Sunday 11 February 2018 44 BD SUNDAY PhotoSplash L-R: Olufemi Ashipa, vice president, marketing, Lumos Nigeria, the Community Partner to the Marathon; Ibrahim Shehu Gusau, president, Athletics Federation of Nigeria (AFN); Kweku Tandoh, chairman, Lagos State Sports Commission, and Bukola Olapade, 2018 Lagos City Marathon Project Consultant, at the media press conference for Lagos City Marathon 2018 in Lagos L-R: Adesina Adedayo, deputy vice president, Chartered Institute of Taxation of Nigeria (CITN) presenting souvenirs to Adekunle Adeosun, chairman of Ogun State Internal Revenue (OGIRS) at the Revenue Building Oke-Mosan, Abeokuta when members of CITN came for the inauguration CITN Ota and District on Thursday. Pic by Razaq Ayinla L-R: Joe Mbulu, transformation director, Union Bank; Ehi Ojeh, lead, innovation and strategy, Union Bank; Femi Taiwo, acting executive director, LEAP Africa and Okoroleju Alero, CEO/founder, OLEJU, at the one week immersion fellowship programme in Lagos. L-R: Herbert Wigwe, CEO and group managing director, Access Bank; Adams Oshiomhole, former Governor of Edo State; Aliko Dangote, President, Dangote Group; Mo Abudu, CEO, EbonyLife TV; Femi Otedola, chairman, Forte Oil Plc, and Sam Iwuajoku, chairman, QUITS Aviation Services, at the premiere of The Royal Hibiscus Hotel in Lagos. L-R: Henry Ajoh, general manager, SIFAX Shipping Company Limited; Kunle Folarin, Chairman, Nigerian Ports Consultative Council (NPCC); Hassan Bello, executive secretary/CEO, Nigerian Shippers’ Council, and Olayiwola Shittu, national president, Association of Nigerian Licensed Customs Agents (ANLCA) at the town hall meeting on the Federal Government’s newly introduced cargo palletisation policy in Lagos. L-R: Yao Wenjun, Consulate General, People’s Republic of China in Lagos; Yinka Sanni, chief executive, Stanbic IBTC Holdings PLC, and Wang Jianzhong, administration director, People’s Republic of China in Lagos, at the 2017 Stanbic IBTC Fine Arts and The Acts event in Lagos. Minister of Science and Technology, Ogbonnaya Onu (r) addressing a News Conference on the Executive Order on policy guidelines, planning and execution of projects, programmes and contracts with science, engineering and technology components, in Abuja on Thursday (8/2/18). With him is the Permanent Secretary, Amina Shamaki. Commandant of National Defence College (NDC), Rear Adm. Adeniyi Osinowo (L) and representative of the Inspector-General of Police, Valentine Ntounchukwu, during the latter’s visit to deliver lecture at NDC in Abuja on Thursday (8/2/18). /NAN
Sunday 11 February 2018 C002D5556 SUNDAY BD 45 Health&Science Kwara Assembly charges government to intensify effort on fight against Lassa fever SIKIRAT SHEHU, ILORIN The Kwara State House of Assembly has called on the state government to extend its campaign against Lassa Fever to Local Government Councils, traditional rulers, places of worship and market to prevent the spread of the disease to the state. The call was sequel to a matter of general public importance raised by the House Leader, Hassan Oyeleke on the scourge of Lassa fever in Nigeria. The Deputy Speaker, Mathew Okedare, who presided over the sitting and read the resolutions of the House, explained that the need for the state government to extend its advocacy became expedient in view of the urgent need to halt the spread of the deadly disease in the state. The law makers equally enjoined the state government to always make drugs available to its citizens through adequately trained health personnel to curb the spread of Lassa fever. It also called on the State Ministry of Environment to always ensure prompt evacuation of refuse from the Goro bins breeding of rats, pointing out that keeping the household clean would go a long way to keep Lassa fever away from the state. The House Leader had while raising the matter of general public importance, disclosed that the disease had been on rampage and urged government to look inward in curbing its spread to the state. Nigerian men doubt possibility of personal cancer diagnosis – Survey ANTHONIA OBOKOH A recent online survey by a research team from the Department of Gerontology, University of Kansas, United States of America, has shown that Nigerian men show high conformity to masculine beliefs on cancer disease. The University of Kansas often referred to as KU or Kansas, is a public research university in the Kansas state of the U.S.A. The survey shows that Nigerian men do not believe to be likely diagnosed with cancer and nearly half do not believe that individually as men, they are susceptible to cancer diagnoses. This survey was conducted on two hundred and fifty Nigerian men regarding their beliefs and perceptions of cancer diagnoses. “We found out that many Nigerian men do not believe that they are at heightened risk of cancer. Still, an alarming number of those who reported having a family history of cancer have never engaged in any form of Other members who contributed on the matter expressed displeasure that the deadly disease was not receiving deserved attention, and advocated the need to put adequate measures in place to tackle the disease in the state. According to WHO, Lassa fever is a zoonotic disease, meaning that humans become infected from contact with infected animals. The animal reservoir, or host, of Lassa virus is a rodent of the genus Mastomys, commonly known as