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Appendix 3 The Corpus

Appendix 3 The Corpus Hermeticum In 1460 the monk Leonardo of Macedonia brought to Florence, at the court of Cosimo de 'Medici, a greek manuscript copy of the Corpus Hermeticum: a work composed of 17 treatises attributed to Hermes Trismegistus (Hermes “thrice great”) and representing the sum of the esoteric culture of antiquity. Cosimo de' Medici commissioned Marsilio Ficino - Renaissance humanist and Neo-Platonist philosopher - the Latin translation on these 17 books of difficult interpretation, attributed to an author who, the church fathers believed, had lived before Plato. The Corpus Hermeticum is a compendium of the esoteric doctrines born in Egypt in the period of Ptolemies (successors to Alexander the Great in the IV-I centuries BC) and probably deriving from a series of literary works on cosmogony, astrology and eschatology; thus, these texts contained the myths and stories of the origin of the universe, gods' birth, the creation of man and of every living form; they also conveyed the principles of doctrines concerning the “ultimate things” (ta eskatà, hence the term eschatological), that is to say the end of all that exists. Given the vastness and complexity of the issues, it is easy to imagine that these books are the product of research and reflection by a long line of scholars, sages, philosophers, priests and thinkers in general; actually, their true author (or editor) is unknown, no one knows exactly where and when they were written. However, they think that the final editing work has been made between the I and III centuries AD. At the moment, there is no further information on the subject. Hermes Trismegistus This name probably comes from a Greek interpretation of the name of the 216

Egyptian god Thoth. Represented as an Ibis, or as a man with the head of an Ibis or yet as a baboon, Thoth was an ancient lunar deity and was considered the lord of wisdom and eternal word (according to the Greek philosopher Plato he provided Egyptians with their writing) . Also called the “gods' scribe” and the “timing measurer”, the priests of Hermopolis (important religious centre in Egypt) looked at him as the demiurge who had created the world through the sound of his voice, pronouncing one single word, the “powerful word”. Therefore, Thoth identified the word (logos) with the creative power; he was the supreme synthesis, the single element that could bring order to the chaos reigning over the universe before his intervention. Thoth was not among the deities of the Heliopolis' Ennead (group of nine deities venerated by the priests of Heliopolis, custodians of Egyptian oldest revelations and religious doctrines; the Ennead, created by Atum-Ra, was composed by himself, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys). Notwithstanding, he was the God who “calculates the sky, counts the stars and measures the earth” and had the power to grant the deceased a lifetime of “millions of years”; he moreover was an important member of the deities of the so-called “Prime Time”, member of the group of Neteru (“Vigilantes”) who came from a fabulous country called Ta- Neteru: the “land of gods” or “of guardians”. He had therefore special powers, such as moving huge masses with the only power of his word and, for this reason too, he was considered the Lord of magic. Curious and important is the fact that the assimilation between the figure of Thoth and Hermes had taken place already in the third and second centuries BC: Herodotus, Plato, Lamblichus and Cicero write about it. In the first century BC, in De Natura deorum, Cicero considers it as part of a well-established tradition for a long time. Hermes was therefore the Lord of the creative and ordering word: in this sense, he was the bearer of a doctrine of salvation, a knowledge that could save the world from the forces that wanted to destroy it; in short, he was a spokesman, a custodian and a dispenser of the wisdom which alone can free men from the power of evil. 217

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    Il Libero Sentiero Mauro Biglino 2

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    © 2013 Uno Editori All rights rese

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    Introduction Many books have been w

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    source of the texts. The chapters o

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    Picture 1: Ancient Lands 12

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    speaks of Anaqìm: Concrete beings

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    Units) from the Sun. In 1972, exami

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    unspecified “Golden Age” in the

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    This remind us of that phrase that

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    Two short notes 1. The figure of th

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    The Adama did not possess any Knowl

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    God, have revisited this conflict b

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    to receive it and able to understan

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    as to wipe out entire cities as Sod

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    uildings housing a temple and an ob

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    the hominid has progressed in its d

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    So far, Sumerian epics were conside

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    Picture 3 reproduction of a detail

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    2 (reshít-be) Genesis: “In the b

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    eassures her. Finally, the work pay

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    proceed...». Moreover, the issue o

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    Instead, it is less correct to tran

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    And the Elohìm called Yahweh made

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    On their side, paleoanthropologists

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    3 (Rephaìms, Nephilìms, Anaqìms)

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    The Elohìms' sons saw that Adàm's

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    “secrets of the beginning of time

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    Also the Romanized Jewish writer Ti

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    The people are big and being taller

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    past, a people great, and many, and

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    the cities of the plateau, the whol

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    This means that he stood a little o

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    Pakistan, Java, Tibet, South Africa

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    angel precedes the people of Israel

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    And they answered to the angel of Y

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    Abraham, the "Lord" and the malakh

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    efore them. In short, definitely a

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    Lot insists and they join him and e

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    Protestants. It has survived only i

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    We now have to make a note that wil

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    And the messenger of Yahweh was at

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    5 (kevód/kabód) The glory of God

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    The Covenant It's useful and intere

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    spoke with Moses Thus the pillar of

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    (Please) let me see what is on your

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    And when my kevòd passes by I will

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    This verb “installed” indicates

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    it was suspended in the air and hov

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    6 (devarím-ha asèret) The “Ten

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    making his will known, God reveals

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    «You shall not covet your neighbor

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    Cut (carve) for you (yourself) two

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    Write by yourself these words since

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    In short: two completely different

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    7 (berakháh) The “Blessing” We

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    Yahweh tells him not to go there, b

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    (cf. Judges 1:11-15) The first chap

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    “Red Hair”? It is interesting t

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    Esau soon discovers the deception a

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    [by euphemism, that is an attenuate

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    daring step, and read about what pr

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    up as clouds, and his chariots shal

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    And there was wind of storm coming

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    were spread out above»; «each cre

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    And above the heads of the living c

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    It had the same image, semblance of

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    The kevód of the Elohìm of Israel

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    him, guilty of criticizing his beha

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    Ask what I will do for you before I

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    Perhaps the wind of Yahweh has take

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    He is given a series of astronomica

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    I am seeing a flying roll The term

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    So, these two flying women... They

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    Four chariots coming out from in-be

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    Picture 6 The meghillàh and Zechar

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    assigned to them. Sumerian Parallel

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    Exactly! The Elohìms - even the El

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    During an interview 26 he has expre

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    texts of Christianity, the mystical

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  • Page 232 and 233: About the author Mauro Biglino is p
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