11 months ago


making his will known,

making his will known, God reveals himself to his people. Art 2061: The Commandments take on their full meaning within the covenant. According to Scripture, man's moral life has all its meaning in and through the covenant. Art 2062: [...] the commandments express the implications of belonging to God through the establishment of the covenant. Moral existence is a response to the Lord's loving initiative. It is the acknowledgement and homage given to God and a worship of thanksgiving. It is cooperation with the plan God pursues in history. Art 2064: In fidelity to Scripture and in conformity with the example of Jesus, the tradition of the Church has acknowledged the primordial importance and significance of the Decalogue. Art 2065: Ever since St. Augustine, the Ten Commandments have occupied a predominant place in the catechesis of baptismal candidates and the faithful... Art 2066: The division and numbering of the Commandments have varied in the course of history. The present catechism follows the division of the Commandments established by St. Augustine, which has become traditional in the Catholic Church. It is also that of the Lutheran confessions. The Greek Fathers worked out a slightly different division, which is found in the Orthodox Churches and Reformed communities. Art 2067: The Ten Commandments state what is required for the love of God and love of neighbor. The first three concern love of God, and the other seven love of neighbor. Art 2068: The Council of Trent teaches that the Ten Commandments are obligatory for Christians and that the justified man is still bound to keep them (17); the Second Vatican Council confirms: “The bishops, successors of the apostles, receive from the Lord . . . the mission of teaching all peoples, and of preaching the Gospel to every creature, so that all men may attain salvation through faith, Baptism and the observance of the Commandments.” (18) 106

Now let's get back to our basic questions: Are the ten words the Elohìm explicitly referred to the very same as the religious doctrines know and onto which they claim to be based? Does religious view, demanding a certain type of ethical requirements, reflect the needs expressed by the Elohìm and written on the stone, fundamental to the Alliance? Are the Elohìm and the Christian religion giving the same importance to the same concepts? Let us continue our literal analysis of the Bible text. We are on the mountain with Moses and take note of a first list of precepts that the Elohìm gives to him, as he acts as spokesman to the people. In Exodus 20:2-17 we have a number of “generic” indications, as the Elohìm does not give them any special emphasis: «I am Yahweh, your Elohìm». «you shall not have any other gods (Elohìms) - plural in the text! - before me» «You shall not make idols». «You shall not bow down to the other Elohìms for I am a jealous God»: is it possible to be jealous of a competitor “who does not exist”, we've been asking? Evidently there were other Elohìms who attracted the people's attention, as shown in the history of the conquest of the Promised Land. «You will not use in vain the name of Yahweh, your Elohìm»: so, there were more Elohìms, with different names. «Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy […] the seventh day […] you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor the stranger who is within your gates». «Honor your father and your mother». «You shall not murder». «You shall not commit adultery». Here there is no trace of the “impure thoughts” mentioned in the traditional Decalogue... «You shall not steal». «You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor». 107

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