Commando News Spring17


Z Special Unit was not a victim of the shake-up - the

fact that it was an extraordinarily useful tool had

scotched any suggestion that it too be dissolved.

However, instead of remaining with AIB, it was handed

to SOA for its exclusive use. To cater for the

administrative needs of the Australian soldiers who

remained with AIB, another administrative/holding unit

was formed - M Special Unit. All AIF personnel who

remained with AIB were now transferred from Z’s

administration to that of M.

Bernard Bastick, a former Coastwatcher recruited

from the AIF, was one of those affected by the adminis -

trative re-organisation. In 1942 Bastik, unlike his naval

coastwatching counterparts, had come under the

admin is trative control of Z Special Unit. In 1943, when

SOA appropriated Z Special Unit for its exclusive use,

Bastik, along with all AIB’s Australian army personnel,

was transferred to the administrative control of the

newly created M Special Unit.

Confusion reigns:

The switching from Z administration to M was not

without its problems.

In 1942 Sergeant Leonard Siffleet, an Australian

army signaler, was inserted into Dutch New Guinea on

an AlB (NEFIS) mission, code-named Whiting. Initially

he was under the administrative control of Z Special

Unit but, in May 1943, following the reorganization,

administrative responsibility for Siffleet automatically

shifted to M Special Unit.

This was straightforward enough until Siffleet dis -

appeared in September 1943, generating a flurry of

paperwork as Z and M Units tried to establish who was

responsible for his pay and when. It was later

established that the unfortunate Siffleet had been

captured and beheaded at Aitappe, in October 1943.

This graphic photo of Siffleet’s execution was found

on the body of a dead Japanese.

The fact that Z Special Unit administered only to the

Australian army component of SOA also created a few

hiccups closer to home. Although the unit had been

formed to reduce administrative difficulties, a demar -

cation dispute arose in late 1943 when sailors arrived at

SOA’s brand new training school at Fraser Island,

Queensland. Being RAN, they did not come under Z

Special Unit’s jurisdiction, which only handled the pay

of Australian army recruits. Consequently, the seamen

went unpaid for several weeks while the matter was


Myths and Misconceptions:

The creation of Z and M Special Units, coupled with

secrecy surrounding SOA, whose personnel were

briefed on a strictly ‘need to know’ basis, has led to

many long-standing and enduring misconceptions

about the roles of the two administrative bodies - so

much so that they have acquired the status of the

operational organisations to which they actually


Entries such as ‘posted to Z Special Unit/ transferred

to M Special Unit’, recorded on army service dossiers in

the interests of protecting the identities of SOA or the

covert units under the AIB umbrella, have com -

pounded the problem: most people believe that Z and

M Special Units were alternate names for SOA and AIB,

or were separate, elite commando forces within those

organisations. To further confuse the issue, the head -

stones of AIF personnel, killed in action while carrying

out covert missions with SOA or AIB, have been

inscribed as serving with ‘Z Special Unit’ or ‘M Special

Unit’ - their administrative and holding bodies. As per -

sonnel recruited to SOA and AIB always remained on

the war establishment of their parent unit, the correct

inscription should be, for example, ‘2/3 Pioneer

Battalion, KIA while serving with Special Operations


Since 1975, a large file entitled the History of

Special Operations Australia - Organisation, which

records in detail the establishment of SOA, has been

available to any member of the public who cared to

visit Australian Archives in Canberra. In more recent

years this material has been digitised and is on line.

Despite this easily accessible information, many

people, including professional military historians, not

only elevate Z and M Special Units to ‘operational’

status, they also constantly refer to these purely

adminis trative bodies as Z and M Forces.

Both names are complete misnomers.

The term ‘force’ seems to have its roots in Western

Australia where a former member of SOA’s Instructional

and Camp staff, Major Colin Ednie-Brown, formed an

ex-service association in 1946.

Unaware that the real name of the organisation he

had served in was Special Operations Australia, and

believing that ‘Z Special Unit’, or any mention of 'Z' was

highly secret - too secret a name to be used – Ednie-

COMMANDO NEWS ~ Edition 11 I September 2017 11

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