1 week ago

02.09.18 -- yumpudigipubtest

02.09.18 -- yumpudigipubtest

Lesson 1: The Roots of

Lesson 1: The Roots of African Americans Grade Level: 6-12 Lesson Time: Three class periods Vocabulary: Africa-The second largest continent after Asia. Savanna-A flat, nearly treeless grassland. Homestead-Any dwelling with its land and buildings where a family makes its home. Hamlet- A small village. Village-A small community or group of houses in a rural area. Ancestor-A distant family member beyond a grandparent. Descendant-Family members that come from a distant bloodline. Objective: Students will view maps and video footage to understand the origins of the African American population in the United States. Materials: Video Link: Ghana; Mali Worksheet # 4: Ghana Worksheet #5: Mali Student Handout # 2: Map of Africa Pencil Paper Procedure: Before starting the lesson, ask the students: What do they know about Africa? What have they seen about Africa? What have they heard about Africa? After allowing the students to talk about the myths of Africa, engage with the students the following truths about Africa: Africa is the second largest continent on the globe. It is made up of several climate regions that include rainforests, mountain ranges and plateaus, savanna and steppe, and deserts. Africa is the birthplace of humanity. All people today, descended from those beings who lived in Africa millions of years ago. West Africa is the immediate ancestral homeland of most African Americans. Many of the early settlers 10

Lesson 1: The Roots of African Americans in West Africa traded with each other and with the peoples who lived across the Sahara Desert in North Africa. West Africans raised crops and animals in their settlements that ranged from hamlets and homesteads in rural areas and villages to towns and cities in more populated areas. The widespread trade led to the three ancient kingdoms of the area: 1) Ancient Ghana, 2) The Empire of Mali, 3) The Empire of Songhai. After the fall of these great kingdoms, West Africans continued to settle and trade in the two main regions of the area: the savanna and forest. Post the map of Africa. Point out the West Coast of Africa and tell the students that the majority of enslaved Africans that came to America were from there. Have the students view the videos on Ghana and Mali and then complete the corresponding worksheets and/or write a personal reflection after watching the film links on Ghana and Mali. Instruct the students to reflect on Africa after watching the short video clips. Ask them to write down their thoughts in response to the following prompts: • Do the images in the videos reflect what you have heard or seen about Africa? • Would you visit Africa? Why? Why not? • What else would you like to learn about Africa? Student Activities by Grade: 6-8: Map Activity Map Activity-Explain to the students that the Student Handout # 2 is of modern-day Africa. Have them answer the following questions as a group discussion: • How many countries make up the continent of Africa? • How many islands are shown along the coast of Africa? 9-12: Research the three ancient kingdoms of West Africa. The presentation can be in any format: digital presentation, research paper, or poster presentation. SLAVERY & ABOLITION CURRICULUM GUIDE 11

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