4 months ago


actually “Eastward”

actually “Eastward” to the Palestinian territory where the Old Testament was written. The Hebrew root adhan also refers to the concept of the “joy for a happy life”. From the land of Sumer (Southern Mesopotamia) you can reach the sky (heaven on earth) through seven mountain ranges (from Zagros Mountains on) with seven hills (perhaps they are the “seven doors” of Babylonian and Hebrew stories?): they probably are the seven heavens, in Jewish religious mythology (Talmud), one must cross to reach the ultimate paradise. Cain is banished from Eden in the land of Nod, whose ancient toponyms are Eastward to the area identified as a probable site of the biblical Eden. The term cherubim those who guard the garden recalls the village of Keruhabad, “Kheru residence”; the Kherubi, cherubims, the guardians of the territory. This area is dominated by the Sahand Mountain (volcano), perhaps the luminous mountain where gods used to meet, the Bible “God's mountain”. This eden corresponds to the original “Land of the living creatures”, the Egyptians' Tilmum? Hence came the primordial gods: ENKI (EA - Ya - Yahweh); NINURSHAG (Mother of the living creatures - HAWWAH - EVA); INANNA (Ishtar - Astarte - Ashtaroth); DUMUZI (Asar - Marduk - Osiris). Enneads (Plotinus) Plotinus – born in Licopolis (Egypt) in 205 and died in Minturno (Lazio) in 270 - and was one of the most important philosophers of past times; he was Plato's heir and is considered the father of Neo-Platonism. His teaching is found in the Enneads, a work edited and published by his biographer Porphyry. It consists of 6 groups of 9 treaties each, arranged with an ascending scheme starting from the mundane realities and earthly life, then move on to the metaphysical sphere (divine providence, soul, psychic and intellectual faculties...) to finally reach the supreme divine reality . Eridu It is the oldest settlement of the “gods” of Sumer. The term refers to the idea of a “far away dwelling” from the homes of origin. It was the centre of worship 210

of the god Enki who had drained the marshy land: it was built on an important system of canals and marshes. His name may recall the biblical Irad/Iaràd, son of Enoch, the “builder of cities”. In Genesis 4:17 we read of a settlement in the plains and the founding of a city that was built by Enoch, named after his son, Irad/Iaràd: the name means “he who descended” and so it seems to recall a migration from the higher territories towards the plain, or yet, those who descended from above. It corresponds to the current Tell Abu Shahrain (315 km south-east of Baghdad). Flavius Josephus He was born in Jerusalem around 37 A.D., in a noble family and was educated in the Jewish tradition but with influences from Greek and Latin. He was a Torah observant Jew, close to the movement of the Pharisees, hostile to nationalist movements. In 64 he visited Rome and loved it. During the first Jewish War (66 AD) he was holding the position of military governor of Galilee. When the rebels realized they could no longer fight the Romans, they decided to commit suicide: Joseph managed to stay alive and surrendered to the Romans. He had a meeting, very positive for him, with the military commander Flavius Vespasian, whom he predicted he would have become emperor; as a result of this lucky premonition, the future king of the Romans spared his life and Joseph committed to the Emperor's family, taking on Flavia gens' appellative. He later lived in Rome, writing works that, even with a strong pro-Roman imprint, also spread elements of the Jewish culture. His writing Jewish War is the main historical source on the war against Rome, and also contains a description of the last days of the Jewish fortress of Masada. In Judaic Antiquities there are also hints on the figure of Jesus and important information about the religious movements of the period of Judaism. He died in Rome around 100 A.D. Book of Jubilees Also called Little Genesis, this text is considered canonical only by the Coptic Church. It was probably composed in Hebrew in the late second century BC 211

scholarly editions other translation resources ... - UBS Translations
New Testament - Saint Mary's Press
(Part 1)
(Part 1)
The Development of Biblical Prayer - Jewish Bible Quarterly
Genesis 1-11: Mythical or Historical? - Apologetics Press
God's Story of Creation - Knights of Columbus, Supreme Council
The Expositor's Bible Commentary—Revised Edition - Zondervan
Download the Jewish Book (pdf) - Center for Jewish History
Discussion - St Edmund's College - University of Cambridge
THE ORLD tl BIBLICAL HERITAGE - Jewish Bible Quarterly
Biblical Studies Catalog (2008–2009) - Eisenbrauns
The old documents and the new Bible, an easy ... - A Gentle Cynic