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Opportunity Youth: Disenfranchised Young People

Opportunity Youth: Disenfranchised Young People

Disconnected

Disconnected Youth: A Look at 16 to 24 Year Olds Who Are Not Working or In School Characteristics of Disconnected Youth Table 1 compares demographic characteristics of disconnected and connected peers ages 16 through 24 in 2014 (which meant that youth were disconnected in all of 2013 and at the time of the survey in 2014). The table shows that 2.4 million of these youth, or 6.1% of the population, met the definition of disconnected. Further, females were slightly more likely than their counterparts to be disconnected. The likelihood of minority youth being disconnected ranged from slightly to much more likely than white youth. The rate of disconnection among black (non- Hispanic) youth was highest—at 10.8%. This is compared to 5.0% to 6.1% of their white and Hispanic peers, and peers who identified with other racial categories. Among youth ages 16 through 18, 19 through 21, and 22 through 24, the younger youth were more likely than their older peers to be connected. Finally, relative to connected youth, disconnected youth were more likely to have lower education attainment, live apart from their parents, and be poor. These findings are discussed in greater detail below. Table 1. Summary Characteristics of Connected and Disconnected Youth Ages 16-24, 2014 (Numbers in 1,000s) Disconnected Total Number Number Percentage Connected Share of Total Youth Number Percentage AGE AND SEX Age Total 38,950 2,366 100.0% 6.1% 36,585 100.0% Age 16 – 18 13,012 326 13.8% 2.5% 12,686 34.7% Age 19 – 21 12,221 896 37.9% 7.3% 11,325 31.0% Age 22 – 24 13,717 1,143 48.3% 8.3% 12,574 34.4% Males Total 19,719 1,150 100.0% 5.8% 18,569 100.0% Age 16 – 18 6,543 190 16.5% 2.9% 6,353 34.2% Age 19 – 21 6,231 449 39.1% 7.2% 5,782 31.1% Age 22 – 24 6,945 510 44.4% 7.4% 6,435 34.7% Females Total 19,231 1,216 100.0% 6.3% 18,015 100.0% Age 16 – 18 6,469 136 11.2% 2.1% 6,333 35.2% Age 19 – 21 5,990 447 36.8% 7.5% 5,543 30.8% Age 22 – 24 6,772 633 52.0% 9.3% 6,139 34.1% RACE AND ETHNICITY BY SEX Males and Females Total 38,950 2,366 100.0% 6.1% 36,585 100.0% White non-Hispanic 21,642 1,087 46.0% 5.0% 20,554 56.2% Congressional Research Service 14

Disconnected Youth: A Look at 16 to 24 Year Olds Who Are Not Working or In School Disconnected Total Number Number Percentage Connected Share of Total Youth Number Percentage Black non-Hispanic 5,507 595 25.1% 10.8% 4,913 13.4% Hispanic 8,309 506 21.4% 6.1% 7,803 21.3% Other, non-Hispanic 3,492 178 7.5% 5.1% 3,315 9.1% Males Total 19,719 1,150 100.0% 5.8% 18,569 100.0% White non-Hispanic 11,002 509 44.2% 4.6% 10,494 56.5% Black non-Hispanic 2,683 350 30.5% 13.1% 2,333 12.6% Hispanic 4,283 226 19.6% 5.3% 4,058 21.9% Other, non-Hispanic 1,751 65 5.7% 3.7% 1,686 9.1% Females Total 19,231 1,216 100.0% 6.3% 18,015 100.0% White non-Hispanic 10,639 579 47.6% 5.4% 10,061 55.8% Black non-Hispanic 2,824 244 20.1% 8.6% 2,580 14.3% Hispanic 4,025 280 23.1% 7.0% 3,745 20.8% Other, non-Hispanic 1,742 113 9.3% 6.5% 1,629 9.0% EDUCATION AMONG YOUTH OVER AGE 18 All Levels of Education Total 25,938 2,040 100.0% 7.9% 23,899 100.0% Age 19 – 21 12,221 896 100.0% 7.3% 11,325 100.0% Age 22 – 24 13,717 1,143 100.0% 8.3% 12,574 100.0% Lacks High School Diploma or GED Total 2,489 526 25.8% 21.1% 1,964 8.2% Age 19 – 21 1,455 245 27.3% 16.8% 1,210 10.7% Age 22 – 24 1,035 281 24.5% 27.1% 754 6.0% High School Diploma or GED Only Total 7,857 1,121 55.0% 14.3% 6,735 28.2% Age 19 – 21 3,841 503 56.1% 13.1% 3,338 29.5% Age 22 – 24 4,015 618 54.1% 15.4% 3,397 27.0% High School Diploma or GED and Additional Schooling Total 15,593 393 19.2% 2.5% 15,200 63.6% Age 19 – 21 6,925 148 16.5% 2.1% 6,777 59.8% Age 22 – 24 8,667 244 21.4% 2.8% 8,423 67.0% Congressional Research Service 15

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