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This means that he stood

This means that he stood a little over 10 feet tall! This corresponded to a mighty armour: indeed he wore a bronze helmet and an armour plate weighing five thousand bronze shekels (about 120 pounds). He had his legs protected by shin guards and was armed with a spear of bronze: its blade weighed six hundred iron shekels (about 15 pounds) (cf. Sam 1 17:4- 7). A real giant? We certainly know that these people lived in the area; they were the Rephaìms', Emìms', Anaqitis', and the Nephilìms' descendants. So, we have biblical evidence telling us about the physical characteristics of exceptional individuals whose presence provoked astonishment and terror. But what does the official science know about these peoples? Archaeology in Israel Excavations on the banks of the Jordan River and generally throughout the area, have uncovered that, at least since the fourth millennium BC, they were ruled by strong races that produced a megalithic civilization capable of building huge, cyclopean buildings. Think of the incredible site of Baalbek (in the Valley of Bekaa, Lebanon), where monoliths were moved weighing hundreds of tons each! The same archaeological records show that these people were gradually supplanted by the new occupants. The Anaqitis (“long-necked” men) occupied the land of Hebron and the region that would later be later conquered by the tribe of Judah. Three leaders worth mentioning are Ahiman, Sesay and Talmay. They had Aramaic origins, and were defeated by Caleb, to whom the city of Hebron surrendered. They were then destroyed by Joshua, leaving their traces in Gaza, Ashdod and Gath. (Gath is giant Goliath's city! Maybe it is not just a coincidence …) Rephaìms (the race to which Og belonged) occupied Amman (Transjordan) from Mount Hermon down to Ammon; along with the Anaqitis. They were 68

defeated by Joshua during the wars for conquest. David would later fight against some of them who were living in the West Bank (see Sam2 21:15-21). They also lived in Gilead where they were destroyed by the Amorites. The Zamzummims also belonged to the Rephaìms' race, living in the region of Amman and were defeated by the Ammonites, 21 which overtook their territory. The Zamzummims like the Anaqiti, were described in Deut. 2.20-23 as “tall” people. The name Rephaìm was already quoted in the Canaanites stories before the Jewish conquest. The etymology or origin of the name “Rephaim” is uncertain. Some say the name refers to the concept of “healing”, pertaining to the root rafah. The fact that the Anunnaki held a special medical knowledge is a fundamental assumption for the system of hypothesis that we are discussing here. It is curious to note that the term Rephaìm also indicated the inhabitants of the sheòl, “the other world,” the world beyond. Can we assume a link with the memory of these individuals' ancestors coming from another world, one that is concrete and not imaginary? Finally, the Emìms lived in the territory of Moab (east-southeast of the Dead Sea). The Moabites themselves gave them the name Emim, to distinguish between them and the Rephaìm. According to Genesis 14:5 The Emims were defeated by Kedorlaomer and his allies in the plain of Qiriatàyim. The city was destroyed and then rebuilt by the tribe of Reuben (see Nm 32.37 and Josh 13.19). The names of these peoples also show a geographical correspondence with the “Rephaìm Valley”, which is identified with the plains of El-Beqa, south-west of Jerusalem. Several evidence Findings of skeletons and footprints of gigantic individuals more than nine feet even up to more than sixteen feet tall have been found in various parts of the world: Mesopotamia, Gargayan (Philippines), Ceylon, China, western 69

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