50 FUTURE TRENDS IN POLICING 6. What strategies do you expect your agency to use in the next 2 to 5 years? (Please mark all that apply) Strategy Currently use Implement or increase in next 2–5 years Eliminate or decrease in next 2–5 years Community policing 93.7% 31.7% 2.6% CompStat 66.1% 30.2% 7.9% Problem-oriented policing 88.9% 34.9% 1.6% Hot Spot Policing 79.9% 41.3% 2.6% Directed police patrols/ focused deterrence 92.1% 35.4% 2.1% Targeting known offenders 79.3% 47.3% 2.1% Targeting specific problem addresses/locations 91.5% 39.2% 1.1% Information/Intelligence-led policing 72.7% 54.0% 1.6% Predictive policing 38.2% 70.4% 2.2% Crime prevention programs 90.5% 29.6% 4.2% Violence prevention programs 69.5% 37.4% 3.2% Real time crime center 18.0% 54.6% 6.0% Regional fusion center 65.6% 36.0% 2.7% Intelligence databases 76.5% 44.4% 0.0% Crime mapping 86.2% 40.4% 0.0% Crime analysis 85.1% 45.7% 0.0% Regional task forces 80.4% 31.7% 5.3% Most respondents indicated that they currently use community policing (93.7 percent), directed patrol/focused deterrence (92.1 percent), target problem addresses/locations (91.5 percent), crime prevention programs (90.5 percent), problem-oriented policing (88.9 percent), crime mapping (86.2 percent), crime analysis (85.1 percent), and regional task forces (80.4 percent). Many agencies anticipate implementing predictive policing (70.4 percent) strategies in the next 2–5 years (currently only 38.2 percent use this strategy). Additionally, 54.0 percent of respondents anticipate implementing or increasing their use of information or intelligence-led policing. There are no particular strategies that many agencies intend on eliminating or decreasing.
Appendixes 51 REGIONALIZATION, CONSOLIDATION, AND PRIVATIZATION 7. What regionalization, consolidation, or privatization measures will your agency consider in the future? (Select all that apply) Measures Currently doing Next 2–5 years Not currently doing and no immediate plans to start Consolidating district stations w/in agency 9.6% 7.0% 84.0% Consolidating units w/in agency 35.6% 17.6% 52.1% Eliminating some specialized units 22.6% 20.7% 59.0% Merging some specialized functions (e.g., swat, aviation, or marine) with other local 27.1% 23.4% 54.3% police departments to create regional units Outsourcing police services or functions to private vendors (e.g., forensic lab) 21.8% 19.7% 61.7% Privatizing some police services (e.g., replace with private security) 9.0% 16.5% 75.0% Merging with one or more other local police departments 4.8% 9.0% 87.2% Merging with fire department(s) to create combined public safety agency 6.3% 3.7% 89.4% MOU to use another local agency’s specialized function (e.g., SWAT, aviation, or 42.3% 18.0% 42.3% forensic lab) MOU to provide some of our specialized functions to other local agencies 50.3% 24.3% 30.7% Most responding agencies have no current or future regionalization, consolidation, or privatization plans—however, some agencies are sharing or planning to share specialized resources. The only areas where a noteworthy number of respondents are merging forces are in providing some specialized functions to other local agencies (50.3 percent), and using another local agencies’ specialized functions (42.3 percent). Just under one quarter of respondents anticipate merging some specialized functions (23.4 percent) or providing specialized functions to other local agencies (24.3 percent) in the next 2 to 5 years. 8. In the wake of the current economic crisis, please describe any innovative ways your agency is providing public safety through the regionalization, consolidation, and/or privatization of policing services. If you don’t have any examples to provide, please mark N/A in the space provided. As indicated in question seven, some agencies are sharing resources with other local agencies. The most common type of regionalized task forces are: 911/Dispatch services (n=24) and SWAT (n=18). However, it must be noted that given the wording of the question these numbers do not necessarily represent what agencies are doing, just what they are doing and perceive to be innovative.