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Also the Romanized

Also the Romanized Jewish writer Titus Flavius Josephus 17 speaks of this event in his book Jewish Antiquities 18 (1.73) where he writes that the “angels of God” met the earthly women and wicked children were born, proud, arrogant, and confident only in their power.This confirms that they had all those characteristics that the Greeks would attribute to giants. But the explanation may be still different... Nephilìm ( ) Traditionally, this term is translated as “giants”: as in the Greek “Version of the Seventy”, which expressly refers to ghìgantes. However, the Hebrew root of the verb nafàl, hence the term Nephilìm, means “to fall, to come down, to descend” or also, by extension, “decay”. Thus the quoted verse could (should!) be more correctly translated with the following meaning: “At that time on Earth there were those who had fallen, descended”. In these terms the problem of interpretation would disappear because, as it is not about giants, it would neither be necessary to determine their origins, nor whether they were the product of the new unions or not. So, very simply, the Bible tells us that in those days those who “descended” from heaven still lived on Earth. Another possible interpretation might suggest that these beings who had come from the sky made improper matches producing a bastardization of the original purity. In this case it would be about decayed individuals, in the words of the aforementioned “Ethiopian Book of Enoch”, “bastardized beings”, contaminated by these improper unions, “corrupted, perverse, unclean, addicted to fornication, wicked, prostitutes' children”. And even in modern times we speak of “ fallen, decayed nobility” but the issue widens, because the concept of “giants” is found in other passages of the Bible, where they are described with other names. Anaqìm ( ), Rephaìm ( ), Emìm ( ), 58

Zamzummìm ( ) Chapter 13 of the book of Numbers, the fourth Old Testament text, states that Moses sends some explorers or scouts to the Promised Land. The people were still in the desert of Paràn, and the conquest of Canaan required careful planning. It was necessary to know characteristics of the city, including both its location and defense capability, but also to know if the peoples who inhabited it were numerous or scarce. In short, even though it was considered to be a land promised by “god”, Moses knew that it had to be conquered with weapons, using prudent and well-planned strategies. God was certainly powerful but not omnipotent, and Moses knew this. He was also aware that the goal was to be achieved by counting on his peoples' own strength. He therefore sent out scouts to acquire the necessary information. After forty days they come back bringing information and local products. They reported that the land was actually very attractive, but it was inhabited by strong and aggressive peoples. Some of his people even claimed that this was an impossible expedition and stated (Nm 13:28): And there we saw the one born from Anàq The scouts made a list of the various people they met, but felt it necessary to point out with special emphasis that they “also” saw the sons of Anàq, namely the Anaqitis. Why? They clearly explain it by saying that they thoroughly observed the land to conquer (Nm 13:32-33): 59

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