the “multimammate rat.” Mastomys rats infected with Lassa virus do not become ill, but they can shed the virus in their urine and faeces. Because the clinical course of the disease is so variable, detection of the disease in affected patients has been difficult. However, when presence of the disease is confirmed in a community, prompt isolation of affected patients, good infection protection and control practices and rigorous contact tracing can stop outbreaks. According to the WHO, the incubation period of Lassa fever ranges from 6–21 days. The onset of the disease, when it is symptomatic, is usually gradual, starting with fever, general weakness, and malaise. After a few days, headache, sore throat, muscle pain, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, cough, and abdominal pain may follow. In severe cases facial swelling, fluid in the lung cavity, bleeding from the mouth, nose, vagina or gastrointestinal tract and low blood pressure may develop. Protein may be noted in the urine. Shock, seizures, tremor, disorientacancer preventive behaviour” said Darlingtina Atakere Social Psychology and Gerontology at the University of Kansas. Atakere said that men are often socialised to project strength, autonomy, dominance, stoicism, and avoid any expression of emotion or vulnerability; all of which could be interpreted as weakness. “Beliefs on these socially contrived messages regarding masculinity and manhood are acknowledged in defining the behavioural patterns of men, which may have considerable tion, and coma may be seen in the later stages. Deafness occurs in 25% of patients who survive the disease. In half of these cases, hearing returns partially after 1–3 months. Transient hair loss and gait disturbance may occur during recovery. Death usually occurs within 14 days of onset in fatal cases. The disease is especially severe late in pregnancy, with maternal death and/or fetal loss occurring in more than 80% of cases during the third trimester. WHO report further states that consequences on their health outcomes. “These beliefs may prevent men from practicing good health behaviour, such as engaging in early cancer detection through screening and therefore contribute (in part) to cancer diagnoses at a point when chances for survival are non-existent” Atakere said. Experts argue that individuals’ health behaviours and outcomes are importantly related to their beliefs about how susceptible they are to disease. “If a person does not believe they are vulnerable to cancer, humans usually become infected with Lassa virus from exposure to urine or faeces of infected Mastomys rats. Lassa virus may also be spread between humans through direct contact with the blood, urine, faeces, or other bodily secretions of a person infected with Lassa fever. There is no epidemiological evidence supporting airborne spread between humans. Person-to-person transmission occurs in both community and healthcare settings, where the virus may be spread by contaminated medical they are less likely to practice good health behaviour’s related to that cancer - such as screenings and medical check-up - and may end up with worse health outcomes as a result” experts says. Atakere further said it is vital that we understand the authority health perception carries in making certain health-related decisions. “Despite campaigns for early cancer detection, additional efforts are needed to effectively get Nigerian men to screen for cancer. Health information, especially from the media, usually portrays cancer as being predominantly a ‘White’ problem. These social orientations and structural domains combine to increase health risks and diminish healthpromoting behaviours.” “We need a more in-depth and tailored assessment to reach a decisive understanding of the influence socio-cultural factors, (such as health perceptions) has among Nigerian men. Taking this necessary step may decrease the barriers to cancer screening, and thus promote early detecequipment, such as re-used needles. Sexual transmission of Lassa virus has been reported. Lassa fever occurs in all age groups and both sexes. Persons at greatest risk are those living in rural areas where Mastomys are usually found, especially in communities with poor sanitation or crowded living conditions. Health workers are at risk if caring for Lassa fever patients in the absence of proper barrier nursing and infection prevention and control practices. tion while leading to living a longer and healthier life” Atakere added. According to The American Cancer Society, the cancers that most often affect men are prostate, colon, lung, and skin cancers. Knowing about these cancers and what you can do to help prevent them or find them early (when they are small and easier to treat) may help save your life. They also state that the chance of getting prostate cancer goes up as a man gets older. Most prostate cancers are found in men over the age of 65. For reasons that are still unknown, African American men are more likely to develop prostate cancer than men of any other races. Having one or more close relatives with prostate cancer also increases a man’s risk of having prostate cancer. They therefore recommend that men make an informed decision with their health care provider about whether to be tested for prostate cancer. Research has not yet proven that the benefits outweigh the harms of testing and treatment.