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Opportunity Youth: Disenfranchised Young People

Opportunity Youth: Disenfranchised Young People

Analysis has also

Analysis has also examined the economic impact of youth disconnection. According to the Measure of America report, the average disconnected youth costs $37,450 a year in government services. Definition The term has gained increased usage in recent years among policy advocates and social science researchers, particularly after the Great Recession. After a decade of relatively stable rates, the rolls of the disconnected surged by over 800,000 young people between 2007 and 2010. The latest data indicates that the rate of youth disconnection has fallen to 12.3 percent, a significant drop from the 2010 post-recession high of 14.7 percent, or 5.8 million young people. A 2012 study by the Annie E. Casey Foundation found that "the data show that the populations struggling the most to enter the workforce and stay in school today are youth who are less educated, come from low-income families and belong to a racial or ethnic minority." The United States Department of Education defines disconnected youth as those aged 14 to 24 years old, but relies on calculations done for the 16-24 group by Measure of America. Some researchers have narrowed the definition of youth disconnection to exclude those above an income and education threshold, and those parenting with a connected spouse. The two surveys commonly used to calculate youth disconnection are the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Current Population Survey (CPS). Each survey has its advantages; the ACS surveys people in "group quarters" and has a larger sample size, which allows demographic and geographic disaggregation of data, while the CPS is an older survey, including data from 1940 on. Youth Disconnection in the 25 Largest US Metro Areas Below is a list of United States metropolitan areas sorted by their rates of disconnected youth, as well as youth disconnection rates by race and ethnicity in metro areas where the population of that racial or ethnic group is sufficiently large for robust estimates. The data were taken from Measure of America's 2017 report, "Promising Gains, Persistent Gaps: Youth Disconnection in America." Rank Metro Area All (percent) African American (percent) Latino (percent) United States 12.3 18.9 14.3 10.1 1 Boston 7.3 10.8 9.6 6.5 2 Minneapolis 7.9 - - 5.8 White (percent) Page 16 of 72

Rank Metro Area All (percent) African American (percent) Latino (percent) 3 San Francisco 9.2 21.8 9.6 6.9 4 San Diego 9.7 - 11.3 8.6 5 Washington 10.3 14.6 11.9 7.3 6 Denver 10.3 - 14.6 7.7 7 Seattle 10.9 - 15.7 10.2 8 Los Angeles 11.1 21.2 12.0 8.4 9 Portland 11.2 - 13.0 11.6 10 Baltimore 11.3 20.5 - 7.0 11 St. Louis 11.5 19.4 - 8.5 12 Chicago 12.1 22.9 12.2 8.2 13 New York City 12.2 18.2 15.6 8.7 14 Orlando 12.2 17.4 14.1 8.8 15 Miami 12.2 17.0 11.9 8.8 16 Dallas-Fort Worth 12.4 15.2 14.6 10.4 17 Philadelphia 12.9 22.2 18.0 8.5 18 Tampa-St. Petersburg 12.9 21.8 12.1 11.1 19 Phoenix 13.2 21.0 15.2 10.6 20 San Antonio 13.4 - 15.6 11.2 21 Atlanta 13.6 17.8 13.1 10.9 22 Houston 13.7 15.3 15.8 10.8 23 Charlotte 14.7 17.4 17.3 13.3 24 Detroit 15.0 25.6 - 10.5 25 Riverside-San Bernardino Organizations working to reconnect youth: 16.1 21.1 16.5 14.8 White (percent) America's Promise Annie E. Casey Foundation College Track Forum for Youth Investment Job Corps Latin American Youth Center (DC) Page 17 of 72

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