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02.09.18 -- yumpudigipubtest

02.09.18 -- yumpudigipubtest

Lesson 3: Trans-Atlantic

Lesson 3: Trans-Atlantic Slave trade Grade Level: 6-12 Lesson Time: Two class periods Vocabulary: Trans-Atlantic slave trade- A triangular trade route that began with the transport of European goods to the West African coast. After those goods were exchanged for enslaved Africans, the second leg of the triangle trade—the Middle Passage—began. Slave ships transported enslaved Africans from the West African coast to the slave ports of the New World. The ships then returned to their European ports of origin with profitable slave-grown crops to sell in Europe. Middle Passage- The second leg of the triangular trade system that involves the transport of enslaved Africans to the Americas. Materials: Pencil Illustration of the Brookes, a slave ship “Meditations in Passage” poem Worksheet # 7: Middle Passage/ “Meditations in Passage” Worksheet # 8: Map of Enslaved Africans to the Americas Worksheet #9: Table of Enslaved Africans Import Procedure: Review the vocabulary words with the students. Post up the illustration of the Brookes for students to view. Go over the following description on the Middle Passage: The slave ship voyage was a crowded, unsanitary environment that often caused disease. There was blood and human fluids that covered the ship floor due to constant shifting, crushing and chafing among the human cargo due to movement of the ship at sea. Slave ship captains purchased foods from the West African coast to feed the Africans because they were not used to European foods. The captives were fed vegetable pulps, porridge, and stews, usually twice a day. The meals were distributed by giving each captive a wooden spoon for dipping into the buckets of food at the beginning of the voyage which were often lost below deck. In such cases, they had to eat from the buckets using their unwashed hands, a practice that spread disease. The food on the slave ship was often too poor and insufficient to prevent malnutrition and caused weakened immune systems among people who were already traumatized by separation from their families and homelands. 14

Lesson 3: Trans-Atlantic Slave trade Student Activities by Grade: 6-12: Map Activity: Worksheet #8 Enslaved Africans to Americas Instruct the students to draw a line from the direction of Africa to the destinations using the table provided. Each of the lines should be labeled with the number of estimated Africans imported. Tell the students they are expected to do internet research of the accurate areas of “Danish Caribbean,” “French Caribbean,” or “Spanish America.” The internet search can be at home or in the classroom. Assess the students’ work based on the accuracy of their identifying the appropriate areas and corresponding numbers. 9-12: Have the students do Worksheet #9 Table of Enslaved Africans import. Then have the students participate in a class-wide discussion of their thoughts on the estimated imports. SLAVERY & ABOLITION CURRICULUM GUIDE 15

Resources for Schools - National Museums Liverpool
museum guide and floorplan - National Museums Liverpool
The wealth of Africa The Slave Trade - British Museum
Slavery in the Lower Hudson Valley - The Journal News
Slavery Cause and Catalyst of the Civil War
'Human Cargo' education pack - Plymouth City Council
Politics and Political Change 1815-1832
Gottfried Feder - Manifesto for the Abolition of Interest-Slavery
establish establish establish establish
Abolition of the Slave Trade - Westminster City Council
Debating Emancipation - President Lincoln's Cottage
23-27 Modern-day Slavery:Master Galley - Plain Truth Ministries
Lesson 14:Thomas Peters A Remarkable Man
60199616-flight-to-freedom-african-runaways-and-maroons-in-the-americas
Signal of Liberty. - Ann Arbor District Library
Slave trade and slavery - Tyne & Wear Museums
Slavery, Slave Trade and Abolition Attempts in Egypt and the Sudan ...
Abolition A History of Slavery and Antislavery - caring labor: an archive