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10 december 2017_final

News From Non -Aligned

News From Non -Aligned World Illiteracy a hurdle in development By IINS Research Team “One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world” - Malala In 1955, at a conference held at Bandung, Indonesia the Non-Aligned Movement was born. The basic principles or concerns of NAM are to struggle against all forms of imperialism, to keep co-operation and close terms of friendship with all countries, disarmament and international security so on and so forth. Basically, the aim of NAM is to “shape a better world”, create an equitable world. as a fundamental human right and necessary for global relations. They felt that illiteracy of people becomes one of the reasons for suffering and to attain peace in real sense, education for all should be promoted. NAM not only recurrently urges its member states to take heed of the steps to eradicate illiteracy but has launched several programs and campaigns to do so in several of its member states. From educating the poor, marginalized, unfortunate, gifted, it has also opened doors for illiterate adults – providing a second chance at life. “NAM has stressed the need of equality and development, and to realize its dream of a better world, NAM has given importance and emphasis to development of its member countries, eradication of poverty and illiteracy. The steps NAM has taken to eradicate poverty and establish equality in this world are commendable. One of the major concerns of the movement has always been upgrading the standard of living of the people of the member countries ” Although, the basic thrust of the movement is in favour of peace, disarmament and security, NAM has stressed the need of equality and development, and to realize its dream of a better world, NAM has given importance and emphasis to development of its member countries, eradication of poverty and illiteracy. The steps NAM has taken to eradicate poverty and establish equality in this world are commendable. One of the major concerns of the movement has always been upgrading the standard of living of the people of the member countries. Non-Aligned Movement in the contemporary times has become a means to rebuild the politics of the countries that need to achieve a genuine national renaissance. The world of newly emergent countries are povertystricken and oppressed that long for a revolution of civilization. After the fourth Summit in Algiers, Non-Aligned Movement unfurled a new campaign for justice and education. Non-Aligned Movement regarded education The National Literacy Campaign started on April 15, 1961. On December 22, Cuban Revolutions heralded with the success news of the initial phase of National Literacy Campaign. Cuban rural illiteracy was reduced to 4% from 42%. Fidel Castro exclaimed that “This literacy campaign will give opportunities to those who were denied an education for economic and social reason….They must be helped; they must be pursued that they can study.” He also expressed his educational plans to be carried out in the fields of science and technology. Latin American and Caribbean Pedagogical University received the UNESCO award for assisting other countries in this innovative literacy method. Bolivia aims to end illiteracy by the year 2008 with the support of Cuba and Venezuela. Aymara and Quechua Indigenous people are started learning to read and write in their mother tongue language. 14th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement reported that 2.3 million people in fifteen countries, including Mexico and New-Zealand are presently under the scheme of National Literacy Campaign. Requests are coming from Gambia, Nigeria, Grenada, St Kitts and Navis for Cuba to send advisors to start the method. The theoretical regimes of Non-Aligned Movement have materialized in the means of spreading education to post independent countries. These efforts taken by NAM collectively and members of the collaboration in each country have started to make a difference which will showcase their potential gradually. Things have improved for better as the member nations have taken up things in their hands and have started their march to override illiteracy, hence preparing to combat the evils of the society one at a time, providing an impact on a broader scale. December, 2017 (14)

NAM attaches importance to promoting cultural diversity By Dr. Pawan Mathur The 120 Member Non-Aligned Movement is no stranger to cultural diversity and the largest collective grouping of the developing world is a testament to the fact that the principle of unity in diversity can be achieved. In this context, a Political Declaration and Action Programme of the NAM on human rights and cultural diversity was adopted recently at the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly, where the Movement had organised an event: Solidarity, Dialogue and Tolerance in a Diverse World: Towards a Culture of Peace”. NAM countries also vowed to foster a culture of peace in line with the UN Charter towards the realisation of human rights while encouraging the promotion of cultural diversity via dialogue and cooperation. The Movement backs a constructive dialogue and cooperation on the basis of mutual respect and no interference in internal affairs of sovereign countries. NAM believes that it is necessary to have a balanced and comprehensive approach to fostering and ensuring human rights and has reiterated that economic, cultural and social rights should be respected as political and civil rights, with regards to development level, history and specific features of each nation. NAM has recognized the ever-increasing significance and relevance of a culture of living in harmony with nature, which is inherent in nomadic civilization, in today’s world. With the underlying objective of promoting cultural diversity, NAM has reaffirmed the importance of the Convention on the protection and promotion of Diversity of cultural expressions by UNESCO, which signed in 2005 and entered into force on 18 March 2007, as a major contribution to the international community in the definition of a framework of the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity and called upon United Nations Member States to consider becoming parties to this Convention. While calling for promotion of cultural diversity, NAM follows the guiding principles of the above referred UNESCO Conventions. These guiding principles are enumerated as follows: News From Non -Aligned World communication, as well as the ability of individuals to “NAM believes that it is necessary to have a balanced and comprehensive approach to fostering and ensuring human rights and has reiterated that economic, cultural and social rights should be respected as political and civil rights, with regards to development level, history and specific features of each nation. NAM has recognized the ever-increasing significance and relevance of a culture of living in harmony with nature, which is inherent in nomadic civilization, in today’s world” choose cultural expressions, are guaranteed. No one may invoke the provisions of this Convention in order to infringe human rights and fundamental freedoms as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights or guaranteed by international law, or to limit the scope thereof. 2) States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the sovereign right to adopt measures and policies to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions within their territory. 3) The protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions presuppose the recognition of equal dignity of and respect for all cultures, including the cultures of persons belonging to minorities and indigenous peoples. 4) International cooperation and solidarity should be aimed at enabling countries, especially developing countries, to create and strengthen their means of cultural expression, including their cultural industries, whether nascent or established, at the local, national and international levels. 5) Since culture is one of the mainsprings of development, the cultural aspects of development are as important as its economic aspects, which individuals and peoples have the fundamental right to participate in and enjoy. 1) Cultural diversity can be protected and promoted only if human rights and fundamental freedoms, such as freedom of expression, information and 6) Cultural diversity is a rich asset for individuals and societies. The protection, promotion and maintenance of cultural diversity are an essential requirement for (15) December, 2017

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