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future trends in policing 2014

This project was

This project was supported by a Cooperative Agreement Number 2011-CK-WX-K016 awarded by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions contained herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. References to specific agencies, companies, products, or services should not be considered an endorsement by the author(s) or the U.S. Department of Justice. Rather, the references are illustrations to supplement discussion of the issues. The Internet references cited in this publication were valid as of the date of this publication. Given that URLs and websites are in constant flux, neither the author(s) nor the COPS Office can vouch for their current validity. Recommended citation: Police Executive Research Forum. 2014. Future Trends in Policing. Washington, D.C.: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. ISBN: 978-1-932582-89-5 Published 2014

Contents LETTER FROM PERF EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR ............................................ II LETTER FROM TARGET ...........................................................III LETTER FROM THE DIRECTOR OF THE COPS OFFICE. .................................... IV ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ........................................................... INTRODUCTION ................................................................ 1 Promising Crime Fighting Strategies ................................................................ 1 Results Show that More Agencies Plan To Adopt Predictive Policing and Intelligence-Led Policing . . . . . . . . . . .2 Considerations for Appropriate Use of Predictive Policing Strategies .................................... 7 TAILORING PARTNERSHIPS TO MAXIMIZE PUBLIC SAFETY. ............................... 10 Police Foundations: A Promising Partnership to Help Bridge Funding Gaps ............................. 11 Building Partnerships with Federal Law Enforcement Agencies ........................................ 12 Partnerships with Universities and Other Researchers: Potential Growth Area for the Future .............. 13 Albuquerque Police Partner with Business Groups and Sandia National Laboratories ..................... 15 A Partnership between Police and Pawn Shops to Reduce Theft ....................................... 19 IMPLEMENTING STRATEGIES TO INCREASE EFFICIENCY ................................. 21 Reducing Police Response to Minor Crimes ......................................................... 21 Additional Cost Saving Strategies for Consideration ................................................. 24 Private Security and Off-Duty Employment: Opportunities and Challenges ............................. 25 FUTURE TRENDS IN TECHNOLOGY ................................................. 27 Police Increasingly Are Using Social Media. ......................................................... 27 The Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Will Have a Major Impact on Policing ................. 29 Next Generation 911: Benefits and Challenges ...................................................... 30 Real Time Crime Centers Are Contributing to Crime Fighting .......................................... 33 Cybercrime Represents a Major Emerging Issue for Law Enforcement .................................. 33 Exploring GPS Applications ....................................................................... 35 Using Technology to Help Fill Personnel Gaps ....................................................... 36 THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF POLICING, AND THE NEXT GENERATION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT .................................. 38 Does the Current Environment Require New Types of Leadership? ..................................... 38 Thinking Big to Reduce Crime and Address Gaps in Community Relationships........................... 39 Considerations for a New Organizational Structure .................................................. 40 New Roles for Retired Officers .................................................................... 41 CONCLUSION: SOME OF THE DETAILS ARE UNCLEAR, BUT THE FUTURE OF POLICING LOOKS GOOD ......................................... 42 APPENDIXES ................................................................. 46 APPENDIX A: Definitions of Policing Strategies ...................................................... 46 APPENDIX B: PERF Survey Results ................................................................. 47 APPENDIX C: “Future of Policing” Executive Session Attendees ........................................ 64 V

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