2 months ago


Protestants. It has

Protestants. It has survived only in Greek based on an Aramaic version compiled in Judea around 200 BC and got unfortunately lost. In 14 chapters it describes the story of the Jewish Tobit and his son Tobias, set in VIII-VII century BC. We must immediately affirm that this writing, The Book of Tobit, is full of incongruences and obvious errors; it blurs the period of the Jews being exiled by the Assyrians, it confuses the names of the Assyrian kings, and it distorts geographical distances... It is no coincidence then that only Catholics consider it a book inspired by God, as they do for all the other texts of the Bible. But, since Catholics consider it inspired by God, we want to quote some of the features describing an “angel” of God, namely the messenger (àgghelos) who accompanies Young Tobias (Tobit) during his journey to Media. Lacking the Hebrew or Aramaic versions we cannot show the usual literal translation, so we just quote the passages about the angel's characteristics and behavior. This messenger of God is called Raphael, whose name in Hebrew, Refaèl (WA `f), meaning “El (god) has healed”. He himself claims (Tb 12:15) to be one of the seven angels who have the opportunity to be directly before “god.” To accompany Tobias on his journey to Rages, however, he uses a different name and chooses to be identified as Azariah, son of Ananias. Let's examine the extracts that concern him, in which this messenger: Tells Tobias to be an Israelite in search of work (5:5) Claims to be able to guide him on his trip because he has been to Media several times, has crossed plains and mountains and, therefore, knows all roads (5-6:10) Agrees to accompany Tobias and receives a compensation of one drachma per day (5:15) Says that the journey is safe and they will return safe and sound (5:17) At the Tigris River he tells Tobias to catch a fish that had bitten the boy's foot and teaches him to use the gall, heart and liver as drugs to treat seizures and eye diseases (6:4-9) Is responsible for procuring a girl for Tobias to marry and organizes the wedding (6:10 et seq.) 84

Carries out a mission on behalf of Tobias: with four servants he collects some money (9:1 et seq.) Using the fish gall he cures Tobias's fathers' blindness, removing the white spots (cataract) from his eyes (11:7 et seq.) Finally, he reveals his true identity as a Lord's messenger and he urges Tobias to write down what has happened and then ascends until the onlookers can no longer see him (12:1-22). Recalling what has been said, in the opening of this chapter, about the exegetes' descriptions of angelic features, we noted that some of them said that angels only “apparently” eat. Very likely, their consideration is inspired by the fact that Rafael himself tells Tobias' family that when they saw him eating, in fact, he “was not eating anything” (12:19). The angel who does not eat "earthly food"... Talking about angels who refuse to eat earthly food, in the book of Judges, we find the story of an angel (malàkh) who refuses to eat food prepared for him by the future parents of Samson, to whom he reveals that they are going to have a child destined to be consecrated to the Elohìms. When the future father of Samson invites the messenger to stop and get food, the latter tells him (Judges 13.15 et seq.): “Even if I stay at your place, I will not eat your food” and invites him to instead offer it in sacrifice for Yahweh. And after refusing to reveal his name, this malàkh ascends and disappears from their sight, terrifying them (Judges 13:20). “Levitation” of a spiritual being, or simply being much more technologically equipped, the malàkh takes off with an aircraft? The Destroyer (exterminator) 85

The Development of Biblical Prayer - Jewish Bible Quarterly
Biblical Nonsense A Review of the Bible for Doubting ... - Paolo Cirio
Statistical Determination of Genre in Biblical Hebrew - Institute for ...
scholarly editions other translation resources ... - UBS Translations
Discussion - St Edmund's College - University of Cambridge
THE ORLD tl BIBLICAL HERITAGE - Jewish Bible Quarterly
The old documents and the new Bible, an easy ... - A Gentle Cynic
Biblical Studies Catalog (2008–2009) - Eisenbrauns
New Testament - Saint Mary's Press
(Part 1)
(Part 1)
(Part 1)
UFOs and Aliens - The Deadly Secret