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Opportunity Youth: Disenfranchised Young People

Opportunity Youth: Disenfranchised Young People

Disconnected

Disconnected Youth: A Look at 16 to 24 Year Olds Who Are Not Working or In School Figure 5. Poverty Status of Disconnected and Connected Youth Ages 16-24, by Age Group 2014 (Povery Status Based on Family Income in 2013) Source: Congressional Research Service based on analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau 2014 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC). Notes: Disconnected youth are youth who were not working or in school at the time of the survey and were reported as having not worked during the previous year for reasons other than going to school. Congressional Research Service 22

Disconnected Youth: A Look at 16 to 24 Year Olds Who Are Not Working or In School Figure 6. Poverty Status of Disconnected and Connected Youth Ages 19-24, by Level of Educational Attainment, 2014 (Poverty Status Based on Family Income in 2013) Source: Congressional Research Service based on analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau 2014 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC). Notes: Disconnected youth are youth who were not working or in school at the time of the survey and were reported as having not worked during the previous year for reasons other than going to school. Living Arrangements A growing body of social science research suggests that the transition to adulthood for young people today is becoming longer and more complex. 50 During this period, youth rely heavily on their families for financial support, and many continue to live with their parents beyond the traditional age of high school. Disconnected youth, however, may be less likely than their peers to rely on supports from their parents. A 2008 study by the Government Accountability Office would suggest this. GAO included in its definition of the disconnected population those youth “who lack family or other social supports.” 51 The CRS analysis evaluated whether disconnected youth were more or less likely to live with one or both parents. This analysis is based on responses to CPS questions about living alone or with parent(s), another family member, spouse, and/or non-relative. The family structure of 50 CRS Report RL33975, Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies. 51 U.S. Government Accountability Office, Disconnected Youth: Federal Action Could Address Some of the Challenges Faced by Local Programs That Reconnect Youth Education and Employment, GAO-08-313, February 2008, p. 1. Congressional Research Service 23

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