes by 2016. They also committed to work with other consumer countries to promote national commitments which encourage deforestation-free supply chains, including public procurement policies to source commodities such as palm oil, soy, beef and timber sustainably. This will place consumer countries in line with the consumer goods companies which are increasingly adopting zero deforestation sourcing policies. Liberia and Peru announced ambitious new policies to address deforestation, supported by US$150 million and $300 million partnerships with Norway and Germany respectively, focused on payments for verified emission reductions. The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force, a grouping of 26 states and provinces covering a quarter of all tropical forests, committed, through the Rio Branco Declaration, to reduce deforestation in their jurisdictions by 80 per cent, supported by large-scale resultsbased payments. We also heard of numerous countries preparing large-scale emission reduction programmes to receive results-based payments in accordance with the Warsaw REDD+ Framework adopted by the UNFCCC, through the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’s Carbon Fund, the BioCarbon Fund, and bilateral arrangements such as the REDD Early Movers Programme. These efforts are being supported by the UN-REDD Programme, the FCPF Readiness Fund, the Forest Investment Program, and the Global Environment Facility. The Summit heard from indigenous peoples who play a key, yet underappreciated, role in protecting forests from advancing agricultural development. At the Summit, they were rightly recognised as key players and valuable allies in advancing the Forests agenda. Indigenous leaders also made requests of the international community, expressing a need for respect and reconstitution of ancestral territory; for financial support channelled to indigenous organisations; for respect for self-determination, and for obtaining binding free, prior and informed consent. Governments responded to these requests, by way of an announcement by Norway to provide US$100 million for indigenous peoples; and through a partnership agreement signed by Peru, Norway, and Germany which commits to titling five million hectares of indigenous lands, commits to including at least two million hectares of indigenous lands in payments for conservation performance, and sees Peru commit to respecting the right of indigenous communities to give or withhold their free, prior and informed consent. The Summit also saw seven Indonesian ministers signing an ‘Action Plan on Indigenous Lands’, to coordinate government implementation of a court ruling which will secure land rights to millions of indigenous peoples living on customary lands. Although much work remains to be done, it was inspiring to hear the strong expressions from these various sectors that they are both ready to act and ready to work together. This spirit of collaboration and partnership provides the strongest possible framework for continued progress. FUTURE ACTION At the Summit, France’s Climate Change Ambassador, Laurence Tubiana, described the strong coalition for forests and the New York Declaration on Forests it produced as a model for other sectors to follow and an essential and welcome contribution in the run up to the Paris climate change COP. The New York Declaration on Forests is a widely endorsed framework for future progress. We need now to increase the number of endorsements, and to ensure that the goals laid out in the Declaration are achieved and the commitments made at the Summit are followed through. The UN system is committed to continuing to advance the Forests agenda. At UNDP, we look forward to working with our UN partners, as well as with the powerful multi-sectoral coalition which came together for the Climate Summit, to build on this momentum, and carry forward this spirit of partnership and collaboration to Paris and beyond. Helen Clark has been the Administrator of UNDP since 2009, in which role she facilitated the Forests Action Area of the UN Climate Summit. She also chairs the United Nations Development Group. Previously, she served as Prime Minister of New Zealand, during which time she engaged in policy development and advocacy across the international, economic, social and cultural spheres, and advocated strongly for New Zealand’s comprehensive programme on sustainability and climate change. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. 124

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