Views
9 months ago

mb

Abraham, the "Lord" and

Abraham, the "Lord" and the malakhìm We now analyze a story in which the malakhìms are the protagonists. We have formerly said that the need to define “spiritual” beings has led commentators to state, among other things, that when they eat and move they “only apparently” do so. We'll have a look in Chapter 18 of Genesis and judge this alleged “appearance”, along with other very unusual behaviors when attributed to “pure spirits”. Abraham is located near the oaks of Mamré, a Southern Palestine village, along the road linking the north of the country with Hebron; the patriarch is sitting underneath the shade of the tent because it is the hottest hour of the day, he looks up (18:2)... And here are three men standing (before) his place. He saw them and ran to meet them at the entrance of the tent. We therefore have a flushed Abraham who, while resting under the shadow of 78

his dwelling, sees three people in front of him and runs to meet them: a very detailed description of a quite normal contextualized situation. When Abraham recognizes the uniqueness of these individuals, he bows down to the ground, calling them “my Lord” (Adonì) and asking them to stop over. First, it is hard to imagine that anyone could tell a spiritual “vision” to stop before proceeding (18:3)! But there is much more... He tells them he will bring some water to wash their feet, and invites them to lie down in the shade of the trees.Clearly, these “divine” messengers must have seemed dirty, dusty and hot; they must have had, indeed, the aspect of individuals of flesh and blood who are walking in an almost desert area during the hottest hours of the day! Abraham knows that after resting one needs to eat, so he offers them some bread they can consume before continuing. And what do these “spiritual beings” answer to an offer so obvious if made by human beings, but certainly absurd for immaterial entities? Let's see (18:5): You will do so as you said A complete expression, saying in substance: “All right, go ahead”. Thus, oddly, these spirits appreciated the chance to freshen up their feet and eat before continuing their journey; they were in fact aimed towards Sodom (where shortly we will meet them again). There was more than one, and this is also evident by the fact that at some point the group splits up: the supposed leader stops to talk with Abraham while the others continue (18.22) to the next destination. After receiving the approval, Abraham orders the servant to prepare much more than what he had hastily offered: he tells him to prepare fresh bread, cook a calf, to be eaten with a drink of sour milk and fresh milk, and lays it all 79

Dictionary-of-Deities-and-Demons-in-the-Bible
Biblical Nonsense A Review of the Bible for Doubting ... - Paolo Cirio
UFOs and Aliens - The Deadly Secret
Statistical Determination of Genre in Biblical Hebrew - Institute for ...
Dictionary-of-Deities-and-Demons-in-the-Bible
Biblical Life eMag - Biblical Life College & Seminary
Download Liner Notes PDF - Milken Archive of Jewish Music
New 2012-2013 Catalog - Messianic Jewish Communications
The Bible,The Qur'an and Science - Islamicbook.ws
Global Hermeneutics? - International Voices in Biblical Studies ...
Download Gorgias Press 10th Anniversary Catalog (PDF, 5MB)
Women at Work in the Deuteronomistic History - International Voices ...
scholarly editions other translation resources ... - UBS Translations
(Part 1)
The Development of Biblical Prayer - Jewish Bible Quarterly
Lecture - St Edmund's College - University of Cambridge