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Policy SD4: Design

Policy SD4: Design Requirements iii. Amenity and space; New development should enhance comfort, convenience and enjoyment through assessment of the opportunities for light, privacy and external space, and the avoidance or mitigation of potential disturbances, including visual intrusion, noise, smell and pollution. iv. Public realm and landscape; New development should ensure that the design of landscaped areas, open space and public realm are of high quality, provide a clear structure and constitute an integral and cohesive element within the design. The contribution of public realm designs, at all scales, to facilitate the preferential use of sustainable transport modes should be maximised. v. Safety and security; New development should be designed to contribute to safe communities including reducing the risk of fire, conflicts between traffic and cyclists or pedestrians, and the likelihood and fear of crime. vi. Inclusiveness and adaptability; New development should provide access for all potential users, including people with disabilities, to buildings, spaces and the transport network, to ensure the highest standards of inclusive design. Development should also be designed to be adaptable to changing economic, social and environmental requirements. vii. Movement and connectivity; New development should be designed to integrate, where appropriate, with existing development, and prioritise movement by sustainable transport modes, both through the application of legible connections to the wider movement network, and assessment of the hierarchy of transport modes set out in Table SD4a below. It should: • Be well integrated with the movement network within and beyond the development itself • Provide safe and legible connections to the existing walking, cycling and public transport networks; • Ensure accessibility to local services for pedestrians and cyclists and those using public transport • Ensure links to green infrastructure; • Incorporate, where feasible, facilities for charging plug-in and other ultra-low emission vehicles; • Be fully consistent with guidance, including that relating to parking provision, set out in the Manual for Gloucestershire Streets and other relevant guidance documents in force at the time. 2. Detailed requirements of masterplans and design briefs, should the Local Planning Authority consider they are required to accompany proposals, are set out in Table SD4d. These requirements are not exhaustive. This policy contributes towards achieving Objectives 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. Gloucester, Cheltenham and Tewkesbury Joint Core Strategy 2011-2031 Adopted December 2017 42

Explanation 4.4.4 4.4.5 4.4.6 4.4.7 The quality of our lives is determined in part by the condition of our surrounding environment. Quality of place has an important role in attracting and retaining people, and contributes to the overall quality of life. Urban, architectural and landscape design quality, and the conservation of the historic and natural environment, are key elements in creating positive and inspiring places for people. Guidance on some of these elements, together with requirements for design briefs and masterplans prepared by developers is provided in Tables SD4a-d below. Prospective developers are advised to have regard to this guidance in meeting the policy requirements set out above. Good design, including appropriate attention to detail, typically makes the difference between a high-quality and successful development and a mediocre or unsuccessful one. Development at any scale and location should make a positive contribution to providing better places for communities. The quality of the local environment can also play a crucial role in the economic success of an area. The JCS area encompasses a wide variety of settlement types, whose scale and character varies considerably. Each of these settlements presents a distinctive character and identity, with many containing important heritage assets, highly-valued green infrastructure and / or built environments that are of considerable quality. Well-designed buildings and urban spaces help create a sense of place and identity and contribute to civic pride. The consideration of local distinctiveness through high-quality design is essential within the design process and can be achieved either by adding to what is locally distinctive or by creating a new sense of place, where this is appropriate. 4.4.8 4.4.9 4.4.10 4.4.11 Design plays an important role in shaping a healthy and safe environment and can contribute to healthy and active lifestyles. This is not only through the construction of highquality buildings and public realm but also through the provision of open spaces and other green infrastructure. Good design also has a fundamental role in providing safe and secure living environments. This encompasses reducing fear of crime, providing functional solutions to improve security, and reducing the risk of fire. Reference to the principles of the UK Police’s Secured by Design toolkit and other extant relevant guidance will help in providing safe and secure living environments. To promote healthier lifestyles, assist in climate change mitigation, minimise the volume of car-based travel on the existing highway network, and enhance the offer of the wider transport network, new developments in or adjacent to urban areas should be designed to promote the use of alternatives to the car. Where infrastructure to enable alternatives does not exist, consideration should be given to its provision where feasible and financially viable. Table SD4a is an assessment hierarchy and is not a hierarchy of provision. The aim, through its application, is to help deliver decisions about development design that seek as a matter of course to reduce CO2 and other harmful emissions and promote healthier lifestyles through encouraging walking, cycling and public transport use where possible. Table SD4a Hierarchy of Transport Modes Highest Lowest 1. Pedestrians and people with mobility difficulties 2. Cyclists 3. Public transport and social / community services 4. Access by commercial vehicles 5. Ultra-low emission vehicles 6. Other motorised vehicles Gloucester, Cheltenham and Tewkesbury Joint Core Strategy 2011-2031 Adopted December 2017 43