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During her tenure as

During her tenure as Madam, she instigated the brothel’s philanthropic policy of supporting local charities and the local business community. During the Great War (World War I), she sent cookies to local residents fighting overseas. She also began the practice of having the girls receive weekly health check-ups (which is currently a requirement for a legal brothel). Ms. Jessie also was responsible for moving the brothel from a battered downtown hotel in 1915 to its permanent location in La Grange - a sprawling white structure set among live oaks at the end of a gravel road on an 11-acre site midway between Houston and Austin. And, during her tenure as Madam, the brothel received its name “The Chicken Ranch”. During the great depression of the 1930s, money was scarce so Miss Jessie allowed the ladies to accept produce and livestock in lieu of cash. As a result, the brothel had so many Leghorns and Rhode Island Reds in its backyard that they raised poultry to supplement their income and food supply. From this chicken barter system, the legendary name evolved. In 1961, Miss Jessie died and was mourned by three generations of men whose passage from innocence she administered. Her last few years were spent in a wheelchair on the porch of the brothel. In her 56 years as Madam and owner, she brought The Chicken Ranch from an unnamed brothel to an institution which was even acknowledged in the Texas Legislature. In 1952, Edna Milton joined The Chicken Ranch and worked her way up to Miss Jessie’s chief lieutenant at the time of the latter’s death. She bought the brothel from Miss Jessie’s estate and ran it with an “authoritative confidence” until its closure in 1973. In addition to putting in air conditioning, she added a few “exotic extras.” Her term as Madam - like Miss Jessie’s - was characterized by stable management and an operation that allowed no drinking, drugs or rowdiness on the premises. (This philosophy was the forerunner of the modern-day business operational approach used by the Chicken Ranch today.) The end of The Chicken Ranch in La Grange came on August 1, 1973 when Fayette County Sheriff T.J. Flourney closed the brothel on the orders of Governor Dolph Briscoe. The catalyst for the closing of the popular and venerable brothel - one of Texas’ oldest business institutions - was a crusade by Marvin Zindler, a consumer affairs investigative reporter with television station KTRK-TV (13) in Houston. Zindler, the former head of the Consumer Protection Division of the Harris County Sheriff’s Department, believed that The Chicken Ranch was controlled by organized crime and stayed in business through political corruption - charges that he never was able to document. However, this moral crusader - who was adept to huckstering and was described as an electronic bounty hunter with a flair for publicity - adroitly used his television show to create enough public pressure to force the Governor to act. The closing of the brothel was met with great displeasure from La Grange residents who accepted The Chicken Ranch with tolerance, if not pride. As Lester Zapalac, publisher of the La Grange Journal put it: “The citizens feel it has done no harm and a lot of good - I don’t know anybody who is against it.” Sheriff Flourney, a longtime supporter of the brothel during its 41 years as Deputy Sheriff, agreed adding: “It’s been here all my life and all my daddy’s life and never caused anybody any trouble.” After the brothel’s closing, Edna Milton married an East Texas businessman and later worked as a hostess, cashier, payroll clerk and bookkeeper. The brothel building itself was bought by a Houston lawyer and moved to Dallas where it was turned into a restaurant and night club. It closed after four months due to a faulty heating system and limited menu (only chicken dishes). Five years later, the furniture and furnishings were sold at auction by the Small Business Administration to recoup funds from a federal guaranteed loan (some of the paintings are now displayed in The Chicken Ranch in Pahrump). 12

INTERNATIONAL FAME AND A RENAISSANCE IN NEVADA (1978-PRESENT) The year 1978 marked the revival of The Chicken Ranch in two distinct ways. First, on June 19, the theatrical production of “The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas” opened on Broadway for the beginning of a four-year run before moving to the four corners of the world. (Edna Milton served as technical advisor and had a small part in the play.) It was eventually followed in 1982 with the popular motion picture production of the same name starring Burt Reynolds and Dolly Parton. This brought international attention to this famed Texas institution. Prior to the play and motion picture, the Rock Band ZZ Top released their Tres Hombres album in 1973 featuring the hit song La Grange... “Rumor spreadin' around, in that Texas town 'Bout that shack outside La Grange And you know what I'm talkin' about Just let me know if you wanna go To that home out on the range They gotta lotta nice girls out there” Also, in 1975, an enterprising capitalist bought the rights and established a legal licensed brothel in the town of Pahrump, NV, just outside of Las Vegas. As prostitution is illegal in Clark County, in which Las Vegas is located, 41 acres were purchased in Nye County near the Clark County border - which makes The Chicken Ranch the closest and most convenient brothel to Las Vegas. In early 1982, The Chicken Ranch changed ownership. While the brothel still maintains the quality and business-oriented approach espoused by Miss Jessie and Edna Milton, the traditional Madam role is now filled by a former biology teacher (who feels the brothel has the atmosphere of a sorority and his relationship to the ladies is not unlike a teacher has with his students) and the operation is definitely in the 20th century. Customers of The Chicken Ranch now arrive by chauffeured limousine instead of horses or model T’s as the brothel has its own free limousine service from Las Vegas. From the frontier to the space age, each of these stages made its own unique contributions to the myth and legend which has transformed The Chicken Ranch from an unnamed rural brothel to an integral part of American folklore. 2018 TO FUTURE The best adult operators in the world are now the new owners of the Chicken Ranch and will bring back to this legendary brothel the excitement, indulgence and pleasures of the past, from the sumptuous accommodations, 24-hour diner, Las Vegas style buffet, pleasure themed rooms, to live entertainment. But most of all, Solid Gold International is bringing a 5-star level of customer service to the adult hospitality industry. All this combined, will make the Chicken Ranch Resort & Brothel the destination of choice for affluent worldwide travelers, and a magnet to attract tourists from Las Vegas. 13

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