4 days ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

The Governorate of

The Governorate of Luxor has developed a set to actions to meet Step 1: Preparing the ground for climate adaption. For example, the Governorate established a Unit for Crises Management (GCM) to deal with any climate extreme events and any other crises in the governorate. The Governorate of Luxor also created a daily communication tool with the National Weather Forecast Authority (NWFA) and the Governorate’s Central Operation Room (COR) to track any changes or extreme events in the weather or climate, and to record and coordinate with concerned departments to deal with such extreme events, whether in the Governorate of Luxor or the City of Luxor. 5. Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis In order to conduct a risk assessment and vulnerability analysis, as a first step, the climate hazard types should be identified. These hazard types in general for the Maghreb and Mashreq countries in particular, are presented in Table 14 (Below). The Governorate of Luxor (municipalities) was called to assess the impact that each climate hazard type has a series of Vulnerable/ Impacted sectors, such as: • Population (Public Health), • Infrastructure (Transport, Energy, Water and Social), • Built environment (Buildings’ stock and materials), • Economy (Tourist and Agriculture), and • Biodiversity (Coastal zone ecosystems, Green zones/ forests). Table 14: Hazard types in general for the Maghreb and Mashreq countries General Climate Hazard Types Applicable for Maghreb and Mashreq regions Extreme heat √ Extreme cold Landslides Storms Droughts Sea level rise Floods √ √ √ √ Extreme precipitation Forest fires Ice and snow Took place in Cairo, Egypt in December 2013 after 112 years and in Alexandria in 2015 These sectors have been identified as the most relevant for the Maghreb/ Mashreq region, utilizing info from 98

Future Cities Adaptation Compass Tool, Governors’ (Mayors) Adapt, as well as the European Climate Adaptation Platform website. In order to conduct the vulnerability analysis, the Governorate (municipality) formulated and filled in the table presented below (Table 15). This exercise is based on sources such as the Future Cities Adaptation Compass Tool and UNFCCC. The vulnerability analysis was carried out. Thus, the next step is to elaborate a risk assessment, in line with the above. To this end, the development of Table 16 has been conducted based on interviews with the Coordinator of Governorate of Luxor and it was realized. Although the probability of each risk cannot be estimated without specific climate data for each region, the impact of each risk is identified in the scale of High – Medium – Low. This has been conducted in Table 16 based on interviews with Director of Environment Department and Coordinator of the Governorate of Luxor. In case specific climate projections are available, a risk analysis combining probability and impact was realized, by formulating the Table 17 and Figure 24. The vulnerability analysis, combining the results is presented in the following pages. 99

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