10 months ago


The people are big and

The people are big and being taller than us, cities are large and inaccessible, high up in the sky, as well as the Anaqitis' sons were seen there Then, Moses reminds them that their Elohìm, called Yahweh, had fought for them many times right before their eyes. In this regard, we cannot help expressing our disappointment at the apparently definitive loss, of an extra- Biblical book called the Book of the Wars of Yahweh (quoted in Nm 21:14) that perhaps could have shed some light on the concreteness of the wars fought by this Elohìm in the name of the privileged pact he had made with these people. Unfortunately, the Bible only keeps a vague memory of these fights: evidently, everyone knew about the events narrated in the lost book, and therefore it was considered unnecessary to report these details. Therefore some fundamental questions arise: Did this Book of the Wars of Yahweh really get lost? Or rather it was deliberately hidden? Is it likely to have been preserved by those who could not allow such precise narration to further question the spirituality of a God who was artificially created? Perhaps the stories of Yahweh's fighting attitudes were not compatible with what the Church describes as this God's infinite, universal goodness…? 62

Yahweh only for the Jews? In the ancient land corresponding to the current Lebanon and Syria, before the onset of the Jews in Palestine, had developed a civilization known as the “Ugaritic culture”, named after the city of Ugarit, 19 its most important urban centre. This city corresponds to the current Ras Shamra, located on the Mediterranean Sea. The Ugaritic culture produced the ostraka, ceramic bowls carrying auspicious scriptures, found by archaeologists. On some of them, addressed to travellers who were about to go south, one reads: “May Yahweh of temàn and his Asheràh accompany you”. In these apparently banal writing there are, in fact, two amazing keys. First, the Ugaritic culture knew Yahweh as the “lord of temàn“, the Semitic term for South, and it is known that Israel and the Sinai are located south to Lebanon and Syria. So, travellers southward were entrusted to the protection of the Elohìms ruling over those territories. But it also says that the Elohìm called Yahweh had an Asherah, that means a “partner”. A description that perfectly matches with the figure of the ANUNNAKI, who had shared the territories, on which they ruled with their wives. In addition, the name Yahweh is used by people in the territory of southern Palestine (Sinai and Negev) during 3000 and 2000 BCE in the forms Ya, Yaw, Yahu, and Yah. This Elohim therefore was a ruler (god) locally known and adored. Several inscriptions with the tetragrammaton of Yahweh (YHWH) and with the writing Yaw-rad which means “descent” belong to this period (long before Moses and the Jews' Exodus). Yet, Yeh-red is the name of a patriarch born “in the days when there was the descent.” In Deuteronomy 2:9 Moses continues his story by listing the orders received by Yahweh: in particular, they must not fight against Moab 20 because the children of Lot, Abraham's nephew, had already taken over the “land of Ar”. And he says that in this land of Ar (2:10): The Emims dwelt therein in times 63

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