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2600 BC The Sumerian

2600 BC The Sumerian king URUKAGINA reforms the legal system to put an end to state powers' abuses: he claims to have been commissioned by “god” NINGIRSU. 2500-2400 BC The ancient Inca empire is born and they build Cuzco's first temple. According to traditional histories, in Sumer, Ur's First Dynasty was founded by Masanne- Padda (to whom belong the rich and famous tombs of princes and princess Wolley discovered in 1922) whereas Ur-Nanshe (which breaks down the hegemony of Kish) founds Lagash's first dynasty. The Stele of Vultures belongs to this period, known as the first monument containing the narration of historical facts: it tells the story of Eannatum, Ur-Nanshe's son. 2350 BC In India the kingdom entrusted to INANNA decays. INANNA/Ishtar was known as the traveller goddess, very sharp in warping intrigues and alliances in order to increase her power in several territories. According to the traditional chronology, Akkad establishes his kingdom in Sumer. The last Sumerian king was Lugalzaggisi, prince of Umma, who had conquered Lagash, Ur, Uruk, Larsa, Kish, Nippur, pushing off the Mediterranean Sea. 2340-2159 BC Dynasty of Agade (Akkad), a Semitic kingdom founded by Sargon the Great. Described as the “Lord of the four parts of the world”, he conquers Mesopotamia, Syria, Elam, and Asia Minor. He created a centralized system of power and built the new capital: Akkad. 2270-2230 BC Naram-Sin consolidated the Akkadian kingdom, but with his death it falls apart under the pressure of Guti from Iran. Utukhegal, Prince of Uruk, drives them back and restores the kingdoms of Sumer and Akkad. 196

2200 BC Terah, father of Abrahamwas was probably born in this period in Nippur to a high-ranking family of priests and politicians. This is also a period of the greatest concentration of celestial observations (the solar calendar of Machu Picchu, ENINNU of Judea in Mesopotamia; works at Stonehenge; the circular temple in Bahrain). In Mesopotamia the new people of Kassites (kamite people, Negroids) make their appearance, which coincides with an increase in the processing of bronze, whose alloys are enriched with tin (derived from cassiterite). 2180 (et seq.) BC In Egypt, chaos reigns: Early Middle Period (2180-2040 BC begin of the skype highlighting). Egypt is split between pharaohs, who control the North, and Ra's followers who take control of the South. 2150 BC In the Egyptian Middle Kingdom (2160-1785 begin of the skype highlighting BC) in Nubia (Sudan) the mining temple of Kush was built: it contains a representation of a flying spacecraft and one of a landed missile, with two front figures wearing non-Egyptian clothing (they seem to be wearing a singleelement dress covering the whole body). 2120-2100 BC Abraham was probably born in Ur or Nippur in 2123 BC. Ur-Nammu founded the empire of Ur. Uruk and Ur are Sumerian cities mentioned in the Bible: the first is known as Erek and the second is the Chaldeans' Ur, even Abraham's Ur (Uru) was said to be located in the North, in Kharran, which was the home of Terah (Abraham's father) and the capital of Sumer. 2110 BC Ur is declared capital of the empire: its King is Ur-Nammu, who reforms the legal system and brings back the past glory of the gods' temples throughout Sumer. Terah, Abraham's father, moves from Nippur to Ur to forge new ties 197

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